Independent from Long Beach, California on February 27, 1969 · Page 31
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Independent from Long Beach, California · Page 31

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Long Beach, California
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Thursday, February 27, 1969
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Page 31
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INDEPENDENT Htnut H. RMrr, taUitlf Dj'itl }{. KiJitr, Cv.Px m*rl C. Ctmtret, Gntril Miiiiir Btmi'd J. KiiJtr Jr., Bmitta M V'jlttr H. Polii, Aniitdtt to lit fiiliiitr Vittiat IF. trcem, Edhvr Milts £. Sim, Mlcolm Epli), Asiotiat fjiior S:rrli*t So*:!, Dei Obi, Edilorid P*£t EJrier L. A. Collim. $'.. :. 604 fht Arim. 90*02 T :'f Ej::ir £':::· 41! : ;f! B-2 LONG BEACH, CALIFORNIA, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1969 U.S. foreign policy falls into place THERE WAS a certain timeliness in the Senate Foreign Relations Committee's approval of the nuclear arms treaty while President Nixon was meeting with heads of state and of government in Europe. The 14-0 vote assures Senate ratification. That action will be a natural prelude for negotiations between the United States and the Soviet union well beyond the scope of the treaty, which is designed to curb the spread of nuclear arms to other nations. AS MR. NIXON himself noted before departure, it is proper to meet with friends before opening discussions with the "opposition." In his journey so far the President has been widely praised for his poised and deliberate manner. More important, during his first stop at Brussels he reassured Europeans with a pledge to consult NATO allies before and during negotiations with Russia. .This tone of respect, of inviting further partnership, assures some degree of success for the trip. The President could not have expected to cure the suspicions between France and Britain, which threaten the alliance. In fact, his final meeting, with President De Gaulle on Friday and Saturday, could well prove a sad anticlimax. Mr. Nixon's friendly presence, however, in conjunction with the Senate committee's vote, signals new energy and a new direction in this country's foreign affairs. Rather than preoccupying itself with Vietnam, the new administration is about to launch active peacemaking overtures to the only other super-power in the West. As a sort of prologue, the President let it be known in London that the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. will open bilateral talks in Washington in an attempt to cool off the red-hot Middle East. THE SENATE FOREIGN Relations Committee, for its part, is reported to favor the broadest possible discussions of arms reduction as a long step beyond the ratification of the pending treaty. Congress will certainly demand an advise-and-consent role before any commitments are made; but Mr. Nixon is too old a hand to try anything else when the time comes. This turn in foreign policy is an ambitious initiative for a new President. From a domestic political standpoint, the time is right; even former Vice President Hubert Humphrey has publicly endorsed the opening moves. Mr. Nixon's conduct in Europe, and the reception he has received, raise hopes that he will have substantial foreign support as well in his reaching for ways of calming the world's tensions. Congressional squeeze put on Maryland NO WONDER Spiro T. Agnew was glad to get out of the governorship of Maryland and into the vice presidency. Consider the problems of collecting enough revenue to operate a state peopled by so many members of Congress. According to UPI, Maryland has practically been blackjacked into granting out-of-state congressmen living in that state exemption from state and county income taxes. MARYLAND'S Senate first refused to pass the exemption measure as a matter of principle. Then senators reversed themselves after Rep. Olin E. Teague, D-Tex., threatened to cut federal aid for schools in Montgomery County, near Washington. The county is suing Teague for $194 in back income taxes. Although Teague was the only congressman mentioned by name, Maryland legislators said others were muttering similar threats. The attitude of the cowed state lawmakers was expressed by Sen. Meyer G. Emmanuel of Prince Georges County, also a suburban residential area for the nation's capital: "Millions for defense, not one cent for tribute -but this bill is defense against Congress." BY SOME curious coincidence, Agnew in his new office has been given the job of keeping or making the nation's mayors and governors happy. He will direct the Office of Intergovernmental Relations as a sort of ombudsman to answer complaints, cut red tape and so on. It looks as if his first big assignment will be that of trying to explain the incredible ways of congressmen to officials in his home state. TOWN MEETING I Questions postal charge EDITOR: In your editorial "Post Office politics; good reform target," you said there is a great need for reform in the postal system. You added that President Nixon's removal of postmaster appointments from political patronage was a step in the right direction. You also cited as evidence for your stand the "Kappell Report" (written by Fredrick Kappeli retired chairman of ATT) which favors junking the old system and transforming it into a government-chartered corporation. You say in your editorial that in a few years the American postal system will have to deliver 100 billion pieces of mail annually, and that the party that gets a change in the system through Congress will win much qublic gratitude. I do not agree with you. As a business administration major at Long Beach State, I am quickly learning the workings of business and economics. If the postal system is turned over to a government-chartered business organization I am sure we will see a great