.HUMBOLDT STANDARD Wed.. April II, 1962, Page JlumMOt Established 1873 Published by THE EUREKA NEWSPAPERS, INC. DON O'KANE, President and General Manager Second Class postage paid at Eureka, California. Yearly, $21. . . Monthly, $1.75 . . Mail rales, Zones 1 and 2, $1.75 per month Zones 3 and 4, $2.00 .. All other, $2.25 .. Daily, ten cents per cop FULL UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL WIRE SERVICE PU LISHED FROM 328 E STREET, EUREKA, CALIFORNIA, EVER EVENING EXCEPT SUNDAY, TELEPHONE HILLSIDE 2-171 The Standard's Editorial Policy: Unsiuerinng support of the principles of democracy; in federal, slate and community government; Preservation and advancement oj the opportunities for pursuit oj private enterprise in California and the Redwood Empire; Unbiased reporting of the news; Preservation of the principles o/ free speech and a. free press; Support of all movements /or the betterment, Ihe beautification and the general development of Eureka and other cities and towns of Humboldt county. Train Raid Anniversary It was an unsuspecting Confederate train crew which pulled into a 'remote station for breakfast on April 12, 19G2 -- one hundred years ago. Within minutes, the trainmen were to become victims of the most bizarre escapade in the history of railroading. With a plan so daring and potentially so disruptive to the Southern cause that historians still engage in lively debate over the effect on the war had the venture been successful, Jarnes J. Andrews and 21 Union comrades boarded the train at various points along the line with the intent of wrecking the foremost supply link between Marietta, Ga., and Chattanooga, Tenn. This railroad was vital in provisioning forces operating between Memphis and Richmond. The plan was to destroy several bridges and communications along the 110-mile route between northern Georgia and Chattanooga so effectively that Southern offensives would be stalled and a Northern counterattack could overrun Southern positions as supplies dwindled. It was a fantastic plan with great odds against success, but it failed by only 20 miles. After commandeering the locomotive, "The General," and several cars of its train while the crewmen breakfasted near what is now Kennesaw, Ga., Andrews and his men sped north, stopping occasionally to rip up ties, cut telegraph lines and set fire to bridges. Unknown to the Unionists, their hijacking exploit was quickly discovered and the Confederate crew began pursuit on a faster engine, "The Texas." Dramatic as the chase itself was, with the Confederates stopping to repair track damage and Andrews and his men bluffing their way through watering stations and one switching operation, it was lack of fuel which finally stalled "The General" near Grays- viile, Ga., just 20 miles short of its destination. Andrews and his men fled into the woods, but were captured in a short time. He and seven others who were also members of the Union Army were executed on June 7, 1862, and the remaining 14 imprisoned. Eight escaped in October and the other six were freed a short time later. Congress considered the exploit so noteworthy t h a t even though their mission failed, the last surviving six members were the first recipients of the U. S. Medal of Honor. A handful of men and one locomotive very nearly changed the course of a war. It is an example of bravery and imaginative dedication students of the Civil War expect to find in the pages of history, and frequently do. Quotes From The News PARIS -- President Charles de Gaulle, in a radio and television appeal for support in Saturday's referendum on Algerian indopond cnce: "The evidence of your confidence will be the number of those who reply by saying 'yes.' " WASHINGTON -- Dr. Harold Brown, Defense Dcpartmenl director of research and engineering discussing the pre-administration program to build the controversial RS70 bomber: of the House Foreign Affairs Com- "The secretary of defense, mittee. referring lo former Gen.imuch better management expert Edwin Walker's charges againsljlhan I, said it was one of the administration officials: jworst-managed programs he ever " . . . Out of line and out ofisaw until he reoriented it last this world." i March." By United Press International BATON ROUGE, La.-Secrctary of Stale Dean Rusk, commcnUni on the seven Americans who were seized by Cuban authorities while en route to Jamaica: "I believe they were people out io explore for sunken treasure ships and things of that sort . We are moving to obtain their release, and I really don't believe we should have much difficulty in that." 