Tucson Daily Citizen from Tucson, Arizona on May 2, 1963 · Page 1
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Tucson Daily Citizen from Tucson, Arizona · Page 1

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Thursday, May 2, 1963
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VOL. 91 NO. 105 TUCSON, ARIZONA, THURSDAY EVENING, MAY 2, 1963 MAin 2-5855 10 CENTS --64 PAGES Road Fill 'Weighed' Unseen WASHINGTON--MV-A former Arizona highway inspector told congressional investigators today he recorded weights for hundreds of tnickloads of f i l l d i r t he never saw. Peter J. Haney of Y u m a , Ariz., now a clerk with ^lorth American Finance Co. .estified he was instructed by Sidney Fisher, the resident slate engineer on f o u r Interstate Highway 8 projects, to guess at the weights and make the scale sheet look as if the t r u c k s had been weighed. Arizona Job Called 'Most Slipshod' WASHINGTON--UPI-A Texas congressman today termed the construction of an interstate highway in Arizona the "most slipshod, haphazard operation" ever studied by the House Federal Aid Highways Investigating Committee. The charge was made by Rep. Jim Wright, D- Tex., acting chairman of the committee, after a young former state h i g h way department employe told of having recorded hundreds of truckloads of fill material w i t h o u t having seen them. "We have not discovered any deliberate attempts to defraud but it would be d i f f i c u l t to conceive of sloppier handling of a public project," Wright said. Rep. William C. Cramer, R-Fla., said testimony so far presented before the committee indicated that weaknesses on the project were the result of "a wholly incompetent resident engineer." MEMBERS STAY LONGER IN HOSPITALS Arizona Blue Cross Facing Financial Problems By DOMINIC CR.OLLA Arizona Blue Cross is facing financial problems because, among other things, its members apparently are staying longer in hospitals than other patients. The prepayment plan's situation is considered serious and a special committee may be set up to investigate and report on it by May 26, the date of the Blue Cross a n n u a l meeting in Phoenix. In a letter to some 1,500 or so Arizona doctors, the organization noted that Blue Cross patients are staying in hospitals approximately one day longer than the average stay of non-members. As a result, Blue Cross paid out almost $1 million more for in-hospital days for its subscribers in 1962 than was paid by other patients. If the increase continues, the plan will not be able to operate on a community basis, which now provides f u l l service benefits for all categories of subscribers. Yesterday, at the A r i z o n a Medical Association convention at the Pioneer Hotel, one doctor said that patients in need of certain tests which could he done in a doctor's office ask to be hospitalized so that the tests can be conducted in the hospital and Blue Cross will pick up the tab. Although possible over-use of hospital facilities by Blue Cross subscribers is considered the main cause of the financial headaches, other factors are involved. One of these is the increased cost of the more effective hospital equipment and techniques available, constant and costly advances in medical science, and the new and improved drugs and medicines that are being made available. Another factor is the indiscriminate construction of hos- pital facilities that have not been coordinated with community needs. According to L. Donald Lau, Arizona Blue Cross ex- Blue Cross Doubles As Baby Sitter A mother brought her year-old baby to the doctor's office and asked him to put the child in the hospital over the weekend. Why? asked the doctor. There isn't a t h i n g a hospital could do for the baby, the mother was told. He's got a cold and should he in the hospital, the mother said. But later the story came out. She wanted to put the child in hospital for the weekend so that she and her husband could go to Las Vegas. It's cheaper to have the Blue Cross pick up the tab for the hospitalization than pay for the baby sitter for the two days, she said. The doctor refused the hospital admission. The incident was described by Dr. A. C. Stevenson of Phoenix, president elect of the N a t i o n a l Association of Blue Shield Plans, at the Arizona Medical Association convention in the Pioneer Hotel. Stevenson used the story to i l l