Section Page 1 Saturday Morning, September 23,1978 Thousands Of Barrels Of Oil Burn Following Blast BILLOWING CLOUDS OF BLACK SMOKE SPREAD ACROSS MARSHLANDS Fire Turned Underground Oil Storage Tank Into Inferno Begin Receives Big Welcome In Israel JERUSALEM (UP1) — Tens of thousands of Israelis yearning for an end to three decades of Middle East war gave Menachem Begin a tumultuous welcome Friday in ,.an unprecedented outpouring of support for their prime minister. "We have laid the foundation for peace in the Middle East," Begin said at Ben-Gurion Airport. But he cautioned from behind a lectern set on the tarmac that "hard days are still ahead." The prime minister ignored a group of right- wing demonstrators opposed to giving up Jewish settlements. Other ultranationalist Jews defiantly returned to a barren mountaintop on the West Bank of Jordan, but were quickly evicted by troops. An estimated 30,000 people turned out at the airport, on the route to Jerusalem and in the holy city to give the 65-year-old Begin a thundering reception never accorded an Israeli prime minister. Crowds chanting "Begin, Begin, Begin" and waving both Egyptian and Israeli flags engulfed the prime minister in Jerusalem, to the worry of wary security men. Troops, border police and police enforced strict security measures. Green- bereted border police with submachineguns stood on the roof of the airport terminal. The army's special anti-terrorist unit stood by. Rabbi Moshe Porush greeted Begin with a traditional Jewish welcome extended before crowds thousands of years ago for Sadat Won't Back Off On Peace Drive RABAT, Morocco (UPI) — Egyptian President Anwar Sadat Friday defended the Camp David summit against hard-line Arab criticism and at the same time warned Israel that it must accept East Jerusalem as part of the occupied West Bank Sadat also made it clear he is determined to go ahead with the establishment of a civilian West Bank government with or without the backing of the Palestine Liberation Organization. He conferred earlier with Moroccan King Hassan but failed to win his clear-cut support for the Egyptian- Israeli accords. "Several Arab colleagues considered Camp David to be the final solution. This is wrong. The agreements were only a framework for a comprehensive settlement including the Sinai," Sadat told the news conference. He urged other Arab leaders to "assume their responsibilities and join in the establishment of peace." On the emotional issue of East Jerusalem - seized by Israel in the Six Day War and incorporated into what Begin recently called the "eternal, indivisible" capital of the Jewish state — Sadat said: "The United States's position and Egypt's are identical. East Jerusalem is part of the West Bank. Any change (in the Israeli position) that takes place with regard to the status of Arab Jerusalem is illegal." At Camp David, Sadat asked President Carter to delete mention of the city, holy to both Jews and Arabs, from the agreements and both Egypt and Israel have promised to exchange letters on the subject. "Jerusalem should not be divided but Moslems have a historical right on Arab Jerusalem," Sadat said. Turning to the proposed Israeli withdrawal from the West Bank and the establishment of a civilian government there, he said, "I don't know if the Palestine Liberation Organization will refuse such an agreement but I will not." Sadat and King Hassan met for 90 minutes at the Skhirat Palace 25 miles south of Rabat. But the Egyptian president sidestepped questions about whether Hassan supported the Camp David outcome, saying, "It is up to the king to decide." The two men are holding further talks before Sadat's departure for Cairo Saturday. '< conquering heroes — a twisted bread known as chaleh and a glass of wine. Thousands of persons surged toward him following the brief ceremony and Begin, as usual in a • suit and tie, walked into the crowd with his hands extended and smiling broadly. But not all in the crowd supported Begin's signing of the Camp David peace accords with Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and President Carter. Begin agreed to surrender 20 Jewish settlements in the Sinai and freeze settlement activity on the West Bank. "We followed you for 30 years and now you're taking us back to the 1967 borders," shouted an angry Gershon Solomon, a member of the city council and Begin's Likud bloc. He stood near Begin and the prime minister was forced to halt his brief speech. At the airport, more than 200 demonstrators stood under black umbrellas that symbolized the 1938 appeasement policy toward Adolf Hitler carried out by then British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain. Chamberlain, who carried a black umbrella, accepted Hitler's takeover of Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland. "Begin did what Chamberlain did in 1938 — he sold out our state," said Esther Bethalachni. She carried a placard that read, "Without Settlements There is no Zionism." About 40 religious radicals returned to a barren mountain in the West Bank where troops Thursday evicted hundreds of their brethren after a three-day seige. Two helicopters landed with troops and whisked the protesters away within minutes, the national radio said. Bavarian resorts give guest cards LINDAU, West Germany (UPI) — Holidaymakers staying a week or more in Bavarian resorts on the shores of Lake Constance in Southern Germany are offered a so-called "guest card" with 48 vouchers good for various free tours, free admission to bathing beaches, reduced admission to the gambling casino in Lindau and other extras. In Lindau, for example, the card offers