The Galveston Daily News from Galveston, Texas on September 24, 1978 · Page 17
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The Galveston Daily News from Galveston, Texas · Page 17

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Galveston, Texas
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Sunday, September 24, 1978
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Page 17
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Vanguard Home Warranty Offered At D & L 5'B Sunday Morning, September 24, 1978 GROUNDBREAKING CEREMONIES were conducted Thursday for Mainland Savings Association's Friendswood branch. Now operating in temporary quarters adjourning the site, Mainland's new building will contain more than 10,000 square feet, with approximately 7,000 feet available for leasing. Pictured, from left, are Mel Whitworth, manager of the Friendswood branch; Raymond Hill, president and chairman of the board; and Mayor Ralph Lowe. (Staff Photo By Jo AnnOliphant) Chinese Get New Look In Higher Educational System, HONG KONG (UPI) China's colleges are ready to receive students for the first normal school term since the late Mao Tse-tung messed up the country's educational system a dozen years ago. The freshman class entering more than 400 colleges and universities will number slightly more than 300,000. This is the cream of the crop of more than 6 million students who sat for the entrance examinations during the summer. Although 278,000 enrolled last year in institutions of higher learning — the highest figure since 1%5 — it wasn't a normal school year. They studied under a curriculum that still put heavy emphasis on politics and manual labor, which Mao and his radical followers advocated so strongly. When the fall term begins this month, the students will be studying under a new curriculum. Their textbooks will be new — long on academic material, and short on the ideology on which Mao insisted. The books also will draw more on foreign material. Teachers will have more authority in the classrooms, where student anarchy once reigned. They will be using more modern teaching techniques picked up from abroad. Several hundred visiting professors from the United States, West Germany, Great Britain, France, Japan and other countries will be lecturing at some institutions. But the most important development will be the operation of "key" colleges and universities. The brightest and best of the freshmen will be going to 88 "key" institutions selected by the Ministry of Education. The ministry said it was necessary to concentrate on these institutions in order to speed up and improve the quality of education. "It is impossible to properly equip many schools at once," the ministry explained. "With education funds not readily available, we can only add to such equipment step by step. A thousand and one things call for attention, but there is no way to take care of everything" at the same time. "If existing manpower, material and financial resources were to be evenly distributed, an inevitable diffusion of forces would result. It everyone wants to advance at the same time, no one will. If the quality of education is not raised, and no qualified personnel are turned out, our country's modernization program will slow down... "There is only one way to accomplish this mission. It is to concentrate forces on the proper operation of key schools. There is no other way." These key schools will play a pilot role in the drive to "raise the quality of education" and "train personnel rapidly". "Key schools will enroll students with superior educational level," the ministry said. "They will have more competent faculties and better teaching facilities while the state gives them aid in reference books and teaching equipment." All this is part of the new look in Chinese education. Nothing was more ravaged by Mao's chaotic Cultural Revolution than China's educational system. The damage began in June 1966, when Mao ordered schools closed. He decreed that examinations should be abolished. Students would be selected on a "class basis" rather than on academic achievement. The school term should be shortened, Mao said. And it was. Examinations, Mao declared, were "surprise attacks" that put an unnecessary burden on students. He said more time should be devoted to political study. Non-political studies should be supplemented by practical application, meaning that much of the students' time should be spent working on farms or in factories. Teachers also had to participate in "productive labor," Mao said. This, Mao contended, would enable the students and teachers to "better serve proletarian politics and socialism." More sons and daughters of poor peasants and workers would have an opportunity to enter college as a result of the lowering of academic standards and the shortening of the period of study — from four to three years for colleges. The reform of the educational system probably went much further than Mao ever intended. Radical leftists, including his widow, Chiang Ching, and her cohorts of the notorious "Gang of Four", seized upon Mao's moves in the educational field as one of the main weapons in a war against intellectuals. They brought anarchy to the classrooms when schools finally reopened — and even now not all are operating. Tens of thousands of teachers were driven from schools into communes, factories or labor camps. "The educational front truly has been a disaster area," the Communist party newspaper People's Daily, admitted frankly in a recent article on the problems in China's educational system. The article was one of hundreds published by the People's Daily and other official organs during the past several months on the revamping of the educational system now underway. This is a top priority program. The man behind it is Teng Hsiao-ping, the dynamic vice premier and party vice chairman, purged when Mao first began his assault on the system. Speaking at a national conference on education earlier this year, Teng put the blame for the breakdown in education on Mao's followers, not on him. Teng argued that it was never Mao's intention to lower the quality of education