u- PÂ«gt A-2--INDEPENDENI ItKt Ctkl. r--L.A.C. SAYS:- PKiWLK IN THK NJW'S Changing Divelling Pattern Tlie starting of new single-family dwellings is 40 lcr tent lower than thu high point in 11)30. While the percentage of all dwellings is how 27 per cent in apartment and duplex types, in 1955 they represented only 8 per rent of all new dwelling unit' starts. It is an cxatnpe of how the people arc turning to multiple dwelling units rather than single-family type homes. These reports from, the Wall Street Journal and the Commerce Department verify statements made at the "J- recent F M forum. ft * ft The report shows there were 1,530,000 dwelling unit starts in 1935 of which 8.-1 per cent were multi. family units. The estimate for 1902 is 1,300,000 units, of which 27 per cent will be multi-units. Why the decline? First, the Wall Street Journal says, was the pell- mell building of the past 15 years. Just since the war, , over 21 million housing units have been set up. That is enough to provide a new home for nearly half of Â· the about -15 million present families. , It is estimated the vacancy factor hist year for rental units was 7.9 per cc'nt compared with 5.!l per cent in 1938 and 2.C per cent in 1930. It would therefore appear the nation has a lot of catching up to do as concerns renters to bring thu rental units to a profitable occupancy. ft * ft Some reasons given for the higher percentage of multiple-dwelling units over single-family units is the spiraling cost of land. 'I he average building site costs l.'il) pur cent more than it did in 1950. The costs of construction have skyrocketed faster than incomes. The overall cost of a single dwelling, including furnishings, is too high for younger families to pay, so more of them arc renting and living in duplc.\cs or apartments. Property taxes have been another deterrent. The flight of city dwi-lliTs to the suburbs is in many cities being reversed. The cost of commuting is rising fast. A Kye, N. Y.. resident, who commutes 25 miles by rail daily to New York City pays S-tl a month compared with S22 in 1956. People using their automobiles find it costs (hem a m i n i m u m of $2.5(1 a day for a round trip for the same distance. This added to their costs of owning a single-family suburban home is driving them back to city apartments. Over the next decade the number of persons reaching 20 and J5 years of age will rise sharply. IJut the number reaching 35--the depression year babies --will decline each year until the early 1970s. It is this age group who is most likely to buy houses-according to the experts. Elderly persons arc wary of big houses. Newly married, young people usually lack the means to buy and maintain them. It is a serious trend because (he lower number of dwelling units starts means fewer jobs, less building materials, household furnishings and appliances. California and the southern states will suffer less than the rest of the country because of population trends. Hut the economy of the nation will suffer because housing consductinn has always been an important factor.--1..A.C. It A c Â·. , . Â· . .. :. .Â». i . . '. . . - . - Â· . Â· .. /.. . c-./Jer.J C D - . ! : Â· ' . "-- :-..Â·: Judy Garland to File tor Separation ttn*itt4 litm Wai Urvltn Judy Garland said Tuesday she plans to file fur a legal separation from husband Sid Lull. "I'm in the process of Joint; it." Miss Garland said as she completed a night scene for the movie, "A Child Is Waiting." The Garland-Luft marriage has been troubled for some time with several separations ending in reconciliation instead of the divorce court. Misj Garland. 38. most recently broke off with Luft in 19GI. but the couple subsequently reconciled. Miss Garland did not comment on details of her plans to obtain the legal separation. Married In Hollister. Calif.. June 8. 1951. the Lufts are parents of two children, Lorna, and Joseph. SAKAII, KAIU)\ AUIM.LY I'LAN WLDDINti SARAH PICKS THIRD Sarah Churchill, actress daughter of Sir Winston, Tuesday night in London announced her engagement to Uaron Audley. a major in the crac'c Worcestershire Regiment. She has been married twice before, lie once. Lord Audley. -!8. bÂ«ame the 23rd baron of his line in 11)42 in succession to his cousin. A son of the late Iliomas Tuchet Tnchct-Jes4on and jjreat-Kreut-graniUon nf the 20th baron, he formerly bore the' nam; Thomas Percy Henry Tuchrl luchct-Jcssun. A spokesman al Lord Audlcy's Lcnilun residence si'id "no details or date of the marriage have yet been de- ciditl." Audlcy's b.'.rony is regarded by experts as one of the oldest. The title dates back to iol2. (WESTS The Shall of Iran and impress larali Uibali will be guests of Queen Juliana and Prince Bcrnhard ilur- 25th weddin; anniversary April 30 to May 2. a court announcement said Tuesday in Tho Masuc. RELEASED JUDV OAKLAND HOSPITALIZED Bandleader Paul Whiteman, 72, lias been hospital- i^ed in Trenton. NJ.. for the past week with a possible respiratory and heart j disorder, it was disclosed Tuesday. M i s physician said his condition is not serious and he probably will lie released w i t h i n a few cl.ivs. SE.\T President Kennedy formally sent to the Senate 'I in-day tin- mimiiuliim of llyron It. White to lie an associate justice of the Supreme Court. The Senate Judiciary Committee p r o m p t l y scheduled' f o r April I I a hearing on the (.election of White. SMCVMIIS One of Greece's most noted composers, Manolls Kalomtrls, 7!). died Tuesday in Athens. l\Oi:i'tM)L\T Pubhthed djily except SurtJjy it Siilh St. Jnd Pint Ave . Loi OrJCh 17. Cjlif. tnttrrd Ji ieco Cljn miller Mar. 37. Ill), Jl Lo CeÂ»ch 7. Calir. Adjudicated by Su renor Court. Lot Angelei County. Oct. t. Hit. necret No. C-tCCEO. Per Per Month YeJr Cirner Delivery Â»J.J5 J7 00 ~ Mill 1.75 JJOO 'Jli Copy . . , 10 ing the celebrations of their Singer Timl Vuru. hos- pitalized in Laf Vegas for a week with pneumonia, was released Tuesday. But her doctor said she'll need two weeks rest lefurc working again. The short, dark-haired vocalist, a discovery of Frank Sinatra, has had a hit record "Hurt" and a big album "Soul." PROMOTED A daughter of the Sherlock Holmes author, the late Sir Arthur C o n an Doyle, was promoted Tuesday to a high post in the British Women's Koyal Air Force. The Air Ministry said Group Officer Jean. Conan Doyle, a veteran of 22 years service with the WRAP, will take over as administrative commander in the technical training command May 7. REPORTED The United States formally reported to the United Nations Tuesday on the space flight of astronaut John Glenn for inclusion in the U.N. Registry of Space Launchings. 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