P.gi A-6-INDEPENDENT 'Â·"Â· Â·-Â·" 'Â·"Â«- Â». y M, iw TUCKER STRICTLY PERSONAL L.A.C.SAYS:- // We Are Wrong . Â· (Continued Irom Pace A-l) Jour ysari of p*ac and comparative idÂ«ty. They have experienced the greatest prosperity in our hli- . tory, We have teen many nations fall under communism. Â· And we have had many examples of the Â· ruthleuiieu of communism. But it has actually touched us lightly. We have grown soft u'ider the easy spending and easy money of these boom days. But we should all take a good look at the situation presented by the President. ; The President staled that of the 13.8 billion foreign aid fund* in his budget, $3 billion oi it was for military assistance to the nations supporting the freedom oi men. Me believes this amount of money is actually Â·a part of our own military expenditures and should Â· be shown in the budget as such, On that basis the Â· foreign aid In terms of services and goods we provide - Â· would be less than a billion dollars a year, Â· * * * It cost us about one billion dollars every four Â· _' days to tight World War II. It cost us a billion a week 'to fight in Korea. It will cost so much more to fight another world war, there would be an end to our economy. The President is telling us our foreign aid , program is an insurance policy which may prevent such a war. If it does, it would be cheap insurance. He speaks as an old-time soldier with more experience in world affairs than any man now in public ofiice. He also points out to us that this iiyslem oi foreign aid was started by a Democratic President and a Republican congress. It was at a time when It seemed almost certain that Turkey and Greece would fall under the domination oi the Communists. We supplied ' economic aid and we supplied military machines and arms to the men of those countries. Since that time there has bean little advance by the Communions.Â· They have been kept within the boundaries they held . '. at that time. . Â· Â·Â· ' * W * , ' : . ' . ' ' Â· " ,' We are greatly concerned over the waste we have read oi in the foreign aid program. It is a situ* atlon that must be cleaned up if the people are to continue eupport of the program. But it is no more wasteful than has been shown in government tight here within our own boundaries. The issue now is-will Congress appropriate the money as requested by the President? Having confidence in his integrity and .experience we would be (earful if Congress did not do so. We -would like to save some taxes--but not at the expense oi reducing our strength throughout .' the world in the fight against communism,--LA.C. (I*A.C.'i column, like othor columns. Is an expression of prraonal opinion and doea nut neoeutrlljr reflect the considered opinion of this nÂ«wspÂ»p*r.) TOWN MEETING Peak Budgets ?DtTOR INDEPENDENT: "Budgets and Budgets," the title to L.A.C. column May 16, Is quite apropos at this budget 1 making season. Mr, Collins presents the tax situation In a very forceful manner, and therefore, that taxpayers may MAY 2! 10 YKAKN AÂ«O T I I I R T Y-ONK TKMPO- RABY employes of City Clerk Frank J, Bcggs began addressing and s t u f f i n g envelopes to the 89,277 voters with sample ballots heralding the June 17 primary. . . . Forty-five sportsmen, c i v i c leaders, business men and school athletic officials dined lit the Lakewood C o u n t r y club and organized under the name Long Beach Sports Iloosters, and named a committee to petition the Board of Education for better sports facilities for city schools, Â· Â· Â· Â· 30 YEARS AGO Legal action was taken to ' romuel an election on the Â·question of opening thewt ; aide to oil drilling, not I . . than June IS In an altÂ«. ' , tlve writ of mandate IUUIH! by Judge Walter J, Oes' mond presiding Judge of the Long Rearh branch of Nil' perlor Court against the city council ufKin petition of J. K. ' Â· Ward, went side property owner . . . Forty-five Lour Rearh persons were In the large rlau which wai gradii- Â· uted from University of California, Berkeley. Â· Â· Â· Â· SOYEABSAOO " UQUOK KNFOBCEMBNT (gents of the District Atto- jiey's office descended on Lone Beach and arrested 36 men and 10 w o m e n In the most sensational cleanup In the city's history, confiscating liquor valued by George Contreras. head of the raiding , force, at 15,000, . . . Approxl- mately 5.000 persons attended thÂ» dedication ceremonies of . the new St. Anthony's $100,(KM parochial school, with Rt. Rev, John J. Cantwell, blihop , of the Los Angeles-San