Page 4 Phoros-Tribune, Logansport, Indiana, Friday, March 25, 1988 Opinion ••iMMg M^M^^MMMMMMBHBMMB The free exchange of ideas is the greatest protection of liberty. FROM OTHER PAPERS— Noriega Finding out too late Eight years late we find out. The Washington Post has reported that in 1980 the prosecutor in Miami had the goods on Manuel Noriega for his 1979 involvement in gun running through Panama. But Jimmy Carter's State Department put the kibosh on taking any action against Noriega. Thus the Carter administration sounded the American retreat that was prelude to the ^estabilization of Central America. It negotiated away U.S. control of the Panama Canal and Zone, bolstering the regime of the late Gen. Omar Torrijos. Torrijos had taken over in a coup, and Noriega was his intelligence chief. Panama became a staging area, along with Costa Rica, for Fidel Castro's role in putting armed Marxists on the march on the mainland. Daniel Ortega, who went to Cuba after being sprung from a Nicaraguan jail for bank robbery, and his associates have had continuous Cuban backing, which means Moscow's backing beyond a shadow of a doubt. When the Carter administration in 1978-79 withdrew its support for Anastasio Somoza in Nicaragua, the time was ripe. Castro, Ortega and Noriega, who was working both for and against the CIA, began the gun-running move. Somoza fell, and within a year the Castro-Ortega connection was supplying a Marxist insurrection in El Salvador. That's "indigenous" unrest, all right — indigenous to Havana and Moscow. Now Noriega's flagrant drugs-and-guns scheming has caught up with him. There are dual indictments against him in the United* ' States. He's under economic siege, but Cuba and the Sandinista cabal in Nicaragua back him. The remaining rights of the United States regarding the canal are at genuine risk so long as Noriega runs the armed forces in Panama. The Reagan administration is trying to get him ousted, and reports are his departure is only a matter of time. But comes now a defector, Noriega's former pilot, who says arrangements were made lately for up to 500,000 pounds of armaments to be brought from Cuba and stashed in Panama. He helped fly it in. The cache is over and beyond what the military already had. Maj. Augusto Villalaz, the pilot, says he believes Noriega plans not to take asylum overseas but rather to arrange "to keep our country in convulsion." Secretary of State George Shultz and National Security Adviser Colin Powell say they don't expect that, and insist Noriega is on his way out. But the State Department and the Carter White House and the Washington Post saw no peril from Noriega nine years ago. He is bringing in those extra arms for some reason, and Castro is sending them for some reason. "That will be good for him, and good for the men who supplied the arms to him," said Villalaz. He foresees further destabilization. The United States has members of the military and their families in the Canal Zone. Shultz and Powell had better be right, or else be ready. The fat is in the fire. Berry's World © 1988 by NEA. Inc. j>.JJ "Young man, I KNOW wfraf causes riots. TV JOURNALISM CAUSES RIOTS. " SIflRS WILL NOTE In The Past Ten Years Ago Kentucky beat Arkansas 64-59 and Duke defeated Notre Dame 84-80 to advance to the finals of the NCAA tournament. Public Forum Commends police Sunday evening, March 13,1 was visiting my mother in Logansport. When I was ready to leave, I needed the assistance of the Logansport Police Department for an incident that frightened me. I want to commend the police department for their quick response and their concern for my safety. I was a nervous wreck when the police arrived, but by the time they left I was a little more at ease. Thank you Logansport Police Department for your concern of the safety of the residents of Logansport and to those who visit. Nancy Arnett Twelve Mile Charley Reese Exiles I They have proven worthy of U.S. MIAMI — In a series of conversations with the leaders and founders of the Cuban American National Foundation, most of them successful business or professional men in their 40s, I learned of a three-phase pattern that is probably the same for most political.refugees. The first phase is when the refugee believes his exile will be temporary. Several of the Cuban-Americans recalled that their parents thought at first, shortly after Fidel Castro revealed his totalitarian intentions, that they would need refuge in the U.S. for only days or weeks. It seemed to them inconceivable that the United States would