Haifa ftiliztn LYLE WILSON ESTABLISHED 187t Published Every Afternoon Except Sunday MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS MTD Boycott May Be Effective '*Â· J! Â·"""*Â« txoittiveij to HN IM Hi Hi Hrii new***Â»tr Â« weti Â« aN *r ntwÂ» 4luÂ»lcm. MEMBER OF UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL PUBLISHED BY THE CITIZEN PUBLISHING CO. Mail Address: Box 5027 Telephone: (22-5855 THURSDAY, MARCH 10, 1966 PAGE 28 rri- _ rÂ»_ Â·!.. itievuiiy Looks Forward By PAUL A. McKALIP Editor of the Citizen In just four more years, this newspaper will be 100 'years old. The weekly Arizona Citizen founded in Tucson -in 1870 became the taproot in that frontier settle- Â· ment from which today's Tucson Daily Citizen has grown ,as the Tucson community itself has grown. We who today have the honor and duty of giving this newspaper its strength and purpose are proudly ^Â·conscious of the Citizen's impressive history. But con- pscious as we are of the past, we are more concerned i the present and the future. Â£ A newspaper is a living thing. That is because a f.iiewspaper is people. The strong, steady beat of its pulse Sday by day depends upon the vigor and the character i-of the people who attend it and nourish it. Over the -'-years adding up to nearly a century, generations of ^newspaper people dedicated to the Citizen and to its ^iiome community have done their work well. :'" Today's generation is well suited to carry on the T responsibility with dedication and ability. The roster *of today's Citizen staff includes numerous winners of p awards for professional excellence. It was no chance ^situation last weekend that produced top honors for four ,- Citizen staff members in the annual Arizona Press Club Â£ awards. Others have won similar distinctions in previ- Â·-"ous years. All of them contribute to the team effort ";Â· which goes into each edition of the Citizen. ?Â·" People! Yes, this newspaper has a roster of which *Jt is justly proud. .- And a newspaper also is service. Its highest use' fulness is in serving its readers and its community. We 7 appreciate the fact that the Citizen is a welcome and ^informed friend which regularly is invited into the farn- J/:ily circle in thousands of Tucson homes. And we recog- Â»"nize that a good newspaper, like a good friend, should Â·--entertain as well as inform. In a larger sense, a newspaper that is worth its salt is a force in its community, and the record of the Citizen is testimony to that force. Again, we believe it has not been by chance at all that the Citizen, in the twelve years since the annual Community Service award was instituted by the Arizona Newspapers Association, has been selected to receive it nine times. The latest such recognition was received in. January. In our view, community service covers a range from meeting individual problems and needs to supporting broad community improvements and progress. Over the many years that William A. Small served as editor and publisher until his retirement Feb. 1, he frequently repeated a rule by which local issues and pro- "posals could be measured: "If it's good for Tucson, '* we're for it." . Â£ It was a simple, effective rule which has been re- H fleeted often in the positive, constructive attitude this ;: newspaper has taken toward local affairs and events. It Â£ will continue to be a rule by which the Citizen will be f- guided. Â£ Â· Â· * * * Â· . i Currently, changes are being made in the organiza- : tional structure of the Citizen. There will be no abrupt ~: changes evident in the newspaper itself. But t h e r e ~ surely will be a steady transformation in the future as E in the past toward the constant objective of producing I a better product. ~ This will not mean a change in the fundamentals of - news and editorial policy. There will be no deviation Â· from the strict line of impartial and straightforward H news presentation. In this age of instant communica- :. tion around a fast-changing world, we will attempt to t give our feaders-a thoughtful balance of news, of the ; - news behind the news and of clearly identified com; ; ment and analysis. And we will afford opportunity to Â£ others for the expression of legitimate opinions which Â·? may be contrary to our own. :;: As it has done over the years, the Citizen will con;:. tinue to put major emphasis on the Tucson community -" --its activities, its ambitions and its people. This news- V paper is a home-grown product. Its success and its loy- Â·Â· alty are due the place and the public it serves. : r Our purpose will be to make the news particularly 9 meaningful to our own audience. Our primary ambi- Â£Â· tion will be to merit the respect of that audience for - conscientious efforts to build a better newspaper and a * better Tucson. : DENNIS THE MENACE The AFL-CIO Maritime Trades Department is making progress in its hard nosed effort to prevent several of the beloved allies of the United States from aiding the Communist North Vietnamese against the United States. TWENTY-NINE u n i o n s comprise the Maritime Trades Department (MTD). They pro- u claimed a boycott in U.S. ports against all shipping of en" frss *.vcrld nstion under whose flag any ship engages in trade with North Viet Nam. At least 