Independent Our Viet Nam Pilots Are New Breed "Hrirain H. Hiddw,' FuUisktr Daniel H. Riddtr, SÂ»mutl C Gmnuon, Gtaenl fiknigtr Mila E. S!nÂ«, Ext Mire EJiior Harold M. Hifxs, Ant. to PuUithtr Malcolm Epley, Aistcialt Editor L. A. Collins, Sr., fJiinrial (.alumnia Sterling BÂ«mis, Mmifiaf Editor 'Williim W. Broom, fitf/or Don Oh!, Editorial Ptft EJilor Monday, March 14, 1966 LONG BEACH, CALIFORNIA Page B-2 DeGaulle :s for French Past Speak CHARLES DE GAULLE, that brave, mystical, iron-wiled man, plans to pull French officers out of North Atlantic Treaty Alliance commands, French NATO troops out of Germany and-force evacuation of American and Canadian bases in France. Americans wonder why. Those troops are there in part to defend France. Our friendship is long. Americans and Frenchmen have shed blood together in three wars. De Gaulle, however, speaks with chine which was crushed in Russia and later at Waterloo. Napoleon III sent crack troops to Mexico where the Mexicans destroyed them. The Prussians invaded France and took Paris. France was b r e a k i n g to pieces in World War I until the Yanks came. And again in World War II the Allies liberated a defeated nation. Even the Vietnamese clobbered them at Dien Bien Phu, and it hurts to see Americans fighting what was once their war. And Algeria-- De Gaulle thinks continually of France the beautiful that was once the heart of Western civilization. The idea that it should now be dependent on the wisdom and arms of other nations is intolerable. He dreams of a France that is above the storms -- lonely, august and grand. Alas for De Gaulle! No nation of By EV HOSKING I.P-T Sunday Editor THE MODERN-DAY fighter pilot fighting the air war in Viet Nam is a different breed of tiger. But he's still a tiger--witness the daring rescue last week when. Maj. Bernard Fisher flew into the middle of a raging battle to a Communist- controlled landing strip in North Viet Nam and rescued his wingman with Red troops only 20 feet away. Fisher calmly flew his battered Skyraider through pointblank 50- REPORTER'S NOTEBOOK Air Force F-105 Thunderchief on Way to Target With Bombs Suspended Underneath the voice of French history. It is the West can live or die alone. We the proud,.lonely and frustrated are a world brotherhood of peo- voice of a great nation that has pies whose safety and prosperity tasted too often the' bitter dregs of defeat. Â· . are interdependent. Napoleon I created a war ma- Law Protects Box Offices MANY VOTERS are still angry at the action of the Supreme Court of California overruling the amendment outlawing pay television. They feel that since the majority favored the law, it should stand. They do not realize that a higher law, that of freedom of speech, takes precedence. The amendment also prohibited free enterprise. The American tradition holds that any merchant should have the right .to sell a law- De Gaulle speaks for the past. What does young France say? ful commodity, in this case, movies. The 'movie theaters made a serious error in judgment in their campaign against pay TV. After all, the theaters too sell movies. The law, if it had been permitted to stand, could have later been enlarged to curtail or even prohibit movie theaters. The industry was trifling with dynamite. Patrons too have their rights. No one has to pay to watch television or go to a theater. If enough people really dislike pay television, the business will fail. If the movie houses can't offer good enough entertainment to lure people away from the TV, they will fail. That's normal competition. TOWN MEETING Human Reasoning EDITOR: Agnosticism bases its stand of .rejection of the Biblical story on the contention that it does not test out when subjected to the powers of human reasoning. What agnosticism fails to take into account is human reasoning itself. What is human reasoning? it is a highly relative quality, it is what the mind has been trained to accept: the furthermost advancement in human concept. But that concept can fall far short of the necessary capacity to determine basic orgin or its attendant inexplicables. A baby has no inborn reasoning powers. It is the most helpless of all newly born animals, acting solely on basic instincts to display conceptual tendencies. A man reasons that the sun will rise because it has risen the day before--and days before that. If it failed to rise, it would knock that reasoning into a cocked hat. Human reasoning can best de described as mental acceptance of some constant repetitive order. CID NEY 1623 E. 16th St. 