The Galveston Daily News from Galveston, Texas on September 23, 1978 · Page 20
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The Galveston Daily News from Galveston, Texas · Page 20

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Galveston, Texas
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Saturday, September 23, 1978
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Page 20
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4-C (III, tf w ii, r ,uni p»ii u LURIE'S OPINION Saturday Morning. September 23. 1978 Viewpoints Commentary, Editorials Jack Anderson Cleaning Environment Could Be Costly Looking Backward WASHINGTON - President Carter's chief inflation fighters are engaged in a crucial struggle with top regulatory officials over how much the country can afford to pay to clean up the environment. The influential Charles Schultze, tht> president's chief economic adviser, has been leading a quiet effort to dilute or delay regulations that would protect the health of millions of Americans. The economic experts believe these regulations would fuel inflation by adding billions of dollars to the cost of doing business. The failure to protect workers and consumers from devastating diseases, however, would be even more costly to the econo-. my, environmental officials argue. They complain that the economists have singled them out while ignoring other costly issues such as the special tax breaks and outright subsidies that big corporations have wangled out of Washington. Now we have learned that Schultze may have violated the law by personally putting pressure on environmental officials long after the deadline for public comment had expired. Schultze made several phone calls to Douglas Costle, the environmental chief, in an attempt to influence his agency's ruling on the amount of lead that will be tolerated in the air. The calls came well after the official deadline had exnired Schultze asked Costle, according to competent Arthur Caress, Mrs. Thomas Leatherberry or Mrs. Marguerite Beach. Extensive Improvements are being made lo the ground floor of the remodeled National Hotel Building at 23rd and Market Streets to provide 24 additional office suites By SALLY REEDY 25 YEARS AGO Sept. 23, 1953—Order of the Eastern Star Chapter No. 716 will hold an all-day rummage sale Saturday at Young's Garage, 1218 35th St. Those wishing to contribute rummage may call Mrs. Thomas Watson, Mrs. Donald F. Graff Line Hits Bottom Business is business, except when it's with the Soviet Union. In which case it's largely a drag. The trials of Soviet dissidents, the arrest of an American businessman and similar highly publicized developments currently are negatively affecting commercial relations. But even before detente ran into rough political weather, business was anything but brisk. Contrary to expectations from a 1972 U.S.-Soviet pact, there has not been a significant expansion of two-way trade.The 1977 total came to some $1.9 billion — heavily in the American favor but, in the context of total U.S. trade for the year of $267 billion and compared to exchanges with such major partners as Canada ($55.1 billion) and Japan ($39.1 billion), scarcely on the board. Surveying the situation of 23 U.S. firms maintaining offices in Moscow, Industry Week magazine finds the general experience to be one of "substantial discouragement" in efforts to expand business with the Soviets. One major firm represented in Moscow since 1973, General Electric Co., has a single deal to show for it, a $250 million sale of compressors for Soviet natural gas pipelines. To be fair, obstacles to expanded trade have been made in America as well as Russia. Congress, Industry Week notes, has barred tariff concessions and Export-Import Bank financing in disapproval of restrictive Soviet emigration policies. Whether a more liberal U.S. attitude would have a much more stimulating effect is debatable, however, considering the basic difficulties of doing business with the Soviets on terms other than their own. Whatever life may be left in detente in political and military affairs, it appears to have been commercially. *** *** sources, how he could convey his concern over the proposed lead standard. Costle carefully warned him not to raise any information that wasn't already in the public record or the regulations could be invalidated. "The game has to be played by the rules," Costle reportedly told him. A spokesman confirmed to our reporter Vicki Warren that Schultze "has been in touch with Costle after the public comment period was over." He insisted, however, that Schultze had not violated the law because he didn't introduce any new information. The law, he noted, "is enormously complicated." But other White House economists also lobbied with the Environmental Protection Agency over the lead standard more than two months after the comment period had ended. At a two-hour meeting in early August, the economic aides handed over a thick report which criticized the lead standard as too severe. The rules on public comment were established, it