Angola civil war now all but over, sav experts Hy Wire Services 4/ m Alrpnrtv thp Smith Afrifane mam iii.:.*,, ... Â« .~ i__i. _ Â« _ _ . ^^ Â·Â· The Soviet-supported People's Republic of Aneola was admitted to the Organization of African Unity today in a diplomatic v,ctory as resounding as the Marxist rnem-s notary triumphs in the " Military experts in Zambia said the war in Angola was all but over, v.,,1, ,ho pro-Western factions fleeing in^sorder before troops of the Popular Movement for the Libem ,ofo S aMa ? ,"' [Â°' txx) , Cuban helpers ;irmed wilh Ru ^TM missiles, guns, tanks ;;nd aircraft. The rapid MPLA drive southward could bring a confront a t i o n W L t h South African troops protecting hydroelectric and Â· rngation projects about 30 miles inside Angolan territory Already the South Africans were taking steps to halt a flood of refugees from pouring into South-West Africa (Namibia). With an MPLA victory virtually assured, 'the Soviet Union today renewed its proposal for a political solution to Angola's future -- once the military victory is consolidated. The Soviet proposal came in a commentary in the Communist party newspaper Pravda which attacked U.S. Secretary of Slate Henry A. Kissinger, saying he was out of tune with facts and logic. It was the third time in a little more than a week the Soviet press had criticized American officials -- including President Ford -- by name. OAU recognition of the MPLA government came in a message from OAU Secretary General William Eteki M'Bou- moua to President Agostinho Neto announcing Angola's acceptance as a member. The move came one day a f t e r Uganda's President Idi Amin recognized Neto's government as the sole government of Angola. Amin is the chairman of the OAU. The OAU move was certain to boost the standing of Neto's Marxist Popular Movement, which has driven its pro- Western opponents in the civil war to the Congo River in the north and captured their capital, Huambo, in the south. Reports in Lusaka today said the Marxists also were attacking the Silva Porto headquarters of the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola ( U N I T A ) 1(10 miles to the northeast of Huambo. Amin appealed to the MPLA to make peace with its opponents rather than seek total victory and said tie would try to gel UNITA to lake part in the People's Republic proclaimed by the MPLA when Angola became independent las! year. Previous African mediation efforts have failed and diplomatic observers said the OAU endorsement of the MPLA would not prevent the Western-backed factions from fighting on with whatever European, American or South African help they could get, UNITA and other groups have been supplied by the United States, South Africa, Zaire and Zambia and have several hundred European mercenaries fighting for them. But the U.S. Congress has banned farther American government aid, an action which led President Ford yesterday to accuse congressmen of having "lost t h e i r guts." Tucson VOL 1(H) NO. 'M Qitiztn TUCSON. A R I Z O N A . W K I W K S n A Y , F K H K U A K Y I I . 1)76 2PM STOCKS W I ' A C K S 1 5 C K N T S Young hiker falls to death Searchers dragging a net through a deep Rincon Mountains The body was found at II a.m. today at the bottom of the pool today recovered the body of Kenneth R. Morales, 18, of pool in the northeast area of the Rincons about 3fc miles SahuantaH.scon.pan.ons satd he fell more than 100 feet south of Reaingt0 n Pa ss Road. Twenty members of the She.? from a cliff while faking yesterday afternoon at Chivo Falls. ifPs Search and Rescu , team aided ^ search Citizen Ptiolo Lockheed payoffs lead to crackdown WASHINGTON ( U P I ) -W i t h President Ford already threatening to veto one bill to create 600,000 public works jobs, the House today passed a second 600,000-jnb bill and sent it to the Senate. The firs! bill, passed by Congress last month, would provide $6.2 billion for projects such as construction of municipal buildings and sidewalks, and aid to prevent slate and local governments from l a y i n g off mure em- ployes. Ford has promised to veto that bill -- which wou.d provide 600,000 jobs for Americans -- within days. U n d a u n t e d , the House voted 233-154 to expand ihe public service job program from 320,000 persons to 600,000 and continue ii through tlie next fiscal year. The jobs thai backers say the new bill would create would be mostly outside gov- e r n m e n t -- in n o n p r o f i t community groups, colleges and Indian tribes. The jobs would involve projects such us neighborhood cleanup, planting trees, m a k i n g bicycle paths, f i x i n g up public housing or p a i n i i n g classrooms. WASHINGTON (UP!) -Lockheed Aircraft Corp.'s bribes, which caused political crises in some foreign countries, have led the Ford administration to shift from playing down corporate scandals to planning full investigation and punishment. President Ford yesterday condemned the payment of bribes overseas by U.S. firms and began a review of ways to punish them, possibly including the loss of federal contracts. Lockheed is Ihe nation's top defense contractor but is not alone among those allegedly making foreign payoffs. Of the top 20 defense contractors, 10 have been convicted of, charged wilh or admitted making questionable overseas payments. Press secretary Ron Nessen said Ford called in advisers lo discuss the bribery situation f o l l o w i n g disclosures thai Lockheed and dozens of other firms have paid millions to foreign lobbyists and government officials lo boost overseas sales. At the same time, Treasury S e c r e t a r y W i l l i a m Simon President Ford Condemns bribes announced the Internal Revenue Service is stepping up a drive "to uncover tax evasion . . . through the improper deduction of bribes and similar wrongful payments." Ford asked aides to recommend what the White House can do to combat overseas commercial payof/s and is himself "leaning toward establishing a Cabinet-level committee to review the practices of American corporations in this area and to review the applicable laws." Earlier, there had been little apparent indication of administration concern with the disclosures, The administration's outcry represents a change from these earlier, nonpublic decisions: --The F e d e r a l Trade Commission on a 2-2 vote in December killed staff proposals to fine' corporations that use bribes to obtain busi- ness.The staff argued that bribery was anti-competitive. --The Pentagon tried to reverse a decision, made only last summer, that required the government to break out agents' fees in sales contracts on military sales to foreign governments. It was agent commissions, often paid in tens of millions of dollars, from which money was extracted for bribes lo government officials. --The Justice Department more than two years ago received recommendations from the Watergate special prosecutor's office concerning large and continuous payments from corporations to members of Congress. No prosecutions have resulted. Chance of rain lingers Tucson may have. To requisition For a sunny Disposition. --O. Chi Duel That low-pressure system hanging off California for more than a week refuses to give up the ghost. A chance of light showers remains in southeastern Arizona through tomorrow, although the probability isn't high enough to put into percentage figures, claims the weatherman. However, thin* cloudiness may continue lo block out the sun for another clay. The thermometer should reach the high 60s tomorrow after settling for only 60 degrees yesterday -- our lowest high temperature in 10 days. Overnight lows should be in the mid^Os. This morning's coldest was 42. In Hie Greal Plains, much of the drought-parched cropland was in the air yesterday and today as high winds swept the area. (Photo, page 2). Full uxMthcr report page 6 ears led to abortions WASHINGTON (AP) -- A short-lived ban on spray adhesives by the U.S. C o n s u m e r Product Safety Commission frightened many pregnant women and led al least eight women across ihe country lo have unnecessary abortions, a new study says. Spray adhesive is glue in aerosol cans. I t is used for a v a r i e t y of purposes including joining malerials in artwork and ir. l i - n n e applications. The ban on i l i c products was lifted six months a f t e r i! was imposed in lOT.'i bin the study by a New York jlate researcher says some doctors were flooded w i t h calls from pregnant women worried about possible b i r l l i defects due \\ the product. The commission banned spray adhesive.s in August 1973 because an Oklahoma researcher said two deformed babies and Iheir parents had genetic damage t h a t might be linked to the adhesives. In January 197'!, the commission reversed its position, saying Ihere is no evidence the product causes birth defects or genetic damage. Dr. Ernest 15. Hook, a .section chief in the New York State Birth Defects Institute, surveyed genetic specialists and medical centers across Ihe country lo determine the effect of ihi: inilial ban of the adhesfves. The safety commission urged pregnant women to contact their doctors or genetic specialists immediately after it announced ihe ban on the products. Bui Robert M. Hehfr, director of bumedical science for the commission, said the agency did nol encourage any woman to have an abortion. "It's very clear that ihe commission never advocat- p.d abortion," he said in an interview. "Clinical abortion was not exactly the thing thai anyone should go out and do." Apparently, Ihe commission ban and public statements urging pregnant women lo see Iheir doclors worked, according to Hook's study. The 182 centers and specialists responding to Hook's survey reported at least 1,100 inquiries after ihe 1973 decision. More than 1.200 workdays were reported expended on processing the inquiries and Ihe examinations and tesls that followed on pregnant women. Three of the centers said eight women chose to have abortions because of their concern over exposure to spray udhesives, even though they had not had genetic tesls to determine if there was damage. Another 340 women reportedly had genelic tesls, ihe study said. One center reported a ninlh abortion involving a woman whose lest showed possible genetic damage. Snags forecast House demand expected By FRANK ALLEN Citizen Business Eclitnr Demand for new housing in metropolitan Tucson will increase at least 50 per cent this year, but local home builders will be hard-pressed to meet that demand because of regulatory delays, the president of Western Savings Loan Association predicts. Gary Driggs of Phoenix told the Southern Arizona Home Builders Association last night that demand from home shoppers who have the ability to buy could surge easily to 6,000 or 7,000 new homes this year. That estimate parallels those offered by Valley National Bank, First National Bank of Arizona and other financial institutions. Based on projected gains in population and employment here, the estimate contrasts sharply with the 4,000-residential building permits issued countywide in 1975. Eighty per cent of the new demand will be for single-family, detached residences, Driggs said. The I n d i a n a U n i v e r s i t y trained economist predicted a severe bottleneck in the production of "finished" lots available for c o n s t r u c t i o n which will impede home builders' efforts to keep pace with the accelerated demand. Pima County has virtually no h o u s i n g surplus now, Driggs said. He cited vacancy rates of 1 per cent and 5 per cent respectively for detached residences and apartments. The un-sold inventory of completed single-family homes is fewer than 500 units and available condominiums t o t a l only 281 units, Driggs said. Despite such signs that the housing industry is rebounding, Driggs said home builders- face an epidemic of regulations "worse than the Asian flu" that already delays construction and- sales by an average of 18 months and often exceeds two years from the lime the land is put- chased. To illustrate the burden of those local regulations, he pointed to the lengthy approval process for subdivisions a process that requires blessings from numerous agencies on plans for grading, drainage, sewers, floodplains and a host of other stipulations. Although Driggs was unable to estimate the proportions of the anticipated bottleneck, a major home buitder at the meeting said he doubts that he and all his competitors will bt able to maneuver even 2,500 lots t h r o u g h g o v e r n m e n t machinery to the "finished" stage this year. That estimate, combined with approximately 30 new subdivisions awaiting approval by (he State Real Estate Department, strongly suggests that the supply of new housing could fall short of demand by at least 1,000 units. home builders agivc. Driggs said he thinks government at all levels is filled wilh "well-meaning" people who have recognized a particular problem that needs correction. "They arc not acting irresponsibly or out of malice, but they cannot see the cumulative effect of the regulations they impose," he said. As a result of those regulations and other factors, home ownership now is beyond the reach of too many families, Driggs contended. Studies show that 40 per cent of all Tucsonians could not afford to buy even the cheapest single- family home, priced at less than $24,000, home builders say. Driggs urged his audience and other business leaders to "join hands on the most intelligent basis" and to reason' with government o f f i c i a l s about the economic impact of regulations. Great earthquake is yet to come in 9 76, U.S. says GOLDEN, Colo. (AP) _ There will probably be a! least another dozen major earthquakes this year and one great earthquake a spokesman for the National Earthquake Information Service say's. The spokesman, geophysicist Waverly Person, lold an interviewer there are an average of 16 to 18 major earthquakes each year, and one great one, measuring 8 points or more on the Richter scale. The Guatemala quake last Wednesday measured 79 on the scale. Rescue workers today still struggled tu reach victims and survivors in remote mountain areas. A government spokesman predicted the final death toll may reach 25,000. So far this year, Person said, there have been four major earthquakes. There were 11 last year. Person, 49, Is on the staff of the U.S. Department of Interior's Geological Survey, which operates the earthquake service The center, in a building of the Colorado School of Mines, operates with the assistance of earthquake watchers from around the world. If there is an earthquake of more than 4 points on the Richter scale in the United Stales, telephones ring at the center If it is 5 5 or more, alarm bells sound in Golden and related facilities in Newport, Wash., on the island of Guam and in Tucson 7290 F Tanque Verde Road. ' ' "If seismographs measure a quake of more than 6 points on the Richter scale, alarm bells ring around the world," Person said. The bells go off automatically, as the tremors are recorded on dozens of slowly revolving dnims at the center and similar facilities around the Earth. If one occurs in the middle of the night, the center's duly officer receives a call, plugs in the computer command keyboard he must always have with him and feeds readings from at least ihree seismograph points into the master computer in nearby Denver. The exact coordinates of the reporting stations are part of the data permanently in the computer. It computes the location of an earthquake by comparing the coordinates with the time each received the tremor, measured to one-tenth of a second. "Within five to 10 minutes we can usually pinpoint the location and magnitude of the tremor," Person said. If v* Action, Please! James Beard Bridge f I n c c p f i a r i l*laSSErieu Comics Crossword Puzzle Deaths Editorial Pages Financial News Focus For Better Health Jumble Ann Landers Editor's Letter Movie Schedule Sylvia Porter Public Records Bill Quimby Don Schellie Sports TV Radio Schedule Weather Steve Weston Your Stars nside . . . . 1 7 17 . 3 6 59 . . 59 . 4 0 30,31 34,35 17-28 12 59 .31 .30 ..27 16 ...32 . . . . 5 0 . . . 2 9 49-51 27 6 . 4 9 .28 The genteel art . . / T 7 The Japanese tea ceremony teaches composure, courtesy and decency. He never stops L 49 Mavericks coach Bob Harlow never stops l a f k i n g from the opening faceoff. Different school . 29 School District 1 heats a plan to offer a schnnl fnr advanced students.
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