News Editorial* Dailu (Eitteen Sports THURSDAY, MARCH 10, 1966 PAGE 27 Space Spectacular Set This Month By Soviet Union .Â» v x ;^y^v^K^t^^ c ^*'^^ t * : f^;\'^ ^T^/XHv^V^ ~;*^/^'W Â·: ''' - vf \' ^ " '--' -^f;^^-' x ^l^^^^^i -^fe-^^^^^V:/^^ : :^ : S:?5 ;:v: '; v - : 'I* - S 5 "V * A* "*"" on the Line Workmen with a railroad snowplow crew near Erie, N.D., walk workman stands on a drift covering the wires. Line repair work atop hard-packed drifts that reached above communications lines continued today. Erie is about 30 miles northwest of Fargo. The in last week's blizzard in North Dakota. At the extreme right, a storm was called the worst since the blizzard of 1888. Expert Doubts Peking Will Allow Unification WASHINGTON -- ffl -A Harvard University Asian expert expressed strong doubt today that Communist China w o u l d ever permit any unification of Viet Nam to serve as a buffer state in Southeast Asia. Prof. John K. Fairbank told the Senate foreign relations committee that a unified Viet Nam "would be a fine thing if you could; get it." "But," he said''The Chinese Communists cannot afford to let Military Pay Hike Of 3.2% Proposed WASHINGTON -- IB'-- Rep. L. Mendel Rivers has offered a military pay raise bill that would give the military the same 3.2 per cent increase as the administration has proposed for federal civilian workers. Rivers, a South Carolina Democrat who heads the House armed services committee, has stipulated, however, that the military raise would be contingent on passage of the civilian bill. us into North Viet Nam without a fight, and we cannot afford to let the Communist Chinese into the South where .they : _would threaten the power balance hi all of Southeast Asia." Fairbank, director of Harvard's East Asian Research Center, under questioning by Sen. Wayne Morse, D-Ore., foresaw a military stalemate. A spectator in the jammed hearing room of the Senate foreign relations committee w a s Ceylon's Prime Minister Dudley Senanayake, who is here for a medical check up. Ceylon has diplomatic relations with Peking. Morse tried to pin down Fairbank on his statement that the Viet. Nam war is basically a civil war. "It's a mixture of people fighting in the country which has become a focus of international power politics," Fairbank "replied. Morse wanted to know if the U.S. position would be strengthened by a unified Viet Nam serving as a buffer between the United States and Red China. Fan-bank pointed out that it has not been possible to achieve the unification of North a n d South Korea because the "Chinese cannot afford to let us come into the North--it would be too close to Manchuria." The same reasoning, he said, would be true in Viet Nam. There was this exchange when Morse asked whether if the U.S. bombing brought on war with Red China, it would be necessary to be there for a long time. :. Fairbank: "Yes, but I don't personally believe our military want to fight a land war hi China." Morse: "I do not share your view that our military are as peaceful in this respect as the KY FLEXES MUSCLE Vietnamese General Ousted In Power Play SAIGON - UPI - Tne most powerful general in the South Vietnamese army was ousted from his command today hi a demonstration of new strength by the government of P r i m e Minister Npyen Cao Ky. Reliable sources said Maj. Gen. Nguyen Chanh Thi agreed to surrender his command of the Vietnamese army's First Corps in a meeting today at armed forces headquarters in Saigon. The tough, mustachioed gen- eral has long been considered the man with the most political muscle outside of the government and the man in the best position to lead any new coup d'etat. Ky recently visited First Corps headquarters in Da Nang, and sources said he came away with the feeling that Thi did not command as much political support as he had earlier believed. The secretary general of the ruling junta, Maj. Gen. Pham Xuan Chieu, also made a recent visit to Da Nang to sound out political leaders there. President of the United States is." Morse wanted to know why the United Nations was not moving in with peace-keeping forces that would impose a cease-fire in Viet Nam. "To impose a cease-fire means fighting," Fairbank said. "The other countries are letting us do it." Flu Curtails Visiting Hours Due to an increase hi upper respiratory infections and flu symptoms in the area, Tucson General Hospital temporarily will discontinue its 1 p.m. to 8 p.m. visiting hours, except for critical patients. Administrator C. D. Gron said the action was taken "for the protection-of our patients, their families and visitors." There is an appreciable amount of flu still circulating in the community' but spread of the disease cannot be classified as an epidemic, said Dr. Frederick Brady, director of the Pima County