B-8--INDEPENDENT-PRESS-TELESRAM Imt iMtlt, Mil., Sinfey, J*tuÂ«rr Â«. 1Â«Â» Feeling His Oofs BOB HOUSER EDITORIAL America Welcomes Brand New State AMERICANS WELCOME the new state of Alaska ? into the union. Like the New Year, this new state Is young and inexperienced; but like the New Year, it has a lot of wonderful possibilities. Alaska's population (215,000) is smaller than that of Long Beach, Calif. It is distributed over an area of 586,400 square miles. Obviously, the new state has a wide expanse of challenge. It is stirring to observe the spirit of confidence and enthusiasm with which Alaskans have undertaken the mighty chore of developing their land of opportunity and promise. The day of the American pioneer is not dead. * * * THERE ARE A FEW Alaskans, of course, who have had some second and sober thoughts in the wake of the statehood celebrations. They foresee higher taxes and all sorts of hardships. They are probably right. But the view of most Alaskans apparently is that they have never expected the course to be an easy one, that any worthwhile accomplishment requires some hard work and some sacrifice. This is in the great tradition of the American frontier, a tradition of independent courage. It is a tradition, we are afraid, that has faded from loo many minds and hearts. * *. * NOW THAT ALASKA is a state, let's give Hawaii the same recognition. All the good reasons for making Alaska a state apply also to our Territory in the warm Pacific. It is for all practical purposes a part of our country; it has served a long "apprenticeship," and It deserves the representation in Washington which Statehood would give it. Hawaii has a more advanced industrial system than . Alaska, is more populous, and their communications between the islands and the mainland are well developed. The major arguments heard against Hawaiian statehood are that the islands have a population that Is strongly Oriental--which would probably put Orientals in Congress--and that the islands have many Communists. To the first argument we say, Why not have some Orientals in Congress? Congress is full of people Whose fathers and grandfathers came from other shores. Â· As to the second argument, if there are alien Ideologies in Hawaii, then perhaps we had better draw Hawaii a little closer to us and discourage them. * * * 'Â·S'-NO AMOTJNT OF RATIONALIZATION can erase the fact that Hawaii is as well qualified as Alaska was ior statehood and should be given that status at once. DREW PEARSON Best Way to Defend New State of Alaska Is to Get It Populated WASHINGTON--Alaska, now declared officially and formally - the 49th state, will be the beginning of the 1959 economic challenge. It's estimated there is still as much gold in Alaskan Miffs as was ever taken out. The timber resources of the new itaie are fabulous: Tremendous copper deposits have already been mined and as much more is available. What Alaska needs, however, are roads and population. No highway now connects Alaska immediately with the United Stales. The much publicized Alcan highway runs through Canada, and has a gravel roadbed between the Alaskan- fcariadian border and the U. S. E One-third of Alaska's pres- |nt 200,000 population is military personnel with their families. The best way to defend Alaska is to get it populated. The pushers for statehood who gathered around President Eisenhower yesterday as he formally declared Alaska a stale have been claiming statehood would bring population and development. If they are right, a great future should be ahead pf the 49th stale beginning -this year. E * * * " CORRECTION: In covering the Alaskan election campaign f reported that Secretary of the Interior Fred Seaton had traveled by special train on the government-owned Alaskan Railway from Anchorage to Fairbanks and later had two ipecial cars for the use of his office staff. While Seaton did Iravel on the special train, I now find that it was making the trip anyway and that he rode at the special urging of the manager. He did not use the special cars. In fairness to Mr. Seaton I am happy to make these facts clear. * * * THE TIIREE StEX WHO deserve chief credit for bolster- Ing the defense of Alaska arc Sen. Stuart Symington of Missouri, Gen. Nathan Twining, now chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and Gen. Frank Armstrong, now commander in Alaska. When Symington was Secretary of the Air Force he went to Alaska, saw the deplorable condition of military housing and waged a campaign to improve it. He also invited Bob Hope to spend Christmas up Ihere, which began the famous Bob Hope pilgrimages to military outposts. . . . Gen. Arm- Strong, who was in Alaska during the Symington era, is operating a carefully coordinated, highly efficient command of the Jirmy, Navy, and Air Force. . . . Twelve airlines operate in Alaska, plus an unknown number of bush pilots. Because roads are almost non-existent, bush pilots in Alaska are like taxi drivers in New York. . . . Congressional committees five times have investigated the "tunnels" of Ladd Air Force Base at Fairbanks. They are highly practical tunnels connecting officers' quarters and parts of the Ladd base. In heavy snows, military personnel can travel underground. Also water and