Tucson Daily Citizen from Tucson, Arizona on May 16, 1967 · Page 16
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Tucson Daily Citizen from Tucson, Arizona · Page 16

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Tuesday, May 16, 1967
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Editorials News TUESDAY, MAY 16, 1967 PAGE 17 Sports Markets UA STUDY ASSERTS: Tucson Enjoys Most Desira ble Spot On Planet ByJOHNRIDDICK Citizen Staff Writer Tucson is so located as'to enjoy the best' living conditions on the planet, Dr. William McGinnies believes after leading a two- year study by the University of Arizona on deserts of the world. "Actually, Tucson is not in the desert but.on its edge," said McGinnies, arid lands project 'leader at the university. "It has too much precipitation and too much vegetation. But there is n o . place on the globe "where you can be in the total combination .that is so desirable for living as we have here." The U A group has put together a storehouse of the world's knowledge about deserts through a $250,000 Army contract. Tucson's ' favored position be comes quite clear when comparisons are made with other arid regions. "Deserts are usually very windy," said McGinnies. "It will blow hard sometimes on the Sahara for 100 days at a time. "We have winds, but not like those. And we have nice air drainage with breezes flowing up and down the mountains. "The combination of mountains and plains makes for a v e r y interesting landscape Many deserts are quite monotonous places,such as the Grea Basin of Utah, Nevada and ea s t e r n Washington where there is mile after mile o: sagebrush. "I believe that the vegatation of the Tucson area is the most varied anywhere. O d d l y enough, the animals here are quite like those in more humid places but the plants are very different. We have our cacti, th« great saguaro forests and there' is nothing like the palo verde tree in wetter climates. "Driving from Tucson to Mt. Lemmon is like going to the Canadian border "Where else on the globe is there such sunlight, such -a variety of vegetation with two s e a s o n s of flowers, such brilliant moonlight nights? This is the best place to live." The relative abundance of vegetation here is a buffer against the great extremes in temperature that occur in most deserts, said McGinnies. Bare ground in the Sahara becomes very hot in the day's sunshine and very cold at night, while the Tucson trees shade against both effects. Tucson vegetation is partly made possible by the fact we have two .rainy seasons, the summer monsoon and midwinter precipitation. "Plants are able to use moisture much more efficiently in the winter," said McGinnies. "For example, northern Australia gets 20 inches of rain, annually, about twice as much as southern Australia, but it is more barren because it comes in the summer." Some experts define a desert as a place which occasionally goes without precipitation for a AS LONG AS WW II Murray Shabsis Roy D. Larsen ull year. This excludes Tucson, but would include Death Valley and Yuma. 'I think a reasonable definition is an area of 8 to 10 inches of rain depending on the temperature," said McGinnies "This would put Tucson, with inches, on the outside but include Phoenix and the area just around the mouth of the Colorado River." Deserts may come about by being in the lee side of mountains, in which case they are called "rain shadows." Or, as in the Tucson area, they may be in the horse latitudes, areas of permanent highs at 30 degrees. Sometimes, as in Chile, they are on coasts where cold currents create stable air and little rain. Bell Aerosystems Here Names 2 New Managers The Bell Aerosystems Co. plant on Valencia Road, adja- has appointed Murray Shabsis as manager of Arizona operations and Roy D. Larson as manager of the field test ficil- ity. The two men will share responsibilities carried for the past two years by A. Bruce Horton. Later this month, Horton will move from Sierra Vista to Cambridge, Mass., for a year's study at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Shabsis will direct Bell's operations from the company's What about the deserts' ture? fu- U.S. Gearing Finances For Long Viet War WASHINGTON (AP)- The Johnson administration gradually is gearing its money operations including the national debt -- for a Vietnam war lasting at least as long as the U. S. involvement in World War II. A request Monday to Congress for a permanent debt ceiling of $365 billion to carry the government through June 30, 1969, was one of several recent moves in that direction. "Nature is more vulnerable and easier to hurt in the desert," said McGinnies, who has d i r e c t e d two regional experiment stations for the U. S. Forest Service. "She has less reserve to resist the influence of man. "The desert seems to be advancing in our country now. I