PRESS-TELEGRAM (PM) (\, Ctlll., Ttiiirt., JÂ»n. 21,IIM GM asks KMK- Â·' 4i*t4i*Â» Â· ' smog lids Be halted Â· Exec says going to California rules Mansfield, Weicker to push for gas rationing rase prices -Â·WASHINGTON (UPI) President Ford's plan to delay automobile exhaust cleanup rules for f i v e years is still not liberal enough to help the economy and conserve energy, General Motors said Wednesday. 1 It would not be in the public interest, GM Vice President Ernest Starkman told a congressional hearing, for the government to do anything but leave exhaust control rules unchanged. FORD has asked Congress to require the industry, to adopt more stringent exhaust limits -already in effect for cars sold in California-- for two major pollutants. In exchange, he suggested more liberal limits on a third pollutant, with the whole set of rules remaining steady for the next five years, instead of the increasingly stringent requirements c u r r e n t l y listed in the Clean Air Act. . Administrator Russel Tram of the Environmental Protection Agency, which is conducting the hearings, told Starkman it was his understanding there would be a significant improvement in air quality in some cities if the California "standards were required nationwide, as Ford suggested. But Starkman replied: ."WE cannot agree with that conclusion^ We do not find any cities that would be in that condition." , S t a r k m a n also said going to the California rules for the other 49 states would increase the cost of GM cars to the buyer by from $20 to $25 ;and result in an average 5 .per cent loss in miles per gallon. Â·'. The EPA hearing was originally called to consid- ,er the industry's request for a one-year delay in exhaust rules covering 1977 model cars, but it has been expanded into a full discussion of Ford's proposal. Starkman testified that the 1977 rules alone would result in an estimated 2- billion-gallon j u m p in ;; gasoline consumption . by GM cars during 1978 because of the control equip- .ment the company would be required to install. In addition, he said the control system would add an additional consumer cost of from $410 to $435 for the operation of a 1977 GM car over 50,000 miles. GM will close 3 car plants', jobs up D E T R O I T (UPI) -General Motors Corp. said Wednesday that three of its 23 U.S. auto-assembly plants will be closed next week, but all truck plants will be operating. Â· The giant automaker this week kept three car plants and one truck plant closed. Its temporary layoffs next week will total 6.000 workers, compared with 10,455 this week and L 34,800 last week. WASHINGTON (UPI) - Sens. Mike Mansfield and Lowell P. Weicker announced Wednesday they would introduce legislation creating mandatory gas, rationing -- a measure President Ford has promised to veto. Shortly a f t e r the announcement, White House Press Secretary Ron Nessen said Ford would not only veto a gas- rationing bill, but would veto legislation calling for rationing of any kind of petroleum product. On Capitol Hill, Mansfield, the Senate Democratic l e a d e r , and Weicker, R e p u b l i c a n f r o m C o n n e c t i c u t , announced they would introduce a manda- Â· tory gasoline-rationing bill today. Weieker said the bill would order Ford to i m p l e m e n t a nationwide gasoline-rationing program within 60 days. "1 feel we need mandatory gasoline rationing now, not standby authority," Weicker said in a statement. "It the Congress believes in gasoline rationing as a means to effectively reduce our energy consumption, it should stand up and mandate the President to institute such an energy-conservation measure." In another area of congressional con- flict with Ford, Sen. Edward M. Kennedy, D-Mass., said he would begin today his attempt to block Ford's proposed $3- a-barrel tax on imported oil. The President has announced he will levy the tax by executive action, and Republican congressmen have indicated they might filibuster against Kennedy's challenge. At the White House, Nessen restated Ford's strong opposition to rationing and said, in response to questions, that included opposition to mandatory rationing of any type of petroleum product. "The President doesn't want rationing in any form," Nessen said. Based on conversations with members of Congress and the soundings taken by his advisers, Nessen said, Ford "has the feeling today that the support for rationing, whatever it is, is lessening." He said Ford believed critics had been "nitpicking" at his energy proposals and he supported the President's views of rationing by citing Federal Energy' Administration figures on the subject. They showed that the average motorist would' get only 36 gallons of gasoline a month under a rationing program, and would also pay higher prices. FORD OIL EDICT (Continued from Page A-l) But in testimony before the House W a y s and Means Committee on the tax proposals Wednesday, Simon said: "The proposed changes in the structure of the individual income tax stand on their own merits and were not designed primarily to offset increased energy costs." Questioned l a t e r , however, Simon said his position was that taxes could not be cut without the offsetting of higher energy taxes. He told the .committee the tax reductions would more than offset the higher energy costs for persons with yearly income of $15,000 or less. Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey, D-Minn., disagreed in an attack on Ford's energy proposals Wednesday night. Calling the proposals "the least desirable set of alternatives," he said they would cost Americans an extra $45 million yearly and urged Congress to develop its own plan. HUMPHREY, in an CBS-TV speech taped as a reply to Ford's economic message last Monday, also said the President's plan for rebates on 1974 taxes to be made in May and September would not put money into the hands of taxpayers soon enough. He called for an $18.5- billion cut in 1975 taxes to be carried out by slashing withholding rates retroactive to Jan. 1. Humphrey also predicted Congress would reject Ford's call for holdir.g Social Security increases to 5 per cent. The senator noted that inflation rose by 12.2 per cent last year and added: "To deny them (the elderly, disabled and blind) an increase in benefits equal to the rise in the cost of living is wrong and unacceptable." ULLMAN announced during a meeting of the Ways and Means Committee Wednesday that he would hold hearings beginning t o d a y on proposals to force the 90- day delay in the oil tariff fees to give Congress time to come up with its own energy program. The Oregon Democrat predicted Congress not only would press the legislation, but also would be able to override any presidential veto. "Time is really critical," he said. U l l m a n said he informed the President by telephone W e d n e s d a y afternoon of his decision. He said he expects to have the legislation ready for a full vote in the House next week. He said he questioned the President's authority to impose the oil import tariffs without prior congressional approval. THE OIL import tariff represents a m a j o r portion of the President's new economic program. Ford said the combined effect of the tariff and other proposed energy taxes would cause a drop in domestic oil consumption and reduce foreign oil imports by one million barrels a day this year. Under the plan, Ford plans to impose a $l-a- barrel tariff on imported oil beginning Feb. 1, rising to $2 on March 1 and $3 on April 1. Administration economists expect the $3 t a r i f f will increase prices of gasoline and home heating oil by about 3 cents a gallon. If both Ford's permanent and temporary tax reductions are approved, a family of four with $10,000 income would receive an additional $453 income in 1975, a family with $15,000 income would receive $425 and a family with $41,000 income would receive about $1,130. IN 1976, with only the permanent reductions still in effect, the additional money would be $349 for the family with $10,000 income, $221 for the family with $15,000 income and $130 for the family with $40,000 income. In addition, the permanent tax reductions would remove about five million low-income persons from the tax rolls through a doubling of the low-in- New Hampshire asks Senate to decide seat mth rerun CONCORD. N.H. OJPD--The New- Hampshire Legislature Wednesday passed and Gov. Meldrim Thomson immedi-. ately signed into law legislation inviting the U.S. Senate to resolve history's closest Senate race with an unprecedented rerun election. Thomson, a Republican, returned from a meeting of New England governors in Boston to sign the legislation at a highway rest stop less than a mile inside New Hampshire. The Republican-sponsored measure provides a new Senate election 35 to 45 days a f t e r the Democrat-controlled U.S. Senate declares the seat vacant. Â· -"Â· THE NEW Hampshire House, whose Â·400 members include 232 Republicans, approved the measure 220-145. It h.irl *A cnft^ifv tViM tnn on the contest was at a standstill, although both Republican Louis Wyman and Democrat John Durkin privately pressed their cases with senators. Under the U.S. Constitution, the Senate alone determines its members' qualifications to be seated. Formal U.S. Senate debate on the dispute was to resume Monday with a vote scheduled the following day on a variety of proposals for resolving the bitter partisan struggle. BOTH contenders for the 100th Senate seat have picked up powerful Senate allies, with leaders from both parties harking competing proposals to determine who should, represent New Hampshire for the next six years. Wyman. 57. apparently confident he come allowance, Simon said. In his speech Wednesday night, Ford said "there are several vital trend lines running through the American government and the American economy that are headed in the wrong direction. And'the time to redirect them is now." He ticked off "three of the many areas where the trends need to be redirect' ed" as federal spending, defense policy and profits and investment. REFERRING to his economic recovery proposals to Congress, Ford said: "I deeply believe that the economic and energy programs I have proposed to the Congress can turn a period of danger into an era of opportunity." Ford listed the dangers and the opportunities as: -- "Massive spending" on "income redistribution programs such as food stamps, Social Security, federal retirement benefits and so forth." He said . this now accounts for 44 per cent of 1975 federal spending and its growth will bring Americans a "staggering" tax burden and "ever increasing" government control over their daily lives. -- "Bloc obsolescence in arms and material" available to the military services' because personnel costs have grown dramatically. He said defense expense has dropped from 8.9 per cent of gross national product in 1969 to less than 6 per cent by 1976, a trend that would lead to weakness threatening America's freedom ar.rf security. -- A declining economy has resulted in declining business investment in new plants and machinery and, if the economy is to continue "to grow and prosper, we must encourage investment." Ford said he favors tax relief for low-income persons, but added that "we must take care not to penalize middle-income citizens just because they may have been more financially successful that others." . The President said half of all Americans earn $10,000 to $25,000 a year and one-third earn more than $15,000. More than half of all taxes, he said, are paid by people whose incomes exceed $20,000. Our National Bureau W A S H I N G T O N - The