Jtorfljtoest Ctmes "A Little Raw Meat Should Make Him Happy" The Art Buchwald Column Future Food Prices The Public Merest Is TAÂ« First Concern of This Newspaper 4 Â· Monday, February 26, 1973 Road Money Try as we do, we can't work up much enthusiasm for a bill that would order the state Highway Department to construct a ?2D million road from Little Rock to Pine Bluff. Which isn't to say that we oppose making it as easy to get to Pine Bluff from Little Rock as the state's supply of road funds will allow. Involving the state Legislature in the state's road-building business just isn't the way it ought to be done, however. Ironically, the Highway Commission is promising to get on with the Pine Bluff road with all deliberate speed, . w h i c h presumably will depend somewhat on'available funding (which is also as it should be). The Legislature, however, from Cabot to Three Creeks, is in an anti- Highway Department mood this session, and reason isn't at best advantage. Thusly, the state Senate, apparently well greased for the motion, adopted the measure, 20-5, at mid-week. Two days later the House went along, 58-21. Northwest Arkansas' representatives were prominent among the few dissenters (and later on, we presume, can be counted on to get together in drafting a bit of legislation which will call for a paving project from Gateway to Fort Smith, with spurs to Oklahoma, Harrison and possibly St. Paul). Prospects for the bill making it past the governor's desk are slim, we understand (since Gov. Bumpers is.quoted as saying the measure would wreck his own highway proposal). The size of the original vote, though, suggests the possibility of an override. We hope, in any event, that Gov. Bumpers follows through with a veto, then quickly counters with a viable highway construction program. That might'forestall the "railroad job" being done on behalf of the Pine Bluff highway, which for many reasons, isn't a very good precedent. That includes the principle of the thing. Senators Bob Harvey of Swifton and Dooley Womack of Camden spoke against the bill last week. And both made sense, in our view. Both agree (as we do) that there is a great need for a four-lane highway between Little Rock and Pine Bluff. But, they say, a legislative act is not the way to schedule state highway construction. Harvey adds that if $7 million a year is taken from the state's revenue sharing kitty, the proposed rural roads program in Gov. Bumpers' highway package will be scuttled. (Bumpers proposes using $6 million of revenue sharing money for county roads.) Womack, meanwhile, notes that Camden needs a new road and he promises to introduce legislation to that effect as soon as possible. He adds that he expects eight or ten such bills will sprout up as soon as. it appears certain that the Legislature is where the really big road jobs are going to be awarded from now on. From whence point the whole Highway Commission system comes into jeopardy. Putting Curb To The Car LOS ANGELES (ERR) -America's favorite adult toy, the automobile, is taking gas from all sides. Never before has the beloved eternal propulsion machine seemed so besieged. Environmentalists denounce it lor belching out more than 50 per cent of urban air pollution. Energy analysts criticize it for inefficiently guzzling up to 20 per cent of total U.S. energy consumption. Safety councils condemn it (or killing more people every year than died during the entire American involvement in Vietnam. Urban planners decry it for eating up 30 per cent of metropolitan land for highways and parking lots. And drivers berate it for falling apart, not only in minor accidents but during normal everyday driving, and for costing outrageous s u m s to insure and repair. Y e t Americans remain perplexingly schizophrenic about their automobiles. While nearly no one seems to like them, almost everyone wants to have one. There are about 85 million cars on the road today, and the total may rise to 200 million by the year 2000, according to some predictions. The implications of such a nationwide traffic jam are so staggering that even the most enthusiastic drivers of today's full-powered. air-conditioned, vinyl-topped V-Bs are beginning to think twice about future options. If they don't they may not have any. T H E ENVIRONMENTAL Protection Agency (EPA) announced Jan. 15 that rationing -- designed to cut gasoline use by 82 per cent during the May- October smog season -- would be necessary by 1975 if six Los Angeles area counties were to meet federal air pollution standards. Also in the EPA plan were mandatory vehicle inspection, installation of retrofit devices, conversion of fleet vehicles to other fuels (perhaps natural gas) and controls on stationary f u m e sources such as gas stations. The plan met with incredulity among Southern Californians. Many environmentalists smelled a plot to dilute the federal law. But EPA Administrator William D. Ruckelshaus said it would he "a serious mistake to think that we took an extreme stand..to scare people into