think this is for two reasons: the activity of man and a change of climate with less rainfall. But I also believe that increasingly the desert will be where people want to live." The University of Arizona is now perhaps the center of the most active research on arid lands in the world. As evidence of this, the UA was chosen as the site for a world conference on deserts to be sponsored by the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 1969. It will attract about 600 people. There was considerable competition. Guatemalan Not Ex-Nazi Bormann W I E S B A D E N , Germany (UPI)--The man picked up in Guatemala on suspicion of being Martin Bormann is not the missing scar-faced deputy fuehrer to Adolf Hitler, it was announced today. Wiesbaden prosecutor Joachim Richter said experts who examined the fingerprints of Juan Falero Martinez established "without question" they did not Bormann. match those of The prints arrived at midnight and were rushed to the federal crime laboratory at Wiesbaden. The .two experts compared them with a s e t t a k e n of Bormann in 1931. Richter saic Bormann's prints were taken when he was arrested by cent to Tucson International Airport. He has been associated with Bell since 1950 and became a group leader for the inertial guidance system of the Rascal air-to-surface missile in 1952. In recent years, he has been responsibile for many electromechanical programs at Bell's main plant near Buffalo Shabsis was graduated magna cum laude from the City College of New York and also holds master of science degree in engineering from Harvard University. Larson will have his office at Ft. Huachuca, where Bell has a contract operating the electromagnetic environmental test facility for the Army. He took part in the long-range planning of the facility after joining Bell in 1961. Last November, Larson became manager of Bell's Tucson facility after holding a position as project manager of the environmental data collection and processing facility. A graduate of the University of Michigan, he came to Arizona in 1954 as assistant engineer at the U. S. Army Electronic Proving Ground at Ft. Huachuca and in 1956 became a project manager for Melpar Inc. in Tucson. Horton earlier this year won a Sloan Fellowship in management at MIT, from which he is Munich police on charges of stealing a book. They also include President Johnson's request for a six per cent income tax surtax/sales of new "freedom share" savings bonds pegged directly to the length of the war and a voluntary program to stem the flow of investment dollars overseas. World War II fighting began for the United States Dec. 7, 1941, and ended with Japan's surrender Aug. 14, 1945. The U.S. troop buildup in Vietnam reached major scale in mid-1965 and administration fiscal planning now runs through June 30, 1969. The implication for the national debt was clear in treasury Secretary Henry Fowler's appearance Monday before the House Ways and Means Committee. "I am here to talk about financing a war. It is a costly war and it must be financed in a m a n n e r consistent with preserving sound, balanced anc fruitful economic growth at home," he said. In recommending a perma nerit debt ceiling of $365 billion Fowler said World War II pro vided a precedent for large deb limit increases to insure the ceiling "would not be a con straint on necessary wartime finance." The present temporary ceiling of $336 billion will drop to $285 billion, the current permanen level, on July 1 unless Congress acts. The actual debt as of Ma; 10--the latest date for which a igure is available--was $328.4 million. In proposing the surtax, Johnson pegged its length at either wo years--which would carry it o June 30, 1969--or as long as he war lasted. The "freedom shares" went on sale May 1 to persons buying Series E bonds on the payroll savings or bond^a-month plans. They pay 4.74 per cent interest when held to maturity of 4Vfe years. Fowler also told the committee the administrative budget deficit for both this fiscal year and next is now estimated at $11 billion--and that assumes Congress approves the surtax. But Chairman Wilbur D. Mills, D-Ark., suggested a $365- oillion ceiling might be insufficient because of uncertainties like the surtax in the administration's projection. Failure of Congress to acS on a variety of requests, he said, might add another $12.5 billion to the debt. King Pilgrimage To Visit Africa NEW YORK (UPI)--Dr. Martin Luther King will tour 10 African nations following his interracial pilgrimage to the Holy Land in November. The Negro civil rights leader told a news conference Monday that details of the African trip had not yet been worked out. But he said "hundreds" of people have indicated they intend to make the pilgrimage to Jordan and Israel with him. Phony Bills Ring May Be Cracked Ex-Tucsoiiiaii Held On Coast A former