Independent from Long Beach, California on January 23, 1975 · Page 1
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Independent from Long Beach, California · Page 1

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Long Beach, California
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Thursday, January 23, 1975
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Ford defies Congress with oil edict ' · ·* ,· ' ' · : · . : ' · · - , ; , ; - - ' · · TM · - - . , · · : _ . · . - · :· : .. ' · : . . - Torrance oil i workers OK pact ^tf Pages' . · '·' HE 5-1161-Classified No. HE 2-5959 WEATHER Rejects Demo plea for delay, sets tariff Fair and warmer. High near 75, low near 48. Complete weather on Page B- 1 Patman falls, survives WASHINGTON (UPI) - Rebellious Democrats Wednesday ousted a third veteran House committee chairman, Rep. Wright Patman of the Banking Committee, but voted to keep Rep. Wayne Hays as chairman of the Administration Committee. Rep. Henry Reuss of Wisconsin, a 62- year-old, 11-term congressman, was given .Patman's chairmanship of Banki n g -- a post the 81-year-old dean of the House held for 12 of his 46 years in Congress. The vote in the Democratic Party caucus was 152-117. Hays, of Ohio, however, easily defeated his opponent, Rep. Frank Thompson of New jersey, on a 161-111 vote. . Thompson had accused Hays of using the panel's authority over the size of committee budgets and members' allowances to build a personal power base. TH]E CAUCUS also approved all incumbent appropriations subcommittee chairmen, including Reps. Jamie Whitten of Mississippi, Robert L.F. Sikes of Florida and Otto Passman of Louisiana, who'faced the most serious challenge, among the 13 nominees. The Democratic caucus will send its decisions, along with GOP committee assignments the Republicans approved Wednesday, to the full House for final action today. The caucus last week ousted Reps. W. R. Poage of Texas as chairman of the Agriculture Committee and F. Edward Hebert of Louisiana as head of Armed Services. It approved Reps. Thomas Foley of Washington to succeed Poage and Melvin Price of Illinois to replace Hebert. It took two secret ballots to unseat Patman. In the first three : way vote, Reuss got 130 votes, Patman 90 and Rep. Robert Stephens of Georgia 58. A Reuss-Patman runoff was required because no one got a majority of votes cast the first time around. Patman, of Texas, long criticized the Federal.Reserve .System for failing,to crack down on the banks that it supervises for charging high interest rates, said the big banks campaigned against him and actively supported Reuss. REUSS REJECTED this accusation. "I got no support, and I'm glad I didn't, from any of the financial interests," he said, and added that his first effort as chairman will be "to legislate lower interest rates around the country." Thompson got the nomination last week for Hays' chairmanship, but then was rejected by the caucus. Hays then got the nomination, which he claimed had been denied him earlier because it was voted on by secret ballot. Asked if he now approved of the secret ballot in view of his election, Hays told newsmen, "I don't know, but I do know one member came up to me with a big smile and said 'it isn't often I can stick it to Common Cause, Ralph Nader and the New York Times all in one vote.'" They supported Thompson. SMILES COVER varying emotions as three Democratic congressmen meet newsmen Wednesday after their party's caucus vote on House leadership. Henry Reuss of Wisconsin, top, won Banking Committee chairmanship from House dean. Wright Patman of Texas, bottom left. Wayne Hays of Ohio, bottom right, kept chair of Administration Committee. -AP Wirepholo Court backs suspended-student hearings WASHINGTON (UPI) The Supreme Court ruled 5 to 4 Wednesday that public school students facing suspension have a .constitutional right to defend themselves at a hearing with administrators. Justice Byron R. White said students have a substantial "property and liberty" interest in attending public schools which requires special protection under the "due process" clause of the 14th Amendment. The court affirmed a decision by a three-judge court requiring the Columbus, Ohio, public school system to advise a student why he was being suspended and offer him a chance to defend himself. White said these procedures could be delayed until after a suspension only when the misconduct posed "a continuing danger to persons or property or an ongoing threat of disrupting the academic process." The decision was hailed as a landmark by civil libertarians, who said it established students' right to defend themselves against arbitrary decisions by administrators. The Children's Defense Fund, Cambridge, Mass., which