115 free world flag ships were in the North Vietr namese trade last year. That many were identified in the Congressional Record last Feb. 7. These ships variously flew the flags of Britain, Norway, Lebanon, Greece, Japan, The Netherlands, Cyprus and Malta. Fifty- two of the 115 ships identified were British. THE FIRST FREE WORLD ally to surrender to the MTD boycott was Greece. Its government announced last week that Greek flag ships would be forbidden to engage in trade with North Viet Nam although existing contracts could be fulfilled subject to certain restrictions. Sixteen Greek flagships were identified as trading in 1965 with North Viet Nam. Other free world governments will be under pressure to follow the Greek example if the MDT stands pat on its boycott. The expensively fashionable sea- so" for Trans-Atlantic travel is not many weeks away. Britain needs the dollars its shipping is capable of earning. The situation may cause British Prime Minister Harold Wilson to take another look at his hole card. THE LAST TIME WILSON looked, the card told him his government had no authority to forbid British snips to engage in trade with North Viet Nam. Wilson so advised the United States and apparently got no argument from LBJ. Wilson surely has as much authority to forbid British ships to trade with North Viet Nam as President Johnson has to pressure U.S. businesses to boycott the newly independent government of Rhodesia. Rhodesia has undertaken to reject British colonial rule in protest against London's insistence on a quickie transfer of Rhodesian government authority from the white minority to the black majority. The United States is an enthusiastic participant in a world trade boycott the British seek to organize against white Rhodesia. The Johnson administration pressures U.S. firms to support the boycott. A FAIR QUESTION WOULD be this: Under what authority does President Johnson undertake to regulate foreign commerce in view of the provision in the Constitution stipulating that Congress shall have the power to regulate commerce with foreign nations? The U.S. enthusiasm for this effort was indicated by a remark attributed in mid-December to Assistant Secretary of State G. Mennen Williams. Newspapers quoted Williams as having said that British economic penalties would bring down the white Rhodesian government unless the white rebels could buy supplies from modern-day private buccaneers looking for quick profits. Williams, one-time governor of Michigan, is the Johnson administration's No. 1 expert on Africa. LBJ AND WILLIAMS joined the British boycott against Rhodesia despite British refusal to join the United States in cutting off supplies from Cuba and North Viet Nam. It seems not to have occurred to LBJ Co. to suggest that the British help the United States against North Viet Nam and Cuba in exchange for U.S. participation in the British blockade of white Rhodesia. The Maritime Trades Department boycott may be irregular but it also may prove to be effective. Copyright IMt VICTOR R1ESEL S. Vietnamese Stall Shipping This is the last of two columns based on confidential reports made available by U.S. labor leaders recently returned from Saigon, to which they had flown to help relieve the strangled docks. Confidential reports from skilled labor leaders,'who flew to Saigon to help the South Vietnamese unchoke that port," disclose that the South Vietnamese don't seem to be terribly interested in saving themselves. IN FACT, THE PLUG in the bottleneck, the bone in the throat, the "tiling" in the craw of American waterfront specialists, is the Saigon maritime bureaucracy. Vietnamese, official and civilian, who control the unloading of rice and some military equipment, are in no hurry. Frequently they can't be found for days. They hold up custom permits--though much of the food and supplies is being donated gratis by America. Thus American freighters, low in the water with.vital cargo, have lain idle anywhere_from 10 to 60 days for want of routine permission to unload. THE WORST OF THE CULPRITS are the Vietnamese shipping agents. Without such an agent in any port a ship can.be virtually paralyzed. He is the representative hired by the ship owner to "nurse" the vessel in a foreign port. He secures a harbor pilot, gets the clearance papers, the unloading permit, fills in the necessary, additional crew men, provides for repairs and medical attention, gets new provisions and fresh water and picks up the ship's mail for the Â· news-hungry seamen. Judging from one survey made by the knowledgeable and utterly professional Mel Barisic, National Maritime Union vice president, Vietnamese shipping agents are more elusive than the Scarlet Pimpernel. MR. BARISIC SPENT three weeks recently in Viet Nam attempting to help hundreds of merchant seamen on idling freighters in those waters. He has no complaint now against the military. "They are all Vietnamese citizens and they have given almost no service," Barisic told this columnist the other day. "If there is no agent to solve the ship's problems and it can't get unloaded, it just lies there. And brother, you just try to get one of those agents. He is not in his office. Or he left a week ago. Or he is asleep. So in disgust many of