Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on April 21, 1976 · Page 4
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Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 4

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Wednesday, April 21, 1976
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rfmngag Editorial-Opinion Pag« Tie Public Interest Is The First Concern Of This Newspaper Alderi H. Spencer, Publisher and General Manager Floyd Carl Jr., Managing Editor 4 · WEDNESDAY, APRIl 21, 1976 The Fluoride Feud The Final Days Of A Penthouse Hermit The Washington Merry-Go-Round . r One of the most durable American controversies involves the mandatory introduction of sodium fluoride into public drinking water supplies. Most scientists, as well-as the American Dental Association ami the American Medical Association, support fluoridation as an effective way to guard against tooth decay. Research dating from the 1930s ha3 shown that when sodium fluoride is added to a community's water supply in a concentration of one "part per one million parts of water, tooth decay is greatly reduced, especially among children. The tests have also shown r . no adverse effects from fluoridation on.general health. But there are many people who have .argued against fluoridation for dozens of /years. Some say that fluoridation causes -·colitis, arthritis, kidney disease .and other .-maladies. Others claim that the .availability ,' : of fluoridated toothpaste makes fiuoridation ; of .water unnecessary. In New York City, ' anti-fluoridafion forces stalled treatment of- John Homer the city's drinking water for nearly 12 years --from 1953 to 1965. And Jong court battles have taken place in many other cities across Hie country. . '- · . ·, Since 1951, residents of Cincinnati have been trying to decide wlielher or" not to fluoridate their drinking water. The city council voted 'in 1953 to :gb ahead \\iln ' fluorldaion, but the following year voters defeated the council's aclipn in a referendum. They also voted against fltiorklatkm in I960 a'nOp73. , . . ( But last year the Ohio Supremo Court ruled that Cincinnati must fluoridate its drinking water, arid in March the first ton of sodium fluoride was added to the city's water supply. Anti-fluoridalion forces are still protesting, though. On Thursday, Apnl 27, three judges of the First District Ohio Appellate Court are scheduled to hear on appeal-of a lower-court ruling that refused to grant anii-fluoridalion forces an injunction slopping last month's initial fluoridation. Washington D.C Lives In Terror ' Yesterday I went to a memorial service for my friend ' a n d neighbor Robert Bailey, a 35-year-old research economist for the Federal Trade Commission who was killed in Washington, D.O., only three blocks from the U.S. Capitol. He was shot in the back of the head, apparently as he tried to walk -away from:.two teenagers who had demanded money. We were waiting for Bob that " n i g h t ,at : the meeting o f " our · neighborhood association's .public safety. ; 'committee! Early 'in the meeting, \\e heard that he had IK en shot. As we talked we could hear the police helicopters ' hovering overhead, thcir searchlights" probing our streets and alleys. J'jst before, the meeting ended, we learned ' t h a t Bob was dead. ; " ; -- LAST'MONTH at Washington Cathedral, Canon Jeffrey Cave said the nation's capital had become; .Va human slaughter-. , house of -Crime 1 ' and warned bicentennial -y i s i t o r s about coming-here.; At a-press conference two days later. D.C. Police Chief Maurice Cullinane insls- t e d - t h a t 1 "the city of Washington is a very safe city" and cited statistics showing that serious crime dropped \1 per cent .in the "first three months of. 19.76 compared to the same period last year. But. what good are statistics when people are afraid? Last year at a "Human Kindness Day" festival near the Wash- ington Monument, 468 persons were robb ed and 21 p ersons assaulted, including one man * · . w h o lost an' eye. I know a woman who works with street - gangs who says, "When the bicentennial visitors arrive, it's ,'· going to make Human Kindness : - D a y look like a Sunday school picnic." · , = MY FRIENDS and T talk about crime a lot. I know few people who have not been bur- g.arized, or irngged, or vandalized at Icasl once. Crime is something we - have - become accustomed to. like pollution. We have grown scar tissue. In my neighborhood tin Capi- tol Hill, which is far from having the highest crime rate : in the city, we put bars.on our , windows to keep burglars out. We buy watch dogs, We are hesitant to go out alone at night. This is only a IQ-minute walk ·from the