Independent from Long Beach, California on February 27, 1969 · Page 32
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Independent from Long Beach, California · Page 32

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Long Beach, California
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Thursday, February 27, 1969
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Page 32
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L. A. . SAYS Court decision does not favor violence By L. A. THERE IS considerable confusion over the Supreme Court decision last Monday as concerns school demonstrations. We hear many people say it favored students who displayed black arm bands to proiesi against the Vietnam war. It occurred several years ago in a DCS Moines high school. Four students were suspended when they refused lo remove the arm bands. The court ruled that (his was a silent and peaceful demonstration and that the school authorities overstepped their authority. However, in the decision the Court went on to say that it did not apply to disruption of classrooms, engaging in substantial disorders or injuring the rights of others. It was a clear w a r n i n g to demonstrators that violence and disruption of schools at any level was subject to suspension or expelling of students who took part in such disruptive actions. It i n t i m a t e d the demonstrators might he subject to even greater penalties. IN SEVERAL parts of the decision the court went out of its way to point out that the Des Moines case did not apply lo what has happened lo Berkeley. San Francisco, Columbia or other schools where violence was displayed. It was a decision of seven of the justices. The two who dissent eel wauled it to apply to the Des Moines case as well. This seems to he evidence that the court as a whole approves of drastic action by school authorities wherever there is any attempt to disrupt orderly education on the campuses of our colleges and universities. Here in California the actions taken by Governor Reagan and the Slate College Trustees has been in accord with this ruling. It has been emphasized over and over that orderly demonstrations were not effected. But where disorder has occurred through d i s r u p t i o n of orderly education, by marching through classes c a l l i n g for "shutting down the COLLINS St. school" and violence against students seeking to attend classes it is apparent ihe court decision strengthens the hands of administrators who are willing to face up to the facts that anarchy must not be permitted. Because of the general feeling that the court has been much too liberal in the past this decision in favor of ihe Des Moines students has caused some people to believe this is another liberal decision. 1 do not agree with this. If the students wanted lo show their opposition lo the Vietnam war by wearing a black ami band it is a right that should be preserved as long as it did not disrupt classes by such violence as has been displayed on so many of our campuses. It is important that in our disgust with the violence we do not go too far in suppressing freedom of speech and expressions of being for or against issues. Where this is done it creates support for demonstrators who peacefully express themselves. But this great majority of students are not in favor of the disruptive tactics used in so many demonstrations. THIS IS made clear by one portion of the decision which says "conduct by the student in class or out of it which for any reason, whether it stems from time, place or lype of behavior, materially disrupts classwork or involves substantial disorder or invades the rights of others, of course, is not immunized by the constitutional guarantee of freedom of speech." This, in my opinion, is a much needed decision by the court. It should clarify the issues we are faced with on our campuses. It is now up to (lie administrators to take all necessary actions to punish students, faculty or anarchists who are not connected with a school who create the turmoil. It is apparent such drastic action will be upheld by the court and certainly will be approved by the great m a j o r i t y of students, f a c u l t y and the general public. MEDICINE AND YOU By BEN ZINSER Medical-Science Editor SLEEP DEPRIVATION plays a key role in Communist interrogation of war prisoners, according to a medical journal report. In Korea, 38 of 78 American pilots confessed to war crimes as a result of interrogation techniques which included sleep deprivation. The program also includes isolation, physical discomfort and group pressures. Here's how the regimen works: The prisoner is placed in isolation and a t t e m p t s to sleep w i t h the lighls on. facing the light and w i t h his hanrls outside the blanket. He is cither partially or totally deprived of sleep. He may be required to stand, sit or m a i n t a i n uncomfortable positions. Everything is indefinite. A f t e r f o u r to six weeks, the prisoner becomes docile and may develop delirium or hallucinations. He is fed--but kept hungry. Eventually he is taken lo the interrogator, usually at night shortly afier he has been permitted lo f a l l asleep. The prisoner Is anxious for any h u m a n contact by this time. Isolation and interrogation are