sewage, which otherwise would freeze, are protected in these tunnels. Congress, however, likes to investigate. INDEPENDENT - Herman H. Bidder-Daniel H, Rldder- Harold M. Mines-Samuel C. Cameron- Larry Collins Jr. Publisher Co- Pu b I r sh e r _Aniitant to Publishe Central Manage _Buslneii Manage Malcolm Epley ^Executive Edtto Mllei E. Sines" Managing Edito L. A. Collins Sr._.Edltorlal Columnist Independen Comic Advertising Representative: Metropolitan Sunday Newspapers, inc. Member Audit Bureiu of Circulation National RepresenUtlvu RIdder-Johns, Inc. DAVID LAWRENCE Labor Will Profit by Finding Way to Eliminate the Strike WASHINGTON--The American people are unhappy about the strikes that have been depriving them of essential services. Members of Congress are hearing f r o m the country about it. Just what can be done? The "right to strike" h a s l o n g b e e n considered inherent in our constitutional s y s t e m because the individual h a s the right to w o r k or to "WHENCE quit work as he pleases. But where the public interest is damaged, the law can properly step in and restrict the right of any organized group to act concertedly in preventing others from working. Thus, for example, there is no right to strike against the government itself, whether it be federal or stale or city government. Nobody can be required to work for the government. Actually, when-the government seizes an industry, no union may tell its members not to work. To do so constitutes an interference with the court orders usually issued at the request of governmental authorities. Labor unions are lawful insofar as they follow the individual desires of their members, but, where two or more persons act in concert to bring about the interruption of an essential service, there is opened a field for restriction. The law can limit such economic a c t i o n . In this sense, a group of individuals has no more right to damage the public interest than has a corporation. * * * * THE REMEDY heretofore applied has been government seizure of an essential industry. But this has never proved a satisfactory solution. It has in it elements of coercion, distasteful to a free society. For years, students of the problem have examined a va- riely of proposed solutions. The Taft-Hartley Act today provides for a no-strike moratorium for 80 days during a so-called "cooling-off" period. B u t a politically minded President can ignore it rather than antagonize those labor leaders who supported him in his election campaign. So it is not desirable to make any solution dependent upon presidential discrelion. In wartime, there h a v e Thoughts And he spake unto them, caying, Return with much riches unto your tents, and with very much cattle, with, silver, and viilh gold, and with brass, and with iron, and with very much raiment: divide the spoil o/ your enemies with your brethren. --Joshua 22:8. Riches without charity are nothing worth. They are a blessing only to him who makes them Â« blessing to others.--Henry Fielding. been laws providing for seizure when a serious strike is threatened. Seizure as a last resort is probably one .answer, even in peacetime, to a deadlock. But there have been other suggestions from labor experts in the last half century that have never been given a trial and which would seem to promise better results. Thus, the' idea of mandatory arbitration, if no agreement is reached during a fixed period of negotiation, has always been given moral support by disinterested observers. The trouble with the plan is that impartial arbitrators are "not easy to get. There has been in the past talk in Congress of setting up a labor court for strike emergencies, to be composed of judges selected from a panel of federal jurists regularly on the bench. The labor unions have not Â· liked this approach because they have believed it legalistic and that the decisions are not- likely to penetrate the human questions that frequently give rise to deadlocks in negotiations -- matters of holidays and pensions and other "fringe" benefits. Employers, on the other hand, have feared that arbitrators would ignore the financial capacity of a smaller company competing with a larger one, or else that too much power would be given the neutral arbitrator. IF LAWS WERE passed providing some system whereby a permanent p a n e l of arbitrators, comprising outstanding persons in every industry, were established -with all-three arbitrators assigned by the government -there might be a better chance for the principle of arbitration to be accepted. Union labor has more to gain than to lose in finding some substitute for the strike weapon. The economic losses to the country from recent strikes were staggering. The amount gained by the unions is infinitesimal compared to the indirect losses they have suffered. VIRGINIA KELLY Kuchel's Chances Still 'Excellent 1 TO PARAPHRASE "The Music Man" song--like champagne, senators fizz for the senator who knows what time it is. California's senior senator, Thomas H. Kuchel definitely knows what time it is. His practical ability and his courteous fairness have won him not only the respect but the liking of his colleagues in the world's most powerful group, the United States Senate. ' Both Parties Will Play