nation's Capitol. But what can we do to reduce crime? We are faced with what William Raspberry, a columnist :; ?"'for Th'o Washington Post, called "a peculiarly difficult problem: what to do about assaults by black teenage Eoughs on the person and property of (he area's middle-class white residents." · NOT ALL of the victims are white. Another, friend of mine, a black pharmacist who is on our -public safety committee, had his store burglarized. When .the .police arrested a suspect ' in the Bailey killing, my friend , recognized t h e - n a m e , -- it was Today In History Ho\A/ Time Flies 10 YEARS,AGO Governor Faubus'said Monday. . there is no doubt i n - n i s .rriihd that the Ozarka development ' will be cut h a c k . i n . - a federal, economy move. Th» - U.S. Supreme Court struck down Monday'an Arizona law requiring a loyalty oath of all state employes, Justice William O. Douglas delivered the 5-4 decision. ' Dr. Timothy Leary. dismissed by. Harvard University after experimenting with hallucinatory drugs, and convicted last month in Texas for transporting marijuana, faces a new narcotics charp/?. W YEARS AGO A five-fold plan to have the federal government tighten enforcement of prohibition was laid before the Senate prohibition investigation committee Monday by Bishop .Tames Cannon Jr. - A sce::nd outbreak Monday in .the crater of Mauna Loa, located in the Island of Hawaii, sent a new stream of glowing lava slowly down the mountain slopes to the sea. . Springdale, with a toUil of 12!) ·· point s, won f i cst place in the county music, literary and athletic contest for grade and high schools. · 100 YEARS AGO Seventy-F,even dollars per week guaranteed to Agents, Male and Female, in their own locality. Terms and Outfit free. Address P.O. Vickery and Com- pnnv, A u g u s l n . Maine. We have a Centennial hen egg on our table weighing six' ounces. It is four Inches long and measures in circumference the longest way nine and on,s fourth inches. ' They'll Do It Every Time JOLLY JACK, on THE WAKE-UP PROGRA/A, Josr OOZES G009 CHEER By JACK ANDERSON With Les Whltleri WASHINGTON -- From the tight sccicti\c hlltc circle around the ' late Howard Hughes, we hnvc been givcn : a description o f : his final years as a penthouse hermit. Unlit nb\v,.tib member ot the in tier ' circle, has broken Mhe absolute .silence he imposed.on t h e m . .The. circumstances surrounding Ins death,'however, have persuaded a ' f e W ' l d speak reluctantly about lite in .Hughes' intier sanctum. They, agreed lo talk to us on condition* that'we not identify them. The nation's richest- citizen died the' death of a nauoci -emaciated, shriveled, rtchydra- led \\ilh bed soies inct a bleeding Uimor Dr Victor Manuel 'Monte-mayor Martinez, who .was called in to administer to .Hughes; 1 conducted: "The pat tent had been srnously neglected. A strikingly similar description of Hughes- was submitted to the sheriff's office by Dr. Harold L. Feikes shortly after the billionaire vanished; from Las Vegas'more Hum f i v e years ago OLhei y\ it nesses h a \ e dcscubed Hughes as a \\asted invalid, with unkempt, straggly hair and whiskers. CUSTOMS INSPECTOR Harold ' . Sawyer. WHO boarded Hughes' chartered plane in December 1972, totd u s : the recluse had collar-length hair, a full beard and a black hat pulled down over his head. He spoke in a muffled voice. .Yet we spoke to half a dozen oilier witnesses who have seen Hughes during the past si\ years. They" described him as a tall, thin, distinguished man with a neatly trimmed Van tile same teenager who had! robbed his store. We- are not buying guns or organizing vigilante patrols,.but are working for changes-in the Jaws and procedures that allow - so many defendants t o - - be released pending trial, *. w h e n they often commit more crimes, 'We have organized a Robert B a i l e y Memorial All-Star B a s k e t b a l l Game, to be followed -by "summer basketball clinics for neighborhood teenagers.' We are starling a. . summer job- bank, . organizing .clean-up projects, holding a potluck supper in I he park, Will any of this work? We do not know. We are trying to get to know each other, as neighbors and friends, to care for each other and work together on common problems.; We all . want to. be better neighbors t h a n ' w e are. We want to'make this a good'place .to live and work as well as to visit. If we cannot come together here -.