Health Department. NOISY INTERRUPTION Powell Meets The Poor By JIM BECKLER WASHINGTON - H) - In a few strides, Rep. Adam Clayton Powell moved from his lofty perch as a chairman questioning cabinet officers about the antipoverty program to a shouting, face-to-face meeting with the poor. They were waiting in a big room alongside the hearing room of Powell's House Education and labor committee. Powell, a New York Democrat, left John W. Gardner, secretary of health, education and welfare, in the witness seat to go talk to them. They were from Bedford- Stuyvesant and Harlem, Negro areas in Brooklyn and Manhattan, and represented two or three groups which had applied for antipoverty funds. They had been at him earlier about money they wanted from the poverty program and he had promised to come back, "I've got good news," he cried as he entered the room. "A member of the federal government has just gotten on a plane with a check for $200,000 for the Head Start program in Bedford- Stuyvesant." They applauded, shouted and crowded around the ring of policemen hi the room moved closer, too. Powell, the Baptist preacher, took over from Powell, the congressman, and began a talk about the need for dignity and pride in Negroes. "Think big! Think black!" he said, and the crowd responded with claps and rhythmic shouts. But the revival meeting atmosphere was shattered by a big woman who pushed her way up to Powell and started shouting louder ihan he. "What about all these policemen? This is terrible. This is an armed camp. Everywhere we go there are policemen. We're not criminals!" Before Powell could regain control the room erupted with the angry, urgent voices of the poor, accusing Powell of favoring jobs over community action in the poverty program. "Jobs aren't a big deal. If industry doesn't open up jobs for a man he still doesn't have anything. We need community action. We need pressure." They were all talking at once. Only the loudest could be heard. "Brother Powell, why don't you stress human rights instead of civil rights? We want to eat." "What a b o u t Mississippi? They don't have clothes to send then- kids to school. We got to raise clothes for them." "You should investigate that Head Start They pay those girls $50-a-day and t h e y just sit around and talk sex and the kids run around like idiots." "We worked all summer and gave our sweat and we're still working and we ain't got a penny of that $1.5 billion the U.S. government has put into fighting poverty." "You should investigate urban renewal. It's just Negro removal. We need money to fight the power structure that's trying to move us out." "What about Viet Nam? They talk about social action in Viet Nam. What about social action here?" "Give us three years of community action and we'll uplift our communities." "Turn us loose from the red tape!" Powell, s n i 3 i ii. g, cajoling, promising, agreeing, arguing, stood his ground for nearly 20 minutes as the voices assailed him. Attracted by the noise, scores of people jammed the room and the corridor outside. Powell ordered three committee staff members to go to Bedford-Stuyvesant Monday. And then, shaking hands, patting h e a d s and smiling, he moved off. "Call me, anytime," he said. "Make money.' it collect. It's y o u r IF CITY, COUNTY AGREE Randolph Park To Get Underground Center By CHARLES TURBYVILLE Citizen Staff Writer A city - county communications and emergency operating center to cost $550,000 will be built underground at Randolph Park provided the City Council and the Board of Supervisors can iron out differences when they meet March 23. The plan involves $173,500 from the city, $105.096 from the county and $272,500 from the federal government, according to figures supplied by Col. Albert Stoltz, deputy director of t h e Tucson-Pima County Civil Defense Agency. City Manager Mark Keane said he. hopes the county will agree to the joint center at Randolph Park. If not, he added, the city probably will go ahead by itself. Not providing space for county facilities would reduce the cost of the center to $442,172, according to Stoltz. The disagreement between city and county now focuses on the location of a situation room. This is part of the emergency operations center, where local government officials would go ;o direct operations during a major disaster. C o u n t y Planning Director John Tsaguris said the county a v o r s putting the situation room downtown in underground space provided by construction of the $3.1 million county parking garage. The advantages of this course, he said, are that it may be cheaper, since the undergrounc space is going to be built any way, and a downtown location would make it easier to keep information required in emer gencies up to date. City officials insist