Tucsonian and another Arizonan have been arrested by Secret Service agents in what is described as the first breakthrough in cracking a major counterfeiting ring. Agents in San Diego and Phoenix confiscated a total of $25,420 in bogus $20 bills from the two men's possessions over the weekend. The suspects taken into custody in California were identified as Kenneth H. Merriil, 42, of Show Low, and Faustino Q. Lopez, also 42, o{ Hayden. Merrill, who owns a tavern in Winkelman, was manager of Tucson's Holsum Bakery in the late 1950s. Lopez was identified as an unemployed laborer. Authorities said the pair was picked up after trying to pass a fake bill at a San Diego drive- in restaurant. Bogus bills totaling $7,000 were found in luggage in the suspects' mote! room, and another $18,420 was found in Merrill's auto at Phoenix Sky Harbor Airport. Sherwood M. Anderson, who heads the Secret Service office in Phoenix, said the same type of counterfeit money has been turning up "for the past two months all over the West Coast, Utah and Arizona. "It's the biggest operation we've encountered in recent years," Anderson said. Authorities said Merrill owns Mike's Tavern in Winkelman and is former owner of the Out-Of-State Students Shy At Fee Hike UA Expecting Larger 'Shrinkage' In Fall Out-of-state students are showing an increasing reluctance to pay the higher tuition at the University of Arizona, registrar David L. Windsor said today. For this reason, the university is planning to leave the door open for applications from out-of-state students until mid-July. Last year, such admission were closed early in the spring. "Out-of-tate applications are almost where they were a year ago," said Windsor. "So far, we have admitted about 2,500 such students. Pink Pony cocktail lounge in Show Low, which recently was destroyed by fire. Hong Kong Court Disrupted HONG KONG (UPI)-Hundreds of howling pro-Communist demonstrators today broke up a court hearing for 20 persons accused of rioting in this British crown colony. FOR RINCON NOMINEE a graduate. Bell is a subsidiary of Textron. LOCALLY AND STATEWIDE Employment Well Ahead Nonfarm jobs in the Tucson a r e a are running strongly ahead of a year ago, and show some month-to-month gains so far in 1967. The metropolitan area's mid- April employment stood at 85,700 -- a gain of 100 over mid- March and a whopping 7 per cent better (or 5,300 jobs more) than a year earlier. The State Employment Security Commission report breaks down the gains in these industries: -- Contract construction, 5,600 jobs, up from 5,500 in March and even with a year ago. -- Mining and quarrying, 4,400 jobs, even with March's figure, but an increase from 3,800 a year earlier. -- Wholesale and retail trade, 18,800 jobs, the same as for mid-March, but well above the 17,800 of a year ago. -- Manufacturing, 8,800 jobs, equal to the March total (the highest level attained since 1963) -- and far abovee the 7,000 jobs in local manufacturing a year earlier. -- Transportation, communication and public utilities, 5,200 jobs, up from 5,100 a year ago and also during March of this year. -- Finance, insurance and real estate, 3,600, equal to March's figure and above the 3,500 of a year ago. -- Services and miscellaneous, 15,400 jobs, the same as during March and far above the 14,400 of a year earlier. -- Government, 23,900 jobs, down slightly from the 24,000 during March, but up from the 23,200 of a year ago. Statewide, non farm jobs rose to 444,400 at mid-April, an increase of 2.000 over mid- March and 13,400 more than a year ago. Music A Prime Interest This is the sixth in a series I on student nominees for the Tucson Daily Citizen Achievement Award. The winner will be announced next Monday. Music has been a prime interest of David Francis Evans, Rincon High School's nominee for the Citizen Achievement Award. He has sung in the school's chorus or mixed ensemble each of his high school years, was selected for the All-City Honor Chorus and has spent numerous hours as volunteer guitar accompanist for the Tucson Boys Chorus. David, son of Mr. and Mrs. Walter H. Evans, 4311 E. Holmes St., also is a scholar. His class standing of 13th among 580 seniors is based on a 1.1429 grade average. Student body president at Rincon, young Evans has been a leader in student government each year. One of his most successful undertakings this year ership in the Human Relations Ilub, American Field Service Ilub and Student Progress Organization of Tucson. In addition, David regularly delivers educational materials to blind students at the University of Arizona. Evans was the recipient of a UA Fine Arts summer session scholarship for music last year and received a letter of commendation for high scores in the National Merit Scholarship test. The Evans family has hosted Rincon's foreign exchange student this