Diego " dloccie, officiating; Joseph ticutt, Los Angeles, gave the Â·ddreis. Â· . better understand Just what confronts them, I urge that each procure a copy of the Independent of that date, and read carefully his editorial. Throughout the past 25 years and more, this writer has been pointing to lurking dangers of over-taxation, In an effort to arouse citizens, to action to curb the free spending, and debt Incurring, of public officials. It has been my continuous fight In the In- tcrost of taxpayers, and now at long last, others arc beginning to become alarmed and are Issuing warnings. The danger lies with every budget making body from the federal, down to our local City Council, The encouragement to every official, Is when v o t e r s deliberately endorse their acts, by re-electing them to office. Read Mr. Collln's column, mentioned above, and the last paragraph thereof, In particular, and you will better understand that It is up to you, dear reader, to put an end to the practice of building big budgets without reckoning with the taxpayers. Every person who has kept abreast of happenings In this city during the past three years, knows that taxpayers have been handed a raw deal, and that the ONLY hope for Improvement, Is to refuse to endor.c the record of wild spending and high taxes, Is to go to the polls June 4th and vote for a change. E. CURTIS CLARK 617 Walnut Ave., Long Beach 12, Calif. WouMBe Long One WAS H I N Q T O N -- The United Stales could undoubl- * edly w i n an n t o m l c war against Ruiila because of our superior Industrial capnclty ' and our geographical remoteness front the center of con- Â· fllct, according to our top military experts' testimony before closed-door sessions of the H o u s e Appropriations Committee. But It w o u l d probably be a lone-drawn contest rather than u s u d d e n , death affair, ns generally be- llcvcd. Unless one side or the other ,. utterly destroyed the enemy In a surprise A-H attack, a c o l l i s i o n would be only a sort of preliminary skirmish. Because of n u r buses . that rim the C o m m u- Â· nlst empire, as w e l l as our g e o g r a p h I c f l l position, TWHEP. t h e U n 11 e d . States should be able to sur- . vivo this early atomic duel. In their strategic p l a n s , however, the Pentagon staff mint assume that Russia will also remain unconqucrcd and able to resume the war after licking her wounds. The even- , tunl victor then would be the - nation which can recuperate and launch another major attack the more quickly and effectively. Â· Â· . Â» Â» ' : ' IIUSSIA'S Dl H A D V A N- TAGEH--In a sense, after the first head-on clash, t h e r e would be an Interlude like that which followed after Hitler conquered Almost all of Western Europe. He had to curtail aggressive operation! because he was not prepared to follow up with an Invasion of England. U n d e r Churchill's driving leadership and American aid, Britain had a chance to prepare for the second round of fighting. The same reasons . and resources which led to eventual A l l i e d victory In World War II, It Is believed, . will prevail In any f u t u r e clash, Â· Â· Â· Â· BKD8' MIGHT NOT UP TO THAT OF U. 8. -- Moscow must disperse both her a e r i a l and atomic might, which, so Adm. A r t h u r W. , Â· R n d f o r d, Chairman of the . Joint Chiefs of Staff, told the Committee, are now Inferior Â· to our own, both quantitatively and qualitatively. He ad* mils, however, that the Communists ale narrowing the gap. This analysis of how a third World War will be waged has necessitated a change In earlier military and p o p u l a r thinking, to wit: (1) Overseas alliances and forward positions, especially Â· In the Middle East close to Russian oil fields and refineries, have become more es. scntlal than ever before. So has peace In that areo, and resistance to Communist Infiltration. ar "Ladder"TheoryIs Toppling Over Where to Write Â· EDITOR INDEPENDENT: The Independent's L.A.C. urges that we all write our legislators and complain about the budget. Any budget. Getting closer to home, I'd like to know: -Where can let- tors of complaint about subsidence (land sinking) be addressed? Docs the Independent feel It would do any good for the public to write ANY public official about the sinking water-front? If not--why not? If to, let's have his address. G. M. Atchlson (Editor's Note. We certainly feel It would be helpful for all citizens to write their State Senator and Assemblyman, care of the S t a t e