Page 14 — Tuesday, September 16, 2003 ,3nbiatui (foxtti* Don't let Lyme disease stop your hunt By BOB SLEIGH Gazette Outdoors Writer In a few weeks, thousands of punters will converge on Pennsylvania's woodlands in pursuit of whitetail deer. Although the greatest threat to these hunters from a wild animal may only be the occasional encounter with a mother bear and her cubs, the threat from one of nature's smallest creatures continues to be a concern for many outdoor adventurers. The black-legged tick, more commonly known as the deer tick, can transmit Lyme disease to humans through its bite. When in their larval stage, the ticks are about the. size of a poppy seed and black in color. As they progress into their nymphal stage, the ticks resemble sesame seeds and are translucent with a touch of gray shading. It is during the nymphal stage when most transmissions of Lyme dis- 'ease to humans occur. Adult deer ticks are variable in size and chocolate brown in color; females will have a distinctly reddish or orangish coloration to their rear halves. "Lyme disease is a potentially serious disease discovered around Lyme, Conn., in 1975, and Ihe symptoms vary from one person to another. Usually, patients develop a rash that may have a ring-shaped appearauce similar to a bull's- eye, along with a flu-like ache, fatigue and a low-grade fever. Some patients, however, never get Ihe -rash and other early symptoms but may go on to develop arthritis, neurological dis- 7/ie bull's-eye rash is an early symptom of Lyme dis- (Photo courtesy of The Lyme Disease Network of New Jersey) ease. orders, heart problems and visual impairments. For those who spend a lot of time in tick habitat, there are several measures that can be taken to minimize the risk of contracting Lyme disease from tick bites. Vaccinations against Lyme disease are now in production; consult with your family physician about their availability and any possible side effects. Carry and use a good insect repellent containing DEET. Be sure to follow the manufacturer's directions, particularly when using the products on young children.' Always test the repellent on a small patch of skin before using profusely to determine if you will have any adverse reactions to the product. After exiling any type of tick habitat, do a full body inspection Three stages of deer tick Within the fish hook, the largest specimen is the female. The largest tick in view (outside .the hook) is a female American dog tick, which is shown for comparison. A ruler in 1/16-inch increments is on the top. (Photo courtesy of The Lyme Disease Network of New Jersey) Signs such as this one can be found in areas of Pennsylvania where studies have shown the presence of Lyme disease in deer ticks. (Bob Sleigh photo) of yourself, your children and any pets that were with you. Common sites of attachment include the underarms, the groin, behind the knee and the nape of the neck. Examine children often, paying special attention to the head, neck and ears. Early discovery of ticks and their bites is critical to minimizing the damage that can be caused by Lyme disease. If a tick is found, removal should be done carefully to prevent its mouth parts from breaking off in the skin. Use tweezers or shield your ringers with a paper towel or tissue paper. Grasp the tick as close to the skin as possible and, with steady pressure, pull straight out without jerking or twisting. Never use bare hands. After re- State's BUI enforcement efforts featured in FBI magazine Pennsylvania's task force approach to boating under the influence (BUI) law enforcement is the cover story of the latest "FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin." George Geisler Jr., waterways conservation officer and assistant to the director of the Bureau of Law Enforcement for the Pennsylvania. -Fish and Boat Commission, authored the article. In it, Geisler explored the link .between BUI and driving under the influence (DUI) and detailed the partnership approach the PFBC has taken toward addressing the issue. "BUI enforcement is not limited to the state's waterways," Geisler said. "In Pennsylvania, most boaters drive vehicles to and from their place of boating. Therefore,, when boat operators consume alcoholic beverages or controlled substances while boating, and then get into their motor vehicle, the BUI then becomes a DUI. "My analysis of Pennsylvania Department of Transportation statistics shows that from 19952002, the highest number of DUI crashes occurred in municipalities mat include major boating destinations and the roadways leading to and from these points." In the "FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin" article, Geisler discussed the more than 40-hour block of BUI enforcement instruction PFBC waterways conservation