u s t r a t e how hospital services are being abused by Blue Cross and Blue Shield subscribers. cutive director, uncontrolled construction o f h o s p i t a l s nurts the hospitals generally and specifically raises the cost of patient care, necessitating an increase in the premiums. Arizona Blue Cross-Blue Shield hiked premiums last October. Since then, many memberships have been canceled by the subscribers. The problem confronting Blue Cross is one of logistics. If hospital beds are built where they are not needed, there is a demand for patients, said Lau. This, in t u r n , causes occupancy rates to fall off at some of the other hos- Continued on Page 2 Haney testified before the House highway investigating subcommittee which is looking into construction practices on federal aid roads in Arizona. HANEY SAID that while assigned as a scalcman for three months he had to work w i t h o u t scales for periods as long as two weeks, "sitting on a rock and guessing the weights." Even w i t h scales, he said, he had to guess weights, because he couldn't get the truck drivers to stop on the scales u n t i l the dial q u i t jumping. He said he asked the drivers to pause 10 to 15 seconds and "they laughed at me." He said he figured out a system of recording a number halfway between the highest number he saw and the lowest as the trucks rolled over the scales. WHILE TRUCKS from one pit rolled over his scales, Haney said trucks were also h a u l i n g dirt from pits where there were no scales. He said that at the end of the day, someone would give him a count on the number of loads supposedly hauled from the second pit and he was instructed by Fisher to fit them Continued Page 15 LOYALTY HEADED 'GREATEST SON' Churchill, At 88, Quits Commons LONDON--UP)--The House of Commons is losing its greatest son. After 60 years of t r i u m p h and trial in the mother of parliaments, Sir Winston Churchill announced yesterday he is quitting politics because of his health. The 88-year-old statesman's regretful decision evoked deep feeling throughout Britain of sadness that he felt he had to go and pride in all that he had done. "WE WILL NEVER see his like again," said many. The old war horse, slowed by age and physical decline, said he will not be a candidate .in the next general election, due by October 1964. He will r e m a i n a member of Commons u n t i l parliament is dissolved before the election. Churchill wrote his conservative supporters in his electoral district of Woodford that his accident last year, when he fell and broke his l e f t f h i g h , "greatly decreased my mobility, and it has become d i f f i c u l t for me to attend the House of Commons as I would wish." "I need not tell you w i t h what s a d n e s s I feel constrained to take this step," he said. Churchill's 60-year career in Commons was unmatched for brilliance and achievement. From a brash, outspoken stripling legislator of 26, he rose to i m m o r t a l i t y in his own lifetime. H I S CAREER i n c l u d e d nearly every cabinet office except foreign secretary. The highest prize came on May 10, 1940, when he took over the reins of government from N e v i l l e Chamberlain a n d three days later, in his first speech as prime minister, offered his people "nothing but blood, toil, tears and sweat." He was then 65 years old. It was the first of the many majestic, memorable and defiant speeches that were to rally Britain and the democrats against Nazi Germany. His oratory became a war weapon. His matchless phrases passed--like much of Shakespeare--into the day-today language. In 1945, with victory at hand, t h e B r i t i s h voters turned their backs on him and elected a Labor government. For six years he headed the opposition. In 1951, the Conservatives were returned to office and Churchill, at 77, hccome prime minister again. But his health was waning and in 1955 he stepped aside for Anthony Eden. Mercury Climbing Temperatures are Climbing higher, And my throat Is getting drier. --Squawker Tomorrow afternoon's temperature is expected to peak off at 90 degrees, two points above yesterday's high. Winds up to 25 miles an hour are expected to swoop in from the west. Skies will be mostly clear tonight and tomorrow. No precipitation is expected for at least a few more days. Tonight's low will be near 58. Last night's coolest was 55. At 2 p.m. today, it