'J WASHINGTON--Rep. William S. Broomfield. a Republican member: Editorials *** Features *** FILTER NATIONAL WHIRLIGIG * * * * * * * * * * News Behind the News inferlandi "It's !,'"ixl for the morale of the clclofjiitrs . . . I t helps tn remind them they're not working fur it ;ill WASHINGTON - Experienced lolitical observers here draw several startling conclusions from leir reading of the ever controversial Richard M. Nixon's book, "Six Crises," and the repercussions his observations have stirred around the While House anc in Republican circles. Oddly, none of these significant interpretations have been made by the jolitical or the more highbrow, erary reviewers. The first is that the Californian lolds former President Eisen- lower partially responsible for his defeat by such a narrow margin. The former Vice President oes not make the direct accusation, but he records certain omissions and commissions by the Gettysburg farmer which, in his jinion, cost him plenty of votes. The second, and this is based on post-publication happenings, is iat President Kennedy fears Mr. ixon more as a liffrf opponent lan he does Governor Nelson A. loockefeller of New York, Senator Barry Goldwater of Arizona George Romney of Michigan. .eading Democrats scoff at the suggestion that Lieutenant Colonel John H. Glenn Jr. will enter )olitics. They consider him a edicated spaceman. DIDN'T HELP IMAGE - The rd feeling is that Mr. Nixon's review of his stormy public career aggravates his seventh crisis -- namely, his attempt to defeat Governor E d mund G. Brown in next fall's election. Few think thai Ihe book improved Die "Nixon image." Former President Eisenhower. according to Nixon, helped to weaken or destroy one of the principal issues which the Republican candidate was citing as evidence of his superior qualifications for the White House-namely his greater executive experitnce as a participant in many important decisions at the top. When report' 's asked Eisenhower to cite decisions in whic Nixon had participated, "Ike" hesilat.j and then replied: "!.' you give me a week, I might think of one." A week passec and he could not - or did not-credit Mr. I' ! "on with an important role in any one determination of policy or action. Mr. Nixon adds that this embarrassed him all through the campaign because it minimized the effect of his depiction of Opponent Kennedy as an "inexperienced young man." "SQUEAMISH" IKE -- Eisen- lower's handling of the question of the "secret fund" contributed :o Nixon by wealthy friends also lurt, the latter says. "Ike's" squeamish attitude forced the Californian to deliver his famous "Checkers" explanation, a sor of belated apology that antagonized many voters because of its seeming artificiality and theatrical trappings. Foreign News Commentary By PHIL NEWSOM, UPI Foreign Editor Just about a year ago, a French newsman visited the United Press ntcniatiomil office in Algiers and, looking down upon busy Avenue Pasteur with his back to the room, he said to no one in articular: "It will be 'another Congo." His words were prophetic, but in a way he probably did not anticipate. It was a Sunday and Algerians were voting in the first of the De Gaulle - ordered referendums to determine Algeria's fu- At that lime the French Algerian government issued two kinds of passes to working newsmen. One was of the ordinary kind. IK'rmitting reporters into government buildings anil certain other re.slricled areas. The other permitted the newsman to ignore the strict curfew am to ho out oil the streols after ( ark. ' Those wore the hours when the ;) astic bombers came out and a lighted window was an invitation In Â« sniper's bullet. Things were not as bad then as now, lor (lie cily was in (he run grip of lough Foreign Legion laralroops. But even then, unless there were compelling reasons, it was better to slay inside behind shutters at night. This man was one of thousands of Algerian-born Europeans who wished desperately that Algeria remain a part of metropolitan France. But he also was a realist anc :ic knew that the tide of independence sweeping over 11) mil- ion Moslem Algerians soon would engulf the whole country and hat independence for them, in association or not with France, was inevitable. His fear was for the falc of Europeans like himself who soon would