our ships turn to the military but they really can't help a commercial ship except to unload us and they have their own problems." GRIMLY, BARISIC TOLD of the blood pressure-inducing experience of three ship captains. The S. S. Barasmina tried to get a ship agent in Cam Ranh Bay. Her captain sent 16 messages, says Barisic, to the shipping agent. The messages were ignored. The ship lay there 60 days. And there is the S. S. American Builder, a U.S. Lines' freighter. It lay unloaded in Saigon for 15 days -- because it could not raise a shipping agent. . There is the fantastic story of Capt. Beck's S. S. Louise Lykes. He hove her into Da Nang in mid-December. For four futile days he attempted to contact -his shipping agent. At the end of the fourth day the Vietnamese citizen casually came aboard. No, there was little he could do to help it unload. SO CAPT. BECK PULLED OUT, dumped part of his fuel to lighten his load so he could get into a channel for Saigon. When he finally arrived with his load of rice and military equipment, he could not get a customs division permit to unload the materiel the U.S. was contributing to the Vietnamese. Finally, days later, he did get this bit of paper. WHAT'S THE SOLUTION? Barisic says there must be some centralized control. It must not be in Vietnamese hands. Expert American shipping agents who can meet a freighter and get it unloaded, revitalized and homebound swiftly are needed in all South Vietnamese ports. "I talked to Nick Johnson (U.S. Maritime administrator) about all this," said Barisic. "He said we don't move that fast. Well, if they continue pussyfooting we'll tie up ships along the American waterfront just to teU the country what's happening in-Saigon. That'll get Nick moving." . It might. So would a hard-hitting congressional probe. Copyright 19Â« ART BUCHWALD It's Very Bewildering *HE TO PRET6NO H6 WAS WALKING IN HIS The U S airlines have been promoting all sorts of special fares lately and it's very bewildering when you're planning to take a trip, particularly since there are so many restrictions involved. I DISCOVERED THIS when I called an airline the other day and said I wanted two seats to California. "Very well. We can give you a special rate if you fly between Monday and Friday and promise not to smoke over Salt Lake City." . "I promise. What rate can I get?" "You don't happen to be an American Indian, do you?" "No." "That's too bad, because if you were an American Indian and left at four o'clock in the morning and returned at three o'clock the next morning, we could give you 33 1-3 per cent off." "GEE, THAT'S TOO BAD," I said. "Do you have any other special fares?" "We can give you 20 per cent off if you've been married for 50 years to the same person, provided you fly to California on your anniversary and return on the same day." "That doesn't fit me. What else have you got?" "There is our special weekend flight fare. If you're a practicing neuro-surgeon going to or from a brain operation, you're entitled to a 1C per cent discount." "Neuro-surgeons get all the breaks," I complained. "Don't you have any other special fares I could take advantage of?" "Here's one," she said. "It's good from Monday evening till Wednesday noon. If you're an American ambassador to any Scandinavian country and you're on home leave, you're entitled to first class meals in the tourist section of the plane." "I'M AFRAID I WOULDN'T qualify for that. Incidentally, I'm traveling with my wife." "Well, why didn't you say so? she said excitedly. "Is she under 21 years of age?" "I'm not sure," I replied. "Well, if she was and you both left on a week day and neither of you had sinus conditions, you would be entitled to a discount." "That sounds good." "If you were students and happen to be studying animal husbandry at a land grant college, I could give you each 45 per cent off, if you flew on Friday the 13th." "I can't qualify for that one." "COULDN'T YOU JUST make out two tickets to California at the regular rate?" "I'm sorry," she said, "I've never made out that kind of ticket. You'll have to talk to my supervisor." Copyright VttA "NHO'5 WINNING-THE FORCES Of FREHXM OH THE PiOPll'5 KMNWCIES! Letters To The Editor EQUAL TO 3 NORTH VIET NAM DIVISIONS To the Editor: The chicken-hearted talk of Senators Morse, Fulbright and Kennedy is equal to three divisions of North Viet Nam troops. These men, if they cannot say something constructive, should shut up. They never seem to raise their voices when Castro, Sukarno or Ho Chi Minh do something harmful to the free world. NEWMAN HAMLINK 2419 N. Orchard WHY BE PROUD OF COPPER QUEEN TITLE? To the Editor: A large section of the Mar. 5 paper was devoted to the theme that Tucson has become the "Copper Queen" in the mining industry. It was implied in this article that Tucsonians should actually be proud of this fact and even boast about it. I SUBMIT THAT the people of Tucson should take an opposite view. We should attempt to hide the fact that we are indeed the "Copper Queen." Ugliness is not something we, or the Chamber of Commerce, should be proud of. Amid the abundant yet rapidly vanishing beautiful things we have in this state, the copper industry does more than its share in destroying natural beauty. The