a guided tour of the scenic town and a walking party to the Hoyerberg mountain and the spa of Bad Schachen. HACKBERRY, La. (UPI) — Thousands of barrels of imported oil intended to cushion the nation from the effects of another Arab oil boycott burned in a giant fireball above the marshlands of coastal Louisiana Friday, while workmen began constructing a temporary pipeline to save what remained of the crude. The towering blaze, sparked Thursday by an explosion that killed one workman and seriously injured another, sent flames 300 feet into the air. Billowing clouds of black smoke drifted along air currents at 4,000 feet past Beaumont, Texas, 75 miles away. Workmen hoped to diminish the fire , by building a makeshift pipeline to pump oil from the West Hackberry Salt Dome to another natural underground cavern less than a mile away. Officials estimated it would take two to three days to complete the new pipeline. In that time, a spokesman said as much as 70,000 thousand barrels of oil, valued at $1 million, could be lost. "The pipeline into the dome will vacuum out some crude oil into another salt dome to relieve the pressure and stop the oil from gushing out of the hole (in the existing pipeline)," said Gene Campbell, a spokesman for the federal energy storage project. The flames were fed by a rupture in a pressurized pipeline bringing oil into the huge underground salt dome, the first of several underground sites where President Carter has ordered a total of 1 billion barrels of crude stored by 1985. Each barrel contains 42 gallons of oil, so Carter's plan eventually calls for 42 billion gallons of Middle East crude to be stored underground as a precaution against the economic effects of any possible future Arab oil boycotts. A Department of Energy spokesman said 7 million barrels of oil were in the storage area at the time of the fire, but "the fire is expected to have minimal effect on the overall strategic petroleum reserve program." "Officials say the fire will not spread to the cavern itself which is located more than 3,000 feet below and has an overall capacity of 12 million barrels," the spokesman said. The storage cavern is one of five similar caverns located deep within a massive salt dome structure outside this city near the Gulf Coast. The government plans to store about 50 million barrels of oil in the dome's caverns to reduce the country's vulnerability to interruptions of foreign oil supplies. Only three storage sites are currently in operation, holding about 42 million barrels of oil. The fire and oil loss gave Gov. Edwin Edwards, a sharp critic of President Carter's energy policies, an opportunity to needle the president and reiterate doubts about the wisdom of \ POLICE SGT. HOWARD PICARD returns a $100 bill to Shain Colby, 10, who found the bill near a trailor park Aug. 23. Shain reported the find to the Galveston Police Department, where the bill was kept pending claim by the owner. Since it was not claimed, the bill was returned to Sahin. the storage program. "It's one of the several things that experts told us all early in the planning stages could not happen but has in fact happened," the governor said in a morning news conference. "I said the program was a silly program. It's very expensive and will not store enough oil to make any difference at all in a very serious embargo." Edwards said he would prefer increased domestic oil and natural gas production instead of the stockpiling of foreign oil. The fire was under control by daybreak Friday but the blaze was so immense it covered much of a 200-by-200-foot containment area into which the oil spilled from the broken pipe. The area is surrounded by 4-foot high earthen dikes to prevent burning oil from escaping into nearby waters and marshlands. Swim-Along Set Today The Galveston Islanders swim team, under the direction of coach Valery Rovinsky, will have a Swim-Along today at 9 a.m. at Galveston Racquet Club. The children have received pledges for Japs they will swim in the event. Each swimmer is limited to a maximum of one continuous two-hour period in the water or a maximum of 200 lengths of the pool, whichever comes first. Funds from the event will be used to improve swimming facilities, buy swimming equipment and provide swimwear for the team. The public is invited to watch the swimmers. Vance Says Goals Accomplished RIYADH, Saudi Arabia (UPI) — Secretary of State Cyrus Vance said Friday he had accomplished what he had set out to do in trying to win over Jordan and Saudi Arabia to the Camp David agreements. But hard-line Syria snagged his plans by asking him to postpone his visit to Damascus. A U.S. spokesman in Riyadh said the postponement was only for one day and that they did not see that it as any "big thing." They said a summit conference of hard-line Arab leaders in Damascus to counter the Camp David accords was running longer than scheduled, causing the delay. American officials also said they did not attach any particular significance to a surprise meeting Friday among King Hussein of Jordan, Libyan leader Col. Moammar Khadafy and PLO chief Yasser Arafat at the King Hussein Air Base on the Syrian border. They said such a meeting could have been expected since the hard-line Arabs would do anything to block Jordanian and Egyptian negotiations with Israel. Western analysts in Damascus said it was a "very shrewd step" by Hussein to show the Americans they caiuiol take him for granted. Vance was to have flown to Damascus early Saturday morning for five hours of talks with President Hafez Assad but now plans to fly there Sunday. American officials said they have no real hope of winning