believing that the Clean Air Act is bad." Huckelshaus has told t h e p o w e r f u l American Automobile Association last f a l l that "the public must grid itself for the possibility of substantial changes in commutation habits" in other major cities. Trimble Dam Ms. Elnora Camp, in a copyright article in the Feb. 15 edition of the. Eureka Springs Times-Echo, details the historical connection between the late Wilson Beaver, Sr., of Carroll County, the town of Beaver, and the naming of the dam and reservoir after the pioneer Beaver family. Â· Ms. Camp' a resident of the Eureka Springs area (near the old Elk Ranch), is a descendent of W. A. Beaver, Sr.' and she recalls the old Beaver hotel, the Beaver grist mill, and the old railroad trestle at the corn- jssiBnity of Beaver. She contends, too, that ttfcfe kte Congressman Claude Fuller, of Eureka Springs, was the FIRST to propose Beaver Darn, well ahead of Rep. Jim Trimble, a latter congressman who was a guiding i n f l u - ence in the Congress for flood control projects on the White River. A bill has passed the U.S. Senate, and is pending in the House' w h i c h would rename Beaver Dam to the "James W. Trimble Dam." 31s. Camp protests. She has sound personal grounds for the protestation, too. But Judge Trimble, whatever Rep. Fuller's good intentions, IS the man who hammered through authorizations for all White River flood control projects. Without question the memory of Judge Trimble merits a spot on the lake nearest his home. As for the memory of Wilson Beaver the lake itself will remain "Beaver Lake'" and the community of Beaver, we sincerely hope, will survive and prosper -- and the combination -- well, it is a happy one, it seems to us. Arkansas 212 N. East Ave., Fayetteville. Arkansas 727*1 Phone 442-6242 Published every aflemotin except Sunday, New Year's Day, Fourth of July, Thanksgiving Day and Christinas Day. __ _ Founded Jane 14, IBM _ Second Class Postage Paid at Fayetteville, Arlcansai MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for rcpublication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper and also the local news published herein. Â·All rights of republication of special dispatches herein are also reserved. SUBSCRIPTION RATES Per Month ---- ' ..... (by carrier) .............. $2.40 Hall rates :n Washington, Benton, Madison counties Ark. and Adair County, Okla. I months ....................................... $fi.OO I months ......................... M .- ........... $11.00 1 YEAR ................................. :;..u. $20.00 City Box Section ..... ( ........................ $24.00 Mail in counties other than above: 3 months Â· ............. Â· ....... .................. $7.00 Â· months ......... ;..;:.. Â·;...? ....... ....... . $13.00 1 YEAR .......... . . . . ....................... $24.00 ALL MAIL SUBSCRIPTIONS MUST BE PAID IN ADVANCE PEOPLE ARE UNLIKELY to accept any changes voluntarily unless they offer genuinely convenient, efficient and cheap alternatives. Free mass transit, incentives for car pooling, staggered working hours, four- day weeks and more office work at home are among benign suggestions for reducing auto use. More restrictive proposals include banning all cars from urban centers, stiff parking surcharges, penalty taxes on vehicles above a certain horse. power and limits on auto size. Since automakers and oilmen already are battling the government on emission control deadlines, gasoline lead content and safety-recall controversies, these forecasts have an apocalyptic air. But although funereal reports such as John Jerome's The Death of the Automobile (1972) probably are premature, it does appear that in this country, at least, cars are on the skids. The Washington Merry-Go-Round Tough' Nixon Makes It With Chinese Today In History By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Today is Monday, Feb. 26, the 57th day of 1973. There are 308 days left in the year. Today's highlight in history: On this date in 1561, an earthquake in Portugal killed tens of thousands of people and flattened much of Lisbon and other cities. On this date: In 1521, the Spanish governor of Puerto Rico. Ponce de Leon, sailed from San Juan on his second expedition to Florida. In 1623. the Dutch massacred a group of English colonists in what is now Indonesia. In 1802, one of the great figures in French literature, Victor Hugo, was born. In 1815, Napoleon Bonaparte escaped from the island of Elba, his first place of exile. In 1918, in World War I. German planes bombed Venice, Italy. In 1952. it was announced that Britain had produced its own atomic bomb. Ten years ago: U.N. Undersecretary Ralph Bundle was assigned the task of trying to end fighting in the Middle Eastern country of Yemen. Five years ago: North Vietnamese troops mauled a U.S. patrol outside the Khe .Sanh base in South Vietnam. One year ago: At least 116 persons were killed in a flood when a dam made of coal slag burst in West Virginia's Buffalo Creek Hollow after three days of heavy rain. Today's birthdays: Entertainer Jackie Gleason is 57. Ohio Republican Sen. Robert Taft Jr., is 56. By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON -- The real reason for the rapid warming of Chinese-American relations, according to sources who have talked to President Nixon, is that the United States has used its impact with Moscow to forestall a Soviet attack upon China. We were the first to report on June 12, 1969. that hardliners in the Kremlin were contemplating a preventive attack on China's nuclear works. Our story has been confirmed by a number of top journalists with access to the Kremlin's inner politics. This was on President Nixon's mind when he sat down with Chairman Leonid Brezhnev in Moscow last M a y . The two leaders discussed their national interests in the frankest possible terms. By laying their cards on the table, the President hoped to prevent any future misunderstanding that might lead to war. He surprised Brezhnev by warning that the United States would consider a Soviet attack upon China to be against our national interests. This was another way of saying that the United States might be compelled to intervene. Brezhnev responded with equal bluntness. by demanding who had made the United States the arbiter of disputes between Communist countries. Nixon replied that a war between Russia and China would shake the world and endanger world peace. F o r e i g n Minister Andrei Gromyko made a joke about "throwing in O u b a for good measure" and the discussion ended in good spirits. But Moscow got the message. Henry Kissinger has informed the Chinese of the American attitude toward a Chinese- Russian war. This has improved U.S. standing in Peking. The Russians, meanwhile, are highly suspicious of Kissinger's activities in Hanoi and Peking. The President, will reassure Moscow, however, ' that the U n i t e d States i s merely protecting its own interests and not w o r k i n g against Soviet interests in Asia. Those who are f a m i l i a r with the President's diplomatic maneuvers say he is totally dedicated to creating a world balance that will ease tensions and preserve peace. PHILLIPS VS. POOR Last Tuesday, thousands of poor people stood on Capitol Hill to let President Nixon know they were "somebody." In reply, Howard Phillips, the appointed executioner of the nation's anti-poverty programs, will troop up to Capitol Hill next week and let all those "somebodies" know why the President is cutting off funds for the poor. To prepare for what should be an ordeal for Phillips, the young conservative has hired a team of ex-federal investigators to probe programs he and the President want dissolved. Phillips is zeroing in on the community action agencies, which currently employ nearly 185,000 people, many of whom will go on welfare if the agencies dissolve. In Review LOWER ENERGY U S E . Bruce C. Netschert, "F,nergy vs. Environment." Harvard Business Review, January-February 1973, pp. 24-28. "Stating the conflict in its baldest terms: if energy u s e threatens t h e environment a n d continued growth in energy use means an increased threat, then that growth must be arrested." "There is a way of curtailing energy growth. . . . namely, improvement in the efficiency of energy use and consequent reduction in the level of energy input required to meet a given level of consumption." "There are strong reasons for looking at methods of improving the efficiency of energy use in order to reduce aggregate energy needs." "The energy - environment conflict has already brought on supply difficulties and higher prices, Continued growth in energy demand can have but one effect -- the intensification of that conflict and enlargement of its consequences. Higher energy prices for all -- business as well as the individual consumer -- are the general prospect. These higher prices will create incentives to use energy more carefully, thereby curtailing demand growth. The opportunities for achieving still greater efficiency are sufficiently large to affect t h a t growth significantly. One anti-poverty official in the Midwest was told by telephone to lend aid to Phillips' quickie investigation by looking for "fraud, embezzlement, serious misbehavior" not only in present CAA programs but also in "failed" or discontinued programs. At the same lime, ironically, officials in the South are stepping forward with evidence linking Phillips to alleged partisan handling of experimental CAA programs Affidavits in our possession name Phillips " t h e selection official" who reviewed and approved three experimental revenue-sharing grants totaling $251,750 to three southern cities. The three cities -- Wadley, Ga., Columbus. Ga., and Winston-Salem, N.C. - received the grants in part because each had at least one top Republican official in office, according to the affidavits. SPECIFIC INSTRUCTIONS OEO official Elizabeth Goud swears in her affidavit that she and other field representatives were given specific instructions on how to nominate community action agencies for the grants. They