Independent from Long Beach, California on January 22, 1975 · Page 13
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Independent from Long Beach, California · Page 13

Long Beach, California
Issue Date:
Wednesday, January 22, 1975
Page 13
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4n vew Backing off from the Mideast precipice f The author ivas a dose associate of Carnal AbdeJ Nasser and ' President Sadat of Egypt Until last February, he was chief editor of AI , Aflrara, Egypt's most jnfluential newspaper - the editor By MOHAMMED HASSANEIN HEYKAL ^ New York Times News Service CAIRO -- The most probable time of being able to influence, the If mankind could learn to disagree LIM INCH, MM. **., ia. a,' INDEPENDENT (AM) PRESS-TELEGRAM (PM)-U option facing all parties in the Mid- J die East is another war between ( the Arabs and the Israelis But another war will be different from the previous'ones. . · ·; \ · · In 1967, the Israelis were able to surprise us from the "first moment, and: the psychological shock of their strike w a s such that the Egyptian high command was paralyzed. Such a strike will not be - possible again. . : In 1973, the two superpowers'-through the speed and dosage of their respective airlifts of weapons -- were able to control the situation after a few days and to arrange a cease-fire that left both sides certain advantages. This too may not be possible again. : ' I N 1973, ISRAEL discovered, for just a moment, the great difference between the tactical balance or foower and the strategic balance of power. She discovered that the Arabs had not only quantity -- su- pe'r'ioj'ity of numbers -- but also a ' certain quality. Israel discovered alsjj that she was more dependent . oil the United States than ever and, finally,'that the Arab oil weapon , could really be used.' -The Arabs discovered that they were not as weak as .they had . thought. They saw they could fight Well and handle modern weapons --, and that was a revelation. They realized for the first time they they had ;a vast .strategic reserve that could enable them to fight a rela- . lively long war. Respite these discoveries both soon developed a sense of unfinished business. The Arabs rejjjembered only the first five - dayijjOf the war when their armies wej'e winning; the Israelis seem to remember only the last five days. And''because it had been the superpowers that imposed the end of the war v both parties began to think that they had somehow been cheated. ; ISRAEL REJECTED the valid advice of her friends, including Henry Kissinger himself, who told trie jn Cairo at the time that when he-£sked Golda Meir for conces : siphs. she said: "Why do you ask me for this? You seem to forget that we won the war." Mr. Kissinger told me he answered, "you have wotf' 'the tactical battle but you iVa'Jvp lost strategically, because the cpiiee'pts on which Israel built its. security were challenged." /.The A r a b s discovered t h e i r strength but did not make full use of it. They missed big chances through lack of initiative. Because coordination before the war was limited to Egypt and Syria, the strategic reserve was not used. The oil embargo started on Oct. 17, after the American airlift into the Sinai had begun and when the battle was already decided. We think that if all these elements had been brought into play from the beginning, the outcome would have been different. · . , . ' . · My point is that-the unfinished business could have been finished, or almost finished, if the superpowers, which controlled the situation, had thought beyond a cease-fire arid moved toward a basic settlement. But we missed that chance, which existed only for a brief moment. ,: While that chance lasted, all the elements for solution were there. ISRAEL WAS-IN a state of reevaluation, and if there had been movement'toward peace she might h a v e .overcome her superiority complex and abandoned the lan- 'guage of military force. The Arabs had overcome their" inferiority complex and would have been ready to enter into negotiation because they were sure for the first Will Rogers Says ..'.·'·; "This is going to be a mighty noisy session of Congress, for every man coming in will have a scheme to'relieve the unemployed, and it's going to take months just to read alMhc bills that will be introduced. Of/course, they have to go to the nQjnrnillnnc fil-cl' hilt i(_ Uljll takO the entire Congress and, Senate members to make up enough committees just io'read all of 'em. ' '.'