continued until a suitable confession is signed. Chinese interrogators have increased physical discomfort by adding manacles, longer periods of standing and have added a long period of education after confession. This post-confession period is popularly known as "brainwashing"--· but to the Chinese it is known as Szu hsing Ksi Tsao, or ideological reform. II miiy include pressure exerted by a group of eight or so prisoners who have already been "reformed" and are eager for their new member to see the error of his way. The interrogators, incidentally, usually have no formal training in psychology, psychiatry or physiology and generally have contempt for psychiatric theory. The report is by Dr. Richard P. Tucker of Ihe neurology department of University of Michigan. INDEPENDENT (AM) PRESS-TELEGRAM |PM)--B-3 Long Se«ch, Cdttt.. Thurl., Feb. ft, W» GEORGE ROBESON Quit dissenting and milk . . While fm hen, in London, I'd like io see some ordinary people likt the Beatles, the Burtons--you know!" Veneman quickly proves his ability to HEW pros j \ From Our National Bureau WASHINGTON -- A f t e r hours, old hands at the H e a l t h , .Education and Welfare Dept. m u t t e r e d into their martinis when it became k n o w n t h a t California's John Veneman was going to become the department's No. 2 man. The bureaucrats who make the wheels turn at HEW -- or any other federal agency, for that matter -- BAXTER OMOHUNDRO were darkly suspicious of the competence of a state assemblyman from a rural district to cope with the complex problems of the sprawling federal organization. VENEMAN was regarded as a let down after the appointment of Robert Finch as HEW secretary. The bureaucrats widely hailed the appointment of Finch, whom they knew from his background here to be a sharp customer who kno\vs the Byzantine by-ways of official Washington. But Veneman, first as Finch's transition aide and more recently as under secretary-designate, soon dispelled the hayseed image from the minds of the troops at HEW. In conferences big and small, Veneman's background in the legis- l a t u r e as a close student and a quick study of social problems came to the fore. These initial contacts with Veneman proved to the HEW functionaries that the Modeslo peach grower knows as much as they -- and in many instances, more -- about the inlracacies of Ihe legislation the de- p a r t m e n t must administer. MOREOVER, they found he's righl up to snuff on the most avant garde social thought. Veneman's proving of himself in the eyes of his subordinates is critical because uf Finch's higher level responsibilities as a confidante of President Nixon and as an influen- The famous victory of Dr. Hiawatha To everyone's delight, the seem- ingly-inlerminable strike at Skarewe University f i n a l l y came, to an end. It ended when the last surviving s t u d e n t striker drew his first Social Security check and announced he was abandoning his life-long goal of overthrowing Ihe government. None was more delighted t h a n Ihe distinguished president of Skarcwe University, Dr. S. I. Hiawatha. "I confidently predicted I would win I b i s strike if it took fifty years," he told H Victory Banquets, 12 television panel shows and 113 press conferences in the first three days. "And I'm proud to say I won it w i t h seven years to spare." SO IT WAS a happy Dr. Hiawatha who bounced into his office the following Monday morning. Adjusting the purple cockade in his green top hat at. a jaunty angle, he leaped atop his desk, executed a few practice, steps of Ihe Maori War Dance and, striking a pose, informed his secretary: "I am ready for my pre-breakfast press conference, Miss Delilah. "You may send in the television cameramen." "I'm sorry, Doctor," said Miss Delilah, nervously, "but there aren't any," m "The press is always persecuting me," shouted the good doctor angrily. And he called up the editor of the major local daily. "Doctor who?" said the editor. "Oh, yes." "I shall make an announcement of major importance," sniri Dr. Hiawa- Iha w i t h dignity, "at my daily afternoon No-Host Tea Dansant Press Conference." "Fine, fine. What on earlh about?" "Well, let's see," said the good doctor, s h u f f l i n g desperately through ARTHUR HOPPE the papers on his desk. "How about new regulations for parking lot permits?" His next call was to his Academic Policy Advisory Team, which had stuck by him through thick and thin. But they'd packed up and returned lo Madison avenue. He thought of leading the Tactical Squad on a charge across the cam- pus, which always restored his spirits. But the police chief failed to return his call. When the Local Wigwam of the Unimproved Order of Redmen called lo cancel his speaking engagement at their weekly Potlatch Dinner, he took the news with resignation. And he spent the afternoon staring moodily out the window, only occasionally using his public address system to announce: "THIS IS A WARNING . . . THIS IS A WARNING . . . If the yahoo who dropped t h a t gum wrapper doesn't pick it up, dire consequences will ensue." IT WAS THREE months before Dr. Hiawatha's name appeared in the paper again. He was arrested in a minor scuffle while trying to crash the network panel show, "Face the Press." The two-paragraph story on Page 