filed briefs in the case on behalf of nine students who were suspended during racial flareups hi 1971, said the decision should cut down the number of suspensions for minor infractions. CDF attorney Sandra Levinson said, "The most important fact by far is that relatively few sus- pensions come for acts that are violent. Common causes are merely tardiness, walking in the halls or smoking, and there is no need to suspend the student." White said the due process clause "requires, in connection with a suspension of 10 days or less, that the student be given oral or written notice of the charges against him and, if he denies them, an explanation of the evidence the authorities have and an opportunity to present his side of the story." Justice Lewis F. Powell Jr., a former member of · the Richmond, Va., school board, dissented. He was joined by Chief Justice Warren Burger, William H. Rehnquist and Harry A. Blackmun. Rate triples hi decade 'Fairy Tales 9 end in teen suicides MILWAUKEE (AD-Amy, 15, had always gotten straight As in school, and her parents were extremely upset when she got a B on her report card. "If I fail in what I do," Amy told her parents, "I fail in what I am." ] The message was part of Amy's suicide note. Dr. Darold Treffert, director of the Winnebago Mental Health Insitute of Oshkosh, Wis., places part of the blame for a sharp increase in teen-age suicides on what he calls "the American Fairy Tale." He says the number of teen-age suicides m the United States has tripled in the last decade to an estimated 30 a day and that more than half the patients in the nation's psychiatric hospitals are under age 21. He says the "fairy tale" has five themes: that more possessions mean more happiness, that a person who does or produces more is more important, that ··everyone must belong and identify with some larger group, that perfect mental health means no problems and that a person is abnormal unless constantly happy. "For some, the American Fairy Tale ends in suicide or psychiatric hospitals, but for. countless others, it never ends at all," Treffer said during an interview. HE SAID MILLIONS of Americans are plagued throughout their lives by a gnawing emptiness or meaninglessness expressed not as a fear of what may happen to them, but rather as a fear that nothing will happen to them. . ., He said Americans must stop evaluating themselves according to what they own or what they have done and learn to accept and cope with vanous mental and emotional problems. . "A whole generation has come to feel that it is un- American to experience any of these emotions,' he He says parents should avoid trying to make their .uiuTM,, live to the standards of the "fairy tale, and tfeat'them'a's individuals, as people rather than posses- S10I1 Treffert, who says he has been involved in suicide cases with children as young as 11, said parents should not try to push their children into doing certain accept"We measure our country in terms of gross I' national product, but overlook our gross natimjaj kneurosis, which is our preoccupation with producing, tejie.,said. Abortion foes stage massive Capitol march WASHINGTON (AP) - In a direct challenge to Congress, President Ford declared LONG BEACH, CALIFORNIA, THURSDAY, JANUARY 23, 1975 ' ' · ·" p ' Volu .TM ^-N°- ^ Home Delivered Doily end Sundoy--$4.00 Per Month eff()rt . reduce the nat i on s O ii con . sumption. ' '-. "I'm going to sign the declaration . . . to force action by the Congress so the country will have action and not limitations in the months ahead," Ford said to loud applause from 1,000 businessmen attending a banquet of the Conference Board. "If they don't agree, they ought to start coming up with a comprehensive alternative, rather than move in a backward way," the President added. Ford charged that some members of Congress are trying to "deprive the President of the capability of .action in the economy and energy areas. . . ." FORD ALSO said Wednesday that there are trends toward federal social welfare programs and smaller defense spending that must be reversed for America to emerge sensibly from the current recession. Earlier, Chairman Al Ullman of the House Ways and Means Committee predicted that Congress would overwhelmingly pass legislation to prevent the President's raising of tariffs for at least 90 days. Ullman said Ford had turned down a direct appeal · to voluntarily delay the oil import tariffs. They are scheduled to go into effect on Feb. 1 and, according to administration officials, will drive up prices of gasoline and home heating oil by several cents a gallon. Meanwhile, Treasury Secretary William E. Simon, who indicated in testimony Wednesday that the Ford administration believes permanent changes