/."There is going to be many a wajj to save the country. In fact, there, willpbe 600 ways. There is about,,fivq.vhundrcd congressmen arid 100 senators." December 6,1931 shape of the solution! The war had brought the Palestinian issue to the fore, and it is . true, of course, that there can be no settlement.without a solution of .the Palestinian problem. Finally, both the superpowers became at last involved; and that too was an essential element because no settlement is possible if either the Soviet Union or the . United States is absent. '." When the chance was not seized -all these elements disappeared. It is very easy to put the blariie on Henry Kissinger because he was the prima donna -at the tinie. I think that would be unfair although '; he made his share of the mistakes. · I think that he looked at the Middle E a s t only in terms of American-Soviet relations. He wan-, ted to end the war because he wanted to avoid a confrontation between the superpowers. But he did not look at the root of the local problem: This led him to a policy of pacification-instead of a policy of seeking a solution. This was wrong because pacification is at best a passing phase. You cannot pacify forever. ., . ' . BECAUSE HE WAS unprepared . and had no time'to do his own thinking, he picked up the old ideas of the State Department and put his own new driving power behind them. . . · ' · ' . · He tried to carry out the old American policies of trying to div i d e the Arabs and to isolate Egypt. Once more he gave arms to the Israelis in order to induce them to negotiate'. Thus he gave them back their superiority complex and tiled to push the Arabs back into their inferiority complex. When he seemed _successful for a-while, the hunter's-instinct awakened in him: he reverted to his old ambition of kicking, the Soviet Union out of the Middle East, as he had said he .would a year earlier. HAVING BEEN within reach of a controlled solution, we are. now slipping back into an uncontrolled situation in which the local parties try to finish the unfinished busi- ··' ness. That's the real danger. If the Arabs find that Israel has again achieved ^superiority on the battlefield, t h e y ' will use the oil weapon, and they will use it in an uncontrolled w a y . w i t h a l l t h e consequences that this'would have for the industrialized countries and the world economy in general. And Israel, most probably, will resort to nuclear blackmail if she finds that things are going against her on the battlefield. The Israelis 'see the growing Arab strength. They see the Palestinian issue coming to the fore. They see the oil weapon'-and .the pressures it can produce. On the other hand, they have the occupied territories and that gives them trump cards, too. . ( THEY MAY BE tempted to launch a pre-emptive war to gain a breathing spell. They may reason that if you take out Egypt or Syria in one devastating strike then you can get the Arab world bogged down in internal ferment and despair and you can gain seven or ten years. Until and unless a settlement is agreed upon, the Israelis do not have the luxury of long-term planning. F o r , t h e Arabs the dangerous period is short term. In the long term they Cannot lose. But it would be. a miscalculation for Mr. Kiss' inger or anybody else to conclude from this that the Arabs can wait it out. ' ' · · . The psychological and emotional pressures, against this are too ' strong. After having come close to a solution in the October war, they cannot wait -- not for long anyway. So we are back,to where we started. THE ONLY WAY to pull back from the precipice is to switch from a policy of pacification to a policy of solution. The important thing is that the negotiators must arrive at a general concept for a settlement. Once the concept'is found there can be agreement on timetables if necessary for the implementation of individual parts of the solution. But during the negotiation, even at Geneva, there can be no filibuster, which is what the Israelis will try if they arc obliged to go to Geneva. There must be speedy purposeful negotiations. It must be done with the participation of the Soviet Union. And the Palestinians musl be there with all the other local parlies. And it must be in the United Nations framework, Let's not forftel that in every ' conflict-the parties to the conflict must make the settlement. If anyone is forgotten or ignored, it becomes a time bomb that will event u a l l y blow up everything the peacemakers t h i n k they h a v e achieved. 