year, and, according to Principal Hanley R. Slagle, David has "done much to con- David F. Evans was as head of a food and clothing drive for the needy at Christmas time. He has held high office in the National Honor Society, Folk Club, German Club and mem- "But at the same time, I'm assuming a larger shrinkage this year." B y "shrinkage," Windsor means the students who are admitted but don't show up for class. Out-of-state students tend to scatter "shotgun applications" to a number of schools. Ordinarily, 40 to 45 per cent appear at any one school. Windsor expects the percentage to be lower this September. More and more, these students are writing to say that they have decided they can't afford to go to the UA. Apparently, this decision comes after they are told that the estimated cost here is $1,934 a year rather than $1,692, as given in the catalogue. The difference is the increase in tuition for out-of-state students from $650 to $815 ordered by the legislature. This put Arizona among the highest of all state universities. The strategy in leaving applications open longer is to provide the 20 per cent out-of-state population the university has room for. This group amounted to 30 per cent 15 years ago. "We are still getting a good many out-of-state applications and they are from pretty good students too," said Windsor. In the meantime, the flow of applications from Arizonans is down somewhat. The university has admitted 4,000 such new students, a few hundred less than at the same time last year. "At first, I thought this might be because of the junior colleges," said Windsor. "We have six now in the state and they are much less expensive than the university. "But it may be only because of a difference in schedules and tribute to the student's successful year" at the school. ' ' D a v e i s intelligent, courteous, industrious and is very well liked by both students and faculty," says Slagle. "When a job needs to be done, it can be delegated to him with certainty of success." Teacher Exodus At UA^CriticaF More and more University of Arizona teachers are looking for new jobs, and the faculty exodus could be much greater next year than this, Dr. Conrad F. Joyner, UA government professor, said today. "You hear almost every day of more people putting themselves on the job market," said Joyner after a faculty survey. "This is a crisis. There is a danger of this university losing more of its key people and a university depending on the reputation of its faculty can't stand this for long." Dr. Richard A. Harvill, UA president, told the Board of Regents Saturday of 67 resignations. The rate could be much higher next year, said Joyner, who made his survey for the American Association of University Professors. Once competent UA professors let it be known they are interested, recruiters come running to their doors. X The teachers have the advantage in a classical supply and demand situation in which Arizona is considerably behind. Joyner said the general pattern is for instructors to say, "I don't want to leave Arizona, but. . ." The rest of the sentence is filled by such details as the man who said "an extra $4,000 to $5,000 will buy a lot for my family" or the man who said, "I can vacation in Hawaii for two months on the extra $7,000." States bidding for teachers leaped out in front of Arizona severiil years ago and the UA has been slipping further and further behind. "On the basis of my study, schools in other western states range 10 to 20 per cent ahead they are simply late in sending in transcripts." Shrinkage of in-state students amounts to about 15 per cent. With matters still uncertain for the fall enrollment, Windsor expects the figure will be about 22,000. compared to with 21,407 last fall. of Arizona," said Joyner, As Arizona gathers the reputation as a "raidable campus," the pressure builds to lure its better men away, which can have an accumulative psychological effect, said Joyner. ' ' C o l l e g e teachers are a curious breed,'" said Joyner. "Once the exodus starts, it's catching." Don't Think Smiling Tax Agent Is On Your Side During Audit Second of a series of five articles on what your rights are in a tax fight and how to stand up to the Internal Revenue Service people. By WILLIAM L. RABY, CPA A mistake a taxpayer often makes in dealing with the Internal Revenue Service is to assume that a smiling revenue agent may be his friend. You can bet'that he isn't, because his basic feeling about you is that you probably owe more taxes than you paid. Some 55 per cent of the tax returns audited resulted in more tax being due -- an average of $550 more tax per individual involved. The agent wants something from you, enough information to inspire a written report that will make him look good. He wanu to be able to say that he saw evidence on the key items on your tax return. If you're a