that separating the situation room from the communications equipmen would' he both inefficient anc more expensive. They are backed in that view by Maj. Gen. Benjamin Pochy- la, commander of Ft. Huachuca who recently made a study of the matter. The c o u n t y at one time wanted to put the entire center --including the communications equipment--downtown. Tsaguris said the county has now been persuaded that this wouldn't be wise. Pochyla's report showed this ;o be impractical because radio equipment downtown is subject o a great deal of electrical interference, he said. The center, if built, would put n one location the communica- ions equipment needed by city and county for both day-to-day operations and emergencies. All the city's equipment is at landolph Park now. The county Bow has its communications Â·equipment at t h r e e different laces. Â· Dogs Pave Way For Record Bid MOSCOW --UPI-- Blackie and Breeze, Russia's orbit- ng canines, have r paved the way for a new space spec- acular this month that will ake Russian cosmonauts Â· three times higher than man has ever flown, informed sources said today. The two dogs, now in their 19th day in orbit of the Earth, have proved it is safe for Soviet spacemen to soar into the Vac Allen belts of heavy radiation more than 500 miles above the larth, the sources said. THE SOURCES added that Blackie and Breeze : will-be returned to Earth soon and are to be followed into orbit within the next 20 days by two or more men in the record Â·- breaking space flight. The planned space shot--the first Russian manned flight in year--will be intended to break all orbital altitude records and may go for the two- week endurance record held by the United States, they said. The altitude record for manned spaceflight was established March 18, 1965, when Voskhod 2, carrying Lt. Col. Alexei Leonov and Col. Pavel Belyayev, went to 308 miles above the Earth at the highest point in its orbit. The highest U.S. spacemen have flown is 217 miles. ; , Â· Â· Â· Webb Sees Soviets On Moon First WASHINGTON --UPI- Space chief James E. Webb said today he considers chances greater than a year ago that Russia will beat the United States to he moon. At a hearing dominated by concern over where the space jrogram is going, Webb told he House science committee he bought U. S. astronauts could and on the moon in 1969. But "there is more chance ban I thought a year ago : that lussia will be there before .969," he added. U.S. MEDICINE: CRISIS AND PROMISE--3 'Super Doctors' Must Delegate Much Of Present Duties Under the impact of new demand and elaborate federal programs, traditional ways of U.S. medicine may be reshaped in an era of innovation. Here's a look at the forms this evolution might take. Third of five articles on U.S. medicine today. By ALTON BLAKESLEE AP Science Writer Dramatic, profound changes are spreading from the collision between new health demands and traditional care. Emerging, in a sense, is the "super doctor" and "super nurse." The do-it-all-yourself days of the physician are closing out. Instead, he's been becoming more the quarterback of a new kind of health team. He is, of necessity, delegating some familiar old functions to people Â·pecifically trained to perform them. "Fifteen years ago, a doctor would have screamed if a nurse dared to give a hypodermic or set up an intravenous feeding. Now it's becoming routine for her," one physician remarked. Time is called the scarcest commodity for the doctor who spent 10 years or more learning his skills. He is stepping up the ladder, to the top of a pyramid where he can care for more people, do more and new things. In responsibilities and skills, the registered nurse is moving up, too. Licensed practical nurses now perform some of the registered nurses' former chores, including changing simple dressings, and hospitals now have nearly 130,000 such practical n u r s e s . Technicians, clerks, secretaries, business school graduates, housekeepers, are performing duties once shouldered by doctor or nurse. Appearing now is the nurse- midwife -- the Johns Hopkins Hospital is training some -- for "there is no possibility that all the infants going to be born can be delivered by physicians," said Dr. Thomas B. Turner, Hopkins Medical School dean. "Also," he added, "there is no possibility of having enough psychiatrists to deal individually with all patients. Again, the physicians must have help from allied professions." Nurse-midwives are trained to handle routine prenatal and postnatal care, including advice on feeding infants, and to perform deliveries, unless complications are suspected or do arise. And why not, several authorities suggest, borrow from the military system that quickly Trains "medics" or corpsmen to high skill for specific