Nuclear Test Ban Proposal Turned Down .OFFSHORE WEATHER From Cape Blanco to Pelnt Conception: Northwest winds a lo IS knols loday, tonight and Friday. Fair today, increasing tog and low cloudi Friday. HUMBOLDT BAY TIDES (Pacific Standard Time) 01 A.M. Ft. P.M. Ft. A.M. Ft. P M. Ft. 1!-6:3S5.Z 7:53 .5 .: 1Z:52 0.3 13 6:505.0 8:445.0 1:17 2.B 1:52 0.4 14- 8:00 5.0 9:!4 5.2 2:24 2.5 2:45 O.S WEATHER FORECAST For Eureka and vicinity: Coastal fog or low cloudi foday, tonloht and Friday otherwise fair weather. Not much change In temperature. Hlgti 5! lo 58, low 44 to 50. Variable winds 5 to 12 mph Precipitation: 24 hour arnaunt 0 To date this season 25.68 To this date last season 36.39 Normal lo dale 34.00 Temperature: Highest 67. Lowest 46 Sunrise: 5:43 Â». m. Sunset: 6:53 p. m. Vol..91--No. 87--Phone-HI 2-1711 EURtKA, CALIFORNIA IHUKSDAY tVblNlNG, APRIL 12, 1962 lOc Per Copy 40 Pages Today Administration Plans Against Steel Price Increase NAACP Hurls Charge Claims Administration Drags Feet On Civil Rights Action WASHINGTON (UPI) -- Th National Association for Advance ment of Colored People (NAACP complained to Congress today that' it and the administrate were dragging their feet on civi rights legislation. NAACP Executive Secretary Roy Wilkins testified before a Senate constitutional rights sub committee on an administration bill to ban unreasonable literacy tests among voters. He said Ihi bill was "but a token offering 01 the full civil rights program' contained in the 1960 Democratic platform. Wilkins said the bill was adequate to meet the pressing needs of Negro and other minor ily group citizens," But he said he was pleased that it represent ed at least a start toward efforts to "extend and protect the vot ing franchise." . The favorable testimony of Wil kins and representatives of two other organizations - the Amer ican Civil Liberties Union and the Americans for Democratic Action _ completed the subcommittee's hearings on the legislation. Senate Democratic leader Mike Mansfield, Mont., said he hoped lo bring the bill to a vote shortly after the Easter recess. Other developments-. Several senators Taxes: said the steel price increase had reduced chances of approval of a section t of an administration tax reform bill. The bill'would allow businesses to deduct from their federal taxes part of the cost ot new machinery and equipment. The Senate Finance Committee is considering the House-approved measure. , Drugs: The Senate patents subcommittee went on record against a section of a drugs-control bill which would require drug makers to license other companies to produce their patented items after three years. The subcommittee agreed to a request by President Kennedy to speed action on the bill aimed at strengthening government controls over sale and manufacture of drugs. Muzzling: Chairman John L Stennis, Miss., of a Senate; sub committee investigating alleged muzzling of military officers said the protracted hearings would be accelerated. He said the list of Business License Citizens Group In Long Session A citizens advisory committee held a six-hour session lasting until after 1 o'clock this morning working on suggestions for a new business license ordinance the City Council hopes to enact by the start of the new fiscal year on July 1. It was the second meeting ol the Business License Advisory committee and at least one more will be required before the recommendations are ready for the council. There will be no announcement until the recommendations take final form, committee members said. City Manager Robert L. Williams Is chairman of the group that includes: 0. II. Bass, Earl \V. Cannam Jr., George G. Cloney, Francis Douglas, .1. Gordon Greenfield, Dr. Paul A. Grigorieff, Carl H. Gucttlcr, Robert W. Hill, ,1erry McKcOwn, Richard Nash, William C. Thompson, Roy l'. Williams, and Councilmcn Burr Cannam nnd Allan McVicnr. witnesses still scheduled to testify was being reduced, and thai as many as possible would be heard during prolonged hearings next week. Missiles: The Army's chief contracting officer for the N i k e guided missile, conceded during Senate committee questioning that he permitted fees that were "too high" to contractors who performed no actual production work. Col. John W. Graham told the investigations subcommittee that he tried hard to save the government money but there was no sel standard on "how high is up when we negotiate fees or profits." Airport: A Republican congressman accused the Federal Aviation Agency of "political payola" in allocating $29,265 for nav igational aids at an airport on a ranch at Johnson City, Tex. The ranch is