be a minority at the mercy )f a people whoso hatreds had nnlurcd In seven years of war. As the Europeans arc forced 'iirthcr nnd farther back into their big cily strongholds in Mgiers, Oran, Const antine and Bone, a situation is arising which DC Gaulle foresaw and hoped to )rovent. He once spoke of Algerian partition but he knows hat if such became n reality. t would be Ihc beginning of a otal European irtroat from Mgeria. Then there were leaks at Wash ington that Eisenhower had even given thought to selection of another running mate in 1956. They tended to diminish Nixon's 1960 stature. Nor did Eisenhower "take off his coat" and campaign as actively or as cnthusiastical ly as the GOP presidential nominee's friends thought he shor.ld have, since Nixon was running on the Eio-nhower record. Nixon regrets that he did not pay more attention to the Negro vote, and suggests that he might have lost the election thereby And here he attributes the loss 01 90 per cent of the colored support directly to the man in the White House at the critical moment. ONE SINGLE INCIDENT -When the Reverend Martin Luth er King was arrested in Atlanta it the height of the campaign Nixon urged Eisenhower to intervene on behalf of the desegre- gationist champion. It is understood that Attorney General William P. Rogers, a Nixon backer and adviser, made the same suggestion. Eisenhower did nothing, presumably because he did not want to interfere in a judicial proceeding. Robert Kennedy, however, urg ed leniency in a telegram to Georgia authorities (Democratic, of course), and the Negro minis- er was released almost immed- ately. In an interview in the current "Ebony" magazine, Nixon ilames his defeat on Ike's handing of this single episode. WALTER WINCHELL ON BROADWAY New Yorkers Arc Talking About . Liz Taylor and Richard Burton making love seem unlovely. The fate of 20th Century-Fox de lending on the completion ol 'Cleopatra". . .Debbie Reynolds laving the last big laugh. . .Bar bara and Arthur Gelb's mohu mental "O'Neill 1 biog. A 5-ycar ob. .-.A Mechanix Illustrated es say contending that worrying i. nothing to worry about. Psychia rists say worriers are frequentl; lappier than non-worriers J earl Buck's new novel, ."A Bridge for Passing." Her 55th tome. She is 69. . .The unique fea :ure of the "Sweet Bird of Youth' :ilm: Includes virtually the. en :ire Broadway cast. . .Richan lodgers' h a u n t i n g "Sweetes Sounds" ballad in "No Strings.' Sounds were never sweeter. The Header's Digest top quip 'I'm putting all my money in taxes -- the only thing sure to gi up." Variety's debunking of Paar's ast-show hysterical lie, viz: Tha WW's 1960 Sunday Night news casts were "dumped" (by ABC TV) after "only two weeks!". The Showbiz "Bible" reminds the iar that six colyumists subbe( luring our last year's Staph in ection. And that the network (am ponsor) announced w e e k ! y: 'He'll be back next week!". . Until we told One All: "Stop aying that -- I'm too ill to come lack!". . .Losing a newscast hook- ip for which I waited 5 years. The source of Wall Street's dolIrums: The Administration's anti- lusiness attitude. . .Darryl Zan- ck stating that his "Longest Day" flicker is "a cheapie in to- ay's market." It cost a mere $10 million. . .1 n g m a r Bergman's Through a Glass Darkly" hailed y critics as oh-so-artistic. We ound it morbid, depressing and The Kennedy forces promising ax cuts "in a year or two." Ha! .Suzanne Pleshette's unusual cling style in the "Rome Adven- ire" film. Her future .is written n the stars. . .The color tv re- apture of Mrs. JFK's journey to ndia. A visual feast. . .The staring .title change of an upcoming resley flicker. From "Gumbo 'a-Ya" it was switched to "Girls! lirls! Girls!". . .Alice Faye's en- uring beauty and charm on the omo carnival. . .The scenic- nacks in the "Orpheus Sleeping" 1m. De Luxe camera-work. . . fter all these years -- Cleopatra being front-page news.. .The flif quip from Coast to Coast: "Bu tori, Burton, Who's Got the Bu ton?" Another F. S c o t t Filzgeral biog. His old novels are now b sellers. The year he passed hi royalties amounted to exactly $3 .Lord Beaverbrook orderin his Daily Express editors to rcfi to the two world ' wars. as th "First German War" and . th "Second German War:' 1 Ironica ly; before WW II he was an. a] peaser. . .Cuba's mass trial -Which is actually an'attempt commit mass murder. Washin ton's silence on .this subject tough to savvy. . .An