by overemphasizing ideology and manual labor, shortening the period of study and other related actions. The dangerous decline in education was brought about by others pursuing a destructive course in Mao's name, Teng said. "There is much that is new on the educational front since the overthrow of the 'Gang of Four' and particularly since the reform of the college enrollment system and the criticism of the 'two assessments'," Teng said. (The "two assessments" were arguments used by the Gang and other radicals to attack moderate leaders and intellectuals who resisted their attempts to change the system. One assessment was that education in the 17 years before Mao ordered the system revised was revisionist. The second assessment declared students and teachers of that period should be regarded as enemies of socialism because their outlook was bourgeois.) The important question today, Teng said, is, "how, under the new historical conditions to implement further the fundamental principle set forth by Chairman Mao that 'education must serve proletarian politics and be combined with productive labor.'" "The 'Gang of Four', under the cloak of Mao Tse- tung thought, wilfully distorted and trampled on this principle and led the educational revolution astray, causing grave damage to education," Teng said. No matter how damaging Mao's moves may have been, some of them had considerable popular appeal. Lowering educational standards, abolishing entrance exams and opening college doors to students who otherwise would never have been able to attend, were moves welcomed by many. The relaxation of discipline, which permitted students to attack teachers in open criticism sessions and which permitted students to have a roie in running the schools, were praised by many. But the net result was anarchy in the classrooms and an exodus of teachers from their schools. In one of the articles on education, one official newspaper in Peking said the nation is faced with a serious shortage of teachers as a result of their mistreatment in the past. There are only about nine million teachers — many poorly qualified — for the more than 400 colleges and universities, 200,000 middle (high) schools and more than a million primary schools. Many of those nine million are still working in other jobs. Vanguard Home Warranty (V.H.W.) is now offered on homes sold by D & L Real Estate, according to Ted Dudley, owner and operator of the firm. "The warranty service contract is a one-year limited warranty protecting the working equipment of a home such as the heating system, central air conditioning, electrical and plumbing systems and fixtures, water heaters and softeners, ductwork and built-in appliances which include ovens, ranges, garbage disposals and dishwashers." If repair of replacement, as provided for in the warranty contract, becomes necessary, a toll free call to Vanguard Home Warranty Copr., will bring a local repair specialist. The homeowner would have to pay only a modest deductable charge. Dudley feels the offering of this warranty will help create a much more settled atmosphere at the time of closing of sale on a used home, since seller and purchaser are relieved of the sometimes traumatic climate as to whether the warranted ?????? items are in good working order. This responsibility is assumed by V.H.W. prior to sale and for one year after sale is closed. "This warranty should make used homes more marketable by D & L Real KsLate, since they will compare more favorably with new home warranties and help remove some of (lie indecision by purchasers on second-hand homes," concluded Dudley. LONDON (UPI) - The biggest user of bicycles in the United Kingdom, the British post office, is honoring its most popular conveyance with a set of special stamps. The new issue of bicycle stamps also marks the centenary of the world's first national cycling organizations — the British Cycling Federation and the Cyclists Touring Club. Featured on the stamps are the 19th century "ordinary bicycle," a 1920 tourer, a modern small- wheel racer and the latest- style road racer. The BPO, which has 27,000 bicycles to help postmen and women deliver the mail, favors the "bike" because it is inexpensive to run and maintain and helps keep its staff fit. RIBBON CUTTING ceremonies were conducted recently for the Smilin Crab and Galvcston Arcade, 8th and Seawall. Present for the event were, from left, Maryann Bryan, Gene Hornstein, Don Gartman, Richard Reinmann, Cheri Dickman, Darlene Hanson, Richard Fleisher and Chuck Lawrence. (Staff Photo By Jo Ann Oliphant) PROFESSIONAL AUSTIN INSURANCE AGENCY LEWIS HARRIS, C.P.C.U. TOM PATRICK insurance 622-22nd Si. COME GROW WITH US' Jerrys Gardens ..-,-—r-"- -••-.' -• i-- - " v Cdr ' ' '• - """ - PRICES EFFECTIVE SEPT.25TH THRU SEPT. 30TH TWO LOCATIONS TOSERVEYOU! LaMarque-Gulf Fwyatl765 938-0236 Seabrook-Miramar Shopping Center 474-3184 HOURS: Monday thru Saturday 9:00am-9:00pm NORFOLK PINE VERY GOOD INSIDE HOUSE PLANT OR PATIO ITEM. 388 EACH SPECTRACIDE GRANULES ERADICATE YOUR LAWN OF THOSE PESKY CHINCH BUGS ALSO COMBAT OTHER SOU INSECTS 12'/2 IB BAG COVERS 2500 SQ. FT. 4 88 EACH GARDENIA VEITCHI VERY COMPACT AND SEMI DWARF VARIETY OF OUR EVER POPULAR SHRUB, PRODUCES MANY MORE BLOOMS THAN THE REGULAR VARIETY 077 <•• EACH FALL GARDEN MIMS EXTRA LARGE SIZE PLANTS LOADED WITH BUDS THAT WILL PRODUCE A RIOT OF COLOR THIS FALL A BARGAIN EACH BRIGGS & S1KATTON GASOLINE EDGER _ FINGER TIP X THROTTLE CONTROL - FINGER TIP QEP1H CONTROL 110 88 PLATED HANDLES HANDLE BRACE 2 K.P. 4 CWIE BRIGGS L STRAITON 90' TO180 : SWIVEL REVEN POSITIVE POSITIONS 3-7X150 WHEELS RIGHT HAND CUT HEAVY DUTY 8LAOE f SEALED BALL ALL STEEL CONSTRUCTION BEARINGS Z/Pfl FALL FEEDER For longer fall growth and earlier Spring green-up. Strong in 6 nutrients • Nitrogen • Polyphosphate • Potash • Sullur • Zinc • Iron Covers 2.500-5.000 sq.ft. 50 LB. 5 88 RICHARDS BOXWOOD EXTREME DARK FOLIAGE ADORNS THIS VERY HARDY SHRUB, ALSO VERY DWARF GROWING. NOW ONLY... 977 EACH AZALEAS PLANT YOUR AZALEAS NOW AS IT IS THE »EST SEASON FOt TRANSPLANTING IN OUt AREA. TUT IT AND YOU WILL SEE. 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