It Close in New Legislature CALIFORNIA'S new Legislature opens shop Monday noon with 47 Democrats and 33 Republicans in the State Assembly; 26 Democrats, 13 Republicans and one vacancy in the State Senate. It's going to be a tight little game. Democrats will be playing close to the vest to vindicate the faith bestowed by voters last November. Republicans see their mission as one of unusual solidarity in order to muster enough votes to check any "runaway" tendencies of the majority and to build the wherewithal for a 1960 comeback. Proposition 9, the constitutional amendment approved by voters Nov. 4, eliminates the Legislature's 30-day recess after the first 30 days of bill introductions. This time the group meets HOUSER continuously until June 19, Saturdays and Sundays excluded from the 120-day session count. There are problems enough to fill the time well. But first, the bodies will organize. Ralph M. Brown of Modesto seems to be destined to become Speaker of the Assembly and Hugh M. Burns, Fresno, seems certain of re-election as pro tern President of the Senate. * * * BUDGET AND WATER are among the the most important issues wanting solution. Budget may devolve to partisan politics but the water problem may snag on its accustomed North-South demarcation line, regardless of political faiths. Both parties know the urgent needs for economy and new revenue sources. Reasonable solutions should attract bi-partisan support. But in a real test over fiscal principles, the Assembly's 33 Republicans voting as a bloc, could block the required two-thirds majority for budget passage. What shape the battle lines will take may depend largely on remedies Governor-elect Pat Brown spells out in his inaugural and budget messages. In addition to greater government economy, probable sources for new revenue include bank and corporation franchise taxes, personal income taxes, possible additional taxes on horse racing, liquor, beer and tobacco and a severance tax for those who withdraw natural resources. * * * A POINT of special emphasis for State Sen. Richard Richards, in addition to budget and water, is a more equitable apportionment of state gas tax funds for state highway building. Now, the 13 southern counties get 55 per cent and the rest of the North gets 45 per cent. Richards says the southern counties contribute 63 per cent of state gas tax revenue and advocates a change in disbursing formula to 60-40. He says it would give us about $16 million more per year. * * * LABOR REFORM, which Pat Brown said is needed and which was the object of a specific plan, he first released in a Long Beach speech, is another problem. Other priority items include crime, traffic safety, improved vote counting methods and certainly intensive study by the Democratic side on 1960 reappprtionment of the state's congressional districts. A wry side observation has been made that Gov. Brown may also find himself involved in the Caryl Chessman case. Chessman has evaded the gas chamber of 10 years. Brown's platform includes a position against capital punishment. Gov. Brown might have one of his roughest assignments in writing the last chapter of the Chessman saga. His chances to be elected Minority Whip are excellent. Win or lose he has conducted himself with d i g nity. He h a s n o t pushed h i s own candidacy. He has n o t m a d e g r a n d i o s e s t a t ements t h r e a t e n i n g the seniority of the "Old G u a r d " Republicans--as have some of the overly ambitious Republican liberals. When the eight-man caucus of Republican liberals chose a slate of Sen. John Sherman Cooper (Ky.) for Leader, and Sen. Kuchel for Whip, one thing was agreed on: if Cooper is defeated, the group will continue to b a c k Kuchel unanimously. Sen. Cooper's chances are slim. He cannot presently irluster more than 12 of the necessary 18 votes of the 34 Republican senators. Senators agree that the r a n k i n g Republican, Sen. Styles Bridges (NH) will have the final say. He has said that Sen. Everett Kirk- sen (111) seems the "logical choice for leader." So far, he has not yet said who will be his choice of Whip. He did tell this reporter that he likes Sen. Kuchel and can work with him. The eight senators who attended the liberal caucus were: Aiken (Vt), Bush Conn), Case (NJ), Cooper (Ky), Kuchel, Javits (NY), Scott (Pa) and Keating (NY). This is how it went: + * * * SOCIAL registerite banker Sen. Bush (who has always been close to the Administration) nominated Sen. Cooper, who has been an open and eager candidate. Sen. Aiken nominated Kuchel for Whip. Sen. Case nominated Aiken for Leader. Kuchel seconded the nomination for Aiken. Sen. Aiken said that because Sen. Bridges (NH) is chairman of the Policy Committee and Sen. Saltonstall (Mass) is chairman of the Conference Committee, he did not think it logical or proper for another New Englander to aspire for leadership. He withdrew his name. * * * * DURING the meeting, Sen. Kuchel said that although it was difficult for him to speak in his own behalf, yet -- from "Russia to Mexico on the Pacific Coast" he is the only Republican senator. He added that in the next tier of Western stales that Sen. Goldwater (Ariz) is the only Republican senator--and that in the entire West and