Page B-4--INDEPENDENT Len Â» 1Kh ' "'"Â·' Tuwdiy, iw. i im EDITORIAL Two Stories of Crime Progress Report THERE WAS MORE THAN a casual link between two news stories which appeared in print last week end. * * * ONE, DRAMATIZING the prevalence of armed crime in this area, was the tragic story of the senseless and unprovoked slaying of a 17-year-old high school student, Leonard Moore, by two 19-year-olds at a Lakewood dairy where Moore was employed. The slayers arrived at the dairy with a loaded gun, attempted a robbery, and left young Moore lying on the ground with a bullet in his chest. The other, dramatizing the frustration of justice, was the story raising again the possibility that convicted "red light bandit" Caryl Chessman may receive executive clemency. At the recommendation of a f e d e r a l judge, Gov. Pat Brown' has announced that he will take another look at the Chessman case, which as Gov. Brown himself once noted, involved "a deliberate plan of robberies, sexual attacks, and the use of a loaded gun." * if * CHESSMAN HAS BEEN receiving judicial consideration for 11% years! What greater encouragement could there be for those who contemplate making a fast buck via the armed holdup route? What is happening in California is merely symptomatic of a widespread ill. Throughout the nation, the obvious B r e a k d o w n of the criminal courts through technicalities and involved procedures has vastly lessened the deterrent value of the fear of punishment. Certainly this is something for Gov. Brown to consider as he takes another look at the infamous Chessman case, regarding which the governor has already stated: "The record shows a deliberate career of robberies and kidnapings, followed by sexual assaults and acts of perversion, accomplished at the point of a loaded gun. One of his victims, 17 years old at the time, is still helplessly confined in a state mental hospital. Competent medical authorities are of the opinion that her condition is at least partially the result of the outrages perpetrated upon her. "The courts have inquired into every aspect of his trial. They have upheld his conviction by a jury as fair and legal. No case in modern history has received more careful scrutiny by both state and federal judiciary . . . "I have used the power of clemency before, and, in proper cases, I will use it again. I do not believe this is a proper case." Trapped on a Cliff ]L M. DR. LINUS PAULING was trapped on a cliff, but he was found, and he went home in good health, and everybody is happy. Incident closed. However, wasn't there something symbolic about the great man's trapping of himself? Pauling is one of those who advocate suspending nuclear tests permanently in hopes that everybody else RAY TUCKER will do likewise. He never quite makes clear what happens if everybody else doesn't do likewise. When Pauling went up the cliff at Big Sur he "was following a kind of deer trail when it just gave out." Similarly, Pauling logic on nuclear tests follows a kind of a trail that finally leaves one clinging to the rocks in the fog waiting to be rescued. Nixonites Fear GOP Trend of Consevatism in House Tucker WASHINGTON--Looking toward the election itself rather than to the Chicago convention, and the prospect that the nomination is assured, Vice P r e s i d e n t Nixon's backers have become concerned over the ultra-conservative trend oi H o u s e R e p u b 1 i cans u n d e r t h e leadership of Rep. Charles A b r a h a m H a 11 eck of Indiana. In selecting aids who will formulate congressional a n d campaign policies for I960, the pro-Nixon faction in the lower chamber h a v e stacked their organization with men who believe that even President Eisenhower is "too progressive" on certain issues, such-as a minimum on federal spending for schools and housing jnd slum clearance. Halleck himself, until he became W h i t e H o u s e spokesman and consultant last year, was a typical Taft conservative on domestic and foreign questions. In toppling Rep. Joseph W. Martin Jr. of Massachusetts a s M i n o r i t y Leader, Halleck's argument was that "Joe is too old, too easy-going and too friendly with Sam Rayburn." H a l l e c k i s n o w a n avowed candidate for the vice presidential nomination on the Nixon ticket. * * v * TWO OTHER selections for key roles in the House and the campaign reflect this same p h i l o s o p h y , which savors more of Taft conservatism than of President Eisenhower's "progressive R e p u b I icanism." Halleck's influence was responsible for their advancement, as their support was for his last year. The two are Reps. William E. Miller of New York, who was made head of the Republican C o n gressional Campaign Committee; and Rep. J o h n W. Byrnes of Wisconsin, who succeeded "Joe" Martin as chairman of the House Republicans' Policy Committee. In their respective posts, they are c h a r g e d with electing a R e p u b l i c a n House next November, and with making a legislative record that will contribute to recapture of the lower chamber. :!