-of all places -- in peace and safety, after 2 0 0 . years; then where are we? Editorial Research Reports By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Today is Wednesday, Aonl 21, the 112th day'of 1976. There are 254 days left in the year. Today's highlight in history: . On Ehis date in'753 B.C., tra dition has it. Rome was founded by Romulus. .On Ibis date: In 1503, Henry VIII became King of England on the death of Henry VII. In 1832. the Black Hawk Indian War began along the upper Mississippi. In 1836, Texans led by General Sam' Houston defeated a ; Mexican force in the Bailie of Sari Jacinto in eastern Texas. In 18D8, the. United States recognized the Independence of 1 Cuba. In 1954, U.S. Air Force planes began flying French troops from France to Indochina io bolster .the French bastion at Dien Btcn Phu. In 19G5, a disarmament commission of 114 nations resumed talks in New York after a five-year interval. In .1JH57, the Greek army seized control of the government i n ' A t h e n s and set up mili- lary r u l e in Clrccce. Ten years ago: Surgeons in Houston marie the first implant of an artificial heart in a human. Five years ago: President Richard Nixon asked Congress to provide $3-3 billion in foreign aid in fiscal 1972. One year ago: South Vietnam's President Nguyen Van Thieu resigned, denounced the United States as untrustworthy and named a "successor to seek nefioUaJions with Communist forces swc Dpi ng across the country. Today's birthdays: Queen Elizabeth of Britain is 50. Acior. Anthony Quinn is 61. .Thought for today: Laziness travels so slowly that poverty soon overtakes him -- Ren- j a m f n Franklin, 1706-1799. Bicentennial footnote: Two hundred years ago today, the British governor of Georgia who had Ned (he rebellions colony during the American Revolution, James Wright, arrived at Halifax, Nova Scotia aboard IJMS Scarborough. Dyke beard. They "53id! he was cordial, alert;, even - talkative, with an uncanny memory of past details We · have concluded there were two Howard: , Hughes, cither- the .same; mail ' i n different stales, .or two different persons; Significantly, we -discovered that in the .1960s a movie actor named 'Brooks Randall had b e e n - h i r e d occasionally to impersonate Hughes. The 1 - billionaire's ·' intimates now lell us that the two con Hiding descriptions fit the real Howard : Hughes , aL different periods.'He had a barber on 24 hour call; soirietimcs lie win'ld submit to regular haircuts and have"' his beard t r i m m e d into a neat Van Dyke. But other times, he r e f u s e d - t o . Let the barber'near him for prolonged spells. Hughes · began 'to behave -strangely in the 'early 1060s when,he' still lived in Bel Aire, Calif He de\elopcd a hysterical [ctir of microbes." Sometimes, he would call his doctor half a 'dozen times a day to complain about -hip heath. BUT WHEN the d o c t o r armed to examine Hughes the eccentric billionaire sometimes wouldn't . a l l o w the doctor, to touch him From across the bedroom, Hughes would ask questions and h a \ e the phi si cian write down" the' answers. Hughes \\as so afmd of germs that he ' w o u l d n ' t , allow -.his doctor to open his mouth to gue verbal answers" to his presence. The L aides .· who / attended Hughes, received.huge salaries, as much"aV $75.000 a year, to cater to -his .whims, .He .liked to be babied, a n d : they pampered him outrageously, thcj tell us. ' When he chose not to eat, they ttidn t press him When he was ready to -cat, they would make sure his favorite cookies and beef * slrofianoff were prepared to his exact sueciMca tions His bodly became bliff and b u t t l e from hung in a confined space. The aides urged him to move-around uiilil a hip injury in London, f o u r - y e a r s ago'kept him largelv bedndden for the rest oMita life. Aides erected a spucial antennae , i n . the Bahamas so Hughes could watch U.S. tele- -x'ision .on a- large screen,, A Hughes plane, would also fly as m a n y .as".two dozen movies to his retreats each week. Sometimes- he would watch movies for 18 hours at a time, viewing them froro 'the .perspective of a Hollywood . producer-director, one intimate lold us. In the adjoining room his aides could hear the reverberating sounds of the recluse's favorite Westerns. -Thr volum* was always high because he was hard of hearing. THE "OLD MAN," as " h I S aides called Hughes, regarded ihem as · his adopted family. When it came their tuni" to leave him for a week to visit their- own 'families, lie would invent excuses to keep them near .him..One. member of his circle complained that he had! missed the graduation of all ot his children because of Mi de\otion to the Old Man rhcie were times when^ Hukhcs seemed to want to com*out of Ins self imposed exile · He walked into the lobby of Vancouver's Bavshore Inn under his wnn power for examplft,-~ pausing oiih to tie Hie draw string on his pajama bottom ^ The hotel guests and a Japan esc window washer didn t seem . to notice him. For a limi- Hughes enjoyed staring aciosb his balconv to " \vatch the planes at a nearby.