(Especially Status Offenders Northwest Arkansas TIMES, Wed., April 21, 1976 Â· ..Â» Uuvenile Courts Often Don't Help Children ' Q R ' S . N O T E -- '"Let's" idiri," says a federal "we don't have the slightest::, 1 :; notion of what really works." The juvenile court system,'doesn't help many children In ^rouble and neither the home nor t h e - community 'provides adequate solutions. By VICTORIA GRAHAM .Associated Press Writer *]f"a man has a stubborn and rebellious son, who -will hot obey : ~the voice of his father or the \ oice ol his mother, and though ihej chastise him w i l l not, give heed to them, then his fattier and his mother shall Eake'hold of him and bring him mil'lo the ciders of his cEly Then all the men of the c i t y ihall stone him to death, with stones; so you shall purge Ihe evil from your m i d s t ' Deuteronomy Tjhe moon is sclling'-as Wil llam.bicicle;, back to Ihe farm Aga'm, he conies home, but it' not -really home.. For years there has been trouble i n , ' h i slricl religious family. At* 16. hi can'i.fit in. He can't stand stay big.i home each njghl, can' B'tand, the Bible study, can' Â».lanrl;lhe fighting. So he rode auay on his 10 *peed hike enjojing new Free dpm and friends at a lake re sort. This time, his father is wail Sng^laul and hunched, his fac hardened, 1 ; his hands pale fi in the moonlight, Silenlh falher and son figh The father kicks the son b tween his legs, The son strike his talhcr's face. His Falher lakes, William Juvenile court. Is -this a "case for the eld of the city'' Red-eyed from Uoo. much! fjuor and loo man\ tear Rilph i. mother cradles h baby brother and Awaits-, fi Ralph to come hpme,^ It's ; old story. It's 3 .a.m. anoV'he i not_back after their last arg merit ' s Ra'lph was her" f i r s t born haripier times hut babj aft i baby came between them. Is tirtÂ£e"for Ralph. No'husbahd 1 help; her. Now at 14 he's-almo i nevcc home, hardly goes j school. ; Ralph has -slolen ai ' sold" appliances '.in the - a p a i * menE She thinks he s usti drugs, When he comes home he's i if ten drunk, usually sullen.,If s coniplairis, he . shoves h Against the \\all The olher ch dren 1 hide. t Â· GOES TO COURT His mother lakes Ralph 5 to venlle courl. Is ihis a case lor-the-'elde 3 of Ihe citj ' j These children and thousah f \ of'"others are at Â· odds _mselves, at war with their mi lies and at the mercy of ir eld(^s, the juvenile court- aims not to punish but to otecl and rehabilitate. ; 'hey are runaways, truants, orrigible.v They are way- rd, disobedient and beyond ntrol of-lheir parents --'large, sometimes locked institutions outside communities. Theyr believe t r a i n i n g ' schools should be" a last resort.-Often they're. a~" dumping ground for problems no one. else wants to Officially, the conrl status offenders, calls not handle. i llnqueiits. ' Status offenses, truancy and curfew viola- apply only- to ihose witii e legal "status 11 of minors. These kids misbehave but ye,not been"'"convicted of any ime. Theirs are teen-age Ires- asses, the sins of childhood for ich there is no adult etimva- nt. But status offenders "jani pb- b departments, probation de- rtments- and courtrooms, ley account for more -than 0.000 of the 600,000 children Id each year in pretnal de ntion throughout the country, cording to federal statistics. What lo'^do'-with Uiese chil- cn is a Fundamental issue at lime-when-the overloaded ju enile justice system is under re for being unable to stem e tide of crimes by children, he debate focuses on whether leave status offenders af ome, or place" them in small roup omes, homes, or in foster or in reformatories and raining schools. A key question whether Ihe .juvenile courts lould have jurisdiction, SENT TO HOME William, the boy who fought Â·ilh his father, :was sent to a roup home for seven boys rim y New York slate. But he rails behind in school. He eeds constant attention and ove. He's aggressive, explosive nd punches his fist through alls in rage, There's a !ol of goodness in Villiam and he'srmaking prog- ess,.' slosvly; B u i - his parents lon't want him'' back and he's lisrupling 'the group home. He irobably needs a foster honie, le wanls to join the Marines, W h a t , - i s - . b e s t , for' William? How can he be helped to grow ip? He lives with nice people, ie sees a psychologist, but sometimes work. nothing seems to . The ideal, many believe, Is to ielp children and their families their : own homes -- before here's a crisis, before the fain- ly crumbles, before a desper lie parent ; takes a child to court. Many, child .care professionals admit lhey L don't know for sure wbat works for troubled children. Building a sound , person; ality ' is not like ."building "'a bridge to withstand measurable stress. Many professionals who deal with slalus offenders are united in opposition to training schools COURSE QUESTIONED Many aiso : beiieve Chat status offenders shouldn't be 'Â· mixed with tough delinquents for fear lhe 11 he contaminated by young criminals. - But " a n esti mated 85.0CIU children are com milled to training schools each year. 1 About 7D per cent of the girls, and 23 'per 'cent of the boys'are status offenders, The new Juvenile Justice a n r Delinquency Prevention Act re Quires participating stales to deinstitulionalize status offend ers in two years .The National Assessment Juvenile Corrections in Ann Ar SOT." Mich., says" nationwide i costs an average of $11,660 a year 16 keep, a -juvenile in a Staining school. By com parison, halfv:ay house's ah( group homes cost an average- o $5,500 a year per offender, A recent report by."the Na tioiial Assessment says thai rte spite recommendations to us community, programs, all . bu four.'