Â· * * * REP. MILLER, who hails from N i a g a r a a n d Erie Counties (Buffalo and environs), once shifted temporarily from support o( civil rights legislation to win Southern votes against government development of power on the N i a g a r a River. Miller achieved a private-public power compromise. He n o w favors civil rights, he says, but he will not sign the petition to bring the measure to the floor for a vote. Like Halleck and Speaker Sam Rayburn, he prefers "orderly procedure," although that method leaves the bill in the Rules Committee's deep freeze. Miller describes himseif as a "moderate Republican." Typical of his courage, he bucked the New York Republicans to back Nixon before Gov. Rockefeller's withdrawal. Liberal and labor analysts, however, regard him as extremely reactionary. Americans for Democratic Action gave him only a 25 per cent rating for the 1959 session and 10 for 1958. AFI.-CIO observers reported that he voted "satisfactorily" on only three of 13 tests in 1957-58. REP. BYRNES has generally supported President Eisenhower's foreign program. But he thinks that the President should "use the red pencil" more often in c u 11 ing appropriations for what he calls "local functions." Schools, housing and such problems, in his opinion, are responsibilities of the cities and states. "I just don't believe," he says, "that you should use the federal tax dollar as a method of redistributing income among the states." CAN AI5O COUMT ON US He WAAAAnts to Be AAAAAlone at Top CHICAGO (UPI) -- The Illinois Commerce Commission Monday took under advisement the c a s e of Sigmund Schy who wants the Chicago C l a s s i f i e d phone book to start: A AA AAA AAAA AAAAA AAAAAA AAAAAAA AAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAAAA Each line would be a heading for his telephone answering service. The Illinois Bell Telephone Co. contends the commission forbids any unnecessary arrangement of names. Schy claims it is necessary because some people may want to do business with AAAAAAAAAA Telephone Answering service. TO H6LP YOU THE SECOMD STAGE j DREW PEARSON GOP Propaganda to Stress Groiving Strength of V. S. WASHINGTON -- President Eisenhower has decided on a vigorous personal campaign to convince the American people and the world that we a r e catching Â· up with Moscow on missiles. T h i s w a s b e h i n d his speech in I.os Angeles last week. Ike has ordered all Cabinet officers PEARSON who talk about defense to stress the positive side of our own developments in rocketry, and to emphasize that we are actually stronger--when all weapons are taken into consideration. This line, of course, fits into the Republican campaign. However, the President acted only partly because of political motives. The National S e c u r i t y Council, in a confidential report, had warned that Russia's spectacular rocket and space achievements were convincing the world the United States had become a second-class power. So the Security Council recommended a propaganda campaign to convince the world to the contrary. NOTE 1--Assistant Secretary of Defense Murray Snyder, chief of press relations for the Pentagon, has urged defense officials to hit back at newsmen who criticize defense policy. He suggested it is better to give vague answers and to remind the press that P r e s i d e n t Eisenhower knows best about military matters. If reporters ask unfriendly questions, Snyder advises, officials should accuse the newsmen of slander, smear, and unpatriotic behavior. NOTE 2--The President was really miffed at his chief of information, Ambassador George Allen (no relation to the bridge partner), for stating publicly that America's space lag had hurt American prestige abroad. Ambassador Alien, who is a career diplomat, could not be fired for making the statement, but it was completely counter to what the President has been telling the public and he was really furious. NAZI HEADQUARTERS --In the Arlington, Va., phone book, JAckson '1-5831 is listed as