in individual income tax rates can be justified independently of the energy tax proposal, later said he did not mean that.. · . ; FORD'S TAX package proposes increasing energy costs by about $30 billion, with the money to be refunded to the economy in various ways, including a permanent $16.5-MUion reduction in income taxes. (Turn to Back Pg., Col. 2) ] ion new jobless receive aid in week WASHINGTON (UPI) The government reported Wednesday that a record 970,200 persons joined the rolls of unemployment- insurance applicants in the week ended Jan. 11, signalling another sharp increase in the nation's overall unemployment rate. The Labor Department said widespread layoffs hi North Carolina, Michigan, California, Tennessee, Pennsylvania and many other states had added the nearly 1 million new applicants to the record 4.6 million persons already receiving unemployment benefits as of the week ended Jan. 4. The trend indicated the nationwide unemployment rate for January would move well beyond December's figure of 7.1 per cent -- an estimated 6.5 million persons. The Labor Department will announce the January jobless rate on Feb. 7. The previous one-week record for new u n e m ploy ment-insurance applicants was set the last week in December, when 813,400 filed first-time applications. The Labor Department report said the total number of new applicants during the week ended Jan. , 11 was "a record high since benefits were first paid in 1937." FBI investigating ManselPs arrest Our National Bureau YOUNG BOY strapped to his mother's back participates in anti-abortion March for Life rally Wednesday in Washington, D.C. -UPI By AL EISELE Our National Bureau WASHINGTON--A massive crowd of anti-abortion demonstrators marched on Capitol Hill Wednesday on the second anniversary of the U.S. Supreme Court's controversial abortion decision and urged Congress to pass a constitutional amendment banning abortion. The crowd, which police estimated at 20,000, heard members of the House and Senate announce they would introduce proposed constitutional amendments aimed at overturning the court's decision. Carrying red roses and placards with slogans such as "Kill inflation, not babies" and "It's not nice to fool with M o t h e r Nature," the demonstrators were enthusiastic but orderly. They swarmed o v e r the Capitol, lobbying members of Congress and leaving roses and food at many congressional offices, particularly those of members who support the court's decision. AIDES TO Rep. Donald Fraser, D- Minn., who supports.the decision, said their office resembled "a funeral home" after dozens of long-stemmed roses were delivered by the demonstrators and other members for distribution to local hospitals. The demonstrators, who came from all regions of the country on buses that ringed the capitol, gave their loudest welcome to Sen. James Buckley, the New York Conservative-Republican who announced that he would introduce a constitutional amendment banning abortions except when the mother's life is endangered. "If America is to be the land of the free," Buckley told the cheering crowd, "American children must be free to be born." WASHINGTON-The Justice Department has informed Rep. Don Edwards, D-San Jose, chairman of the House Judiciary Committee's subcommittee on civil rights, that the FBI is conducting an investigation into the arrest last year of Long Beach City Manager John Mansell. Edwards had requested the investigation a f t e r Mansell's arrest in September by an off-duty, uniformed Los Angeles policeman for alleged, drunken driving, and after reports that Long Beach policemen were following civic figures during a police salary dispute. J. Stanley Pottinger, assistant attorney general of the civil rights division, wrote, "The Federal Bureau of Investigation has been requested to conduct an investigation into this matter. If the investigation discloses a violation of federal law, you may be assured that appropriate action will be taken." In Long Beach, Mansell said, "This is the first I've known of this (FBI investigation) at all, and I haven't been contacted by anyone whatsoever in connection with this matter." USTSIIDE! ^INDEPENDENT · STATE SENATE BILL lists union rights of public workers. Page A-9. · GOV. BROWN'S press secretary received welfare benefits through " clerical error." Page A-ll. · AIR FORCE SUFFERED $20 million damage from inflight collisions with birds last year. Page A-12.. · SECRET WITNESS. Page A-15. t A TIME TO LIVE. Page A-16. \ctionLine -- A-ll Amusements .. A-22 Classified C-9 Comics A-20 Editorial B-2 Financial B-6,7 Life/Style ... A17-19 Obituaries ...... C-9 Shipping B-4 Sports Cl-8 TcddThomey A23-28 Television C-18

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