Capitol, Sacramento, Calif.) RESERVE NECESSARY -- (2) Push-button warfare does not obviate the need for a large and well.. trained reserve, particularly of specialists. If the "regulars" should be bndly depleted In the first round -- soldiers, sailors and airmen -- a .'second team would have to finish the fight. (3) Insofar as possible, key military Installations and de, fense Industries In this coun- " try must be built In less ex- Yposed a r e a s . In addition, since such a shift of cstnb- , llshed plants would ba difficult, a foolproof radar warn' Ing system, although costly, must be expanded from Its Â· present Arctic zone., , (4) Even though It requires Â· revision of the basic Atomic ' E n e r g y Act, these weapons ' must be supplied -- now, not later -- to trusted Allies, but kept under American control. (4) Finally, any thought that the major belligerents will refrain from resorting to ultimate weapons, as even littler banned gas and bacteriological offensives In World War II, Is not s h a r e d by American military men, They will probably be Used even In local "brush fire" conflicts. Highc By SYDNEY J.'HARRIS ' The old "ladder" theory of success In business is tottering, and may collapse at any moment, If a recent study by two University of California researchers carries as much weight as I think It does. Interviewing 100 top management and 170 middle management executives, the researchers found that there are "significantly different" types of personalities In top and middle man, agement jobs, Â· Â· . . -. . As reported In Institutions magazine, the survey Indicated that the person who Is successful In a middle management responsibility Is not always likely to continue successful when moved to a top management post, . . . "Similarly," the report continues, "good top management candidates may never get a chance at these places because they can't adjust to the 'necessary' middle management 'training job'." The escalator theory of moving up a man flight by flight, as he proves himself on each level, has always seemed psychologically unsound to me--for the best men I have known In top jobs are quite different in temperament and outlook than the men who do well In the middle ranges. For example, the University of California study asked both the top and the middle management people to check adjectives they felt best described themselves. , , , . , , "Top management men and women," the report points out, Â· "see themselves as self-reliant, active, self-confident, not easily discouraged, willing to take warranted risks, and to take advantage of opportunities. Â·Â· .Â· Â· , 1 The self-profile of the middle management people, however, shows that they sec themselves as careful planners, less willing to take risks or make hasty decisions, having less self-confidence but more dependability and greater concern about making mistakes. , 'The qualities each group assigned to itself arc the qualities needed for the two types of Jobs," the researchers say. And there is no reason to believe that an excellent lieutenant would make a good captain. What seems to be a pity Is that so many potentially fine top management people never get the chance because they are Irked or bored with the routine of middle management jobs. What business ond industry still need to Icarn Is that the man best fitted for the top of the ladder is not necessarily the one who keeps the best balance on the lower rungs. Battle oi Budget Now at Its Height DREW PEARSON DR. JORDAN SAYS; Malaria Mosquitoes Must Be Hit a Massive Blow Now By EDWIN P. JORDAN, M.D. Written for NEA Sen-Ice A RACE AGAINST TIME is the theme of a special ' Issue of a recent World Health Organization's Newsletter devoted to that great killer, malaria. , Malaria !Â» one of the of these are protected by the v i r t u a l elimination of the Anopheles mosquito, so that the disease li now confined to areas In Central and South America Inhabited by 35 mil- Â· lion persons. But there Is no real safety Â· today. The special newsletter pointed out that the woodlands of England and other malaria-free countries,-Including our own, also have mosquitoes and surely some Ano- one molt widespread disease* known to man and has existed since recorded history. . It haa been reiponilble for the decline of emplrei and the fall of tyrant". To date vaat achetne* of malaria ' control have protected "30 million of the world's population, but there are Mill 370 million who remain unprotected. Questions and