-". states --Massachuscls South Dakola,- Minnesota Utah"'~ still send most juvonil offenders to training school and detention centers. Some status offenders get break in small slate-run urba homes like the one Katie share with six other ' girls in Ne York. She has house parents 1 talk with and gets help wH school work, counseling an group therapy" Still, going to court put t] 1 seal of failure on IG-ycar-o! Katie and her mother. Jt's g ing to take a lot to case Katie pain No matter what I did wasn't good enough for mother," says Kalie, who declared incorrigible. She admits, "I'm no ange but. I'm hot a ' bad kttl." SI used: to cut school, come horn late, play pool, hang out w boys her molher djdn't like, g drunk and smoke'marijuana Her voice falls and stie's st : Httle stunned: "it was ] own molher who -took me : 32 : ycar- When all else falls, the power! .'factory of the court is needed,'they be- drilling lievo, to prolect chiUlveii from heir parents and themselves. : They compare the juvenile, justice system and subsequenl to iCatie's molher Is a d thrice-married, orker. She; has! a- oblem and i throws , things at atie. She totd :the court, Katie led to kill her, but Katie says justice T- mother beat her and once services awed her neck unlil il bled. RECEIVING HELP Today Katie is getting help, ut not her molher, 'It's mostly a mater ot giv g her love'and self-esteem,' lys A nouse pdiLJit Sue nev icrÂ»L got much attention at home. Prevention, he doesn't believe she is pret- or worthwhile or that people tuld love her for herself, William, Ralph, Katie -- all IUT in Ihe debale o\ er helhcr the elders of the city e juvenile court, should retain urisdiction over status offend- End jurisdiction over status [fenders, say groups like the [alional Council on Crime and lelinquency, the National Jiive ile Justice Standards Project nd the American Civil Liber es Union! Courts have, harmed, nol clped, most children by their oercion. critics - believe, hi ause they are not free ant iey are not getting the care icy need. Removing status of enders, ttey believe, wouk ree the court to 'concentrate. 01 ;ids who * actually -" commi Times; Ira Glasser, executive direc or of the New York Civil Lib Â·rties Vnion, calls jurisdiction iver status offenders "th .ircatest single source o f , c ibiise in this state. "Behavior which is part o growing up if you are: whit and middle class becomes 'Â· status offense if you are poor, ie says. "It would he unthin .able in the suburbs to tak .hese kids to court, but ghett ids get perceived as mis behaving. K i d s ' w o u l d be-better off rui ning in the-street, Glas.ser be lieves, "because, the state is th worst possible parent. SOME DISAGREE But groups like the Nations Council of 1 Juvenile Con Judges, the Mew York State A socialion of Family Cou Judges and [he New York Sta Office of Children's Services a gue that courts should keep j risdictlon. superhighway leading to a cow path. The an gwer, -they believe, is n o t - to ear down the superhighway but to improve the cow path. Milton Luger, assistant ad ministrator of the Office of Ju . says, "Jf the court exercises its jurisdiction well, it can mandate .services for children and their families who might be rejected by voluntary agencies. He emphasizes, VI would only want to see, a kid. brought to court, whether a delinquent or a status offender, only as a last resort." 'Retaining Jurisdiction .pro vides an outlet for parents who are at their wits end," says ludge I. Leo Glasser of Brooklyn Family Court. " As he speaks, parents - a n d children, some angry, some dc featcd, enter the court building, ading I j L i C n t h - t l i c words; "Through the guiding light ol wisdom and understanding shall the family endure and th children grow strong in the se curity of the home, for they are the hope of the future."' Arrierica's largest network of foam insulation specialists SAVE MONEY EAST Ropco-Foam Insulation SAFE EFFICIENT Â·EASY-TO i INSTALL EDWARDS INSULATING 751 N. OWEN , ARK. 575-1173 "BROUGHT BACK BY MANY REQUEST" "ONE Of,'OUR BIGGEST HITS" LAST CHANCE TOSK I ! DIRTY WESTERN f CONTINUOUS TKOM DAMC 1 SHOWS MITItT Â·-- 3 Showln8Â« f'' * Sol PH 75).1724 Vienna Traffic Signs Prove Real Hazard To Drivers VIENNA (AP) -- In Vienna the, gr^at number of sometimes conflicting t r a f f i c signs leave motorists in tusion: In fact, they state of ; con- officials admit eveu know how ^ such signs are around. Mayor, ; Leopold Gratz has called 'on the motorists and on traffic experts to check the situation and to submit recom mehdations'for changes, HÂ« admitted lhat a reduction of the number ..of traffic signs might even increase road safety City officials know there" are some '3,000 lights .to regulate traffic for the city's 415,000 pri vatcly, ' registered vehicles as well 'Â· as for the. city's own streetcars. But they threw up Â·- their hands when asked how m a n y traffic signs there were' 1 in Vienna! TELE$AVE Right rww-look into your checkbook. What'* the balance? What's it Mr ning for you? 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Thff signs have kepi Increa ing as the number of motor \ hides has expanded ROAD HAZARDS Gratz said he Â· felt the ma traffic signs make it diffic for motorisls ,to grasp quickly what the signs mean. They were Uius increasing road hazards instead of helping to limit Ihpm, The mayor called,on com missions' to look Inlo the short-time p a r k i n g zones, the nonstop areas, loading zones and generally inlo t r a f f i c signs and trafr fie lights, to see if they;filled a real need, He indicated that some of the signs were probably outdated too. Others may have to. he replaced because of Iheir poor condition. In a number of cases, signs may either'be lotally iinnecps- ary or even in contradiction ith one another. The signs gave applicants for rivers' licenses a hard time, o. 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