1 1 think one reason we are so disillusionf' i« that our goals are set too high We despair that people disagiee, and we suppose that the world can never be a kind and tianquil place until we agree on how we .ought to live. But this will never happen, as long as man is. man.. Our basic problems do not baffle us because Sydney Harris we fail to agree, but because we have not yet Jearned how to disagree. WE DO NQT need a consensus .of opinion; we desperately need a consensus'in the mode of resolving opinion conflicts. Internally, a-com- jmunity or a society or a nation can do this by the process of voting--if the ballot is both free and secret. But externally,' societies h a v e found no : way to settle their disputes short of violence and war. The art of conflict-resolution has been sadly neglected in all the fields of philosophy or politics or logic of psychology. Everyone is trying to,convince everyone' else to- adopt his view of life--and then, of course, all would be fine--but hard-" ly anyone is tackling the problem of agreeing on the most mutually satisfactory way to disagree. We make traces and treaties ·and- sullen compromises, because, we have-to, or because we are not strong enough to impose our will upon the other;, but tljese rarely last longer than the uneasy balance of power. E v e n in our industrial-labor relations, we are still groping toward an optimum formula for re- s o l v i n g disputes. E v e r y o n e acknowledges that a strike injures all and benefits none; yet this remains in many cases the only mode of action left open, profoundly unsatisfactory as it is both to the unemployed workers and . to the strike-bound .company: Obviously, a calculus of benefit can be contrived; for, just as obviously, it is plain that a process in which nobody really "wins"--as in the case of a global atomic war--is fatally absurd. Taking an example from bridge, the late S. J. Simon urged players to aim for "The best result possible, not the best possible result." A crucial distinction. ALMOST THE first thing the partners in a viable marriage have to learn is how to disagree-without tearing the fabric of the relationship. It is hopelessly'idealistic to try to "convert" the other person; such unrealistic expectations are what make for alienation and divorce. . - W h a t chiefly distinguishes a working marriage f r o m a nonworking one is that the couple has learned how to disagree and is willing to live within the rules of the game. What we need far more than books and courses on '"getting along" with others is a universal manual on how, we can not get along and still keep our heads, our mates, our jobs, and our freedom to differ. ~ . George Robeson Charming Chuck 1 · "· ! shoots again Medicine and you By BEN ZIXSEH Medical-Science Editor The antibiotic doxycycline performs in a superior manner in the treatment of acute sinus trouble, a British researcher reports. In a seven-day trial among 44 persons,' doxycycline . was 90 per cent effective. That compares to an effectiveness of only 35 .per cent among patients taking the drug ampicillin. Doxycycline is also known by the trade name Vibramycin. Dr. 0. G. Agbim of Northwich Park, Middlesex, 'England, says that doxycycline apparently has the ability to penetrate into sinus secretions. The doctor notes further that the germs commonly found in acute and chronic bronchitis are also implicated in sinus infections. Consequently the a n t i b i o t i c should also be highly effective in dealing with bronchitis. Details of the report are in Current Medical Research and Opinion (Vol. 2, No.. 5, Page 291). . · ·· A new study of more than 1,800 -persons shows that persons with asthma develop fewer malignant tumors. Dr. M i c h a e l Alde'rson of Winchester, England, says there apparently is a mechanism which protects asthmatics against death from cancer. The study covers a 20-year period. So f a r , medical investigators have no idea what the protective mechanism might be. Details of the study are reported in the journal Lancet. . · t · The XYY syndrome is a dangerous myth, two scientists claim. XY is, the normal sex chromosome arrangement for the male. And for almost 10 years there has been a controversy over the suggestion that males with an extra Y chromosome exhibit criminal tendencies.' Chromosomes are microscopic bodies in cells. The sex chromosomes are those responsible for sex determination -- XX in females, XY in males. Drs. Jon Beckwith of Harvard medical school and Jonathan King of Massachusetts Institute of Technology say there is no evidence t h a t having an extra Y chromosome causes criminal or antisocial behavior. Many programs are in progress to remedy the situation, they say. But note this: Psychiatric intervention, they say, is more likely to precipitate abnormal behavior in these persons than prevent it. Their warning to forgo psychiatric programs for these persons is in the New Scientist, a scientific journal. · * * ' Persons with high blood pressure require larger doses of diuretic drugs than do individuals with normal pressure, a doctor says. According to Dr. Harriet P. Dustan of the famed Cleveland Clinic, persons with high blood pressure tend to be more resistant 'to diuretic drugs than those with