TM Especially TM Distr*xite<] by Unfvenal Press Syndicate O 2003 The MM Page Publfchhg Company Inc. By BETTY DEBNAM In the First Amendment from Tfte Mini Page by Betty Detonam O 2003 The Mint Page Pubfehtog Company Inc. Jpreedomof Madison James Madison once called free speech the "guardian" (protector) of every other right. Freedom of speech gives us the right to express ourselves and to speak out or show how we feel. It gives us the right and the responsibility to find out what others believe. This is important because well- informed citizens make wise decisions. The First Amendment says, in part: "Congress shall make no law... abridging (limiting) the freedom of speech." Notice that this amendment says only that Congress shall make no law. The 14th Amendment was approved in 1868 and prohibits states from making any laws limiting this freedom. The 14th Amendment ft says, in part:"... nor shall any state deprive (take away) any person of life, liberty or property, without due process of law" (the right to be treated fairly). In the first half of the 20th century, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the 14th Amendment means that no state can make laws limiting the jive freedoms of the First Amendment. pcccn Lincoln lost the election for the U.S. Senate when he ran against Stephen A. Douglas. However, the debates made him famous. Speaking out The founders of our country felt that exchanging ideas was very important. They remembered that for hundreds of years it had been a crime to speak out against the English rulers. Lincoln-Douglas debates A debate is a discussion in which people speak out for or against something. Abraham.Lincoln took part in some of the most famous debates in American history. In 1858 he ran in Illinois for the U.S. Senate against Stephen A. Douglas. Lincoln felt that slavery was wrong. He wanted the national government to pass laws prohibiting slavery in new states that joined the union. Douglas did not like slavery either, but he was in favor of letting each new state decide for itself if it wanted slavery or not. Through the years, candidates for president have spoken out in debates. Most recently, in 2000, George W. Bush and Al Gore debated.
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