32 began: "Dr. C. I. H a t h a w a i a , one-time controversial figure . . ." Friends said he never recovered from this blow. He spent his declining days wandering about the campus buttonholing every student who was black, bearded or Latin looking. "Psst, kid," he would whisper. "Wanna start a riot?" But ihe students, with that terrible vindictivcncss of the young, never did. t i a l member of the Urban A f f a i r s Council. In his minouncemenl of Veneman's a p p o i n t m e n t . Finch declared t h a t the undersecretary will have "Ihe full gamut of responsibility that the secretary has." LATER, at an important press conference, Veneman was quickly brought to the fore. Finch, who's been concerned recently about becoming "overexposed" in the mass media, left w i t h i n 10 m i n u t e s and the balance of the hour-long session found Veneman expertly fielding questions from a roomful of reporters. In sum, it's become increasingly apparent t h a t John Veneman, the hayseed from Modesto, is going to he the man with his finger on the buttons at HEW. And the thought gives no dismay to the bureaucrats. They're smiling i n t o their after-5 martinis these davs. THE U.S. SUPREME COURT has ruled that school children in the elementary and secondary grades are "persons" and citi/ens, and therefore have a right to advocate various causes in school as lona as the advocacy and protesting doesn't interfere with classes. 1 hope they don'i i n t e n d to apply t h a t rule to my children. My c h i l d i e n are "persons," I ' l l a d m i t , and n , i - tive-born Americans, tm. Hut I msisi t h a t they he classihed .is very sm.ill persons who cannot yot spell "citizen," much less be unc. They began advocating various causes at home as soon as they could walk around ihe room. They seemed to feel they had an inalienable right, under provisions of t h e U.S. Constitution, to stay up u n t i l 0 p.m.. io eat cookies between meals and to play w i t h my car keys, to name only a few worthwhile causes. 1 found t h a t a whack on t h e i r l i t t l e b o t t o m s usually quelled the protest if orders to cease and desist were ign r n ed. Km it seems t h n l school o f f i c i a l s , according to the high conn's niiijon ly opinion w r i t t e n by .1 u s i i c p Abe Forms, "do not possess absolute au- t h o r i t y over t h e i r s t u d e n t s . " and that "stale-operated schools may not he enclaves of t o t a l i t a r i a n i s m . " I ' l l go along w i t h t h a t . I w i l l agree w i t h Justice Korlas. w i t h i n reasonable limits, t h a t "students in school as well as o u t of school are 'persons' u n d e r our C o n s t i t u t i o n . . . t h e y are possessed of f u n d a m e n t a l righl s which the s l a t e must respect, just as they themselves must respect their obligations to the states." BUT THIS HASSLE was over a "silent protest" in Des Moines. Iowa, involving students who were told they could not wear black armbands to school to protest Ihe V i e t n a m war because l h a l sort of t h i n g t e n d ed to disrupt the orderly process nf education. The s t u d e n t s were Ki. 15 and Ifi years old. They can wear t h e i r armbands now and even engage in political discussion outside the classroom. But where do we go from there? Teachers and school administrators are loathe to gel. into one lawsuit vour a f t e r another on such issues as discipline, dissent or dress regulations. I suspect i h a t a climate of frightened permissiveness may prevail in the classrooms next semester. In l.ona Reach, the school district m- fiirN to ;«-i ,)n opinion from Ihe County Counsel's office on the new court r u l i n g before it starts worrying. I'm I'm abr;idy wnrrving. Would i h r lici ision wipe ihe district'/; regulations on proper dress off the bunks'' W i l l we be treated to the spectacle of third graders parading silently in the school halls carrying si.nns urging the making of love rather t h a n the m a k i n g of war? Or d i s t r i b u t i n g political campaign literature'.' I don't suppose things will go that far. hut I'd feel a lot easier if nobody told my sons they were citi- ?ens w i t h protest rights u n t i l they're a l i t t l e older -- in high school, prr- haps. I'v had ihings p r e t t y much my own w.iy u n t i l now. I t r u s t ih.it when my oldest boy f i l l e r s firsi grade in the fall, his t i M c h e r w i l l see u ii t h a t he does noi neglect his schoolwork because of p o l i t i c a l or social activism. Or t h a t she w i l l at leasl send me a n o t e to protest his protest. SPEAKING OK PROTEST, I have one from Mrs. P h y l l i s Moreland who accuses me of bigotry because I made a recent reference to "Negroes, Oriental-Americans and Mexican-Americans" at Poly High School. "When did these colored kids lose t h e i r American citizenship?" she asks. "This is precisely what all the fuss is about, isn't it?" I t didn't occur to me, principally because my Negro friends refer to themselves as Negroes. I suppose T could have said Afro-Americans or blacks or even "colored kids," as Mrs. Moreland prefers. But that doesn't happen lo he what "all the fuss" is a b o u t . 1 wish it were as s i m p l e a;; l h a l . 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