normal pressure. . Diuretics are drugs which increase the secretion of urine. They are frequently used in an attempt to lower high blood pressure. Dr. Dustan is vice chairman of the Cleveland Clinic's research division. Her remarks appear in Archives, of Internal Medicine. IT HAD BEEN a long time since 1 had seen Chuck Sundquist in action. It was good to renew my old acquaintance with the bare- knuckle school of journalism again. Chuck has b e e n an ,1, P-T photographer for 27 years. He talks .'rough, drives fast and does not try to soften the glare of a strobe-light . with sweet talk. If a scene is to be set, he sets, shoots and splits. ' I watched him in action the other day when my friend Bill Glei · received a medal from the Republic of China. That's the China on t h e island. ' ' . " · · · There was the republic's consul- general and his public relations ' aide-de-camp cutting up old China touches with. Glei, and Suudquist became impatient. :· · "Okay, you guys," he growled, "let me shoot this. You can carry on your little chit-chat when I'm gone." : Direct. To the point. Effective. Everybody jumped. "Get a little closer together, there -- that's it -- now, you, hey you, go. ahead and stab him with that medal there. A little higher, closer to the chin, you know? Don't worry about it, you can pin to his skin, just so it looks good." ' G L E I LATER t o l d me that Sundquist actually had used a Chinese term of endearment, "Hei Yu," and that it only sounded like "Hey, you" to my untrained Anglo ear. The Chinese consul general was impressed with Sundquist's no-nonsense approach to news photography, and there were little bandages handy for the pin-hole in Glei's chest, so everything worked out well once we got the medal out of him. ' Chuck Sundquist is the only news photog who has solved the problem of three-syllable names adopted by Catholic nuns. He doesn't have to 'remember them. He calls them "baby," "honey" and ./'sweetheart," and they never take offense. THE NURSING NUNS of St. Mary's seem charmed by the Sund- q u i s t s t y l e of affectionate gruffness. They may take "baby" and "sweetheart" from him ("move in a little closer, Baby, and gimme that big beautiful smile again...") but I would not try it with them. There are some guys who get away with it and some guys who get arrested for it. I'm afraid I'm more of an arreslee than a charmer. · "Old guys are always giving me a bad time on photos," says the not-so-young Sundquist. But he has a never-failed-yet line. As best I can recall, it is, "Listen, you old goat, I don]t have to time to waste on you, now stand there and look happy!" ' He may have gotten his journal- i s m training f r o m o l d J i m m y Gagriey movies when they were young, but it works for h i m . We never send him to funerals, however. I H A V E JUST received my Internal Revenue Service W-2 form for withholding taxes which, for some reason, is actually a U.S. Postal Service form. . It tells me how much money h a s . b e e n withheld f o r federal taxes, right? The part you tear off to separate .your copy from the copy you send in with your tax return has a little tab on it. A tab that tells the whole story of the taxing system. T h e t a b s a y s , "Grasp a n d Snap." If a legal firm represented the Internal Revenue Service instead of the Justice Department! Grasp Snap would likely be its name. . B E F O R E J t gets any older, I should tell you the latest movieland news. A production company is combining the best action shots f r o m "Earthquake" a n d "The Towering Inferno" into one spectacular motion picture. They're going to call it "Shake and Bake." That was lousy. I think it's lime 1 went home. . Best of press REMEMBER, when you point your finger accusingly at someone else, you've got three fingers pointing at yourself.--Oak Leaves. A LONG TIME AGO, "the good old days" were called "these trying times."--Record, Columbia, S.C. LANDING a man is like catching fish, you have to wiggle the bait a little.--Tiger, U.S.S. Barry. . THE ONE THING that most men can do better than anyone else is to read their own writing.--Origin unknown. For those who desire DIRECT AT LOW COST!!! There is ... NO NEED TO ENROLL in local or out-of-town Cremation Societies to arrange for CREMATION AT LOW COST . . . without V services. DILDAY'S there are, NO ENROLLMENT FEES . . . NO PRE-PAYMENT REQUIRED. Let the Professional Funeral Director handle your arrangements. IT COSTS NO MORE! Inquire today. TOTAL COST ifor mrtv?diate need as opposed to those " ho desire the more iraaitional services) FAMILY Funeral Directors ^^j 1250 Pacific Ave. 3936 Woodruff Ave. (Pacific at Anaheim) (Woodruff at Carson) 436-9024 . 421-8411

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