- a n p o r t But an aide suggested. Ihal an cnlerpnsmg photo 1 oranlicr uilh a jtclcpholo lens might be able to snap a picture of Hughes from another building. The curtains were drawn,-arid Hughes ncicr again looked out of his window. WHY DID HIS devoted aide*T neglect him in the end 7 The ,, onh explanation the^ can offer.. Is that 11105 were strictly ohed -f, icnl When he issued inslruc- ; tions not to send him to a,hospital it didn I occur to them «. to disregard thp instructions, when he lapsed into his periodic « sluppis. Perhaps the onlj real decision they ever made, on*-'-* insider conceded,-was tb.Hy-the* ds ing Hughes back to the U S .-x. In a \sa, Hughes maj hav«V ordered his own death by nott- allowing his closest aides tO?2 help him But US authorities' aren't satisfied with this 'exf£~ pianalion Thc\ w a n t to kno^^ whether the quirky Hughes wai^ competent to run his $2 billion^ empire uh a guardian wasnfc^- appointed and who made tnfto.- multimillion dollar fmancial_« decisions -·* (C) United Feature Syn/L ta«w ^ *JRECMOKII MILKED HER TOR ALU SHE'S WORTH/* The Deadly Game Of Tornado Roulette By L1NDEL HUTSON LITTLE ROCK (AP) ; -- When the winds of spring begin their dance in the skies of America's heartland, a deadly game of tornado roulette starts, Tornadoes arc a. weatherman's nightmare. They strike with the same quickness as the lightning they generate; their unpredictability is matched in nature only by an .earthquake or flash f'lnort; they leave a corkscrew trail of death,, terror and awesome destruction. They are born of a clash of warm, moist, unstable air pumping northward off the Gulf of Mexico into colder, drier air moving from the west. They can occur any whore, a n y t i m e , hut they seem Id prefer middle America in Ihe spring. A typical tornado in Arkansas occurs in April around 7 p.m. It stays on the ground six minutes for three miles. It is only 200 yards wide. It is likely to kill "' someone. Other slates, .especially Oklahoma, Kansas and Texas, have a. higher number of twisters, but the deadlier ones seem attracted to Arkansas 'and Mississippi. ARKANSAS SECOND In the period 1016-75, Mississippi has counted 1.110 tornado dead. Arkansas is second with 1,085, followed by Illinois with 1,034, Texas 977, Alabama 024, Oklahoma 61, Missouri 592, Georgia 585. Indiana -1-17 and Tennessee 430. Arkansas, in 50-year figures through March of this year, holds the N T o. 1 spot in the number of killer lornadoes with 178. Texas had 176. Oklahoma 152. Alabama 135,' Mississippi 125, Missouri 10G. Louisiana M, Tennessee 93 and Georgia and II- .linois n each. . - "T.cxn.s has six limes as m a n y lornadoes as we do," said Frank Makosky. meteorologist in charge of the Na-. tlonat Weather Service office at Little Rock. "They'll have 120 to our 20. Put the ones we have tend to be more severe.-Arkansas is in the middle of tor- , natlo alley." Tornado alley, as defined -.by the weather service aclually is more of a tornado rionpl that seems to revolve around t h e slate of Missouri, For some unexplained reason. Missouri dots not have.lhnt mrtny killer twisters, but the stales all around it do. Part of the problem in Arkansas and Mississippi, where 11 persons died only, last month in a - r a s h of storms, may be terrain. In the flat lands of Oklahoma and Kansas, - persons . in the path of a twister can many times see Ihe long rope-like funnel snaking its way across the ground and have lime to get oul of the way, "Here, you usually hear them before you see them," .said Liltle Rock assistant _ meie- orologist Tice Wagoner.. "Also, we may have a little "more moisture feeding into our storms, so here they are often .masked by rain." Science has yet to come up with instruments capable ' of forecasting which ot the many thunderstorms that rake the ' area annually will actually produce a tornado. The two .best methods so far arc radar and human observers. · . R A D A R DEVELOPING - New radar systems arc in the works that forecasters. hope ' will someday be able t o . p e e r iiilo the clouds and spot the ac- lual rotation of a tornado in the m a k i n g . But the day when it ·will be working nationally, said Makosky; is probably 10 years off. In the meantime, weathermen will continue to rely on radar systems that, although 'superior to.'lhoso of 20 years -ago,.provide only about 15 per cent of all the warnings,issued. "Our warning systems arc getting bctjcr." said Makosky, : a native of New Jersey. "Tor- · nadoes have le«i on the in- · crease, hut.' deaths have decreased, Twenty-five years ago 'we didn't try to warn people. · We