Errorqrams* »*, «, *. SftFf. port Of call was ToeoplUa, population of ftboiit 6.000, also ing point for nitrate, iodine and . It is said to have the largest •mines Ift the world. It lias the sf plant in South America, ,„„...„ power for 160 miles back tn» fiOflst to the 1 (nines in the iajtift and valleys. They ship ,-#f fftut thousand tons per day. [ft* Sunday, we did fit}t leave the th«M being little of interest and (Wftfe wftfffl. The crew took on coppet 1 Jit <tay afld into the night, i <Sur next, stop was Antofogasla. a VStfuiar place with a population of SO, OOQr With many fine buildings and with A Imputation as the best paved city in fibtlth America. A railroad connects H Win Chuquicarnata, the Guggen- copper mines, which are considtL the largest In South America. •6 are. many nitrate fields here. companies in operation are about fttt IH dumber, mostly owned by Chil- feifls but With sbnle British and a few jffdtth Americans. They ate estimated to (rive employment to about 45.000 and to produce about 8,000,000 tons of tilH-ate annually. The entire outfit is tofttrolled by an organization of own- '*fg known as the Nitrate Producefs 1 Association, whose head office Is in Valparaiso, where all prices ate fixed, * practical monopoly with an investment of $200,000,000. fromthe viewpoint of scenery it is •fcy lohg odda the least attractive in fiouth America, but its entirely rainless 'ftTiaracter is responsible for the pres- ISnce of this valuable nitrate found in A variable strip extending parallel with the sea and usually from ten to eighty miles inland. Our party of twenty- five was taken from the steamer, which Anchored out in the bay, on a launch, Vere met by an automobile and driven •bout the town, Which has a number of fine plaseas and a plot about 100 feet ^Mde running through a portion of the city for seven blocks. It contained Inahy tropical trees, flowers and vegetables of various kinds, some such as ^produced in the United States. Ih the fcetlter of the green strip was a restau- Iraflt, Quinita-Casale, -where We had the finest five-course dinner under an ar- bolj in the garden. It certainly was all tha't could be wished for in the way of food, nicely served in the cool Shade bf 'the vine covered trellis, tt was a gala time which all enjoyed to the fullest extent. Stories and experiences %ere told and a short address Was given by one of the number, thanking tlve"director who had arranged the af- falf for the interest taken and the pleasure given and,' and for the plan- fiing of the day's entertainment. AVe had a drive of twenty-five miles along th4 Qoast to a nitrate plant where it •was being shipped abroad. On olir •way back we stopped at the automobile club, a finely appointed affair. A few picture's were taken, as the scene *ras beautiful from the knoll of the fchib out ov r the ocean. The drive continued back to the City to the shops and ppstoflice for Jrost cards which all tourists indulge in. It is quite funny to stand back and see the'm rush up to the rack, hear the Conversation about What selections to make, then to pay fof them. One gets tjulte a thrill, for the money is not thoroughly understood and the dealer eafmot understand our language or •wre theirs and many times there are heated arguments, and after it is all <>ver and the visitor calmly retires and counts Up carefully the cost of the purchase he finds to bis disgust thAt he has been gyped ,for various amounts, depending on the extent of the purchase/.&hli sometimes lie smiles »na at others curses when he has to explain it many times for as many days, but. such is the life that the travelef should expect. Anaconda copper mines consist of -the Chilean add Andes mines. Social life, dines was described by a gen- iman, his wife and little daughter on ard from Los Angles, Calif., an em- lye of the company, who had been i three years before and was re- ilng for another three-year period. [e iiays the men with any position of querice work harder than in the ites. It is no eight hour shift, but ty are responsible for the work .'