B-8--INDrPENDENT-PRESS-TELEGRAM MM Hath, Ctlll., Sunday, July u, m\ 'M fJ H - ' Â£ Â· Â· wm. 1 fi-.:fy i ttKlrSh'itfdr PI Oceans May ProvideKey to Survival By RAY C MEANS SAN DIEGO (UPI) -- Two young Americans, taking part in extensive tests with the bathyscaph Triestte starting Monday, report Russia is quietly conducting underseas research--a field that may be more important to U.S. defense than missiles, satellites or massive armies. Don Walsh and Larry Shumaker, both lieutenants, stationed at the Naval Electronics Laboratory in San Diego, believe the key to survival may be under the ocean. Monday, the two men are to begin a series of 60 dives in the bathyscaph, Trieste, a b l i m p - shaped underwater vehicle. The dives are designed to provide more information about communications and detection below the surface of the sea. * Â·* * * "THE MAIN purpose," as Walsh explains it, "is what s becoming the main purpose the Navy as a whole--to o p e r a t e submarines undetected while at the same time being able to detect the enemy." Walsh said, "(he Polaris missile, launched from a submarine under water, has become our major weapon. Just as a general must know his battlefield, tin; captain of a submarine carrying a Polaris missile must know the terrain in which he works." Both Walsh and Shumaker agreed that, thanks to the Trieste, the U.S. is ahead of Russia in a survey of the sea. "But," they caution, "the Rus- ans have every surface craft operation dangling cables to the ocean compiling data. i'en Soviet trawlers are 71 er cent utilized for ocean- graphic, research." Â« * * * SHUMAKER said, "it may e a case of us watching the .ussian's right hand making oasts about their outer- pace success while the left and is carefully hidden do- ig undersea research." The new series of dives will ake place at various loca- ions off the coast of South- rn California. The farthest ut will be about 200 miles, 'here, the water rearches a depth of 12,000 feet. Walsh and Shumaker will ilternate as pilots of the Trieste. One of the eight scientists taking part in the jroject will accompany the Mot, his selection depending on what data is sought during a particular dive. Although only two or three hours will be spent on the bottom each time, the dives will take about eight hours because of the slowness with which the bathyscaph ascends and descends. Should anything go wrong during the dives, "Ihere is no ejection seat or escape hatch; it's a one-way trip," Shumaker said. A * * * ACCORDING to Dr. Andreas Rechnitzer, deep submergence research program i coordinator of the project, the 'now tests are a continuation of v/ork started last year when the bathyscaph made its record dive of nearly seven miles into t h e M a r i a n a s rench off Guam. The Trieste inderwent nine months of overhaul after the dive and ias been equipped with specially-built scientific equipment or the new research program. The bathyscaph itself is a foot blimp-shaped object vith powerful lights underneath and fore and aft to enable an observer to see all hat is happening through a 90-degree window in front. Visibility from the rear is ;ained through use of a specially-designed t e l e v i s i o n *Â»100 Lakcwood Blvd. V/ife Nazis Hanged in 1943 Exonerated WUERZBURG, G e r m a n y (/P)--After 18 years, Wilhelm Klaes got a German court to exonerate his Jewish wife, hanged by the Nazis on charges of opposing them "because of Jewish selfishness and Jewish hate." A local court now has rulec that the People's Court at Wuerzburg which sentenced Charlotte Klaes to death in November 1943 tried her unjustly. She was accused of giving starving Jewish relatives f o o d - r a t ion coupons bought from Mack marketers. ! Shop Monday, WcdncTd.ij-,'ThuRlny, Frici.iy, 9:}0 A.M~To 9:30 P.M. Shop Tuesday and Sahirchy, 9:30 A.M. to J-JO P.M.
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