owned by Vice Presiden Lyndon B. Johnson. Rep. Edgai W. Heistand, R-Calif., said he hac asked the FAA to explain "spe cial services to ranking members of the national administration." Talkathon: House Republican, staged a six-hour talkathon--eigh hours less than they had announced -- to attack Kennedy ad ministration policies. The G O P speakers said after winding up the demonstration at 12:07 a.m EST today that they felt they hat accomplished their goal of telling the nation that "the country has been brainwashed" by the admin istration. Court Ends NY Teacher Strike; Student Outbreaks NEW YORK (UPD-The city's public school teachers were ordered to return to their classrooms today by union leaders ivho reluctantly complied with a State Supreme Court injunction forbidding all strike activity. The decision ended a bitter one- day walkout that led to outbreaks by students in under-supervised classrooms across the city. The United Federation of Teachers (UFT), which called the strike ivhcn its demands for a $53 million pay package were rejected, agreed early today to obey the njunction obtained by the Board of Education. The strike, which affected nearly all of the city's 840 public schools, came to an end after a itormy, seven-hour meeting of Uie inion's executive board: UFT President Charles 'Cogen said the union agreed to the court order because it "entailed lenalties of jail sentences and Ransom Agreed On For 54 Sick Cuban Invaders HAVANA (UPI)--Jubilant mem- Â»rs of the Cuban exile delega- ion attempting to buy the free- lorn of the Bay of Pigs invasion jrisoners made plans today to eturn to the United States with wounded and sick invaders to je released under an agreement 'ith Premier Fidel Castro. The delegation, in face-to-facc alks with the Cuban leader who s demanding $62 million in ran- om for t h e 1,179 prisoners, greed to deposit an undisclosed urn of cash in the Royal Bank f Canada in Montreal! payable to ne Banco Natcion.il de Cuba, for ic release of the first group. The four-member delegation, in-: luding one woman, will fly to liami Saturady with the sick md wounded men. Two Cuban loctors will accompany the group iecause many of the prisoners till need medical attention. (Exile sources in New York aid the negotiators will report on ihat progress has been mode in ie talks with Castro). The agreement was the first top toward the hoped-for eventu- nl liberation of all the prisoners if the ill-fated invasion of a year igo this month. The Cuban exiles representing he families of the prisoners came icrc Tuesday lo negotiate with Caslro for the release of the Cuban invaders who were convicted nl a mass trial in Havana. severe fines for the rank and file teacTiers." The injunction that ended the walkout was granted by State Supreme Court Justice Willjam C Hecht who said that "teachers, as professionals dealing in a vita! public service, are barred from striking on the same grounds as are doctors, nurses, policemen and firemen." The walkout also was a violation of the Condon-VVadlin Act, a state law that prohibits strikes by public employes. If enforced, the striking teachers would be dismissed, but school Supt. John J. Theobald announced late Wednesday night that teachers who return to work immediately woulc be exempt from punitive action under the Condon-WadhVAct. Students Riot More than half of the city's 39,681 teachers joined in the walkout and the resulting lack ol supervision led to riots in several classrooms which were transformed into scenes resembling those from the film "Blackboard Jungle."' The worst trouble was at Seward Park High School on the Lower East Side, where 1,000 of the school's 3,500 pupils went on a rampage. The 40 teachers who were inside the school stood by helplessly while students ran screaming through the corridors, throwing books, eggs, and cartons of water at one another. Similar disturbances were reported at a number of other schools and extra police were called in to crush Ihe brawls. Negotiations which failed to resolve the dispute were carried on in an atmosphere of mounting resentment, aggravated by a political hassle between Democratic Mayor Robert F. Wagner and Re- uihlican Gov. Nelson A. Rocke- 'eller over state financial aid to education. Public Look Set For Moon Capsule SAN FRANCISCO (UPI) -The public will get a look April 25 it the space capsule which Amcr- can astronauts will inhabit when hey travel to the moon. The three-man Apollo capsule vill he shown at the Western Â·ipnce Ago Industries and Engineering Exposition at the Cow 'alnce. fiov. Edmund G. Brown will un veil Ihe seven-by-ton-foot nvlal capsule on