-fl fenty-four' hours out of twenty-four; '.' Heat la to say, at beck and call any 1 rtir -of the day or night. Social life. Tfley have good houses, well equipped ' mf the company for most part with • ipodern conveniences. .A club house j ts library and many books on all sub; fcts and all the leading newspapers i id magazine!, which are twenty days ., Ijtte; a Swimming pool, billiards, bowl- m and, in fact, all the apurtenances Xigihg to a well appointed club. The J fembiera pay $2 a month dues. They j fty cards and most of them indulge ' ; alcoholics, and although are well the u«« »! mtim chicks t* t, The c« cKs'ftW KiTl the Th« pfcny iMjW td tH« states Although others as well, some tons of cftppefft f eftf, Wo^ bf $20,««,00u. It sefe'ms such aft gstenflive Wlsjne'ss «o«ld bfe tarried on ftetn tHI» little. Iftstgnlfteant port. O«f (Ship remained here ai! the day taking bn copper Slabs and un" ioftding ifflh gifders, **<• railroad bridges,; b««ides 6tH» articles .Wei humefonS tb mention. We femfttfted aboard diiMng the entife day Watching the workmen busily engaged. It Js quite 'an interesting sight t6 fie« im men on the derricks hoisting the metal from the floats and IdweHhg Jfc into the hrtid, and rembvlng th6 mfif dlse in the same way frotti the with a continual jabbering of the wefitmen in A language- whleh was quit* foreign to us,, yet they always gbt the work finished ife the alletted time. Coqulmba Is the port of a mixed ag- rictilfui'e ttfid miniftf district is wen. A small towfi 6f 18,006 pbp-utftti6fl, the flrst green fields and hills seen on the \vest cieftst since leaving Panama, ,ap* peat 1 quite a rest f6? thfe eyes, it is one of the best hftfbers bn ttie ddaSt we anehef a mile out in the bay and sixteen row boats came to take us ashore. As a riiia, two weti fo* ( standing Up one on cftch side of the boat. After the officers made theif Inspection and departed these men made one grand rush for the g».ng planlt, pell mell, helter skelter. It was ft funny sight, wh^n they came on board and solicited passengers for the shore. Much fruit was brought in boats to the ship for sale to the passenger's, such as grapes, bananas, peaches, pears and apples?. Some had Many (Copyright, 1930, ,NBA Service, Inc.) There are at Inftst foiir mistakes in the above picture. They may pertain to grammar, history, etiquette, drawlnff or whatnot. See If you can find them. Then look at the scrambled word below—nnd unscramble it, l>v switching the letters around. Grade yourself 80 for each at the mistakes you find, anil 20 for the word If you unscramble it. Tomorrow we'll explain the fnlstrtkes ntid tell y«JU the wdrd. Then you cun see how near a hundred you bat: • * • YESf ERi>AY'S CORtlECTIOfcS. (1) "Replidnte" is incorrect. The boy means replica, or duplicate. (2) The bow, or forward end of the boat, indicated by the jib sail (the smaller one) should be pointed. (S) The rudder is missing from the boat. (4) The boat is of the racing sloop type, Instead of the schoondr type. (5) The scrambled word is SZEJPHYB. paid, save little money.. They get a month's vacation each of the three years and at the end. of that time get Lhree months, the pay going on all the time, and all transportation.is paid to and from theif homes, including faroi- :iesi In the meantime they Can take a few days or a week to fish or hunt or other amusements. The ladies have little to do and have social gatherings, teas and play bridge much the same as in he states. Labor (common) is paid frohi $1 to $1.50 and is by contract. For instance, if you were dig- ing a ditch you would offer so much of it to be completed at a certain time. Labor IS independent and in a manner has tb be Coaxed. They live very simple .which requires little money. ' The climate is very mild, so that dlothes are a small item. The land afoUnd the club and Where the operators live Is a barren desert—no trees, no vegetation of any kind. Ih fact, the entire coast for miles back is the same, and even where nitrate is found it is the same. This informant receives 1 $650 per month.; his wife teaches and gets ?200. The Anftcolida Copper mines were formerly owned by Guggenheim, who sold them to the present company and afterward bought up extensive nitrate lands all around this country. As Earl Choplnmay explains the origin of nitrate formation in his "Two Thousand;Miles Through' Chile" (The Century Co.) is as follows: "In geological periods' ages ago sonic volcanic upheaval create4 the Chilean coastal mountain range and imprisoned between it and the Andes a vast salt sea. As the sea water evaporated, beds of seaweed, bodies and bones of fish and other marine growths became the nitrogen bearing caliche that lies in great sheets beneath layers of gypsum sand or chucha, an agglomeration of chemicals and rocks called costra, and a'similar layer called tapa. In this barren region is the greatest body of mineral fertilizer (and we may add, potential high explosive) the world has ever known." The camps bear ( a notable resemblance to the old mining towns Of our own west, huts built of adobe or boards and corrugated iron. 1*hey are scarcely things of beauty, With tijees, Vegetation or shade of any kind conspicuously absent, and the crushers and boiling pahs of refining plahts will, appeal to specialists, and yet the lOcal method of mining is often spectacular, for it consists in sinking a shaft until the caliche is reached and blowing It up with dynamite. This dountry Seems ;o bo the bnly orte so far known Where nitrate and iodine are found In such vast quantities, and is said to be due to the fact that there is no moisture whatsoever, and vegetation unknown, and the climate very warm, which seem absolutely rtecessary for the preservation 'Of this vast industry. Rain falls three or four times in a century. ' Chanaral, Chile.