the telephone of J. Kenneth Morgan. But if you call that number, a voice at the other end replies "Nazi Headquarters." It's a little stni-t'.ing. But the voice on the other end is delighted to t a l k nhoiit the Nazi Party in America, tells you how to get Nazi pamphlets a n d discusses the strategy of "Comman- der" George Lincoln Rockwell, self-appointed head of the Nazi Party--who actually turns out to be the voice. "Our plan." lie explains, "is to have our storm troopers hand out literature right downtown in the middle of Washington. "I told this fellow Drew Pearson," Rockwell continues, "that we're going to throw him into the gas chambers along with the Jews when we take over in 1972." Â· When the caller told Rockwell that she might like to cooperate in distributing pamphlets, he called to someone else in the room: "Hey, there's a young woman who would be willing to help us. Won't that be inspiring? "You'd be a real inspiration," he continued to the phone caller. "We haven't any women with us." Rockwell's eagerness to have a new recruit was a giveaway that his movement is not doing so well--which actually is the case. His neighbors have generally ignored him and since this conversation his telephone has been cut off. CENSURING CONGRESS -- Congressman Kowalski of Connecticut a n g r i l y stamped out of a House Armed Services Committee meeting last week rather than clear his public statements with d i c t a t o r ! al Chairman Vinson of Georgia,. When Kowalski arrived for a closed-door meeting, t h e c r u s t y Congressman from Georgia beckoned him aside and read to him what he, Kowalski, had said to newspapers about Russia's strong lead in rockets. Vinson then suggested in a fatherly way that Kowalski stop discussing committee business with the press. Politely but firmly the Connecticut Democrat replied that he would decide for himself what to tell reporters. Chairman Vinson then called the meeting to order, fixed his eye on Kowalski, and proclaimed gruffly: "I would suggest that none of the members make statements to the press." K o w a l s k i promptly jumped up and marched out of the meeting. NOTE--Kowalski is the congressman who won the hearts of servicemen by exposing the hundreds of GI's drafted as servants for generals and admirals. TOWN MEETING Six-Letter Word for Gratitude? EDITOR: Some months ago in your paper I read some comments from a reader that your crossword puzzles had been changed and were too hard and also had answers not found in standard reference works. This stirred my curiosity a bit and I began following your puzzle to see how it was. I've found it one of the best. I have never been much of a crossword puzzle fan but I am now--for your puzzle only. The ones in other papers arc just too dull and uninteresting. Yours give a real intellectual challenge with a certain amount of downright trickery, I would like to know who thinks them up. Is this a service of the wire news or have you an expert on the staff? I also want you to know I enjoy your paper all the way through. L. ,1. MacDONAM) 1841 West 32nd S(. Editors Note: Thank you. The puzzles are done- by syndicate tricksters. Marines Say 'Thanks for Tots' EDITOR: I want to take this opportunity to express our sincere appreciation for the consideration you gave in printing the articles that were submitted to you concerning the recent "Toys for Tots" drive that was held by local Marine Reserve Units; the 5th Communications Company, the 15th Rifle Company, and the Marine Air Reserve Training Detachment, Los Alamitos. As a result of this drive, (here were approximately 40,000 new or good usable toys distributed to the needy children in the Long Beach and Orange County area. We could not have accomplished this without your cooperation in publicizing our drive. Worthy of notice is the outstanding c o m m u n i t y participation in this drive by the Boy and Girl Scouts, local businessmen, a n d other civic groups. Thank you again for your fine cooperation in this joint community endeavor. JOHN J. HESS Major, U. S. Marine Corps Inspector-Instruc'or STRICTLY PERSONAL ; 'Spiritual Essence for the Scenery' By SYDNEY J. HARRIS Many months ago, I tossed off a paragraph about the pictures of Jesus Christ that one sees on calendars and in religious art shops. Almost all of them, I observed, depict a Nordic Jesus, with long blond curls and blue eyes and thin aristocratic features of an Anglo-Saxon movie star. As we know, Jesus was a Mediterranean Jew, and doubtless shared the