the opening day of the 'Ivc-day event. Snow Cleared For Minnesota Opening Just the day before the home opening for the Minnesota Twins and over six inches of snow blanketed Metropolitan Stadium this morning. Groundskeepers shovel a clearing for a. row of chairs in the third base seating section. Officials for the Twins say, "everything possible will be done to play the opening game." And in California, it was a case of record April temperatures, almost heat waves, in Los Angeles and San. Francisco! (VPI Telephoto) April 20-21 Al Eureka Inn Program Completed For 2-Day Fores! Resources Conference A host of prominent names in Chamber, aid a listing of confer- he timber industry and government appear on the program of he Federal Forest Resources Conference to b. held here April 20 and 21 at the Eureka Inn. Theme of the affair is "full use of federally owned lands as it pertains to forest products and recreation." Sponsors, besides Congressman Clem Millur, chairman of the con- erencc, include Senator Thomas H. Kuchel, Senator Clair Engle, Congressman Harold T. Johnson. Congressman Al Ullman and Con- [ressman Edwin Durno. According to a statement ap- learing on the first page of the orogram, "This conference is Called to assist our forest Indus- ries. A re-evaluation of the policies pertaining to federal forest csources and recreation is the impose. We invite assistance and commendations in a construe- ive stocktaking that will supply ulditional vigor to our west coast economy. Hosts Listed The hosts for the affair include he Hu.nboldl Board of Supcrvis- irs, Ilumboldl Board of Trade, Eureka City Council and Eiireka Chamber o' Commerce. Testimony should be submitted o conference secretary, I). F. Jcnbo, in writing in quadrupli- Â·ale. The conference will open at 9 a. n., with the call to order by \Iiller, Invocation by Ihe Rev. )st:ar. Link, a welcome by Don !avc, president of Ihe Kurcka ence objectives by Miller. First speaker on the agenda is Henry Trobitz, president of the North Coast Timber Association, who will speak on "Our Public Forest Resources." He will be followed to the ros- trom by Leonard Netzorg, Western Forest Industries Association, on'"The Role of Forest Service in Full Employment." Local representatives to the State Legislature, Senator Carl L, Christensen and Assemblyman Frank P. Belotti, then will discuss, "Thu County's Stake in the Federal Forests, and Recreation Resources." Utilization Talks "A Forest Supervisor's View," delivered by W. W. Spinney, supervisor of Six Rivers National Forest, will follow. In mid-morning, scheduled for 10:30, John G. Miles, chief forester for Simpson Timber Company in llumboldt. will head up a discussion on "Utilization of Our Forest Resources." Unc'er that heading will come Joe McCrackcn, Western Forest Industries Association, on timber It-Day Recess In House At Easter WASHINGTON (UPI) -/The House will start its Easier recess at Ihe close of business Thursday, April 10, n n d relurn Monday, April ,10. Democratic Lender Carl forming a committee lo Albert snid Wednesday. smoking-cancer links. supply; John Zivnuska, professor of forest economics, University of California, on wasted resources; and John CaJlaghan, manager of Ihe California Forest Protective Association, on relationship between federal and state management of forest re- ources. From Noon until 3:15 p. m., the conference will adjourn for Good Friday services, a list of which is included in the program. Returning to business at 3:15, the group will hear a discussion (Continued on Page 3) Stocks React To President's Blast NEW YORK broke sharply (UPI) - Stocks heavy early trading today, reacting to President Kennedy's slam-bang attack on the steel industry's price increase. Not one group escaped the pressure ;md not a single stock on the board managed a point gain while at least CO fcl more. Losses in steels generally ran from 1 to 2 poinls and slightly smaller declines dolled Ihe blue chip list including Ihe lendinr- aulos, chemicals and oils. Tob:tc cos were hurl again by news thi U. S. Public Health Service is Rise WiH Increase National Defense Cosf By $1 Billion WASHINGTON (DPI)--President Kennedy and high Cabinet ad. visers held an unusual White House meeting today to explore c broad range of possible government actions to combat effects of (lit steel price increase. The meeting brought together Cabinet members and agency heads concerned .with the steel situation. The conference began 8:50 a.m. and lasted 40 minutes.