rise in the postal rates. I am also sure there will not be a substantial lowering of taxes to compensate for (he destruction of the postal system as a government-financed organization. People are not usually very grateful to a party which causes a commodity to rise in price. Although I am sure a change is needed, I would look for a different type of change. Long Beach ROBERT L. DUFFY Always the answer EDITOR: Leary of the Graffiti cartoon asks "If love's the answer what's the question?" Because he's so cute and we owe him so much (for all the laughs), he certainly deserves an answer. Here it is: Whatever the question -- love is the answer. The reason many people do not understand this is because they equate love with sex -- but actually, love is an attribute of God and He is love in person. See: I John 4:8 -- "God is love." Long Beach MRS. FRED B. DUNN West Berlin courageous, discouraged WASHINGTON -- President Nixon is visiiing a city today undaunted by the fact that it is surrounded by 400,000 Russian and East German troops, but discouraged fay the exodus of its young people, the slowdown of its industry, and the absorption of the United States with Vietnam. The week after the invasion nf Czechoslovakia last summer vou DREW PEARSON could buy West Berlin real estate for 10 per cent less than the week before. In this respect President Nixon's visit will be healthy. West Berlin needs a psychological shot in the arm. This is one reason why the West German presidential elections were scheduled to take place in West Berlin on March 5. It was to highlight the importance of Berlin and encourage its residents. WHEN I interviewed West Berlin's quiet, hard-working Mayor Klaus Schuiz shortly after the Czech crisis last summer, he was frank about Berlin's problems, a bit worried about the present, but optimistic about the long-range future. "Berlin is still the chief city of Germany," he emphasized. "And when Germans take a holiday they all want to come to Berlin." The man who has had the greatest faith in Berlin and who will help host President Nixon is Axel Springer, the big German publisher who is sometimes called "Mr. Berlin." He has been the No. 1 champion of that beleaguered city. In fact he moved the headquarters of his publishing empire to West Berlin and built a magnificent building housing the Axel Springer enterprises almost on top of the Berlin Wall in order to demonstrate his faith in the city. "This is a great city," Springer told me. "It is also a symbolic city. I like it. That is why I moved my headquarters from Hamburg here." From Springer's office on the 19th floor we looked down on the famous Berlin Wall, separating into two parts a city which once dominated Northern Europe. "There is my wall, and there is Mr. Ulbricht's wall," said Herr Springer, pointing to the long l i n e of masonry below. "In some places we share the same wall." Below was not a mere wall, but a series of fortifications as intricate as any prepared by the feudal barons of old, consisting of the wall itself with a revolving pipe on top which is hard for escapees to grip; an anti-tank moat; a plowed strip underlain \vith hidden land mines; a series of "dragon teeth" of twisted metal to stop any tank or jeep; a space in which German police dogs run back and forth on a steel wire leash, and finally a huge mesh wire fence with barbed wire on top. Such is the barricade between East and West which President Nixon will inspect today. Mr. Springer, though the No. 1 civilian champion of beleaguered Berlin, is a constant target of such liberal journalistic needlers as Der Spiegel and of West Berlin students. Der Spiegel is published in the Springer printing plant, but keeps up the constant drumfire of criticism against its landlord. Ironically, it was against Springer that the first student revolt started last year, later spreading to Paris, Warsaw, Belgrade, Columbia and many universities of the United States. West Berlin students occupied the lower floor of the Springer building, paralyzed delivery trucks and disrupted newspaper publication. Is Cong attack a retaliation? NEW YORK -- There is a very real question whether the new outbreak of Viet Cong attacks in South Vietnam is an offensive or a retaliation for American offensives violating an implicit pledge of mutual de- escalation. Ambassador Averell Harriman, who negotiated the understanding of military "restraint" which led to full-scale Paris peace talks, was not surprised by the new series of attacks. He has pointed out that the other side withdrew large numbers of troops last November in preparation for talks. BUT the U.S. pressed the attack. "We escalated," Harriman says. It's not so startling then that the other side also stepped up the fighting. The understanding Harriman worked out was not very precise. It cannot then be said flatly that the U.S. broke the agreement on which the talks are based. But that case could be made as strongly as a case that the Viet Cong have now broken the agreement with their attacks. The Paris deal ruled out indiscriminate shelling of cities as one condition for a f u l l stop in the bombing of North Vietnam. It did not say anything about attacks on military bases or installations. Nor, in Harriman's view, is it clear at what level bombardment of South Vietnamese towns and cities must be considered "indiscriminate." Rockets are not very accurate. Both sides have had their fire go astray on occasion. But the crucial question now, on which the fate of the peace efforts may turn, is whether apart from the explicit conditions for the bombing halt, there was really an expectation for military restraint on both sides. If so, the U.S. never put it into practice. How the question is answered goes back to last November. American military officials have insisted that the Viet. Cong and North Vietnamese pull-back had nothing to do