officers receive during initial training, complemented by follow-up experienced officer training throughout their careers. Geisler's piece also provided an overview of how the PFBC works with other law enforcement agencies and non-profit organizations such as Mothers Against Drunk Driving and the PA DUI Association. Beginning in 1932 as a list of national fugitives, the "FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin" has grown into a magazine reaching approximately 250,000 readers every month in more than 90 countries worldwide. It is widely recognized as the premier law enforcement magazine in the world. In selecting Geisler's submission as the magazine's coyer story, Edito r John Ott noted, "the article addressed a unique and important concern and demonstrated how to implement an effective program to safeguard the public." Geisler was also recently published in the Summer 2003 edition of "International Game Warden" magazine with an article on boating accident investigation, including evidence collection for suspicion of BUI. In 2002, the PFBC successfully prosecuted a record 70 BUI cases. The commission handled a mere 15 cases just a decade earlier, in 1992. The increase in prosecutions mirrors the growth in recreational boating in Pennsylvania over the same time period, along with the PFBC's increased emphasis on BUI enforcement. Tlie entire text of Geisler's arti- clefrom the FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin Is available as a PDF download from the Commission's Web site at www.fish.state.pa.us. From the homepage, select the "Latest News" option on the navigation bar, then click on the online version of this release. — By the Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission Game commission draws bobcat permits for season HARRISBURG —The Pennsylvania Game Commission, with assistance from several interested observers, publicly drew by computer the.names of 570 individuals who each will be awarded one bobcat permit for the upcoming 2003-2004 hunting and trapping season. •••The drawing was held Friday at the agency's Harrisburg headquarters. After a thorough review of the 3,563 applications received for the drawing, the game commission disqualified 74 individuals fpr failing to follow instructions, including mailing in multiple applications and bounced checks. Of the 3,489 eligible applicants in the drawing, an-additional 50 applications were drawn as alternates in case any of the first 570 individuals are declared ineligible during an application' review by the Bureau of Law Enforcement. Those selected .in Friday's random drawing .will receive, in early October, one permit at no additional charge to either hunt ortraponibotk The hunting season will run from Oct. 18 to Feb. 21. The trapping season will run from Oct. 19 to Feb. 21. The top 10 counties for those receiving bobcat permits are: Lancaster, 39; Lycoming, 30; Berks, 28; York, 27; Bradford, 25; Tloga, 21; Luzeme, 18; Clearfield, 17; Lebanon, 16; and Bucks, 15. Hunting and trapping bobcats is restricted to Wildlife Management Units 2F, 2G, 3A, 3B, 3C and 3D. Maps of the WMUs appear on pages 48 through 52 of the "2003-2004 Pennsylvania Digest of Hunting and Trapping Regula- tions." In 2000-2001, when the first bobcat hunting and trapping seasons in 30 years were held, hunters and trappers harvested 58 bobcats. In 2001-2002, hunters and trappers took 146 bobcats. In 2002-2003, hunters and trappers harvested 135 bobcats. "Based on the harvest success rate of these three seasons and our survey of unsuccessful bobcat permit holders, we conservatively increased the number of permits allocated to move closer to our harvest objective of 175 bobcats," said Dr. Matthew Lovallo, game commission furbear- er biologist. On July 21, the Pennsylvania Supreme Court affirmed a Commonwealth Court decision to dismiss a Fund for Animals' lawsuit aimed at stopping the bobcat seasons. The lawsuit was filed by the Fund for Animals just prior to the start of the 2000-2001 seasons. — By the Pennsylvania Game Commission moval, thoroughly disinfect the bite site and wash your hands with hot soapy water. The removed tick should be saved to enable identification, and medical attention should be sought immediately. Early symptoms of Lyme disease include flu-like chills, fever, headache, dizziness, fatigue, joint ache and a stiff neck. Subsequent symptom progression in- volves swelling and pain in the joints, which can lead to chronic arthritis, sometimes a year after the bite. Less common symptoms include heart arrhythmia, weakness in legs, facial paralysis and numbness. Antibiotic therapy is most successful when treatments begin during early stages of the disease. For more information about Lyme disease, the new vaccine and other