PagÂ» B-2--INDEPENDENT "Â·Â«"Â» Â·Â·Â·* Â«Â«" 1 ' *Â·*Â· **. i, mi EDITORIAL Another Record Budget Bullseye Every Time GOV. PAT BROWN'S 2'/ 2 -million- dollar budget is a record budget --but there's nothing novel about that. . As the inevitable result of inflation, growing population, and ever-increasing demands for state services, each year's budget is bigger than the last. V * * V AFTER EXERCISING his God-given right to complain, the average citizen recognizes the logic of the expanding cost of government. Inflation is something beyor\c! his control, and so is the state's rate of growth, which he would not restrict if he could. That leaves the demand for^services as the one factor on which" he 'may exert an influence. And by and large, the budget is furnishing him what he and his fellow citizens have requested. Until growth ceases and demands diminish, budget increases must be anticipated as a matter of course, and the hope for tax cuts must remain dim. Legislators who talk of cutting taxes should not be taken seriously unless they suggest ways in which the requirements for revenue can be cut also. The tax cut issue boils down to the question of what you want most. What sacrifice i s - t h e state willing to make in order to yemove the sales tax from prescription drugs, for example? Here is a proposal for which we have much sympathy and which we have supported on previous occasions. This tax is a tax burden on anybody who uses medicine, and it is a particularly heavy one for retired persons who depend on pensions and really cannot spare those extra pennies which are tacked onto the cost of their prescriptions. As Congressional hearings have revealed, the cost of medicine is high enough without adding a tax. To what products or to what group of citizens shall the tax be shifted? Or what program shall be eliminated? Prisons, mental hospitals, schools? Forty-two per cent of th entire budget is earmarked for support of public education in California. But if you question a penny of that expenditure, the powerful California Teachers Association will prove to you irrefutably that 42 per cent actually is not enough. Likewise, other lobbies for a thousand and one causes are pushing for programs which have the effect of increasing -- not decreasing -- the budgets of the future. * * * * THIS IS THE space age. The fashion is toward things astronomical. The budgetary trend is upward. And as of now we can report no significant movement to turn it in the other direction. This Is 'Fair' Practice? DREW PEARSON CALIFORNIA'S NEW FEPC can do a service,,,but not if it goes to the . ridiculous extremes suggested by a set of regulations it is now considering. The proposed regulations would sharply restrict the number and type Â· . of questions an employer could ask a prospective .worker in an application form. An employer would be prohibited from asking about an applicant's birthplace, religion, complexion, nationality, national origin, or military experience. An employer would not be permitted to ask an applicant for a photograph, or to require a birth certificate. An employer could not request the name and address of the applicant's nearest relative or question how RAY TUCKER long the applicant had been a resident of the U. S. Anybody who gives the matter a moment's thought will realize that in many cases one or more pieces of the above information could have a legitimate bearing on the suitability of an applicant for a particular position. If, for example, a job required an intimate acquaintanceship with American communities, an employer certainly would want to kilow how long the applicant had been a resident of the country. How could such a request be classified as unfair discrimination? Surely the FEPC cannot be serious in asking California's employers to set aside their better judgment and hire employes as some persons buy locked trunks at the auction. Turkish Mayor Denied Fare to Torrance 'Friends'' Fete Ike Rejected Race Politics in Courageous Suez Action Tucker WASHINGTON -- In unlocking the doors to several secret sessions of international diplomacy, Sir Anthony Eden has unwittingly done a good turn for the . E i s e n h o w e r Â· a d m i n i s t r a - Â· tion and pos-* . sibly for the R e p u b l i c a n Party in the presidential campaign. Eden's ap- ' p a r e n t 1 y faulty memory of President Eisenhower's! reaction toward the Israeli-Franco- British invasion of Egypt after Col. Carnal Abdel Nasser's seizure of the Suez Canal forced'the President ' to divulge his hitherto unrevealed version. And the incident depicts Eisenhower as refusing to play low- level, vote-getting and racial politics even on the eve of a presidential election. Eisenhower's b e h a v i o r varies sharply from