were told, she claims, to list the political affiliation of the local officials seeking t h e grants. Adds Ms. G o u d : "A number of staff persons questioned o u r having to provide partisan political information of this nature...." When s t a f f members protested to regional director William Walker and his deputy J o h n Dyer, Ms. Goud quotes Dyer as saying "the information had been requested because he and the Regional Director were trying to be realistic and secure the maximum number of grants for our regions....Dyer felt sure he could not get a grant through that was straight down the line Democrat.' Asked who the selecting official would be, he replied it would be Howard Phillips." Footnote: Both Walker and Dyer deny that the grants were made on a partisan, political basis. "We never asked for party affiliations," said Walker. "The list was compiled only to make sure that the mayor or congressman in the city that received the grant was not s t r o n g l y against the exp e r i m e n t a l program." A spokesman for Phillips denied any wrongdoing. (C) 1973, by UNITED Features By ART BUCHWALD WASHINGTON, D.C., Dec. 1, 1974 -- The government announced this afternoon that wholesale food prices have risen again for the month of November. Hartley Rasher of the President's Council of Economic Advisers told reporters. "While the wholesale price of leg o' lamb reached J93.50 per pound, we are very encouraged in -"e that turnip greens and Tielon rinds have actually down 2 cents a bushel. _Â· downward trend in these two commodities continues for another month, we believe we can reach our anti-inflation goals by 1975. Are there any questions?" "Mr. Rasher, wouldn't you consider the. price of lamb exceptionally high for this time of year?" "As you recall, in late 1973 we predicted a rise in the price of lamb due to a sheep blight in North Dakota. While 193.50 for a leg of lamb may be slightly higher than we would prefer, it comes to only $7.79 a month or approximately $1.80 a week, which is certainly w i t h i n t h e cost-oMiving guidelines. According to our calculations most families in this country can still eat leg o' lamb once a year." "Mr. Rasher, eggs are now selling for $23 a dozen. Does the economic council consider this inflationary?" ONLY WAY "Back in January, 1974, we warned the American people that the price of eggs was going up. The reason for this is that more people are buying eggs because they can't afford to eat lamb. The only way for the price of eggs to go down is for housewives to stop buying them." "Sir. the food price index shows that butter is selling for $19 a pound. Do you believe this is out of line?" "No. Actually we're very encouraged by butter holding at $19. In February, if you recall, the Department of Agriculture predicted that butter would be selling at $25 a pound. But thanks to a milk surplus this summer, production reached an all-time high. The President has sent the Dairy Farmers of A m e r i c a a congratulatory telegram for their co-operation in making butter a bargain item." "Mr. Rasher, my wife went to the supermarket the other day and she paid $15.90 for a loaf of bread. That was $4.50 more than she paid for the same loaf last month. How do They'll Do It Every Time Â« I NEVER SW SO MANV NEW CEREALS- WHAT HAPPENED TO ' B0THOFVOO.V TAKE ff EASY. 1 VOUCANHAVS ONE BOX. APIECE" THAT'S ALLJ I WAWT CHOKIES WITH THE PRIZES. 1 .' PIK.-EEZE.? CAN I SET THESE STUFFOS? Â«J THEY WAVE PUZZLES Â«\ IN .' AND POP SETS THE REST OF THE CONTENTS.' HAPPY.' MY BANK GIVES OUT CEREAL BOWLS AN' SPOONS.' you explain this?" "We believe this Is just a temporary thing and we're predicting lower, prices far next month. What you're dealing with here is a crust shortage. The bakers had to pay more for crust last month because of strikes in the Midwest crust factories. The President expects the strikes to be settled and bread prices should come down to $15 a loaf, providing yeast prices don't .rise. This is something that nobody can predict. But we must remember bread is a luxury item, and there is no reason to have it on the tablai every night." "According to your latest figures milk is now selling for $10 a quart. Does the government intend to do anything about this?" "If you willw recall, the government reluctantly gave dairymen a $2 milk raise in 1973. Unfortunately this turned out to be insufficient. Now I know some of you have written that the $2 raise we gave last month coincided with a political campaign contribution to the Committee for the Re-Election of the President. I would Hka to state categorically that the increase in milk had nothing to do with the campaign contribution. NO CHECK "When the milk producers went to see the President to present their check, they made no mention of their milk problems. As a matter of fact, the President was as surprised as anyone when they were granted the $2-a-quarl increase the -next day. But nobody bothered to check this out, which is only another example of irresponsible journalism." "Mr. Rasher, how