should be noted, to prevent any improper pressure from industry executives or other special interests. Most of the lead in the air comes from gasoline additives and is sprayed out of automobile exhaust pipes, although some billows out of industrial smokestacks. The problem is most severe in urban areas, where the lead settles on the children's playgrounds. High levels of lead also add to air pollution and make it difficult for persons with respiratory ailments to breathe. The proposed lead rules would require an initial capital outlay of $620 million, followed by $140 million a year for maintenance. Industrial firms are bitterly opposed to any new regulations. But the Environmental Defense Fund may take Schultze to court over what it considers his illegal intervention on the issue. Lead pollution is not the only issue in this high- stakes struggle between the environmentalists and the industrialists. All environmental regulations have come under increased scrutiny after one of Carter's quiet advisers, Robert Strauss, singled them out as a major cause of inflation. This was followed by a backroom skirmish between the president's economic advisers and safety officials. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration tried to set limits on worker exposure to cotton dust. This was intended to protect 600,000 textile workers from brown lung disease. But Schultze, supported by wage-price adviser Barry Bosworth, tried to water down the standard. The backroom fight eventually involved the president himself. One safety official later complained that the confrontation with his own White House colleagues "was harder than fighting die industry." The economic side of the White House won at least a tactical victory. The deadline was extended for four years, and the cost of con- trolling cotton dust was scaled down from $2.7 billion to $625 million. The next battle involved pollution control in areas of the country where the air is already clean. This time, the wage-price control council intervened two months after the comment period ended. But the environmental agency didn't retreat from its strict standards to prevent the deterioration of clean air. The two sides are still Feuding over efforts to remove cancer-causing substances from the nation's drinking water. There has already been a scare over the high levels of carcinogens found in the New Orleans drinking supply. Similar sniping has broken out in nearly every industry. The White House economists have weighed in at the Interior Department on new standards to control strip mining. And there has been White House pressure at the Transportation Department over plans to make the nation's mass transit systems more accessible to the elderly and handicapped. The question of whether all these regulations are worth the inflationary impact has divided the Carter administration into two bitterly opposed factions. It is not likely to end anytime soon. Copyright. 19'8 United F-Vature Syndicate. !nc Speaking of business, transferring of employees has become a big item. U.S. firms currently are expending more than $3 billion annually in relocating personnel at an average of some $16,000 for each transferred employee, according to the computations of Merrill Lynch Relocation Management, a firm handling employee transfers for more than 260 companies worldwide. Typical items for which companies are picking up the tab include assistance in sale of a former home, shipment of household goods, family travel and temporary living expenses and tax adjustments. The total not infrequently comes to more than half tne annual salary of a transferred individual. The mobile society, it appears, does carry a pricetag. *** *** Why is it students who have trouble with simple math tests often are capable of complicated computations in their heads when the subject is something on the order of a ballplayer's batting average? ... tv . A good question, and the obvious answer is that main dealing with a young fan's special interest is fun, not work. Which is the rationale of the Math Baseball League, a learning experiment tried out in New York last summer and going national this season under the cpsponsorship of the Los Angeles Dodgers, Houston Astros and Atlanta Braves. . , , ., „. Based on an instructional game developed by the St. Regis Paper Co. in which players use math problem Hash cards to score hits, the number of bases depending upon difficulty of solution, the league has signed up several thousand elementary students through Boys' Clubs and the YMCA in the three team cities. The season runs through August with championships to be held in sponsor stadiums before regular major league it helps Johnny to figure, play ball. (NEWSPAPER ENTERPRISE ASSN I for rental. The area will be completely air-conditioned. BJll Herod was installed recently as head of the Whirler's Square Dance Club. Other officers are Seth" Teutenberg, vice president; Maurice Allen, secretary-treasurer; Mrs. Bill Herod, publicity; and Raymond Bowling, dancing director. Elected to the board of directors were Francis Felts and Luther Geer. Island hunters bagged game in Wyoming last week. Insurance man Fletcher Harris, Dave Bowie and Harvey Moellenberndt killed three big mule deer and four antelope. Several men have said they will run for mayor if Mayor H.Y. Cartwright Jr. actually resigns. They are Walter R. Rourke, Charles H. Oehler, James Bradner, James Piperi and James Yarbrough. Members of the League of Women Voters present at the first fall meeting were, Mrs. S. Shaw, Mrs. Raymond Gregory, Mrs. E.L. Porter, Mrs. Paul Brindley and Mrs. Thomas A. McCarthy, league president. Chief of Police W.J. Burns announced Tuesday that the Beach Patrol will be disbanded for 1953 on Oct. 1. Five of the members have already returned to college. 