started watches and warn- · ings in 1953. Before that time, there was an average of 25 deaths per year in Arkansas. This has been cut to'nine." About 700 persons in 35 of the stale's 75 counties have been trained by the weather service - and the slafe Office of Emergency Services to act as tornado spotters. , - B u L trying.to determine if an eyewitness, report .of a tornacfo is accurate,is the loughest job the - weather; service has, Ma* koAky said. :'The weather service doesn't want lo be .accused o( crying wolf loo often. - / "·We try not to overreact, and It's a lough job," said Makosky. "When we issue a warning, we are almost sure we have one," There are five times as many sightings as actual tornado occurrences, "You have to see rotation," Makosky said. "When we get reports we check them ,on radar -- we fine tune it to see what hind of formation is there. We certainly don't want to issue a tornado warning unless we 'can tell something is there.' ·The average citizen probably has never scon an actual twister. That also- hinders identification. Makosky estimated that less than 10 per cent of the population has ever witnessed a Iwister. About 90 per cent of all tornado deaths are caused by only 5 per cent of the tornadoes thai occur. . The deadlier 5 per cenl are called "niaxi" twisters under a weather service: grouping. The otlier 'Classifications, are for "mini" and! "medium" twisters. ' MINI TORNADOKS Fifty per cent. of. all twisters that occur arc classified "as mini lornadoes. They have winds up to 10D in.p.h, and warnings for them are poor because they are short lived; They cause few deaths. Medium twisters occur 45 per cent of the lime. They produce winds up lo 200 m.p.h. The re- cnnt tornado at Cabot was classified as a metli'jm. The ma.xi tornado has winds ·up lo 300 m.p.h. H cleans out most everything in ils path. ; Makosky says twisters can . hit anywhere in tornndo alley, . . "They crin go up and down: mountains, scale sheer cliffs,"; 1 he said. "I don't Ihink there's' any place that's safe here in Arkansas. 1 ' There are- some things the: weather service would like to: see to enhance tornado safety. "Too many schools a r e - b u i l t with no. regard to tornado safe-, ty, especially in rural communities," said Makosky. "Many are just orie big classroom with an open-span roof and no «iip- porting girders. I wish archi- .teds \vould at least Ihink about tornado safety when they de- iign school buildings. 11 , ·' "Mobile homes should be lied ; down, or a community shelter sho-.ilrl ie established in mobile home n a r k s whore people could go for .shelter in Hie event o f - a storm," said Mako.sky. Even ; a tied down' .mobile home/ca*«T withstand wind gusts of '6nlj£« about 100 m.p.h., he said, ,*£. Community plans that invoiyaC making spotters of police ;'anf*. volunteers are - encouraged^T.- along with community awacpt^ ness plans -of what warning^ methods will be employed whefrf a tornado aclually is sighted/^ Makosky said the , weather,: 1 , sci vice encourages tornado sj;^ rens or warning devices, but h*-^ said sirens can create panic,_rf-- the public does not know wha£V they mean when .sounded ^S£. "People should be taught that"^ when a tornado siren sounds,-~jl£- means take coyer, not run.oiJfo, in the stipct and look for^r storms," said Makosky. *-·*- CABOT WARNED "^ Cabot, which counted "ffv^ dead arid property damage 3C more than $7 million after "a ° twister last, m o n l h . ' h a d abuHilT 10 minutes warning fiom_the~" ^weather .service before .Ehe^.*.tgt£^ *nado struck. Community sirens' were sounded. ^ "Cabot must have taken coy-" cr because there were orily-'fiv* killed," said Makosky Arkansas* deadliest tornado; the weather service says," oci. cur red March'21, 1952 when'HI persons died. Fifty-seven per; sons were killed at Judspnja' alone. The deadliest since then occurred May 15, 1968 when 4{~ persons were kjjled in northeast Arkansas. Seven persons died: at Oil Tro'igh and 34 at JonesO boro. .- Joncsboro also holds : th«; record for the most tornado properly damage -- $4-1 I mil lion. .That twister on Mny 26f 197.1, also killed three persons. Other major killer tornadoe*-"* occurred in 1898 . w h e n ' 5 2 ffiiv'P' at Kort Smith, in 1911 whSi^r were killed i n " Columbia rail'tP, ·Cross counties and In J9!9 whcnt* 57 died at Warren. ^," Bible Verse ~i "Thou lovest evil more thapv good: .and.lying rather lhan to.J speak righteousness Selah *^ Psalms 52:3 Jt Tliis is Ihe day when are proud of sin and asha of good. If we arc gofnfe" turn this country around we had-' beiter got some godly people? in Ihe driver's seal. '··'.' : / -!'.?

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