Assad's support but that the United States is interested in maintaining contact with the Syrian president in the hope that he will eventually see the advantages of a peaceful agreement with Israel. Assad this week has been host to a summit con- ference of the leaders of Syria, Libya, Algeria, South Yemen and the PLO. They call their group the "Arab steadfastness and confrontation front" and oppose any Egyptian negotiations with Israel. Some radical Palestinian groups blame the United States for the agreement which has caused a rift in the Arab .world and they have raised threats to blow up American oil installations in the Middle East. President Anwar Sadat of Egypt was in Rabat, Morocco, for conferences with King Hassan II. Arab diplomats disclosed that Sadat also had met secretly with Saudi Arabian Vice Premier Prince Abdallah Ibn Abdulazis in an apparent effort to overcome Saudi hostility to Camp David. New criticism of the Camp David accords came Friday from Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev who denounced the United States for promoting what he called a potentially explosive "anti-Arab deal." The Soviets demand another Geneva Middle East conference which would bring in all factions including the PLO. Vance, speaking to reporters after a meeting with Saudi Defense Minister Prince Sultan said, "I accomplished an important fact. I had the chance to really discuss questions in depth with the two countries, on whether Camp David left any questions in their minds, or whether there is any ambiguity. "It was absolutely essential that it be done. Both countries told me that it was useful to them." American officials told reporters that Vance had reached some of his objectives despite strong statements by most Arab countries and public statements by Israeli PLO, Libya Fail To Get Hussein's Help KING HUSSEIN AIR BASE, Jordan — The hard- line leaders of the Palestine Liberation Organization and Libya held a surprise meeting with Jordan's King Hussein, but apparently failed to enlist his support against U.S. peace efforts. "The Jordanian position is clear and straightforward and has not changed," Hussein told reporters after the meeting. Hussein greeted PLO chief Yasser Arafat and Libyan leader Moammar Khadafy with warm hand- grasps at the military airbase bearing his name near the north Jordanian townofMafrak. The three emerged from more than two hours of talks smiling and swapping jokes. At the end of the visit, Hussein embraced both his visitors and told reporters the talks were "useful." Arafat and Khadafy had not been on Jordanian soil since Hussein's army drove put Palestinian guerrillas in a fierce civil war in September 1970. Arafat left Jordan for good in early 1971 and broke ties with Jordan over the war. The relations were reestablished about a year o<ir» VirvMiQxroT* °Arafat and Khadafy arrived in Jordan by car from a summit in Damascus plotting strategy to oppose the Camp David summit accords. Conference sources said the mission was an urgent bid to persuade Hussein not to accept a U.S. invitation to join the peace moves. In Damascus, the fact that Hussein" agreed to meet Arafat and Khadafy was seen as a gesture intended largely for U.S. consumption. "He's showing the Americans that they should not take him for granted," •It said one Arab analyst, is a very shrewd step.'' Hussein ended two days of meeting with Secretary' of Stare Cyrus Vance Thursday without agreeing to join the initiative, but not closing the door on such a move at a later date. Jordanian political sources said Hussein was biding his time and had told the visiting hard-liners exactly what he had told Vance — Jordan still demanded total Israeli withdrawal from occupied Arab land and self- determination for the Palestinians. The Camp David accords guaranteed neither. "But the King also made it clear to the PLO and Libyan leaders," a government source said, "that he has no plans to join in open opposition to Camp David — only to wait and make further diplomatic contacts both with Arab and other leaders." Prime Minister Menachem Begin on the subjects of the Israeli settlements in occupied territories and the future military presence of israel on the West bank. They said Begin's statements "have not been helpful." Begin returned to Israel in triumph Friday from the United States and received a hero's welcome from tens of thousands of Israelis who hoped his visit would end 30 years of Middle East warfare. Other thousands lined the road from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem in an unprecedented outpouring of good will. There were some sour notes — one group of 200 persons stood under black umbrellas in a reminder of Neville Chamberlain's appeasement of Adolf Hiler at Munich. Several dozen religious radicals returned to a mountain in the West Bank to protest Camp David but were routed by the Israeli army landing in helicopters. American officials told reporters after the conclusion of Vance's four days of talks in Jordan and Saudi Arabia that both countries have agred to study the Camp David accords, and £!*•£ consullin 0 with each other and are expected to come back to Vance with a definitive answer soon. American officials do not expect that an answer on Jordan's possible participation in the negotiation with Israel to come before the Israeli Knesset acts on the future of Jewish settlements in occupied territory. However, the U.S. officials said they thought that the United States would receive a definite answer from King Hussein before the Jordanian king comes to the United States in mid-October.
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