50YEARSAGO Sept. 23, 1928 — Congressman Clay Stone Briggs will speak at Menard Park tomorrow night under the sponsorship of the League of Women Voters. Miramar Court, the world's finest tourist camp, has been handling capacity crowds nightly for several weeks. Miss Mary Elizabeth Kelsey, attractive daughter of Mr. and Mrs. L.M. Kelsey, has entered Sullins College, Bristol, Va., for her first year there. Misses Gladys and Elizabeth Wetmore, popular daughters of Capt. and Mrs. H.D. Wetmore, will depart today for Denton to attend the College of Industrial Arts. Mr. and Mrs. L. Eckensels have returned from a two-month visit to Los Angeles. Robert B. Caltrin left for Bryan on Thursday to enter his senior year at Texas A&M. • John D. Lofton Jr. Millionaire Witchhunt WASHINGTON - At the AFL-CIO's recent conference on the threat of the radical right-wing in America, Gus Tyler, assistant president of the International Ladies' (Persons'?) Garment Workers Union, laid it on the Line to the assembled multitudes. Just money and a political machine alone will not do the job, he said, unless the ideas being pushed have appeal. "The New Right is beating us in ideas and legislative initiative," Tyler declared, "because their tax-cut slogans have appeal. Workers are overtaxed. This tax-cut talk speaks directly to our rank-and-file. Regrettably, our side has been giving lousy answers to the New Right. We must advance ideas of equal appeal." The proper question, says Tyler, is not the size of the tax cut, but whose taxes should be increased. His suggestion is to soak the rich: "We have to get the names of the millionaires who pay no taxes and say to the people, 'You're being over-taxed because those bastards aren't paying any tax.'" Wild applause. Well, this is one witchhunt that Tyler and his union colleagues would be wise to abandon. Why? Because there are no witches. Actually, this is not exactly true - there is one. According to a current Treasury Department study, in 1976, there was the outrageous total of one person - a single individual - who did not have to pay any federal income taxes on an adjusted gross income of $1 million or more. In 1969, prior to the passage of tax reform laws in 1970 and 1976, there were 52 non-taxpayers in this category. Some of the highlights from this Treasury Department study include the following: — The number of "untaxed" individuals with adjusted gross incomes of more than $200,000 declined from 300 in 1969 to 260 in 1975. - In 1976, after the passage of the second tax- reform law, only 22 individuals with incomes were legally able to avoid any federal tax payments. - In 1976, of the 204,278 individuals with incomes between $100,000 and $200,000, there were 533 who paid no taxes, 618 who paid less than $5,000, and 2,054 who paid between $5.000 and $10,000. The Treasury Department study shows that eight persons with incomes above $500,000 concluded that they owed no federal taxes in 1976. But the Internal Revenue Service, after checking these returns, determined that only three of these persons belonged in the "no tax" category. Gus Tyler says that Big Labor has to get the names {he meant the name) of the millionaires (he meant the millionaire) who pay no taxes. Well, if he gets this individual's name, I'm curious to know who it is, because I don't know. But to say that because this single individual paid no taxes the rest of us are over-taxed is absurd. This is just another one of those lousy answers Tyler was griping about. Copyright. 1978. United Feature Syndicate. Inc Angle & Waiters Don't Fight Nature By Martha Angle and Robert Walters BRUNSWICK, Maine (NEA) - Picking his way through the construction clutter; Charlie Wing gazed out the living room windows of the nearly-completed house and said, "When it's 10 degrees outside this winter, it'll be 80 in here. By itself." ^ By itself? No furnace, no heaters, no stove? "That s right " Wing replied with a satisfied grin. "By itself." The secret, he explained, is actually quite simple. It lay In the broad expanse of window glass covering the south wall of the house under construction on a wooded 3.5-acre lot just outside Brunswick. Shaded in summer by nearby deciduous trees and a carefully pitched roof overhang, those south-facing windows in winter will receive the full force of the sun. On cloudy days and at night, the new