item.burii in a N.'Y. Times story: "Ther has been some speculation tha the Chinese Reds have arrangi secret credit deals with Western bankers, but there has been confirmation." A reporter wh can c o n f i r m that firecracki would win a Pulitzer Prize. . The Doris Day - Andre Previn a bum "Duet." Superior pianoin and cooing. Songshine galore. The Saturday Review quotin novelist Katherine Anne Porter "The .Hai opinion of the Germans: laven't changed a bit!". , per's mag sketching the deadl jarallels between the radical righ and the radical left. They are a different as Capone and Dillinge .Stogie fans discovering Bra zilian cigars. That nation is th iifth largest producer of tobacc . .The dramatic irony of fate -Vhen Mike Todd's plane crashe t had a shattering effect on th ives of people who were far from he scene of the tragedy: Debbie iiz, Eddie. And now -- Richari ull. . .Peggy Lee's "Blues Cross Burton. . .Noel Coward confessini ountry" elpee. Â· Especially the that "drinking bores and upset Â·ay she pours the honey in "St. ouis Blues." A bloozy-doozy arhra Streisand's jolly-dollying n "I Can Get It for You Whole- ale." Brightest femmtertainer to it Broadway in years. . .The Me(lire Sisters-Lenny Maxwell wow t Basin SI: Basinsational!. . . illionaire Hunlington Hartford onfessing an unfounded fear: Goig broke. me." The Big Square. . .J. Edga loover denouncing "soft justice' or the alarming rise in crime Soft justice punishes law-abider Â·atber than criminals. Suzyi Parker's sisters who have he flossiest names: Dorian, Flor an' : and Georgiabelle. . .Kim No rak continuing to strive for im irovcmenl. She still takes aclim cssons. . . M i l t o n Eisenhowe darning the U. S. for Castro. Oh iure. And the U. S. was also re ponsible for the Pearl Harbo ineak. . .Walter Lippmann ilaining why nuclear disarma ment talk is just that -- talk 'Nuclear testing is likely to con inue because the Soviet Union vants to catch up and we want tc lay ahead". . .The report tha 'ed Kennedy was involved in Seating while he was a student a Harvard Univ. Some editorialist ay the expose will damage hi lolitical career. We doubt it. Since vhen did cheating hurt a politi ion? The Woman's View SENSITIVE SPOT -- President Kennedy's immediate and sharp -ctort on his campaign handling of the invc.sion of Cuba shows he importance he attributes to he Nixon attack on this delicate ssuc. Although, the facts of the matter are still debatable, the ^resident sought to wing his Â·ival in a vital spot. The President's reception on lis recent visit to California, vhich lie shared generously with Jovernor Brown, was a direct lit at the Nixon candidacy. Nor lid the latter destroy its effect y referring to Ihe President and iltorney UcncrpJ Kennedy 'carpet baggers." Even Rcpnb- ican editorials expressed nueh distaste that Mr. Nixon of- ercd a semi-apology. However, politics will always exciting as long us Dick Nixon emains on the public stage. Now You Know Ily United Press Inlprmitlonnl A total of 276 Seventh Cavalry oldlcrs was killed nlong with Gen. corge A. Cluster In the battle of itlle liig Horn on June 25, 1876. NEW YORK (UPI --Those erized muscles need preparation ir spring's gardening, or else ou'll reap an early harvest o] ches and pains. Bonnie Prudden, physical fitness xpert and part-time gardener a her summer home in Stockbridge Mass., said the weekend athleti and weekend gardener have much in common. Both overdo, although the body isn't ready for the on slaught of the out-of-ordinary exercising. "Start now to prepare for gardening," said Mrs. Prudden. Although,- she contends, a person should keep in shape the year around--"Then we wouldn't have people limping into the office or to their doctors on Monday morning." The aching back is the most frequent complaint of the unseasoned gardener, said Mrs. Prudden, 48, and a trim 34, 23, 34 weighing 125 pounds. "Every bit of it muscle," saic this astonishingly agile woman who for 18 years has plugged for physical fitness through schools, writings, lectures, television, and her own New York-based institute for Physical Fitness. Inc. "When 1 say muscle, I don't mean bumps," she said, in an interview. "Some women arc afraid that exercise will turn them into bunch of gnarls. But do you behind every curve there the (now, s a muscle. If there isn't, curve soon becomes a sag." Mrs. Prudden suggested these preparatory exercises for the jardener. First, lo strengthen the back mil