that of some of his immediate predecessors, especially Harry S. Truman. To heighten the contrast, the issue confronting both'men was the Same -- Washington's'poli- cy toward Israel and its effect on the influential Jewish vote and financial contributions. * * # * WHEN REPORTS of a possible Israeli Franco-British attack on Egypt reached the White House late in the summer of 1956, Eisenhower and the late Secretary Dulles warned London and Paris that they were opposed to the use of force to chastise ' Nasser. They recommended resort to the United Nations. But it is Eisenhower's lecture to Abba Eban, then Israeli's Ambassador (o the United States, that reflects the President's refusal to stoop to racial und minority appeals only a few months before he faced re-election. Eisenhower told former Ambassador Eban that he was " m i s t a k e n , " if he thought that concern or consideration for the "Jewish vote" would sway his determination to oppose an armed descent upon Egypt, TO APPRECIATE the meaning--and the political courage--of the President's virtual defiance of the three nations, it is only necessary to know how seriously and meticulously the practical politicians weigh actions which will affect or alienate any important bloc of voters. And the so-called "Jewish vote," as the racial make-up of local and state tickets always show, is regarded as one of the most politically effective. For one thing, their ballot-box strength is concentrated in the great cities of electorally important states. S e c o n d l y , wealthy m e m b e r s are usually h e a v y campaign contributors. As official and unofficial records disclose, Truman did not hesitate to cater to the "Jewish vote" in 1948, and it undoubtedly contributed to his unexpected defeat of Thomas E. Dewey. * $ * * ALTHOUGH delay was recommended by British, State D e p a r t m e n t and Pentagon advisers, Truman recognized Israel as an independent nation only 11 minutes after independence was proclaimed at Tel Aviv. Delay had been recommended in order to try to work out a peaceful agreement with s u r r o u n d i n g Arab states, and thus to prevent a short but bloody war failed. Truman admits in his memoirs that he had been under tremendous pressure from prominent American Jews to pursue a pro-Israel policy. In fact, J. Harold McGrath, then Democratic National Chairman, had warne tional C h a i r m a n , h a d warned Truman repeatedly that he must make some pro-Israel move to hold Roosevelt's "Jewish vote" and to persuade their businessmen and industrialists to contribute to the almost empty Democratic treasury. Almka Court Riding Hits 24'Hour Bars JUNEAU, Alaska (/Pi- Tipplers' hopes for restoration of around-the-clock drinking in many Alaska bars were killed Tuesday by the State Supreme Court in its first major decision. The court ruled 2-1 that the new uniform closing hours for the sale of liquor were valid and within the authority of the Alaska Alcoholic Beverage Control Board. THE BOARD last October ordered bars, clubs, taverns and liquor stores to remain closed between 3-8 a.m. weekdays, 4-8 a,m. holidays and 4 a.m. to 2 p.m. Sundays. U.S. District Judge Vernon Forbes held at Fairbanks in November that the Legislature had not delegated authority to the board to regulate closing hours. The Supreme Court reinstated the regulations in December pending a decision in the case. The majority opinion Tuesday said "the board's authority in' this field is complete." The rr.culatio.is ended an era of legal all-night operations by licensed bars and clubs outside c i t y limits in Alaska. WASH1NGTON -- "The junket division" of the Defense D e p a r t m e n t h a s queer standards as to who should travel free on government a i r planes at the . t a x payers' expense. For some t i m e , t h e State Depart- m e n t a n d the U. S. In- forma t i o n Agency have PEARSON been trying to get the Defense Department to give two seats across the Atlantic to the Mayor of Konya, Turkey, and his wife to come to Torrance, Calif., to attend an important people-to - people friendship celebration. But the Defense Department says it can't do it. Seats on JVIATS airplanes, operated by the D e f e n s e Department, are supplied to congressmen, newspapermen, wives of Air Force officials, but two seats can't be spared for the building of peoplc-to-peoplc friendship between the U. S. A. and a nation which fought valiantly in Korea and is the bulwark of NATO defenses in the Near East. Under the people-to-peo- plc friendship program, the City of Konya in Turkey has affiliated with Torrance. Calif. Torrance is planning a big celebration on Feb. 28 to emphasize its close ties w i t h Konya. The citizens of Torrance have raised SI,000 to pay for the airplane