owners will draw special, tight-fitting indoor shutters across the windows to prevent heat loss from the heavily insulated hous'e, and will fire up a small wood stove to supplement the accumulated warmth of the sun. Total estimated heating cost for an entire Maine winter? About $50 to $100, depending on whether one cord or two of wood is needed. The little house in the woods, and hundreds of others inspired by Charlie Wing over the past few years, represent a whole new approach to home-building in an age of energy shortages and soaring fuel costs — the "passive solar" design. At its heart, it is no more than a sophisticated application of common sense. A passive solar structure, whether a house, an office building or a factory, requires none of the clumsy and expensive collectors and pumps used in "active" solar construction. AH it really demands is a good southern exposure, heavy insulation and an interior design calculated to take advantage of natural thermal flow patterns. For the past several years, Charlie Wing and his wife, Susan, have been teaching hundreds of people from all over the country how to design and build their own passive solar, energy-efficient homes, and how to "retrofit" existing houses to utilize the sun's energy. At "Cornerstones," their own school of shelter technology, they run intensive three-week courses throughout each summer combining theoretical training with on-the-job experience in home building. In the winter, a more limited class schedule is open to Maine residents. Charlie Wing did not set out to be a housing expert. A physicist with a Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, he tried oceanography and a project for the Apollo 17 moon shot before scrapping it all and returning to Maine to teach at Bowdoin College. Five years ago, he was asked to teach a senior seminar outside his academic specialty. Having just renovated his own home, he chose "the art of the house" as his topic and began studying up. Within days, his course was oversubscribed and townspeople were flocking to audit the class. Wing realized he had touched a nerve; he quit Bowdoin the next year and set up shop teaching adults about hoine- building. The emphasis at Cornerstones is not so much "how-to- do-it" as "why-to-do-it." Wing's courses force you to question every decision that goes into the design and building of a home, to distinguish between that which is functional and that which is not. Why have windows on the north side when the sun comes almost entirely from the south? Why put the kitchen, dining room and living room all on one level, closed off from each other, when an open floor plan with step-ups between rooms would allow kitchen heat to rise naturally and warm the other areas? Why pump heat to bedrooms at noon when the warmth is only needed at night? Why, in short, work against nature and the laws of physics when it is so easy to work with them? As the energy crisis deepens, a lot more Americans will be forced to address the kinds of questions Cornerstones is posing to its evergrowing body of "students" fed up with housing that costs more than it has to simply because no one ever stopped to ask a simple question: Why? (NEWSPAPER ENTERPRISE ASSN.) Berry's World FOUNDED IN 1842 TEXAS' OLDEST NEWSPAPER Dedicated lo the Growth and Progress of Gelveston and Galveston County MANAGEMENT TEAM LESDAUGHTRY Editor and Pubfeher BRADMESSER Manegng Editor WADE J. PARKER Business Manager RONALD B.SCHULTZ Retad Adverttsng Manager DAVID LYONS Classified Advertising Manager niij YTUMA OrculBtionManager ROBERT LEYVA Mntl f* 30 ™ Pp^ 8 " DALE THOMPSON Production Manager BltLCOCHRANE Composwig Room Foreman CECIL DILL Press Room Foreman Published every morning by Galveston Newspapers. Inc.. 8522 Tetchman Rd.. P.O. Box 628. Galveston. Texas 77553. Second Class Postage Paid at Gatveston, Texas. United Press International is entitled exclusively to the use or repubication of al the local news of spontaneous oogn printed in this newspaper. SUBSCRIPTION HATES BY CARRIER. 54.25 per month, BY MAIL, $54.00 per year in U.S.. £108.00 outside U.S. Readers are encouraged to submit their statements or opinons on local matters for publication on this page. Letters to the editor, also are always welcome. PHONE 744-3*11 "Say, have you been reading these articles that Mrs. Mabel Willebrandt, our former assistant attorney general, is writing? If you haven't you are missing something. She tells how crime is linked with politics. Then our former President has written on his life in Washington, D.C. "It's too bad our system of etiquette don't allow everybody to speak the whole truth while they are IN office." August 8, 1929. •Selected aw) edited by Brvin Sterling. All ilghli reserved for the Will Rogers Memorial. For your Iree Will Roger* leaflet, send i kng, stamped, Mti-addresied envelope In WIH Rogers Leaflet, Box 4tf4. Dn Molrtes, Iowa 5010*. © 1978 by NEA. me "After all, it's my education they're foolin' with. I'm not,sure I like this back-to-basics stuff."

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