replacement of Rep. Wright Patman as chairman of the House Banking and Currency Committee was a victory for R6p. Mark Hannaford, D-Long Beach-Lakewood. Hannaford, a freshman member of the committee, was one. of the floor leaders among the 75 Democratic freshman in the battle against Pat- m a n . He risked retribution from Patman if Pat- IRS eyes Ford Co. bonus plan DETROIT (UPI) - The Ford Motor Co. Wednesday decided to offer its past and present em- ployes an extra $100 if they buy a car or truck--a bonus the Internal Revenue Service says may be taxable. The $100 bonus is on top of any $200 to $500 rebates the No. 2 automaker is offering to buyers of its small cars. Chrysler Corp., the originator of the rebate price war, b e g a n o f f e r i n g its em- ployes and retirees the $100 bonus last Thursday. The IRS said it had no problems with the cash rebates now being offered to customers by all four U.S. automakers to revive the industry f r o m its w o r s t postwar .sales slump. Those fall in the class of a price reduction. But the rebates being offered by scores of auto industry supplier companies and now Chrysler and Ford to their em- ployes are another question. One IRS official said any incentive payments could be considered taxable income, both for withholding and Social Security. But, he said, the matter was being looked at more closely in Washington, and no final ruling, has been rnadg_.___.. ... i Uon could not be held on Town Meeting : D a y , when Republicans traditionally ; turn out in large numbers. The Senate cc n/ "ii****cd in 'he smcndmicnl on 2 voice rVOfe" """ ...... '""Â·" ..... 'Â· In Washington, formal Senate action can imnrnvp nn his hvn-vnto victory nvor Durkin, favors a new election. Durkin, 38, opposes the "instant rep l a y election" u n t i l the Senate, controlled 61-SR by Democrats., decides the outcome of the November election ho says he won. mull iiau w on reelection. Batman, u-Tex., aean of the House with 46 yesrs in office, was defeated by Rep. Henry Reuss, D- Wis., 152 to 117 in a secret ballot in the Democratic caucus. Kettey defends FBI filing 'al/esratioins' on conffressmeij t*^ ' ' ' Â· """"" 1!Â«Â«^Ai4 By MARGARET GENTRY WASHINGTON (AP) - FBI Director Clarence Kelley said Wednesday that the agency has good reason for filing unsub- sfantiated aflegations about the personal lives of congressmen and other citizens. Kelley said such a raw material can often prove helpful if a background check or other legitimate investigation of the individual becomes necessary. "Many times you don't know when you get it whether you will need it," Kelley declared in an interview. He said he was certain that the FBI has not misused the data since he became director 18 months ago. But he declined to vouch for the,48-year era of the late J. Edgar Hoover, though he said he was not aware of any abuses in that period. Expanding upon his official acknowledgement Tuesday that FBI files do contain unproven accusations about members of Congress, Kelley confirmed in the interview that some of the information relates to their personal lives. At the White House, meanwhile, Press Secretary Ron Nessen said President Ford does not believe that the FBI had done any direct snooping upon congressmen or senators. "The President does not approve of spying on Congress," Nessen said. "Nor does the FBI approve of spying on Congress." The FBI has assured the President, Nessen said-, that information on congressmen "is never used to influence the judgment or action of any member of Congress or anyone else." Kelley said that the data on congressional figures comes either through le- gitimate investigations or _-tips from members of thei public. ^ The director said he had not personally examined the files to determine hoy* many members of Congress are included* or what type of information is recoru f u. But when asked if there were derogatory materials regarding Personal habits, he replied, "I have been told,, there is and therefore I say there musj be " 'IV, Â·Â· ' '"I have't gone up there and reanJ: file which says Congressman So-and-ho , is a bum and drinks heavily and on anci r on," he said. .' .' Asked if he would support legislating restricting the collection of unsubstante fc ated allegations, the director replied, , r l;.| can only say we abide by the law ana.,, will abide by any restrictive legislation. I'm willing to do what's good for the^ country -- that may sound trite ^ but,, that's exactly the way I feel about it. .. Â·,. He conceded that the FBI, like many , other government and private agencies, faces a ticklish problem in drawing the line between what it needs to keep and , what it should discard. Â·- But "we try to maintain a very tight lid on information which does come to our attention," he said. "I don't say we have a perfect system, but I think we have a stringent set of regulations." "There is not now any misuse," nor has there been during his own period in office, he stressed. "I'm not going to speak about what is in the past... that's going to be brought out in the hearings" through the testimony of former FBI officials under Hoover. Chairman Don Edwards, D-Calif., has said the judiciary subcommittee on civil and constitutional rights will summon several Hoover-era FBI officials during the hearings. ; BULLETIN! BULLETIN] [SELF-STICK TIIT Install a beautiful floor fast without adhesive! Long-wearing, extra durable, lasts lor years! 12X12-INCH SPECIAL! ^1 SQ.FT. VINYL RUNNER Prolects doors carpets! Has non-skid, cleated safety back, surface wipes clean. 3 colors. 27" WIDTH SPECIAL! PATTERN MAY VARY * v s . * - - : :A^ciV COUNTER TOP Pliable Goodyear vinyl cuts with a scissors, easy-to-install. Resists heat. Choice of colors. 36" WIDTH I .SPECIAL! 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