mountains of slag and the gaping holes associated with open pit mining are blemishes which are going to be with us forever. The mining industry, is not noted for filling up the holes it makes after it finishes operations. IN ADDITION to the earth- defacing aspect of mining operations, we have, of course, numerous smelters belching clouds of smoke into the atmosphere. It is quite fitting that Tucson receives a significant portion of this smoke even -though we don't (and I pray we never do) have a smelter located here. Can the Chamber of Commerce describe the Tucson area as being smog free and surrounded by virgin deserts, and at the same time boast of its unfortunate position of being the copper capital? We hope that our town will appeal to tourists, but I doubt that we can be a tourist capital and a capital of smoke stack industries at the same time. THOMAS L. VINCENT Rt. 9, Box 507V YORK AT LARGE INCOME, FOOD PRICE ARTICLE FAR OFF To the Editor: We agreed recently with your financial writer Mr. Turpin as to the cause of a lot of the smog around Tucson, but we "Peking spies discover big news. American navy no fight land war in Asia." WE MIGHT COPY EXAMPLE OF SELMA To the Editor: With the approaching visit to Tucson of Sheriff James G. Clark of. Dallas County, Alabama, let's hope we all- copy the example of the folks of Selma, who gave everyone the opportunity to speak and to be heard, including Martin Luther King, Dick Gregory and Malcolm X. THOSE DESCRIBING Sheriff Clark as "a symbol of resistance to law" seem mistaken, particularly when viewed in the light of the actions of 20,000 fellow peace officers from all over the nation, who honored Sheriff Qark by electing him vice president of the National Sheriffs Association in convention in Atlantic City. EDWARD BENNETT 4723 E. 1st St. IT DIDN'T TELL HALF THE STORY To the Editor: Life Magazine didn't tell half the story of Tucson. When the people can't stand to hear half the facts, what would they do if they had to see all of it in print? WE MIGHT LET the article remind us these things do exist and try to clean up our town, A good place to start is right in the home. It might seem strange to some of the kids to hear right from wrong, but they would get used to the idea if told enough times. "MAC" MC DANIEL 2656 N. Chrysler Dr. Letters to the editor must carry tht complete name ind itrttt address Â«f tht writer, in extreme ind unusual circumstances, tht writer's Identity may ht held confidential and Â· pen name used for publication purposes. Short letters are tlvtn preference. The normal maximum allowed Is 300 words. The riiht Is reserved to reduce the length ef letters. H vfrom-wÂ» Af Â· J Â· Arizona Citizen Eighty-Six Years Ago in the Old Pueblo TUCSON, ARIZONA TERRITORY, MARCH 9, 1880 Enlarged With the present number of The Citizen we place before our readers the largest daily newspaper published, in the Territory of Arizona. This step became imperative through the rapid increase of our advertising patronage, as well as our constantly increasing circulation. In the present day of "books without number" and multitudinous newspapers, when all "may read as they run," the progress of a new, and the prosperity of an old country are gauged by the character of the papers which it sustains. Therefore, with the growing wealth of our Territory and the influx of population, it has become necessary, in our advocacy of the interests of the same to enlarge, that we may the more effectively perform our duty of pleasure. We shall endeavor to supply me latest telegraphic news and other information pertaining to the interests of the country, and, if possible, will not allow our enlarged condition to crowd out any interesting local matter. Changing Hands We understand there is quite a flurry in the real estate market, that considerable property is daily changing hands, and several not unimportant negotiations are pending; the price of town property has been very much enhanced by the near arrival of the railroad and the undeniable richness of adjacent mines. Compiled by Yndia Smalley Moore, Citizen historical editor disagree violently with his article of March 3 that present- day incomes and wages offset rising food prices as compared with a few years back. THE NIELSEN reporting agency is quoted as an authority, but we believe they are far off on the figures Mr. Turpin quotes. We read- almost daily in some of the leading business and financial magazines of the increasing rate of inflation. Practically all indicators are moving up monthly at an increasing percentage. Where the Nielsen ratings, as quoted by Mr. Turpin, go awry is that in the age brackets of 45 to 65 and up, which the Census Bureau estimates at slightly over 57 million, you have certainly not had any such increase in income as Nielsen reports. Also the Census Bureau reports that over 56 million people are under 14 years of age and for all intents and purposes have practically no income. IN THE BRACKET from 25 to 44, or about 46 million, less than 25 per cent of the population, these figures might apply particularly in all the large cities and industrial centers, but nowhere else. K, Â·"?. OSBORNE 5381 W. Bar X St.
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