coloring and general appearance of his compatriots. He was called "Rabbi" by his followers, and I imagine a rabbi is what he looked like--and not like Charlton Heston with a nimbus around his head. I recall this comment of mine because a friend sent us a note from Southern California during the holidays, saying that "it doesn't seem like Christmas here, without the snow and all the other traditional trappings of the season." By "traditional" he meant a very new tradition. It is astonishing how rapidly and easiiy we adapt ancient ceremonies to our modern settings--and, eventually, we begin to believe that the modern setting is the only "proper" background for Christmas celebration. In point of fact, as a moment's reflection would tell you, my friends in Southern California were celebrating Christmas in a setting much more similar to the one that attended the birth of Jesus than we in the North do. The area around Bethlehem is sub-tropical, like Pasadena. It is on the edge of a desert, with figs and dates and palm trees, with mountains in the background, and the warm sea nearby: * * "A" UNTIL THE SPREAD of Christianity to the northern barbarian nations, many centuries l a t e r , all the early Christmas celebrations shared this sub-tropical atmosphere.' I can imagine the first missionaries to Germany or Britain complaining in letters back home: "It doesn't seem like a real Christmas here, with all that snow and cold. What is Christmas without a camel? And it's impossible to find a fig or date tree in this wilderness. Somehow, the spirit of Yuletide is missing. Please send frankincense and myrrh as soon as possible." * * * NOW, THERE is nothing wrong with our adapting any holiday to our local conditions, so long as we do not make the arrogant and ignorant mistake of assuming that only our particular adaption is the "right" one. When we begin to envision Jesus as a Nordic hero, and Christmas as a snow-topped pine tree, we have sacrificed the spiritual essence for the scenerv. HARRIS REMEMBER Jl* / ii*r ti n\r ft 10 YEARS AGO THE PLANNING COMMISSION voted to approve the construction of a timber pier extending seaward from Magnolia Ave. after a public hearing attended by more than 200 persons; Army engineers had previously issued a permit for construction of the pier. *' V if * 20 YEARS AGO TO ASSIST in providing adequate clothing for needy c h i l d r e n , a depot was opened by Long Beach Council of P a r e n t s and Teachers in the west bungalow at Fremont elementary school, with Mrs. D. R. Dickinson presiding, assisted by Mrs. W. C. Reece and Mrs. Leo Tarzian. * * * * 30 YEARS AGO REV. PERRY G. M. AUSTIN, rector of St. Luke's E p i s c o p a l church, was elected assistant secretary of the diocese of Los Angeles at the annual convention in St. Paul's cathedral, Los Angeles, and also was named as a delegate to the annual convocation of the Synod of the Pacific to be held in San Francisco in May; W. F. Pascoe was elected to membership on the diocesan e x e c u t i v e council. i TODAY'S! QUOTES I 13V Unllcd Press International TRENTON, N.J.--Dmitri Polyansky, one of 12 visiting governors from the Soviet Union, describing his impression of Americans: "Industrious, good humored and with an understanding of what life is all about." NEW YORK -- Benjamin R. Epstein, national director of the Anti - Defamation League of B'nai B'rith, who said G e r m a n authorities would have known how to handle the outbreak of-anti- Semitism if an organized plot had existed: "Then they would have known how to deal with the situation--swift and vigorous punishment of the plotters. But instead the incidents represent an outpouring of anti-Semitism that all these years has been lying just beneath the German surface." INDEPENDENT Herman H. Ridder Publisher Daniel H. Ridder Co-Publisher Harold M. Hlnes, Asst. to Publisher Samuel C. Cameron_..Genl. Manager Larry Collins Jr Bus. Manager L. A. Collins Sr., Editorial Columnist Malcolm Epley Executive Editor Miles E. Sines Managing Editor Harry Fulton, Editorial Page Editor National Advertising Representatives Ridder Johns, Inc. with offices at New York 681 Fifth Avenuo Chicago Wrigley Bldg. Detroit Penobscot Bldg. Minneapolis 202 Foshay Tower Los Anaeles 32-12 W 8th St. San Francisco 110 Sutter St. Washington News Bureau ... ,, . _..808 Albee Buildina Current files of The Independent are maintained at these offices. Strictly Business "Argyle never did know which end is up!"
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