was 86 in the shade with 6 per cent humidity. Full Weather Report, Page 58 Skepticism Surrounds Sinking TOKYO --UPI -- Maritime authorities sought tonight to unravel the mystery of a scuttled Communist Chinese freighter whose crew claimec the ship had been torpedoed three times by a submarine of unknown nationality it the Yellow Sea. Japanese officials were skeptical that the 11,432-ion Leap Forward had been tor pedoed. They said it wa more likely the freighter rammed a rock or a reef. Al crewmen were saved. Military sources tended to discount the possibility the cargo vessel had struck i mine l e f t over from Work War II or the Korean war. Japanese o f f i c i a l s fearec the sinking, reported early today, would mushroom into a major incident w i t h the Communist regime in Peking The Leap Forward was Rec China's first home-built ocean going vessel and its firs cargo ship scheduled to visi Japan. Japanese and U. S. offi cials said their navies had nr submarines in the vicinity o t h e reported sinking. City Teacher Loses Case In Arizona By HELEN PASTERNAK The case of a Tucson teacher who refused to take the state's loyalty oath is headed for the United States Supreme Court unless the state's highest court grants her a rehearing. The Arizona Supreme Court yesterday upheld the onstitutionality of the oath, ejecting the appeal of Mrs. Barbara Elfbrandt. A Quaker, Vlrs. Elfbrandt declined to --Citizen Photo by Jon Kamman A BEAKFUL OF REVENGE As Flossy's attention is distracted by food, a r e v e n g e f u l mother mockingbird pecks h a i r from her back. Flossy The Cat Misbehaved, And Bombing Bird Won't Let Her Forget By JOHN RIDDICK A new version of an old story has broken the quiet of East 18th Street. In this case, it's bird bites cat. Screaming in maternal fury, a mockinghird is doing her best to reap revenge on Flossy, a 7-year-old female cat. Last summer, F l o s s y climbed a mulberry tree in the back yard of her owner, Mrs. Rose V i t a l e of 2114 E. 18th St., and ate the mockingbird's nesting young. The cat has had to pay dearly for this expression of her feline nature. No more can Flossy enjoy the pleasures of lying peace- f u l l y in the sun. "That bird just won't forget," said Mrs. V i t a l e yester- day. "Every t i m e that Flossy goes out in the backyard, the mockingbird dive-bombs and picks at her." The mockingbird let up in her attack for a few months last winter for a sojourn in the south. But in early spring, Mrs. Vitale heard the f a m i l i a r cries of the bird again in the mulberry tree s i g n a l i n g t h a t the war was being resumed. Mrs. Vitale called Flossy from a nearby thicket where she was attending to her own maternal duties. Flossy should be able to understand the mockingbird's feeling since by count she has had a hundred young of her own. The moment Flossy wandered into the yard, the mockingbird s u d d e n l y a p - peared screaming in the tree. "She never attacks until she sees Flossy's attention is caught on something," said Mrs. Vitale p u t t i n g out a bowl of milk. Then like an arrow, the bird shot at the cat, grabbing a swing a paw which found only air as the bird swooped off. Then, executing a beautiful aeronautical maneuver, the bird turned and hombed again "I think Flossy is getting kind of discouraged," said Industrialist Hughes In Default In TWA's Antitrust Suit NEW YORK -- UPI -- Howard Hughes was held in "wilful default" today in a $135 million antitrust suit filed against the millionaire industrialist by Trans World Airlines. The down ruling was by Federal handed Judge h a n k of hair. Flossy turned to 1 Mrs. Vitale. Nixon Moving To N.Y.; o ; Joining New Law Firm NEW YORK--OP)--Former Vice President Richard M. Nixon said today he is joining a New York law f i r m and w i l l change his residence from California to New York City on June 1. The Republican announced American Climbers Conquer Mt. Everest KATAMANDU, Nepal--UPI -- An American expedition flashed the word from the roof of the world today that two of its c l i m b e r s had reached the summit of Mt. Everest, the first victory in a quest for a Himalayan triple crown for the United States. The Identity of the two conquering mountaineers was not disclosed immediately. A brief report radioed to the outside world merely said they had topped the peak of the world's highest mountain yesterday. Presumably