hamstring (back of leg), tad 'orward as if you were pulling weeds or culling a border. Bui icep Ihc feel flat on Ihe floor, Ihe cnccs unbent. Do Ihc bendinif 'rom Ihc waistline and try for the "ground" with the palms o the hands. Alternate this limber-upper with a stooping exercise, in which the body is crouched, with knees bent "Many gardeners get backachi because they slay in one posilioi too long," she said. "Constant!; vary your approach to your work And for the first few days out doors, goof off occasionally for five minutes of lying down jusl listening to and watching nature Good or the body and the spirit.' Practice indoors on the deac lift before you begin lifting dirt plants and garden tools outdoors she suggested. The dead lift involves planting the feet apart bending from the waist to the floor and lifting a heavy ohjecl in each hand. She demonstrated with a four-pound-10-ounce copy o: the New York telephone directory in each hand. The dead lift strengthens the upper back, shoulder and uppei arm muscles. Another exercise calls for lifting with Ihe knees thrust forward so that the weight of gardening equipment or plants is shifted and the back is protected from a straight pullup. Mrs. Prudden said knee bends also arc an excellent body conditioner. To do this, put the feet to- gethcr, the knees close, hold onto ii table for balance if you have lo, keep the back straight, arms stretched out in front of you, and ;o down, bend the knees as nueh as you can. Lower your backside toward the floor, then rise slowly, lift up on tip toes, lien lo normal standing position. "Don't worry about the creak n your joints wilh Ihc knee icnd," she said. "Wilh a whole Â·lass, you should hear the sound iffocls. 1 cull It Ihe rustle of TODAY'S BEST FROM EUROPE "Your brother, who went off to Australia to seek his fortune, has returned . . .!" the Hollywood Scene By Vernon-Scott HOLLYWOOD (UPI) _' If you. son wants to become a doclo belt him on the head and tel him to forget it in favor of be coming an actor. Vince Edwards, star of thi, season's runaway television hi "Ben Casey," plays a brain surg eon in the series and plays the cash register like a virtuso on tis own lime. After less than a full season Vince, a handsome guy who knocked around Hollywood on ; starvation diet for many years, has demanded the most startling raise in salary in the brief his tory of television. He has asked Bing Crosby Pro ductions, which films his series tor $7,500 a week salary, 25 per cent of the show and $300,000 vith which to produce pilot films n his own. The Crosby company currently lays him $1,700 weekly under the erms of a five-year eontracl which still has four years to run. Now 1 ask you, how many doc- ors do you know who earn $7,500 every seven days. On ayear- y basis, with 25 per cent ownership plus-personal appearances, that could come to nearly hall million bucks. For a doctor to drag down that ;ind of loot he would have to lave an office full of J. Paul letty's every day awaiting delicate surgery. A representative of the Crosby company said, "We refuse to ake Vince's demands seriously.' That may be due in part to the names of people involved. Rep- esenling Ihe company is produc- ion chief Basil Grillo. Vince, .-hose real last name is Zoino, is epresenled by agenl A b r i e r Greshler. The list of characters eads like a beatnik opera. Said Grillo, "Our position is lis: Edwards is under exclusive ontract to us for four more ears. If he doesn't work for Bing Crosby Productions he does ot work at all . "But we're not being unreason- ble. In view of his own personal uccess and his contributions to le series we are willing to make adjustment, but we will not egotiate." Rumor has it the "adjustment" ill give Vince about $3,000 a Â·eek. Should Vince decide to hold out or more, and the Crosby people nwilling to budge, it is possible lat the show would collapse, caving Vince with a salary of ero and the company without a op show. It also is possible that word of the'rift might reach boss Bing Crosby's generous ears down in Mexico where he is on vacation with his wife, Kathy. "Der Single is a man of leace," a friend said. "If he is displeased wilh ail the ruckus Bing's liable to say, 'Heck, cancel the show.'" In that event Grillo vvould fasten his attention on new pro- rams, leaving Zonia and Abner o mull the possibility of enrolling Ben Casey in a good medical school. Chuckles In The News NEWPORT B E A C H , