Indiana Gazette from Indiana, Pennsylvania on September 14, 1990 · Page 6
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Indiana Gazette from Indiana, Pennsylvania · Page 6

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Friday, September 14, 1990
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VIEWPOINT Tuesday, September 16,2003 — Page 6 "The Gazette wants to be the Mend of every man, the promulgator of all that's right, a welcome guest in the home. We want to build up, not tear down; to help, not to hinder; and to assist every worthy person in the community without reference to race, religion or politics. Our cause will be the broadening and bettering of the county's interests." -^-Indiana Gazette, 1890 The Indiana Gazette Problems Dean must overcome By THOMAS OLIPHANT The Boston Globe WASHINGTON — The Democratic front-runner in New Hampshire had better be careful about acting like the Democratic frontrunner nationally — which he isn't. - Howard Dean went for the muted tie, softer voice, and sober visage to decorate a muted demeanor at the candidates' debate in New Mexico. But his too obvious attempt at avoiding serious mistakes came at the expense of the clarity and passion that his most fervent supporters know and love as his trademarks. The joint appearance in one of the several states that will do its voting the week following New Hampshire next Feb. 3 is the beginning of an important month of campaigning, which is organized around a series of these debates that will provide an early test of how valid early impressions of the candidates in Iowa and New Hampshire seem to a wider audience. This is also a period during which the shape of the race may change. And there may be a fresh force not entirely unlike Dean's in appeal if former General Wesley Clark ends up running. Howard Dean may be slightly ahead of 1988 winner Gephardt in Iowa (or he may not be, given error margins in polling). He is definitely ahead of John Kerry in New Hampshire. But except for some buzz in California, that is as far as it goes outside of his stupendous successes in fund-raising and Internet-based organizing. He has done well with his opposition to the war in Iraq and his attitude toward Bush; but he is far from having provided reasons to support his candidacy that have broader appeal, especially on economic policy. Following the time-honored columnist's political philosophy — Kick 'Em When They're Up — four potentially serious problems were in evidence Thursday night in addition to the Dean camp's poor judgment in slipping him a tranquUizer: • He has to decide if more or fewer of which kinds of troops need to be in Iraq to oversee its reconstruction and resumption of sovereignty. Dean supporters get angry at those who say he has been urging more troops and they are correct that there is no explicit quotation to that effect. However, clarity is not his strong suit here. Dean's comment Thursday was that more troops are needed for security but that they should be from other countries and Iraq itself. His direct quote —• "ours need to come home" —.was unsettling because it implied advocacy of withdrawal as opposed to internationalization. Take a day, Howard, and figure it out. • Dean also continues to be annoyingly flippant and unresponsive in response to criticism of his advocacy of the repeal of all the Bush-era tax cuts — including provisions like the child tax credit, lower and broader bottoms rates, and marriage penalty easing that benefit low and middle-income Americans. At times his campaign has accused his critics of desperation, at others he has labeled them part of the deficit-producing mess in Washington. • Dean either needs to think through the critical issue of international trade thoroughly or concentrate on expressing himself clearly. He had little trouble deflecting a shot from Joe Ueber- man that he was advocating that odier countries mirror US labor, environmental, and human rights before they can be worthy of free-trade deals. However, his assertion that he advocates that the standards of the International Labor Organization be applied — but either the ILA or American law would be fine with him — lacked the clarity one expects from Dean. Even more unsettling was his holding up of the policies of the notoriously protectionist European Union as a model: • Dean needs to stow his bragging about his long incumbency in Vermont and its national relevance. The state's progress in extending health insurance coverage primarily via Medicaid is interesting but not particularly instructive. And the fact that the state's budget has been balanced even though it is that rare place where balance isn't constitutionally required begs a question or two. Dean is a work in progress, not a finished product. In order to go further he should spend less time basking in his supporters' adulation and more time becoming a better candidate. (Thomas Oliphant's e-mail address is oliphant@globe.com.) Excesses of patriotism ByTOMTEEPEN Cox News Service Attorney General John Ashcroft was just winding up three weeks on the road trying to sell the overreaching Patriot Act on an increasingly skeptical public when President Bush proposed more of the same. The Patriot Act was passed in panic just weeks after 9/11 and made confetti of a number of traditional protections against the arbitrary exercise of police and other governmental powers. It was enacted virtually without hearings and certainly without deliberation. While the legislation made some acceptable compromises, it went overboard in a number of ways. Librarians in some places are now regularly destroying circulation records to protect patrons from having their reading habits recorded by federal investigators. The act permits such snooping also into retail purchases and Internet browsing records, all without authorities having to show probable cause. Worry about the potential excesses has spread as the implications have sunk in. Some 155 communities and three states have passed protesting resolutions, and the administration was clearly caught by surprise this summer when the House voted to bar funding to enforce one especially noxious provision of the act. The vote was 309 to 118 to quash the "sneak and peek" feature that allows federal agents to secretly enter and search homes and other private premises without informing the occupants. The opposition is bipartisan to a degree that is rare in this fiercely partisan era; 113 Republicans voted to withhold the enforcement funds. Credit a growing .and welcome libertarian streak in some quarters of the GOR Tone-deaf on this matter, the president is now heedlessly pushing to permit administrative subpoenas in terrorist investigations. Investigators could demand testimony and documents from reluctant sources without having to show probable cause and without the protections that judicial oversight and grand juries provide against abuses of subpoena power. Anyone who revealed even the existence of an administrative subpoena would be subject to five years in prison, further sealing the process off from review and thus restraint. Maybe we should be thankful for small favors. Far more draconian add-ons to the Patriot Act were being prepared by the Justice Department until word of them leaked early this year and stirred up so much blow-back that for once the relentless Ashcroft flinched. The administration pleads that its record shows it won't misuse the unprecedented powers it is seeking. That's not so — its indefinite detention of hundreds on often thin excuses belies the cl aim — but even if it were s o, the conclusion doesn't follow. We know from sorry experience that if a power can be abused, eventually it will be. One redeeming feature of the Patriot Act is its sunset provision, which requires renewal in 2005, guaranteeing review in a presumably less emotionally charged time. In the meantime, any new proposals from this most secretive of administrations need a thorough ventilation of the sort that should have refined the Patriot Act before it was rushed into law. (Tom Teepen is a columnist for Cox Newspapers. He is based in Atlanta. E-mail: teepencol- umn%C03inews.com.) High-octane reflections By CRAGG MINES Houston Chronicle WASHINGTON — Filling up with regular for $1.72 a gallon on Thursday morning (the second anniversary of the attacks on New York and Washington), the thought flitted by that Osama bin Laden and Halliburton Co. could be declared at least interim co-victors in the war on terrorism. You don't have to be a flaming- eyed conspiracy theorist to entertain such passing ideas these days. If I'd been pumping higher- grade stuff ($1.82 and $1.90} at my gas-and-go a couple of miles from the Pentagon, I might have resolved to ring up the local chapter of, depending how the rest of the commute went, either Posse Comitatus or Weather Underground. No wonder the use of antidepressants and sleep aids seems to be on the rise in Manhattan. I wonder if they keep similar figures for the national capital area? Settling down after the automated pump, perhaps in a fit of unaccustomed embarrassment, refused to spit out a receipt, I realized that the list of perverse winners in the 2-year-old conflict would have to be expanded, at least to include Attorney General John Ashcroft. The day before. President Bush had gone to the FBI train- ing academy to complain of "unreasonable obstacles" that he believes still hamper the pursuit of terror suspects. You could be excused for thinking that just possibly the president had reference to the Constitution. Bush even came up with some new uses for the death penalty in the proposed Patriot II legislation. Throughout the nation's history, a politician has rarely been made to suffer for waving the bloody shirt But you have to wonder about an exercise that improbably has united right- wing stalwart Paul Weyrich and the American Civil Liberties Union in opposition. Overall, Americans are of two minds about the fight against terrorism, and you only have to look at one new poll to figure that out. We want to believe we are triumphing but are really uncertain if that's true. A Fox News poll conducted last Tuesday and Wednesday (900 registered.voters nationwide) found that 55 percent of respondents think the United States and its allies are winning the war against terrorism, with 33 percent thinking we're not. But when asked about the absence of additional terrorist attacks in the United States since Sept. 11, 2001, 50 percent of those questioned said it was because terrorist organizations are waiting and planning what to do, while only 32 percent believe that government security meas- ures are working. A clear majority of the Fox Poll respondents believe the war will last more than 10 years (24 percent), a long time or forever (34 percent). The sample was being completed as a videotape of bin Laden, looking not that much the worse for wear and picking his way through rocky terrain with an AK-47 at the ready, was Sashed around the world by Al Jazeera. That's just the opinion at home. Abroad, Bush since the terrorist attacks has wasted good will. Those folks, the White House political apparatus, will tell you quickly, won't be voting onNoV. 2,2004. But Rove & Co. are also faced with erosion among those -who will go to the real polls: A USA Today national survey found Bush barely beating an unspecified Democratic challenger and with a growing majority believing that the Bush administration does not have a clear plan for Iraq. Bush's unabashed reaction is to continue to fight for an overwrought expansion of the USA Patriot Act, which is steadily . raising more concern around the country. More than 150 city and county governing bodies across the country have called for repeal, revision or restudy of the original measure. Yeah, yeah, plenty of the locales are flaky and include Santa Fe., N.M., West Hol- lywood, Calif., and Cambridge, Mass. But some normal places also have gone on record questioning the federal overreaching, hi May, the Greensboro, N.C., City Council, about as sober and even-handed a group of civic administrators as you'll find, voted 7-0 (with two members absent) for a resolution calling portions of the act "an unnecessary threat to the civil rights and liberties of the people of Greensboro." Its sponsor was Tom Phillips, a Republican on the nonparusan board. "We see red flags here...," Greensboro Mayor Keith Holliday told a local newspaper, "and that's the message we want to send to Congress." Three state legislatures have also spoken up, including Alaska, where Republicans hold roughly a 2-to-l margin in both houses. Rolling back the most invidious provisions of the Patriot Act and virtual wholesale rejection of the proposed expansion would be a fitting way to mark the second anniversary of the attacks and to assure bin Laden, wherever he may be, that his murderous, twisted ideology has not won. Halliburton can take care of itself. (Mines is a Houston Chronicle columnist based in Washington, D.C. E-mail him at cragg.hines@chron.com). One wall, one man, one vote By THOMAS FRIEDMAN New York Times News Service QALQILYA, West Bank — If there is one iron law that has shaped the history of Arab-Israeli relations, it's the law of unintended consequences. For instance, Israel is still wrestling with all the unintended consequences of its victory in 1967. Today, Israel is building a fence and walls around the West Bank to deter suicide bombers. But, having looked at this wall extensively from both sides, I am ready to make a prediction: It will be the mother of all unintended consequences. Rather than create the outlines of a two-state solution, this wall will kill that idea for Palestinians, and drive them, over time, to demand instead a one- state solution — where they and the Jews would have equal rights in one state. And since by 2010 there will be more Palestinian Arabs than Jews living in Israel, the West Bank and Gaza combined, this transformation of the Palestinian cause will be, very problematic for Israel. If American Jews think it's hard to defend Israel today on • college campuses, imagine what it will be like when their kids have to argue against the principle of one man, one vote. Why is this happening? First, because the fence is not being built on the 1967 border. It is being built on Palestinian land across the border, inside the West Bank. And since the fence is really a strip — up to 100 yards wide — of razor wire, trenches, sensors and cameras, more slices of Palestinian land are being confiscated to build it and farmers are being separated from their fields. "If the Israelis want to build the wall on the 1967 Green Line — no problem, they could build it 100 meters high," said Nidal Jaloud, spokesman for the West Bank Palestinian border town of Qalqilya, where Israel put a 24- foot-high wall after five suicide bombers came out of there. "But it is not being built on the Green Line—it is built on our lands." More important, Israelis just see a fence from their side. But for the Palestinians, the fence is part of a web of Israeli checkpoints and fences inside the West Bank, and the sealing of all exits but one from many Palestinian villages. This has transformed the West Bank into a series of cages. Qalqilya is surrounded by fences on three sides — to shut it off not only from Israel proper to the west, but also from West Bank Jewish settlements to the north and south. You can get out of Qalqilya only by going through a single Israeli checkpoint, where Palestinians often wait in line for hours. "I am trying to get to al-Funduk village — 10 minutes from here by car," Luay Tayyem, a Palestinian aid worker, told me as he stood in line to get out of Qalqilya. "Today it will take me three hours. When I tell the soldiers I am going to al-Funduk they ask me in broken Hebrew: 'Where is that?' They speak to each other in Russian. I speak better Hebrew than they do... I have been here 30 years, they've been here two." If the Israelis were building a fence .around the West Bank, and then removing all the checkpoints inside, it would make great sense. But they can't, because the West Bank Jewish settlements also have to be protected — hence the fences and checkpoints all over the place, which are choking commerce and creating cages that will become factories of despair. As Palestinians find themselves isolated in pockets next to Jewish settlers — who have the rule of law, the right to vote, welfare, jobs, etc. — and as hope for a contiguous Palestinian state fades, it's inevitable that many of them will throw in the towel and ask for the right to vote in Israel. Khalil Shikaki, a Palestinian pollster, has already found 25 to 30 percent of Palestinians now supporting this idea — a stunning figure, considering it's never been proposed by any Palestinian or Israeli party. Mohammed Dahleh, the first Israeli Arab to clerk on the Israeli Supreme Court, said to me: "If Palestinians lose their dream to have an independent state, then the only thing that might guarantee for them a dignified life will be asking for the right to live in one state with the Israelis. When this struggle starts, it will find allies among the 1 million Palestinian Arabs inside Israel. ... We will say, 'Don't evacuate even a single West Bank settlement. Just give us the vote and let us be part of one community,'" since Israel has made it into one space anyway. "This call will find great resonance within the international community." I have enormous sympathy for Israelis trying to deter suicide bombers. But to build a fence without a border, and without facing up to the contradiction of having Jews on both sides of it, will only bring more troubles. (gazette (USPS 262-040) Published by THE INDIANA PRINTING & PUBLISHING COMPANY 899 Water Street Indiana, PA. 15701 (724) 465-5555 Established In 1890 On the Internet: indianagazeiie.com R.HASTTERAY Publisher, 1913-1970 LUCY R. DONNELLY Publisher, 1970-1993 JOE DONNELLY Publisher, 1970-2000 MICHAEL). DONNELLY President Publisher HASTIED.KINTER Secretary AssislanlTreasuier STACIED.GOTTFREDSON Treasurer Assistant Secretary JOSEPH L. GEARY General Manager ROBERTYESILONIS.... Adv. flvlkfg. Director SAMUEL J. BECHTEL Executive Editor LYNN SCOTT Asst. Executive Editor Special Projects MICHAEL PKTERSEN Managing Editor JASONI,LEVAN.........As«t. Managing Ed. CARRIER SUBSCRIPTION RATES — Paid in advance to Gazette office — Four weeks, $ 12^0: Thirteen weeks, $3835; Twenty-six weeks, $75.75; Fifty-two weeks, $150.45. MOTOR ROUTE SUBSCR1PTION RATES — Paid In advance to Gazette office—Four weeks, $13.05: Thirteen weeks, $39.25; Twenty-six weeks, $78.25; Fifty-two weeks, $155.60. SUNDAY ONLY SUBSCRIPTION RATES — Paid in advance to Gazette office: • BY CARRIER—Twenty-six weeks. $22.55; Fifty- two weeks, $44.70 • BY MOTOR ROUTE—Twenty-six weeks, $25.10; Fifty-two weeks, $50.15. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS — The AP is entitled exclusively to the use or reproduction of all local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP news dispatches. rferiodtcibPDlt^rFMd al Indian*. PA 15701 PubHahed dalyacrpl New VrartD.* Memorial IXy. My fixinh. Ijtnr Day. Thankagvtng Day and Chriatnua Day. Pattrnmur. .Send addnwchanftai [ft Indiana Gaxetle, Kl Bcw 10, Indiana. FAIS70I

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