—OUr next port of call was Chanaral, a small port with EVEUV l)AV Is iioLLAu )LDEN HOWN 1212 ELEVENTH AVENUE NEW BARGAINS Every Day At Cut-Rate Shoe Slore 1413 Eleventh Avenue Have You Forgotten Someone With a Graduation Gift There is still time to tend it and our large display of worth-while suggestions will help you. to See fhlj) gre<m sight »«» toys er aBgmutely nd „ ._. j Waste, The lay ot the tbwhj ym hill just UftBk 6f it, WAI pleasant tb letfk 4t, TUB fi6uSeI fttjtt streets were foie, thl niost pAft^the satne ad those passed 6*cept, as we have said! the gfrtft appearanoe. v <#6 fle NEW iHA«jiOJJtt »USH. l&O.Dfi JAMfiittd, June 4,-Dla- monds have recently bS6ft aiseevered ift the Jaurii «Vdf Irt the state of Matt6 orosso. FPdfH aurrotinding hamlets over 3,000 ^6tlla>-Be pfOBpeetord have rushed to t»« locality and are now btlslly engaged in the business of trying td find the lUolty stones. -? 3 _^__^t l _ lt ^-<f > „•*&*<*• -.--_--BEST BA&10 MATURES SCMBDULI1D f OR TODAY . (copyfigm, 1»»0, by ffnttM Press.) WABC ,(<3Ba HStWdfk)— 7 p. to. B. s. T\— in A Russian 'Village, WfcAF (ttfiC tt6tW6fk)-*4.&0 p. *"• E. Si I'.^-Cortd'er'tr WfflAIf (NB& h4t«8rit)"8J(J p. m, — E. 8. T^Coneet-t. WABC (OBS hetW6flO--M) p". in.— te. s. Ti— Voice of Coiuttibla. WABC (CBS net*a«O"4l p. tn. B. S. f.— Band C6nc«H. ' - WFBG, Ait<jafta<-8.45 p. ftt— and Cashman, in gttitar selections. * Tonight CAMEL ON THE mtth the Camel Pleasure Hour * ALL* STAR Radio Revel * Every Wcdncfttay Eve. 9.30 to 10.30 New York Tim* 8.30 to 9.30 Kant. Stand. Time 8.30 C«nUaI Tlraa . B. Cm Network— "WJZ and Associated Stations, K«*lthy' eWlfiks by the poultry eXt««BWft CarHrt&tbfl of ijettaysVllle Usual Success this s^ftf, b. • &" defden, poultry .eiteriiidh , «f>«iialfit, Cafrtfigton stftrted I>i3flf chicks 6« Mftfch 18. These hftVe ttt6h BrW«M In a W by 4* foot hoUsi^rtuippBel With a sun porch, f he loss to dat«, has been only twefity-fbtlr, art mee^U6(l&U iy low mflftrtlity, Oft Aprtl 1, h* «tart« ed 1,665 chicks in An IS• by 68 foot brooder house also provided with a sun porch. With this Jr6vi« the IbsS Is still lower, ortly t*««ly'flVe dyltig td date. ^ irof several years GaMHtton had hatched chicks from egg* laid by his personal Advice to TV&men ®n the Air tomorrow 8!15 TO 8530 A. M. EASTERN . DAYLIGHT TIME STATION KDKA n from far of( SWEDEN comes this new treat for you GIFT SUGGESTIONS iron HEK Diamond King Diamond Necklace Diamond Bracelet Wrist Watch Hlrthstonu Itlne Compact Toilet Set Mesli liag Leather Bags Custume Jewelry Fen & Pencil Bet Kodak GIFT SUGGESTIONS 1 OU HIM Diamond King- Diamond Scarf Fin Diamond Cuff Buttons Wrist Watch Uirthstone King Pen it Pencil Set lilll Folder Cigar Lighter Brush Set Cigarette Case I'ocket Watch Kodak Soderholm's SWEDISH RYE Daily—the demand for Soderholm's Real Swedish Rye Bread is increasing. It is a favored treat in every home that it has gone in to—people everywhere are praising its texture; delightful sweet flavor and its quality which has no equal for luncheon sandwiches. Remember the important name—Soderholm's Swedish Rye. have it. Your grocer wi Be Sure To See This Package. BAKED BY HALLER BAKERS CASH or CREDIT BERMAN'S f I Itll Ekieoth Avenue Ett. Since 1900 "Bakers of Old Home Bread" quire heat arid then- 8 eieaft faftgft edted by J. E. HEAPS ELECTRIC CO. < Avft. FOOT STOOL SPECIALS 99c Just one to a customer. Sturdily built swols with soft padded and uphorstered tops. A limited quantity go on isle at this low price, while they last. Plan 16 be early for yours. t The Standard Furniture Co. 1407 Eleventh Avenue SALE Of 1,200 New Summer D resses Dresses You Would Choose for All Occasions At These Two Low Prices ,..' §*Vv If you enjoy the thrill of thrift then see these wonderful values! You will not merely want one, but . several! The Season's Smartest Style Successes! Printed Chiffons! , Printed Crepes! Pastel Silks! livery frock has Important fashion detail* for summer I Novel sleeves, sleeveless modes, Capes, Jackets, Boleros, bcarfs, etc. Sizes for Juniors, Misses, Women, Stouts.
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