Ansivers Â· Q--Did President Abraham Lincoln personally witness any engagements of the Civil War? A-Yes, while the President and Mrs. Lincoln with a large official party were viewing the Union troops nt Fort Stevens, on the edge of the capital, a sharp skirmish took place. HI'EEDUP OP THE campaigns against m a l a r i a Is highly Important. The disease Is transmitted by a particular variety of mosquito known as Anopheles. These Insects are already beginning to develop resistance against the new insecticides, s u c h us DDT. Therefore, the mosquitoes must be hit a massive blow before too many of them become I m p e r v i o u s to this chemical attack. Wherever the Intelligent campaign against malaria- c a r r y i n g mosquitoes haa been pressed, the frequency Â«f the d i s e a s e ha* been lecaened and the death toll . reduced. Â· * Â· Â· * Â· FOB EXAMPLE. In 1046 malaria menaced 135 million ' people In North and South America, Today, 105 million phclcs among them. Consequently, If any considerable number of people Â· return to theie areas from , abroad Infected with malaria, and Ire , bitten by Anopheles monqultoes, the risk of . acquiring the dlÂ«- eaue by o t h e r a will bÂ« greatly Inoreued. Indeed, In France during World War II a small epidemic of malaria was observed at the very (rate* of Paris It- aelf. Â· Â· Â· Â· - - Â· . IT IS OBVIOUS that the attack against malaria should be aimed at the malaria-carrying m o s q u i t o , it Is not enough to treat the disease after one has acquired It, though treatment with quinine, atabrlne and other preparations Is useful and often life saving. 'Q--What does Palm Sunday commemorate? A--The palms are blessed In commemoration of Jesus' triumphal entry Into Jerusa' lem on the Sunday before the Crucifixion, when Ills path was strewn with branches, Q--Why Is Pennsylvania called the "Keystone State"? A--Because, as the center 'of the 13 original states, the early Inhabitants proclaimed that their state held together the great arch of the United ' States. ' Q--By whom li Â» congrcss- man-at-laree elected? A--By voters of the entire itate. Q--Is any species of make Â·limy? A--Contrary to popular belief, no species of snake Is slimy. A snake may be cold to the touch, but Its skin U clean and free from illme. . Africa's Largest The Republic of Sudan Is the largest self-governing country In Africa, It Is almost four times the size of Texas. ; It proclaimed Itself Independent on Jan, 1, 1936, after 57 years of joint British and Egyptian rule. icst Highest point on the Atlantic coast of the United States Is Cadillac Mountain, on Mt. Desert Island, In Maine, which Is 1,530 feet high. _ INDEPENDENT Himun H. Rlddtr - Ptitallilwr Hinld M, Hlnn-AMt. to Publlilwr Stmuil C. CanMran.Oml. Mnugar Uarry Colllni Jr._BuÂ«. Minagir L.A. CXIInt kf, EdllcrKI Ctlumnllt MUM E. tinn_MiuglnB Editw Wiinington NnÂ» Buraiu ., Ml AlbM Building CROSSWORD PUZZLE fl Tr.ek in *WIM 11 R*|tT*t 1} Bo*l Â· I dl Longest Circuit " : Longest direct radio-tele- phono circuit In thti world Is , aald to be ti:Â« one between : Wellington, N e w Zealand, and London, England, a distance of about 12,000 mile*. RiDdtf Johni, Inc. with Â·ttloi mi Chluga ....- Wrlglt? Bldg, Mlran _ Pinobtoct Bldg. M!nnÂ«Â«pÂ«lli -- 1M* Pxhiy TtwÂ«r St. Paul __ M But 4th SI. ' LM Angiln __ U4I W. Ith It. Mr, PranelMO _ 110 tutMr It. Currant filaa Â«f Th* Indapandant arÂ» nMlntalnM 1 at that* tftlMa. 81 33 Nnl PlMur* HubnwM. Â·Â· I Â· ubmtrlB* KortUea) tlfat AM*rti fltnw color Haul ObtÂ»Â«1lTÂ« Poroui mck PrÂ«p*r*Mon nf Mot toditkltn lhÂ« tyt I Â· ' Ohlli Joint remit*) ttnlR Underground To cut * - dlimood t HÂ«arÂ«W HMIfltK t DoubJ* UUo4 A KuroMu ftvtr a TrtvtiM H LttHl IU1MBII of buÂ«lnÂ«M 11 Pllabli 12 I l M l l t t M Ift Rtqulr* n Doctrlnil 31 rjmk hÂ«r* In til* lllÂ»o 11 Mtlllin rfoll.F 24 RUra It Cull* * 30 31 DQ33 VarUty of rÂ«M BÂ»Â«oinÂ« dim Lump of gold Jrt*k IctUr }lMt|l* arm/ Hurmlt* MÂ»n dwtlllnf Of I* a Bark cloth Path dowB TÂ»tli* Â· Â· fUmal* , ' Â»ta(lonaJ7 Modern Republican Movement Stymied WASHINGTON--Most slg- nlflcant fact about the Presl- dent's battle of the budget Is that he Is being defeated by the two croups he rescued. Last year when he? wns pondering whether a heart attack and an lleltls operation should bar him from running, two groups were loudest In demands that the make the sacrifice. They were: 1. Old guard Republicans who knew they couldn't win without Ike. 2. Dig business, which has received more tax concessions, more helpful ruling from regulatory commissions than In any time In twenty years. Today, however, it's the U. S. Chamber, of Commerce and the National Association of Manufacturers which have kept up a steady drum- f i r e against t h e budget. They b e g a n t h e i r camp a I g n early. Not satisfied with r e c o r d profits, they decided that a further tax cut was more I'MHSON Important than schools for their children or the defense of the'nation. Hltterly disappointed at the Eisenhower- budget, they launched an economy drive the like of which the country hasn't seen since the 1930s. The disgruntled old guard latched on to this big business support. Ike c o u l d have stopped the economy landslide by throwing the full weight of his popularity Into the breach when It first started. But he hung bock, didn't want to tangle with Congress, Ignored the advice of the palace guard that he must have a showdown. Meanwhile, dm "III guard aim urged Ikr nut to tan- gin with Congress. Thx KB- ' Imhlkan leaders Â»ho romn to are thn 1'rnlilpnt oner Â» week are old guarder*: Srn- atiir* Knowland of California, Brlilgra of New Hani|- ulllrc, with JOB Martin of Massachusetts. C h a r l e y Ilallrck of Indiana la Â» mlddle-of-the-roader. Thn , ad v Ira thry gave Mm against a vlgoroua showdown wua to their advantage, Iln took thB ailvlip. THE OI,D (ItlAltD NOW CONTROLS--Today, as one result of taking their advice, complete control of the Republican Party has gone back to the old guard. Control. of the party was something they had had for years, and they wanted It back again. . They lost It In 1936, In 1952 they didn't lose It. In that election, modern Republicans had to organize Citizens for Elsenhower In order to circumvent the old guard. But In 1956, modern Republicans assumed control, and on the night he won, Nov. 6, the re-eleeled President proudly announced his Intention to remake the Republl- . . can Party In his own Image, '. Today, six months after- thai astounding victory, the old guard Is back In the saddle. Here Is what Is happen- Â· Ing: 1. Ex-Speaker Joe Martin has privately predicted "there ' won't be any modern Republicans running the 1958 election. They won't be able to ' win In the primaries." 2. Sen. Everett Dlrksen of Illinois, an old gunrdcr, has quietly pledged enough senatorial votes to make himself the Senate GOP leader when Â· Hill Knowland goos back to . California. This Is what Lyndon Johnson did among the Democrats In 1952. The Democrats didn't particularly ;_' want Johnson, just as many Â· Rcpubllcnns don't want Dirk- ' sen. However, when put on Â· the spot singly, and asked for .a vote, Its difficult to turn M ,; fellow-Senator down. Dlrkwn Â· Is the mnn who launched the hnte.Dewey speech at Chicago convention In 1932. S. Hill K n o w l a n d wlio WHan't given a rhanre In Â· win the liOP nomination In ' IBrtfl, now Is given a real rlmnrr. Vlre I'rralilrnt Niton, a converted modern He- J jtiihllran, U'HB considered a . ^ Â·lire net. Now Its about ' AO-50 between old guard * Knowland and new guard : Mlxon, Thla Is how radically (mil- Â·-, tin nan nultrhed as a re- Â·lilt of the battle of the Â·'.. budget. Â· Â· Â· Â· CAPITAL NEWS CAP- Â· SULES--A-Rombs for Ko- Â· rea? -- Venerable President Syngmnn Rhre has kicked up ' a terrific backstage battle In ' Washington. He's finally con- Â· vlnccd the United States to forget about the armistice and send new planes and weapons Into South Korea . . . On top of that he's arguing that ' his 20 South Korean divisions should be given tactical atomic weapons and guided Â· missiles similar to those being Â· sent to the two American * divisions In Korea . . , The Â· Pentagon is flatly opposed. It fears the unpredictable Rhee might order his army t o ' smnsh Into North, Korea as ' goon as It gets a t o m i c bombs. , Â· Â· Â· Â· AKAH MONARCIIS HUD- ' DLE--Division In the Arab world Is growing. King Fal- lal of Iraq expressed the view to King Saud of Snudl ,Arabia, during their huddle . In Ilflghdad. that Egyptian dictator Nasser must he . blocked from Inking over the whole Arab world. Faisal Is convinced Nasser has become so dependent on Russia that Â· , he Is little more than a Red puppet. King Saud Is deter- . mined, however, to avoid an , open break with Nasser. lie kept reminding his fellow , monarch that the Arab world's No. 1 enemy Is still. Israel. Strictly Business "I've run dry, sir: Could i do tomethlnf elw now;"
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