tick-borne infections, visit the American Lyme Disease Foundation foe. at www.aldf. com or call (800) 876-LYME. Winged beauty The Limenitis Arthemis Astyanax, more com-, monly known as the red-spotted purple (butterfly), can be found from southern Canada throughout the eastern two-thirds of the United States and down to Mexico. It spends its larva state affixed to (most often) wild cherry trees and remtiins there throughout the winter. PFBC plans annual fall meeting The Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission will hold its fall quarterly meeting Sunday and Monday at the agency's headquarters, at 1601 Elmerton Avenue in Harrisburg. Commission committees will meet Sunday beginning at 10:30 a.m. and Monday beginning at 8 a.m. The formal agenda session will begin at or about 1 p.m.Mon- day. It is possible that commission action on some agenda items may be undertaken during other portions of the public meeting. All committee meetings and the review of the agenda are open to the public and attendance is encouraged. Among the items to be considered at the meeting is a final vote on a measure that would require an approved fire extinguisher to be carried on board all gasoline- powered boats. At its April 2003 meeting, the commission voted to seek public comment on a proposed amendment that would simplify the current rules of boats requiring fire extinguishers. The proposed regulation would require all boats with internal combustion motors (gasoline or diesel) of any horsepower to carry fire extinguishers. If adopted on a final vote, the regulation would go into effect in 2004. The commission will also discuss a proposal that would raise the minimum age of operators for a personal watercraft (a specialized type of small, inboard motor boat often known by brand names such as jet skis and wave runners) to 16. The item is up for preliminary discussion; a public comment period would be held in the future should the commission opt to proceed with any rule changes. — By the Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission KisM River fishing tournament The Roaring Run Watershed Association will sponsor a fishing tournament Saturday, Sept. 26, from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on the Armstrong County bank of the KIski River along a 3Vi-mile stretch of the Roaring Run Trail. The cost is $10 per person over 18 years old and $5 for participants 17 and under. Registration begins at 7:30 a.m. at the Roaring Run Trail parking lot at the end of Canal Road, Kiski Township. Participants can register anytime between 7:30 a.m. and five p.m., and can fish all day or just for an hour or two. Prizes will be awarded in two categories — length of individual fish and for the most fish of any single species caught. Other special prizes will also be awarded. Total prizes are valued at $600. Wading is permitted. Boats are not permitted. The event is catch and release only and will be held rain or shine. Monitors will measure and record each catch. Participants should plan to bring a bucket or stringer to keep their fish until it can be measured. Shuttle service will be available along the trail. For more information, call Bob (724) 478-1233 or the RRWA office at (724) 478-3366. Shotgun shoot scheduled The Heilwood Sportsmen's Club will hold a shotgun shoot Sunday. Sign-ups begin at noon. Memorial hunt planned the Floyd Clark Memorial Hunt will be held Friday, Sept 26, in Blairsville. Trophies will be awarded, including an overall bench trophy and one for the high scoring dog of the hunt The cost is $10 for the bench show and $15 for the night hunt All proceeds benefit the Clark family. For more information, call BUI Kirkland at (724) 459-8093 or Eric Stiles at (724) 479-8311. Chamber hosts fishing tournament KTTTANNING — Fishermen won't want to miss "That Dam FishingToumament," hosted by the Armstrong County Chamber of Commerce on Sept. 20 and 21, from 6 a.m. to 2 p.m. Fishing will take place between Dam 6 and Dam 7 in Kittanning. This (optional) catch-and-release fishing tournament will have pan fish, bass, medium (walleye, soger) and large (MusJae, etc.) divisions. There will be awards for top fishermen and junior fishermen. Fishermen/women may fish from the bank or a boat The price for the weekend is $12 for adults and $6 for children 16 and under. For additional information or to register, call (724) 543-1305 or visit the chamber's Web site at www.armstrongcham- ber.org. Proceeds benefit the Armstrong County Chamber of Commerce. Its mission is to support and strengthen the business, professional and industrial communities, to encourage the development of new enterprises and to advocate membership — all which improve the quality of life.
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