allow a Soviet puppet to consolidate power in Cuba. The second phase flowed closely out of the first — the belief that the solution was military action. The thtt-d phase was the realization that they would be in exile for a long time. This third phase came after the disastrous Bay of Pigs, a CIA-sponsored and botched invasion in which President John F. Kennedy revealed that far from King Arthur he was only an incompetent playboy whose daddy had bought the White House. In one fell swoop, Kennedy destroyed the Monroe Doctrine and gave the United States its greatest foreign policy embarrassment and defeat since the War of 1812. The Bay of Pigs marked not only the destruction of exile hopes for the liberation of Cuba but the beginning of America's postwar decline. All Americans should mourn that event, for all Americans suffer the consequences of it, not all of which are yet played out. For the exiles, however, it meant that they must turn to the difficult task of building new lives for themselves. They did, and there are lessons for us in their success. Once more, foreign-born refugees reminded native-born Americans that the opportunities of a free society and a market economy really are astounding and not just Chamber of Commerce hype, as American socialists never tire of claiming. The old, old forumla — hard work, self-discipline in the form of postponing consumption in order to save in order to have something to invest — worked as well in the Cuban exile community feom 1959 to 1988 as it had in the America of the 1800s. The Cuban community in this area is no hovel of poverty forever clamoring for more welfare. It is a self-supporting prosperous community of people who run the gamut from self-made millionaires to mom-and-pop hardware stores. The Cuban American National Foundation, whose $3 million budget is entirely supplied by Cuban Americans, is now trying to negotiate a model plan with the U.S. government in which, in exchange for admission of refugees, the Cuban American community would guarantee that they would require no public assistance. Not only would the new refugees be provided housing and a job by the private Cuban American sector but also medical care. Hopefully, the government will try this novel privatized immigration plan on pilot study basis. We're not talking about a special quota of new refugees but people eligible for entry anyway. It makes perfect sense that the immigrant communities already here and established should pay the whole cost of bringing eligible relatives into the country .Most are in fact al ready contributing to their relatives' support anyway. Naturally the only opposition to the idea so far is from U.S. government bureaucrats who have a vested interest in handing out the taxpayers' dollars. That's another insight Americans should keep in mind: The biggest lobbyists for government hand-outs are not the recipients but the people who earn good salaries administering the hand-outs. Finally, Americans should study the experiences of exiles and refugees because unless we change our ways the lucky among us will be exiles and refugees ourselves before the century is out. The only problem is there won't be an America to grant us refuge. Reese is a syndicated columnist based in Orlando, Fla. James J. Kllpatrick J Uuge ! Another disgrace on the bench WASHINGTON - They were just a bunch of good ole Mississippi boys, rattling around Biloxi and Hattiesburg, chewing the fat, cutting a deal or two: "Bud" Holmes, the local district attorney; wealthy old Wiley Fairchild; his middle-aged son, Drew; a lawyer named Porter — and Walt Nixon. There might not have been much of a problem, but Walter L. Nixon Jr. was a U.S. district judge. The thing is, Nixon is still a U.S. district judge, though he must report to the federal prison at Eglin Field, Fla., there to begin serving a five-year term. He has refused to resign. He still is drawing his $89,500 salary. That intolerable situation is about to come to an end. As soon as the prison doors closed on Nixon, Rep. Jim Sensenbrenner of Wisconsin introduced a resolution of impeachment. Citing the recent precedent of Judge Harry Claiborne of Nevada, Sensenbrenner will ask the Judiciary Committee for expedited action. The Nixon story might have been drawn from the pages of William Faulkner. Records now on file at the U.S. Supreme Court fairly breathe of pulp-pine woods and catfish swamps. All the old smells are there — courthouse smells, smells of ambition tainted by desire, and in this case, the more tangible, acrid