- The President set up the meet ing and had not expected to par ticipatc personally. As the discus sion progressed, jonied the group however, for about he minutes, taking part in the talk One of the first results was ex peeled to be a statement from Defense Secretary Robert S. Me Namara concerning steel pur chases by his department. The President told his news conference Wednesday, during a scath- ng attack on steel management, that the ?(i per ton price rise would increase defense costs by about $1 billion annually. Steel to Reply Roger M. Blough, board chairman of U.S. Steel, called a mid- afternoon news conference in New York City where he is expected to give the industry's reply to the President's denuncia- .ion. Acting press secretary Andrew Hatcher said participants in the White House meeting included Ally. Gen. Robert F. Kennedy, Labor Secretary Arthur J. Goldberg, C o m m e r c e Secretary Luther II. H o d g e s , Treasury Undersecretary H e n r y Fowlei and McNamara. Other participants were Chairman Walter Heller of the Council of Economic Advisers and Chairman Paul Rand Dixon of the federal Trade Commission. A number of White House staff members sat in. Question of Collusion Hatcher said the question of possible price collusion among major steel companies did not come up. He said that (lie determination of any such legal issue was the province of the Justice Department. Hatcher said he knew of no contact between the While House and steel management since the President's news conference. At that time, Kennedy lashed jut at steel management, accus- ng the industry of a "ruthless dirsegard" for the public interest. ;ie said the price increase ,vas "wholly unjustifiable." Hatcher reported a b o u t 500 .elegrams were received at the White House and the ratio was about two and a half to one in 'avor of Kennedy's position. Hatcher d e c l i n e d to say vhether the White House had any Â·eason to hope the price increase Â«uld be withdrawn. However, he pointed out that the President made it clear he would like steel prices to remain as they were. Kennedy also lashed out al vhat he called "a tiny handful of itecl executives whose pursuit of irivate power and profit exceeds heir sense of public responsibil- ly." He accused steel manage- nent of showing "utter con- cmpl" for the American people. Pricing Practices Inquiry The unusual strategy conference Dean Claims Soviet Word Worthless GENEVA (UI'I) - The Soviet Union offered loday to refrain from further nuclear testing during Uie present 17-nation disarma- men! talks If Uie United States and Hritain would do the same. But the Russians made no mention of international controls as demanded by the West, and the proposal was turned down by American and British delegates who said a Russian promise could not be taken at face value. "I say this with regret, but we do not have any confidence in a Soviet pledge," chief American delegate Arthur II. Dean told the conference. British Minister of Stale Joseph Godber said "the United Kingdom could not lake up a Soviet offer which gives us no security at all." Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Valerian Zorin pleaded that Dean's answer was inconclusive,' so the American tried again. Dean Explains "I thought I made it abundantly clear." Dean said, "that the United Slates would find any unilater-,;. al moratorium unacceptable." Dean reminded Zorin that the Soviet Union had declared during' three years of earlier fruitless" ax savings anticipated by the Ue'el firms. When asked about this possibil- .ty at his news conference, the President said he already hat been discussing the impact of the steel price increases on the federal budget with Treasury Secretary Douglas Dillon. Faster de- ircciation schedules will be reviewed very carefully, he said. Increase Defense Costs The President said defense costs would climb by an estimated $1 billion a year because of the )rice boosts. The President endorsed congressional investigations into the steel rice rise. In the i House, Chairman Emanucl Celler, D-N.Y., announced his antitrust subcommit- ee would open public hearings May 2. Chairman Estes Kefauver. D-Tenn., of the Senate antitrust subcommittee, said there was a strong chance he would reopen learings on steel- industry pricing practices he held in 1957-58. A Justice Department spokesman said only that the matter was "under study." The antitrust laws bar collusion among companies on raising or maintaining prices. They also out- aw any "tendency to monopoly" that would result if a company is so huge it coerces all other firms into matching its price increases. Officials said, however, the law did not prohibit so-called "administered prices" that prevail in the auto and steel industry. talks on