Middle West only 'ft handful of Republican senators remain. He pointed out that the West and Midwest have a right to representation in the leader- chip. Public Forum Tight .Clothing an 'Abomination' EDITOR: I consider skin-tight qloth- ing an abomination. As we start the New Year, let us as Americans put away these "fashions" and if we cannot buy decent clothing in the stores, then we should quit buying a lot of clothing and buy only what we have to. DALE JOHNSON, 39 Magnolia Ave. Editorials on College 'Confusing' EDITOR: Your coverage of the Long Beach State .College controversy has been a little confusing to me. News reports have been, in the main, good. However, the editorials dealing with the friction seem to be inconsistent with the facts presented in the news coverage. This is not to imply that the I, P.-T. should take a side. But it is the duty of the paper to clarify the issues for the citizenry. * Â· * * YOUR editorials have conveyed an attitude that the whole affair has been blown up out of proportion by partisans on the campus. A perceptive analysis would reveal, I think, that the development and ultimate outcome of the Long Beach problem is being followed closely by other State College facilities with similar complaints and also by national education groups. The matter is important, for its /implications for higher education will be felt nationwide. Tile local press has been responsible in its news presentation. But it has just as great a responsibility on the editorial page--to clarify with astuteness all aspects of the problem. * * * * THE URGINGS for a "back to the classroom" movement have left the impression in many quarters that there has been an academic let-down at the college. Implied or explicit, this is a serious charge against the faculty. A clear editorial policy would, perhaps, avoid the vagueness and superfluity of the present one. MIKE BROWN, 424 Tremont Ave. (Editor's Note: Concrete, rather than vague, criticism of our policy would perhaps aid in determining what Mr. Brown is talking about.) Border Patrol Series Lauded EDITOR: May I congratulate you and reporter Bob Whearley for LETTER OF THE WEEK Resolution EDITOR: It is said that resolutions are made to be broken. But this is not necessarily so. Perhaps we try to tackle too much at once. Why not make one good resolution and stick to it? If each of us would resolve to remove hate and intolerance from our hearts and replace them with love and understanding, so many of the other resolutions we make would not be necessary. DOROTHY HINES 4330 Vangold, Lakewood. (EDITOR'S NOTE: $5 to Miss Hines for the week's best letter). The Neighbors By George Clark J.T.S " My Dad's going to Alaska, but not to dig for gold. He'i going to build apartment homed" . the excellent series on the work of the Border Patrol. More and more people are becoming interested in Baja California Â· and its development. It is good to see our newspaper take the lead in getting first hand information about our neighbor to the south. ANDY CORTRIGHT, Ocean Center Bldg. SENATOR SOAPER There's No Money-Back Guarantee By BILL VAUGHAN AN Indiana thief steals a parachute which is defective and probably would collapse if he tried to use it. Besides which, there's no m o n e y-back guarantee on stolen merchandise. * * + * NASSER accepts Russian aid but denounces the Communists. Apparently Moscow doesn't know the secret of how to buy friends any better than we do. * * ' * * BRIGITTE Bardot tops the western stars as a box-office attraction. This should be a good example to our young people -- you don't have to shoot and kill and steal cattle to be popular. * + Â· Â· WE REALLY don't need the Census Bureau's figures to tell us that women outnumber men. When politicians started having their pictures taken drying the dishes or dusting the parlor, we knew who controlled the elections. * * * * PROFESSIONAL athletes have one big advantage. Can you imagine the average man telling the boss that he lost an important contract because he just didn't feel "up" that day? * * * * NOW THAT the administration has accomplished the easy stuff, such as putting a 4-ton satellite in orbit, it can turn to something difficult, like balancing the budget at ?77,000,000,000. * * * * THE WASHINGTON reporters . had better enjoy a golfing President while they can. Some day they'll get one whose hobby is skiing, and they'll have to follow him down a mountain at 60 miles an hour to keep their editors appeased. * * * * OUR LATEST check indicates that the freight-carrying rocket has now been invented more often, even, than the combination automobile and airplane. * * * * TELEVISION'S quiz-program planners are discove*- ing that honesty is the best policy, even if you can't build a very lively show around it. * * * * T H E TOBACCO industry research committee is carrying on an Investigation to discover why people smoke. Well, in the first place, they have to do something wi'th all those ash trays they get as wedding presents. * * * * THE TAILORS of America have always been known as a patriotic group, but Isn't their announced intention to keep the American man from looking like a slob Just a blt well, er, un-American?
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