'Smear Brushes 1 EDITOR: Night Owls Meet Too EDITOR: The Sunset Club does not meet every Sunday, as recently noted in a Town Meeting letter. The clubrooms are rented to the Night Owl Club of Long Beach on the second Sunday afternoon of each month. L. WEIDLEIN Night Owl Club president. Father ami Son EDITOR: A few days ago your education editor, Robert Wilcox, blamed adults for not setting a good example to youth, telling them not to smoke while already being smokers themselves and etc. Now if young people didn't do better than their parents we would still be living in caves, not marrying our women and generally living like animals. I told this to my boy constantly, and he ended up a student leader and won himself a scholarship. He already makes almost more than I do and has better manners and judgment than I do. But one bit of irony. I never smoked and he just lately started. RAY JACKSON Box 111 Buena Park caliber machinegun fire and took off to safety with the wingman, Maj. Stafford W. Myers, who had crash- landed on the jungle strip. Today's fighter pilot is a far cry from the fliers of World War lithe beardless second lieutenants who were rolled off the pilot production line, strapped into an airplane and sent off to the "big war" without experience and with a minimum of training in tactics for air battles. The training had to be accomplished in combat, often at the cost of their lives. * * * WHEN THE North Koreans moved across the 38th parallel, in the second major skirmish of this generation, the Air Force had a pool of pilots trained and ready--primarily for nuclear war. In critically short supply were the men with air-to-air and air-to-ground experience. The .World War II pilots --now sedate businessmen who maintained their flying proficiency with the Air Force Reserve--were recalled to the air war. Their thousands of combat hours gave them the e x p e r i e n c e needed to-win the battle of the sky over Korea. Once they had won it, the younger pilots took over. When the war in Viet Nam turned hqt, airpower --proved, over Europe and jet-qualified over the Yalu River --became the nation's prime offensive weapon. * * * . BUT THERE IS a difference between the pilots of the Wild Blue Yonder days and the stream of pilots now pouring into Viet Nam. They are neither beardless youths nor retrained Reserves -- they are skilled professionals. Now there is a strictly professional approach to combat missions. Lots .of time is spent reviewing normal and emergency procedures, studying tactics, methods of ordnanace delivery, ballistic tables and more effective use of weapons systems. The fighter pilot now considered "combat ready" is a thoroughly- trained individual. He has completed a year's course in basic flying and six Â· months of advance weapons training. In addition to knowing how to handle a plane that travels nearly twice the speed of sound--day or night, in bad weather or clear skies --each pilot knows how to deliver any weapon in the Air Force inventory. The arsenal ranges from the old, World War H iron bombs to rockets, to modern low-drag or high-drag bombs, through a variety of missile and 20mm cannon fire. The. experienced pilot of today is a more mature individual than the free-wheeling fighter pilot of the old days. Statistics show that at the time of the Korean fracas about 20% of the pilots in a fighter squadron were married--today a bachelor is a rarity. Most of the fighter pilots are in their late 20s or early 30s, married and with two or three children. And most have had 10 or more years flying in tactical fighters. That is all to the good. Experience pays off in an aircraft. The pilot who is flying like it is second nature can get on the 'target quicker and easier than the inexperienced pilot who has to worry about .his airplane. The old saying "you can always tell a fighter pilot, but you can't tell him much" isn't true any more, if it ever was. . Today's fighter pilot is eager to learn--because to learn is to live. They take pride in their professional skill. For in the far off war over, the jungles of Viet Nam professionalism pays off. Way Question Is Asked Can 'Influence* Surveys Bombastic Criticism Loses Points NO RESPONSIBLE editorialist en";-.; joys belaboring government policies : merely for the sake of controversy. " Unbridled and irresponsible criticism can be as harmful to the national mtÂ»--' terest as remaining silent when it is_r- being endangered. The Great Debate over Viet Nam is a case in point. Sen. Wayne Morse of Oregon is one of the courageous few who has consistently challenged the validity of our involvement in Southeast Asia. Yet he often unhorses ONE REASON I am not easily impressed with the results of surveys or polls, in which people at random are asked to give their opinions, is not that I mistrust the answers but that I suspect the questions. For it is SYDNEY HARRIS much harder to devise a fair question than to give a fair answer. Many scientific experiments have shown how careful one must be in asking questions. For example, two different groups of scientists held two different theories about the sense of smell. A few years ago, the researchers on the problem asked people to estimate the relative strengths of certain odors. . It was found that a quite, simple change in the way the question was worded would make the answers con' form to either one or the other of the theories. The difference in the wording was so slight that it took the researchers a while to discover what was wrong--the question _was psychologically slanted (unintentionally, of course) to evoke a particular kind of answer. Such unconscious slanting is even more common in non-scientific polls and surveys. It is easy to phrase the same question in three or four different ways, and get as many differ- ent "majority" opinions. If one asked a random sampling of Americans, "Do you believe in the principles expressed in the Declaration 'of Independence?," the replies would be overwhelmingly, "yes." However, if