a test ban agreement that it would not test nuclear weapons. Yet it broke that promise, making preparations in secret and setting off a nuclear test series last fall. "There is no sound basis for an agreement based on pledges," Dean said. "Agreements must provide for international control. Past experience has not been happy." The Soviet call for a new unin- spected moratorium in nuclear testing came as the deadline for the resumption of American explosions over the Pacific approached. President Kennedy and British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan warned, in a joint appeal to Moscow earlier this week, that unless Russia accepts the principle of the need for international verification of a nuclear tost ban, U.S. testing will take place by Uie end of thid month. Neutrals With Itlissla The eight neutral participants in the conference lined up with Russia in demanding the suspension of all nuclear weapons testing as long as disarmament talks continue here, even in . the absence of an agreed-upon international inspection procedure. Zorin made no mention of in- .eniational controls in his offer of a moratorium. Russia last November made a similar offer of a voluntary moratorium depend- ng on national detection systems. The West rejected it. , J. Kennedy Threw His Real Sunday Punch WASHINGTON (UPI) - President Kennedy had never thrown a real Sunday punch in a news conference until Wednesday. Then it came -- a tumbling cascade of urious censure directed at steel management. The impact on 319 reporters and photographers seated before Kennedy was sharp and audible. 'here were expressions of amazement whispered about the State Department Auditorium as Kennedy laid the heavy lash of his high office on "a tiny handful of steel executives." Was nuilding Up What the reporters, and a nationwide radio-television audience, saw and heard had been building inside the President since late Tuesday afternoon when Roger Bough, U.S. Steel board chairman, walked into Kennedy's office and told him "Big Steel" was kicking up the price of its product by $0 displayed such emotion in public.' He pilloried steel management as being utterly contemptuous of IBS; million Americans. He said the price hike would cost the Defense Department an extra $t billion a year. He linked the steel price situation with the government's inability lo send armed forces dependents to join their men folks overseas. Repeatedly, he slammed the lop brass of steel management -- "A liny handful of steel executives .whose pursuit of private power and profit exceeds their sense of public responsibility." In short, he was darned angry. Or as a member of his staff said, "mad as hell." Vatican City News Dan( rtaar Mafiam naps UGQI rStUialU as several U.S. ngen. Democratk'-conlrollcd vas called Â·ies and longrcssional committees look new lim at the giant steel producers. The Justice Department may iiimmon a federal grand jury to uvestigalc the pricing practices if "Big Steel" for ]Â»ssible crim n.il violations of the antitrusl aws. The President also disclosed Wednesday that the Federal Trade lommission had started an in niiry inlo possible prico-fixin .Â·iolations. hinted broadly HIP tro|osed faster tax write-offs fo iiiu'hinery used in sli't'l plan nighl be delayed or caiicellc Â·omplctcly. This, would nullify Â» This struck at Ihe heart of Ken- ROME (UPI)-Thc Vatican City weekly Osservatore Delia Domcn- ncdy's plans for voluntary ceo- j cn tlK ] a y published an open letter mimic stabilization. Furthermore, addressed only lo "dear madam" ;hc slecl induslry had concluded Hint was an unmistakable attack a new contract with the Uiulcdjon Elizabeth Taylor prompted by Slcelworkers Union with the gov- 1 ' Â· Â· - ernmcnt's blessing -- and without anything about raising saying Â·iriiTS. Seldom, if ever, has Kennedy 7 Children Die JtlARE/,, Mexico (UPI)-Scvcn hildren burned to dentil Wi'dnes- !:ty in an apartment house fire. Fire department officials sail' 'ic blaze wns caused by faulty Iring. A four-monlh-iild baby Ihe breakup of her marriage to Eddie Fisher. It was an exceptionally blunt attack by the Vatican City paper,,. and it told "madam" that the' 1 way she is going she will end itv. "erotic vagrancy." Osservnlorc Delia Demcncla al-' so questioned Ihe actress's right' to keep Ihe one-year-old girl she ' recently adopted from n Gorman Ossorvalore Delia Domcnlca Is considered the weekly supplement n( the Vatican C'ily newspaper Ossorvalore Romano, lv.it is not :is relici'iil or as formal as the also was badly burned in Ihe tire, daily newspaper.
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