with the Paris talks. They have held that it was a purely military maneuver to regroup. THEREFORE, on their recommendation, the U.S. pursued the "retreating enemy," venturing into areas the Viet Cong had held for years and seeking to break up the infrastructure they had left behind, weakly defended. But Harriman, who was the chief negotiator in Paris and talked regu- FLORA LEWIS larly with the other side, is convinced that the w i t h d r a w a l was a political gesture, the sign of restraint and de-escalation which President Johnson had so long demanded in return for a bombing halt. In that case, and Harriman is more likely to know than any other American, the aggressive American attacks in the last three months could certainly be taken by Hanoi as a sign of bad faith from the U.S. It is precisely the strategy of "talk and fight" of which Washington has accused the other side. "Talk and fight" rests on the belief that negotiations won't change anything in Vietnam, that talks can only confirm and fix the situation existing on the battlefield when the time for cease-fire finally comes. H a r r i m a n , the most experienced, top-level American negotiator,doesn't agree at all. It simply isn't the kind of war where lines can be drawn. Pursuing military advantage now doesn't necessarily strengthen Saigon for the political struggle which will have to follow the fighting. It does endanger the chance for ending. the shooting war by restarting the spiral of escalation on both sides. "IT IS essential," Harriman says, "to remember that, by definition, there can be no victory in a limited war. The war aims must not be changed now." This is a perilous moment. It. takes two sides to negotiate. It takes two sides to show good faith. Would set alimony limit THOUGHTS AT LARGE: --Divorce laws ought to be amended to include a "statute of limitations" on alimony, such as a maximum of 10 years, so that ex- wives would not find it more profitable to remain unmarried, while ex- husbands would not carry so interminable a burden. (Which recalls Wilson Mizener's mot that "alimony is a system by which, when two persons have made a mistake, one of them keeps paying for it.") --No matter how scrupulously or objectively written, no history book can contain "the truth"--for that is a matter of perspective and not of mere facts, and the perspective on the American Revolution in British history books, for instance, is far different from that in American his- SIDEWALK SENATE WOODY CAMMETT, band leader, Long Beach: Frankly, I don't know what we can do about it. Although I'll say this: we can get along very well without it. We've been negotiating for Colorado water for a long time. Seems to me we can sell them some now. EMMA STEFAN, retired motel manager, Long Beach: Well, I know I'll be all right. I live on the third floor. I don't know about the rest of the people. I'm sure getting tired of the rain, though. And I'm certainly glad I don't live in the slide areas. GERTRUDE ROACH, telephone sales manager, Long Beach: I don't think it's a question of whether we can take it. We have to. It's a shame what it's done to people. I wonder if we're really equipped to handle such heavy rains. I'm connected with the construction business, and it's really hurting us -both the workers and the contractors. Can we stand another storm? (Asked at Fifth Street and Pine Avenue.) SANDY JENSEN, photographer, Culver City: I've been here only three weeks, and I haven't actually experienced any hardship. My only experience with the rains has been through the newspapers -- I mean the slides and the damage. Psychologically, though, I can't take it much longer. DANNY MclNNIS, dental assistant, Long Beach: I had to swim out of my front door the other day. I don't think we can take any more rain. It makes you wonder whether civilization can survive nature any longer with all the slides and the people killed. I. .1. Perruccio, beauty salon co- owner, Long beach: We've, had enough! I've got a beauty shop on Pacific Avenue, and we've had many cancellations because of the rain. So the storms are really hurting business. You wonder how people survive it back east with all the snow and the rain. I tory books, even when the facts themselves are identical. --The trouble with party politics is that it permits no middle ground; as Jules Simon observed some years ago: "Cease being the slave of a party and you become its deserter." SIDNEY HARRIS (Which is precisely what happened to the McCarthy faction in the recent Democratic debacle--their dissent was stigmatized by the party leaders as desertion.) --The person who is proud of always having the exact time is more often the slave of time than its master, though he imagines otherwise. --Ninety-nine per cent of mankind sustain themselves by the thought that if they were rich and famous they would be happy, or at least happier; the other one per cent, who are rich and famous, know belter. (This is why there is a far higher rate of suicide among the one per cent--the attaiment of their ideal has stripped them of the final illusion.) --The practical function of dreams (beyond their symbolic content) was probably best defined by Charles Fisher, when he suggested, "Dreaming permits each and every one of us to be quietly and safely insane every night of our lives." --"Urban redevelopment" in the past has largely meant relocating the poor where their presence doesn't embarrass the development of the prosperous. --The reason it seems that the cost of living outstrips the rise in personal income is that the increase in the level of taste outstrips the rise in personal income; actually, our cost of living rise has been only 15 per cent in the last decade, compared to 50 per cent in Japan, which has the most booming economy and highest growth rate in the world. t

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