do you read the next six months as far as food prices are concerned?" "We may see a slight rise in coffee, no more than $5 a pound, bacon may go up $1 or $2 a strip and tomatoes may sell for $3.50 each. But since we've made allowances for this in our food index 1 , we can see no unwelcome surprises for the housewife. "If she shops wisely and seeks out the bargains, she can still feed a family of four for $300 a week. But if she insists on giving her family chicken gizzards and flounder every week, then, of course, we can't be responsible for what her food bills will be. Taking etveryttaing into consideration we feel that November, for the consumer, has been a very good month." (C) 1973, Los Angeles Times From The People Lettuce, Like Grapes To the Editor: I see by the paper that we now' have a "lettuce boycott" This brings to mind the "grape boycott" fostered by these same people. A character named Cesar Chevez, trained in Saul Alin- skys' Marxist. Industrial Areas Foundation, with a secretary named Donna Haber, who had her early training in the W.E.B. DuBois Clubs, and allied by Luis Valdez of the Progressive Labor Movement and trained in Cuba, appeared in the grape- growing section of California at Delano. Most of the growers were small farmer-owners and a good part of the pickers were neighbors and fellow townsmen who lived there t h e year around. Only a small number were migrant. To call them underpaid is open to question. My understanding is they were being paid $1.80 an hour with many making from $3 to $5 an hour on piece work. Without getting these facts, Chavez offered them $1.40 if they would join his new and unused union, the National Farmers Workers Association. The'workers refused. Since the grape pickers continued to pick and ignored Chavez., he then brought in revolutionary g o o n s from sections outside the area, in- cluding SNCC and the far left "Civil Rights" etc., with the ludicrous situation of the rightful workers being picketed by outside elements who harvested and often beat them, but were unable to recruit them. Chavez then turned to renegade "men of t h e cloth" and the radical National Council of Churches for an aura of religion to cover his gangster actions. Through these pressures the growers (not Â· workers) were forced to sign contracts with the NFWA which left the workers with no way to fight the haed Chavez and his gang. Now, for every box they pick C h a v e z gets a percentage. The workers also suffer under a blacklist kept by Chavez. These are perishable crops and many growers have been force to quit or sell out so now there are fewer jobs and less money. This man, ' having tasted blood, is out to force workers in the lettuce fields to join NFA and add still more to his swollen coffers. With dupes and favorable publicity he may get it done. I. however, will continue to buy lettuce where 1 please and will stay away from Aztec black eagle. This is what will help the worker in the fields. Freida E. Morri* Fayelleville. From The People That Third Bank To the Editor: I read in your newspaper of February 21 that local financial institutions filed a suit in Federal District Court to prevent the Issuance of a charter for a new national bank in Fayettevill. Query: Is this suit in the. public interest? I do know that my father and grandfather ( w h o organized some eight banks -- state and national in south Arkansas) never had this problem. In 1928 the First National Bank in Gurdon was organized. The Comptroller of , the . Currency c a r e f u l l y investigated t h e character and ability of the applicants. ' F u r t h e r , h e evaluated the need for a new bank. I doubt if he sought the approval of the other bank in Gurdon. (Apparently this is essential in Northwest Arkan- sas.) A t . any rate the c h a r t e r was granted. Gurdon was a town of 2,000 population. (Based on this population, Fayettevill* should have 15 banks.) Arkadelphia, Arkansas -10,000 population ihas threa banks. (Fayetteville -- based on this should have nine banks and certainly this area is faster .growing.) In the lawsuit filed by local Fayetteville banks it was contended that the issuance of a charier would cause irreparable injury to the other institutions. Possibly ~ but a little competition might make the two banks Â· in Fayetteville better institutions. To answer the query, above: in my opinion, no. Rupert A. Stuart Fayetteville How Time Flies 10 YEARS AGO T h e Building Committee of the Fayetteville City Council is looking at sites fcr a wing fire 15 YEARS AGO A Fayetteville man was injured today when he was struck by a crane beam at the site 25 YEARS AGO Steps have been taken to Â·pply for federal aid of $150,000 for construction of thÂ« new station, in the north part of town, one of three facilities to build with funds from a recent bond issue. of the Catholic Student Center on Leverett Street. County Hospital on a' site across Highway 71 fi-om the Veterans Administration Hospital.
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