travel of Konya's mayor from New York to California, but hope that MATS can deliver him and his wife to New York. The State Department hopes so too. But the Defense Department says no. OTHER J U N K E T S -Meanwhile, here are some of the other trips authorized by the Defense Department in the last year: The Secretary of Defense ordered a special plane to fly Sen. Dick Russell of Georgia to his home town in Winder, Ga.; Congressman Frank Osmcrs of New Jersey toured Florida for two weeks last Faster at t h e taxpayers' e x p e n s e , thanks to military transportation: Congressman Cliff M c l n t i r e of Maine spent three days in Paris for the a g r i c u l t u r e committee though Paris is no great agricultural center; Rep. Phil Weaver of Nebraska got a free trip to the West Coast and another to the Philip- pines to "inspect" defense f a c i l i t i e s ; Sen. Andy Schoeppel of Kansas got two free trips to Fort Riley, Kan., and Argent in, Newfoundland. The latter had all the earmarks of a fishing junket, though Schoeppel's office, when queried about its purpose, commented: "That's not public information." Meanwhile, the Defense Department can't find two seats for the Mayor of Konya, Turkey, and his wife for a people - to - p e o p 1 e friendship visit. .: :: * * HEADLINES AND FOOTNOTES--What griped some Republicans in Los Angeles last week was the way Ike landed in an isolated corner of the L. A. Airport, was whisked by helicopter to the Beverly Hilton Hotel for the GOP dinner, then left from the hotel's garage roof hy helicopter for the golf c o u r s e in Palm Springs. Millions of Indians, Afghans, Pakistanis, et al, got a good glimpse of Ike in Europe and Asia, but less than a thousand Americans were permitted to see him in California. (Nixon had urged Ike to come to California to bolster GOP strength.) Civil Liberties A'iew 'Poppycock' EDITOR: After reading the article by Ben Zinser reporting the speech of Dr. Monroe, head of "The C i v i l Liberties Union" in Los Angeles, before "The Long Beach State C o l l e g e Chapter of the American Association of College Professors," I feel an urgent need to express my reaction to his opinions. It seems he is a FORMER college professor and after reading his views I can see why. Am I wrong in thinking "The Civil Liberties Union" has been listed as a Communist front organization? Dr. Monroe's views give that impression. Quote--"Academic Freedom has a twofold meaning" (condtiising two paragraphs). "It means the right to vote -- be partisan in one's views and express those views. It means the right as teachers to teach as their professional conscience leads thorn to toarh, uncoerced by legislators or administrators." As to being partisan in their views--YES. Voting as they wish^-YES. Teach- ing THEIR partisan or political views on the teachers' p 1 a t f o r m--NO. No teacher has that right. Says Dr. Monroe -- "The EVIL of the loyalty oath is --that it requires a techer or public employe to swear away his right to advocate or his right to associate w i t h a group." That is poppycock pure and s i m p l e unless, of course, lie means a subversive group. Any citizen should be glad and willing to take the oath of loyalty to their country. Why not? If they are not loyal they certainly have no right to a citizen's rights and privileges and most: certainly no right to teach our youngsters. What do you ihink? M. E. WALKS 170 E. 229th St., Wilmington Starts National Patients' Group EDITOR: A group of families in t h e San .!o,quin Valley, where one must work 50 to 100 hours to pay for one hour of a surgeon's labor, are launching an organiza- tion, national in scope, to speak for the best interests of m e d i c a l patients of America, m u c h as the Americal M e d i c a l Assn. speaks for the best i n t e r - ests of the physicians of America. Fully prepaid medicine, surgery, dentistry and pharmacy is our aim. Any of your readers who are disturbed with the high cost of maintaining a medieval medical system. are urged to get in touch with the writer at 4610 W. Myrtle Ave., Visalia, Calif. JOSEPH A. KING N a t i o n a l President American Patients Assn. INDEPENDENT Herman H, Rtdder.TM.-.._..,Pul)Msher D.ioiel H. Riddpr ...Co-Publisher H.irold M. Ulncs, Asst. to Publisher S.imucl C. Canieron....Genl. Manager Uarry Collins Jr Bus. Mnnn0er L. A. Collins Sr,, Editorial Columnist M.ilcolni Cnley Executive Editor Miles E. Sines Mannfting Editor H.ury Fulton, Editorial Page Editor Nation.nl Advertising Representatives Rnkler Johns, Inc. with offices .nt New York 681 Fifth Avenue Clucngo .. Wriqlcy Blrtg, Detroit --.,, Penobscot Oidg. Minneapolis 202 Foshay Tower Los Angeles 32-12 W 8th St. S.tn FIMI'.C.