salesman, this may mean records of auto mileage, motel receipts, and a pocket diary covering your meals and entertainment. The agent may also want to get your signature on a piece o- paper saying that you agree that you owe the added tax of, for example, $600 on a disallowed deduction of $2,000 for expenses. Don't sign it. At least, not unless you're very sure you really owe the tax and want to pay it. He wants the agreement because it probably helps him to get "brownie points" from the boss for obtaining what they at IRS call "taxpayer cooperation." He may suggest to you that if you sign the agreement you save some interest on the added tax. He's giving you a snow job. The amount of interest saved will be peanuts compared to the tax the signed agreement may cost you. The agent is holding out on you if he doesn't tell you that innocent-looking agreement cancels your right to argue over the added tax he wants you to pay. If you do sign such an agreement, get sometthing in return. If he will allow part of the $2,000 deduction and cut the added tax you wiU have to pay from $600 to $350, you will agree mat you owe the $350. While the agent won't give you something for which there's no justification, if he is half convinced you may be able to work out some sort of a swap with him. Most audited taxpayers are subjected to what is called an office audit. In such case you will get a letter asking you to mail in checks and bills and whatever else you may have at hand to help back up certain deductions. Or you may be asked to come in for a discussion of one or more items on your return. Make photocopies of anything you send in the mail or leave at the IRS office. Make a detailed record -- with names and dates -- of every conversation you have at IRS. If you can't reach agreement with the agent, such a diary- type record will help you when and if you talk to higher-ups in the IRS. Don't feel that the IRS agent who questions you is a sort of sacred cow. If he acts like a jackass, tell him so -- in a nice way, if possible. A widow worried herself sick foi weeks because an IRS agent told her to show him detailed figures on food, clothing and household expenses to support the dependency deductions she had taken for her children. Frustrated, she returned to the IRS office, saw the agent's supervisor, and stated that any idiot could see from the size of her income and from what it costs to support children that she was obviously providing at least two-thirds of their support. She dumped a shoebox of cash-register tapes, scribbled calculations, and department store charge tickets on the supervisor's desk. And then she stalked out. The next day the chastened agent phoned to tell her that IRS would allow her dependency deductions. Whether you are talking to the agent at his IRS office desk, or receiving him in what he calls a field audit at your place of business or your accountant's office, there is one cardinal rule to follow. Never volunteer information. Let the agent ask the questions. Answer his questions in good faith and truthfully, but volunteer nothing. The taxpayer will often blurt out something that isn't in question, but which can send the agent down another road of inquiry. If the agent wants to know about something, he'll ask. If he doesn't ask, don't make trouble for yourself. Don't lie to the agent. If you don't know, then say you don't. If you can't remember, then say you can't. People go to jail for lying, but not for bad memories. And don't try to bribe the agent, even in the most subtle way. You may be a kindly appliance dealer, but offering to give the agent a portable color TV set for his sick daughter is going to be misunderstood. Some revenue agents can act like con men. They will try to impress the little taxpayer, especially, with their importance, with the size of the organization they represent, with the damage they can do the taxpayer if he doesn't cooperate. They play on fear, greed, and ignorance. Each year, hundreds of thousands of little taxpayers sign various types of papers, agree to pay deficiencies, and then strap themselves to pay taxes they never really owed. People have committed suicide because when their bank accounts were seized for unpaid taxes, it looked to them as though the only way they could feed their families was to kill themselves so the families could have their life insurance. If you are right, you can stand up to IRS and win your point. Remember, there is money AND principle involved. IRS is robbing you if it asks you to pay taxes you don't really owe. An agent is really calling you a liar when he erroneously disallows your claimed deductions to increases your income. If someone is going to call you a liar, and rob you to boot, you may want to fight. (Tomorrow -- "Your Rights . in a Tax Fight.")

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