one asked, "Do you believe that all men are created equal?," the answers might be 50-50, even though "created equal" is the basic principle in the Declaration. And this is because most people do not know .what the phrase really means. * * * "DO YOU BELIEVE we should continue to prosecute the war in Viet Nam?" would, I believe, receive the assent of a majority of Americans. JOHlNk KMGHt? himself when engaging in ill-tempered bombast. By contrast, Sen. J. W. Fulbright of Arkansas is even-tempered, judicial and a model of propriety as he interrogates the witnesses who appear before the Senate Foreign Relations committee. There are likewise journalists who rant and fume in columns of lint- picking, captious criticism. They be-'" ' come largely Ineffective since they''., persuade no one but only harden the,,Yet this could easily be rephrased so beliefs of those who already agree. that a majority would answer "No." And it could be so ambiguously put that about half would reply affirmatively and half negatively. This 'kind of experimenting has been done, for instance, on the subject of capital punishment--where it was found that one set of questions would get most people to be against it, and another set would get most people to be for it. It is the emotional reaction that is evoked, rather than the objective question , that determines the kind of answer we give. All trial lawyers know the absolute importance of phrasing a question in precisely the "right" way -which means, for them, eliciting the answers that will benefit their sides. Until we refine our method of forming questions, our "surveys" tell us less than we think. 'So, Technologically We're Not as Advanced as the West , . . Contact!' At various times you have published letters that cast doubt on the patriotism of prominent organizations whose loyalty to this country is beyond question. These kind of letter writers seem to feel that the only way they can demonstrate their patriotism is by pointing their smear brushes on others. This is what is known as wrapping one's self in the flag. A wise American once said, "He who wraps himself in the flag, soils the flag." SAMUEL WHITMAN 226 Corona Ave. Patients Appreciate EDITOR: We the women patients of Ward H-4 of the Veterans Administration Hospital, Long Beach, would like to let the public know of the excellent care, treatment and consideration we are receiving. KATHLEEN R. ROBERTS XANTHEA PAPADAKIS 'REBA L. FREEZE HANNAH M. VAN DEUSEN VIRGINIA H. DAWDY PATRICIA R. HERMANSOZ Responsible writers of opinion do not lack conviction. But they prefer the use of facts, logic and analysis id--' make their case. Not as exciting, per-." 1 ' , haps, but decidedly more informative and trustworthy. Being human, both the politicians and members of the press can be arbitrary, capricious, petty and illog- Â· ical. Or, they may be fair, objective! ' Â·'Â· analytical and zealously devoted to. Â· the search for truth. Â·, -., The Senate hearings on Viet Nam.-^ have revealed both the bellicose traits of a few and the even dignity and composure of the many. In journalism",'"^ with notable exceptions, the comment, * has been vigorous and well reasoned,--,, *' * * _ i _ AS SEN. FULBRIGHT now con-, ; -' cedes, the public debate on Viet Nam ,.. came several years too late. Yet i t ~ has been productive if only because "V the Johnson administration is now "A aware of the boiling dissent and t h e ! ; challenge to its policies. ... Sei. Fulbright's committee has pro r ' vided a badly needed full scale review Â· of the Viet Nam situation. This has been most helpful to a confused ' ' American public which seeks nothing more than clarification of our aims and ultimate objectives. Within recent days, it has been " illuminating to learn that even as"' we fight an undeclared war in Viet* i Nam, the ultimate goal is the con-;.! tainment of Red China. . ' j Defense Secretary McNamara anil '' Vice President Hubert Humphrey ha\te'"~ said as much in interviews and a j - r " pearances before the Senate Foreign -'* Relations committee. So the "little war" of a few years ago which we were lold was being fought to resist aggression and pro- * lect the liberty-loving South Vietnamese is now a major exercise in power politics. * * * WALTER LIPPMANN dismisses the notice that China can be contained in South Viet Nam as "sheer mythology." He asks, quite appropriately, how Secretary of State Dean Rusk and McNamara can believe that they are containing China despite the fact that they have alienated the Soviet Union, spread doubt and division in Japan, have no support in Pakistan and India? "In the realm of great power politics in Asia," says-Lippmann, "the United States is playing a lone hand. . . . The true containment of China is possible only as and if her great Asian neighbors, the Soviet Union, Japan, India and Pakistan, are aligned together or are at least acting on parallel lines." One does not have to be an alarmist to comprehend the enormity of this undertaking and its inherent hazards. Yet we inch on and on through the jungles of Viet Nam toward a possible confrontation with China, standing virtually alone and with no true insight into the moods of Russia's inscrutable leaders.
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