-co 110 Sutler St. Washington News Bureau _ 808 Albee Building Current files of The Independent firs maintained ^t these offices. HARRIS STRICTLY PERSONAL Course of History an Uncharted Sea 'By SVDNEY J.HARRIS. -. A French philosopher once remarked. that "the on!" thing we learn 'from history is that we team nothing from history." Like most mots, this is an exaggeration--but it contains enough truth to'give us pause. As tiie world enters the 1960s, there is. a great temptation to look backward and forwar.d--to see where we have come from, and to predict where we are going. In my view, the history of mankind has been too brief to draw any real conclusions or tc make any meaningful predictions. The few thousand years of recorded human history are but the wink of an eyelid in terms of. non-human time. Man, as we know him, has existed about 100,000 years--and less than 10 per cent of this span lias been recorded. In cosmic time, it is a fraction of a second since we lived in caves and wore loin- clothes.^As a race, if we consider geological time, we are only a few days old. By any standards except our own subjective ones, man is still a baby. Who can read a huge wall-tapestry if'he is given only one square inch of a sample to look at-?* Paleontologists, it is true, can reconstruct a prehistoric animal from a single bone--but anatomy is not history. * *Â· * IS HUMAN LIFE a "cycle." as Spengler thought it was? Do civilizations flourish and then decay, with no real "progress" in moral or spiritual terms? 0Â£ can we discern a rising arc in the graph of mankind, a slow but steady march toward betterment, as the 19th Century social optimists believed? I don't think that either view can be demonstrated or disproved. Who would have believed, a "generation ago, that Naziism could sweep the most "educated" and "civilized" country in Europe, releasing barbaric impulses that made the Goths and Vandals look like Boy Scouts? Who can know wliat will happen to the masses of China and India, to the awakening peoples of Africa, to the plump and lethargic populations of A m e r i c a and Europe? We have no maps to guide us, because the course of human history is slill largely an uncharted sea. *' * * ARE CONDITIONS getting better fyes, in some respects), or worse (ye3, in some respects), or staying the same (yes, in some'respects)? Is science going to lift us up or blc'" us up? Wi.ll nationalism destroy itself or control itself? Can man survive his own passions and follies? No one knows. It is absurd and pretentious to suggest that we do. There are not enough facts to sustain any theory; not enough time has eiapsrd to project a "trend." We are still the riddle of the universe. TODAY'S 10 YEARS ACiO LEADERS of the community joined willi YMCA officials in celebrating the 50th anniversary of the local "Y" with a banquet attended by 400, many of them men whose early lives were shaped by the influence of the "V led by L P. Fisher. 88, oldest member present. 20 YKARS AGO Gmiicilmuii M .1 i i i n L. Moxley and Stephen L. Ford urged their council associates to approve t h e i r propnsal that Long Beach do its own dredging along the beach and keep Alamitos Bay in navigable condition by constructing i t s own dredger, pending a favorable report from the city manager. V * * ::: 30 YEARS AGO Preservation of Alamitos Bay as a water sports center was assured today when the Board of Supervisors took preliminary steps toward a p p r o p r i a t i o n of 8700,000 for straightening of the San Gabriel river channel and change the course of the stream to empty into the ocean, in 1 stead of Alamitos Bay, as at present. By United Press International DUBLIN--Robert Briscoe, former lord mayor of Dublin, who revealed that "his youngest daughter converted from Judaism to Catholicism: ...';' "I have'always practiced the right of private coh- ' science and the absolute liberty of the individual. As a practicing Jew, I nave always been accorded these principles by the people of Ireland." PARIS --Premier Michel Debre. asking the French Parliament to give President. Charles de Gaulle near dictatorial powers following the Algerian revolt: "Last week in Algiers, Frenchmen rose against the stale, and 'because they rose against the state we had feared the unleashing of civil war. If De Gaulle had not been here, everything may have been lost." GREENSBORO, N.C.--A spokesman for a group of Negro students, who are staging a sitdown strike at the lunch counter of an F. W. Woolworth dime store that has refused to serve I hem food: "We believe since we buy books and papers in the other part of the store, we should get served in this part." Strictly Business "I dreamed last night you bawled me out--aren't you satisfied v, ;!h my work?"
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