life-saving work on the battlefield? Their counterparts can be used at home. Some medical leaders object that the homefront "medic" might "not know when he's getting in over his head, and might harm the patient" Proponents think he could perform with awareness of his own limitations, and at least provide services where none exist. Changes -- not all of which cither patients or doctors may liks -- have .been coming. House calls by doctors are far less frequent. Some experts predict development of special assistants to take your medical history, before the doctor sees you to ask more questions, and make his diagnosis and recommendations. In most discussions of change from c)d ways, there is concern about maintaining quality of care and training, and the persona] touch in medicine. And sometimes fears about government dictation of how medicine shall be practiced. But more changes are ahead to meet the demand for more health services. "The public now is collectively bargaining for medical care. The medical profession has been concerned with what it thinks the patient needs. Now society is demanding things, which may or may not be related to need," said Dr. George A. Wolf Jr., vice-president for medical and dental affairs of Tufts University, and execu- tive director of Tufts-New England Medical Center. In 1940, one in three of all health workers was a physician, said Dr. William H. Stewart, surgeon - general of the U.S. Public Health Service. "Now it is one in 10. The health industry is the third largest in the nation, and the fastest growing." By some estimates, 1 million more health professionals will be needed within a few years. Medical organizations have initiated programs to recruit personnel and help solve manpower problems. The loan program to medical students of the American Medical Association is one example. The main push to augment manpower is being financed by federal funds. In a health-education message to Congress on March 1, President Johnson recommended a three-year program of grants for training health workers. The money would be used to build and improve schools, provide fellowships and develop new types of health personnel. The program also would provide grants to states and communities for making better use of health manpower facilities and setting up comprehensive health services. Government money is helping to build 13 new medical schools which will add 800 to 1,000 new first-year students in time. And 10 other medical schools show promise of later coming into being. Congress recently authorized grants of $480 millions during the next three years -for construction, repair and replacement of schools to train physicians, dentists--existing schools graduate only 3,210 dentists a year now -- optometrists, pharmacists and podiatrists. Grants for operating funds require schools to increase their entering classes by at least five students each. This could add up to 440 more students each year, right away. Nursing schools a l s o are receiving grants for expansion, and additional students. Loan and scholarship funds are becoming available, with up to 50 per cent of total loans and accrued interest to be canceled for physicians, dentists and optometrists who choose to practice in areas, mainly rural, which have shortages. Loans and scholarships also are being made available to train more nurses. The demand for physicians is insatiable, says an AMA spokesman. Expansion of other groups in the total health team must be a main part of the answer. This means more medical technologists -- even if automation in the laboratory speeds their work -- more medical librarians, nurses aides, home health aides, most of some 45 different occupations. In cooperation with the Department of Labor, the American Hospital Association is helping train up to 8,000 men and women as nursing aids, surgical technicians, housekeepers, diet- ary aides, and other jobs hi hospitals. Some of the specialized training must be carried out on the job, said Dr. Michael E. De- Bakey of Houston. "We will see new types of specialists developing, with responsible, exciting jobs ahead. We must develop specialized training programs, a new spectrum of specialists." And, says Dr. Lowell Coggeshall of the University of Chicago, "we must find ways to reach into all economic levels to augment our health manpower pool." Turner of Johns Hopkins adds: "The greatest u n t a p p e d sources are women, and minority groups. "In the long pull, we can look for superior intellects in the health professions from women and Negroes. The Negro is a fine candidate if he is not handicapped early by poverty, and lack of attention to the development of his potential." NEXT: The Poor and the Old.
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