smell of marijuana by the bale. The facts, as in any Faulkner yarn, are as tangled as Spanish moss. Let me try to sort them out. Walter Nixon Jr., born in Biloxi in December 1928, followed a familiar path: Louisiana State University, Tulane, a law degree, four years of private practice back in Biloxi. In June of 1968, when Nixon was not yet 40, Lyndon Johnson named him to become a district judge for the Southern District of Mississippi. He was married and on his way toward raising a family of seven children. Burdens began to pile up. By the summer of 1980, as the 5th U.S. Circuit Court later would observe, "he had for some years been dissatisfied with his modest judicial salary and had looked for means to augment it." Nixon found these means in the person of Wiley Fairchild, a wealthy investor in oil and gas properties who was ready to do a favor for a friend. Fairchild sold the judge an interest in three wells "at an extremely modest price." Six years later Nixon had recouped his investment six times over. At about this time, Fairchild's son Drew was running the airport at Hattiesburg. He would be charged with conspiring with others to arrange for a load of marijuana to be flown from Colombia to Hattiesburg. Federal agents met the plane on arrival. A series of "somewhat bizarre delays" ensued, but finally a federal grand jury indicted Drew on the marijuana charge. In return for a light sentence, he agreed to plead guilty and to testify for the government. A dispute developed between Drew Fairchild and his lawyer, William Porter, over the fee that was owed. Drew's daddy got his back up, said the bill was too high. Wheels turned. Good ole boys talked to good ole boys, and suddenly Drew was indicted again — this time at Bud Holmes' behest in a state court. Again a deal was struck, and this time Drew got six months in jail. Porter got paid. Somewhere along the line, a grand jury questioned Judge Nixon about his role in the affair. This was the question: "Did Holmes ever discuss the Drew Fairchild case with you?" This was the answer under oath: "No, not to the best of my recollection." Nixon elaborated upon that answer: "I have never talked with anyone about the case, with any federal judge or state judge, federal prosecutor or state prosecutor... I never had anything to do with it at all, and never talked to anyone to in any way influence anybody with respect to this case." But it was not so. Nixon had talked to Holmes, had a drink with him, relayed the word that Wiley Fairchild had asked him to put in a good word for his son. Indicted on three counts of perjury, Nixon insisted the grand jury's question was "ambiguous." A trial jury found him guilty; the 5th Circuit last September unanimously affirmed the conviction. A few weeks ago the Supreme Court refused review. Nixon thus stands in exactly the position of Judge Claiborne, who was convicted of tax evasion, went to prison, but held on to his title and his salary. The House impeached Claiborne in 1986 and the Senate convicted him. Next in this disgraceful line: Judge Walter L. Nixon Jr. Kilpatrick is a syndicated columnist based in Washington, D.C. Today In History Today is Friday, March 25, the 85th day of 1988. There are 281 days left in the year. HISTORY HIGHLIGHT: On March 25,1911, more than 140 immigrant workers were killed when fire broke out at the Triangle Shirtwaist Company In New York. The disaster, which shocked the public, led to reforms governing safety In the workplace. ON THIS DATE: In A.D.752, Pope Stephen II died, only two days after his election. In 1634, Maryland was founded by English colonists sent to the New World by the second Lord Baltimore. In 1865, during the Civil War, Confederate forces captured Fort Stedman in Virginia. In 1913, the home of vaudeville, the Palace Theatre, opened In New York City. In 1918, French composer Claude Debussy died in Paris. In 1947, a coal mine explosion in Centralla, III., claimed 111 lives. In 1957, the Treaty of Rome established the European Economic Community, also known as the Common Market. In 1964, Britain set aside an acre of land at Runnymede where Magna Carta was signed in 1215 as a memorial for the late U.S. President John F.Kennedy. In 1965, the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. led 25,000 marchers to the state capitol in Montgomery, Ala., to protest the denial of voting rights to blacks. In 1975, King Faisal ol Saudi Arabia was shot to death by a nephew with a history of mental illness.
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