they were working their way back down today. With them may be coming proof as to whether they are the third or the fourth to climb the 29,028 foot mountain. Sir Edmund Hillary, an Australian explorer, did it first with a Sherpa guide in 1953. A Swiss team dupli- cated the feat in 1956. The Chinese Communists claimed they climbed it in I960 from the north side. The Americans said they would believe it only if they could f i n d a bust of Mao tze- Tung t h a t Peking said was left up there. I The A m e r i c a n expedition i still has two major goals--to scale Everest's sister peak before the end of the month. One of them, Lhotse, at 27,890 feet is the world's fourth highest m o u n t a i n . The other is 25,850 foot high Nuptse. Never before has one ex- pedition attempted to conquer all three. Yesterday, in fine clear weather, the two-man s u m m i t team started up the last 1,228 feet hearing special new lightweight oxygen tanks to help them breath in the ran- ficd atmosphere. his plans in a statement issued from his suite in the Waldorf Astoria Hotel. He did not meet the press personally and there was no elaboration. The statement gave no indication of whether he has any plans for a political career in New York. New York's Governor Nelson A. Rockefeller has been mentioned prominently as a possibility for the Republican presidential nomination next year. Nixon was defeated for the presidency in 1960 and for the governorship of California last year. The aide said Nixon would have no f u r t h e r statement and did not plan an interview. Charles M. Metzner who said he would name a special master (referee) to determine the exact amount of damages Hughes and his interests must pay TWA. AT THE SAME TIME, Metzner reserved decision as to whether he will grant an application by TWA to force the tool company to divest itself of 78 per cent of its holdings in the airline. A counterclaim brought by Hughes a g a i n s t TWA for $366 m i l l i o n was formally dismissed. At a hearing last February, Metzner had given both sides the o p p o r t u n i t y to get together to decide on the amount of damages in order to permit the a t t o r n e y for Hughes to appeal. "This has not been done," the judge said, and added, "I'm going to direct a d e f a u l t judgment because there is a f i n d i n g of a d e l i b e r a t e and w i l f u l d e f a u l t . The only t h i n g left is how m u c h . 1 w i l l leave that to a special master." THE DEFAULT WAS de dared by M e t z n e r because Hughes had failed to appear at the Los Angeles Fedora" Courthouse for pre-trial exam i n a t i o n . "This has deprived t h e p l a i n t i f f from proceeding he cause of the f a i l u r e of Hughe: to answer questions ncrde to establish t h e i r (TWA) law suit," the j u d g e said. ign the ;rounds. oath on religious AS A RESULT, Mrs. Elf- Brandt, who is still teaching at Amphitheater Junior High School, has lost $11,643 in salary for the past two years. Also teaching without pay ! or f a i l i n g to sign the oath are Mrs. Elfbrandt's husband, Vernon, a teacher at Doolen Junior High School; and Gerald Dulgov, a Pueblo High School teacher. The two, however, were not involved in the court case. Under the state law, persons who do not sign the loyalty oath receive no pay. There is no provision for dismissal. Mrs. Elfbrandt's attorney, W. Edward Morgan, today said if a request for a rehearing on the appeal is denied by the state court, "We will go to the U.S. Supreme ourt." Upholding the law as cons t i t u t i o n a l were Justices Fred Struckmeyer Jr., Lorn a L.ockwood and Jesse U d a l l . CHIEF JUSTICE Charles Bernstein concurred, but said as a "due process of law" employes should be given a Continued Page 15 Gov. Ronmev j Rules Out Candidacy WASHINGTON -- t/P) -- C-ov. George Romncy of Michigan reiterated today he is not and will not. become a c a n d i d a t e for the R e p u b l i c a n presi- d e n t i a l n o m i n a t i o n in 19(M. And he told n crowded news conference that a reception to be given in his honor this a f t e r n o o n is "purely social." The New York Times, In n Washington .slory, had said Homney would bn " q u i e t l y put forward" at today's reception as a p o t e n t i a l c a n d i d a t e for t h e R e p u b l i c a n nomination. Sec BIG DAY, Page 16

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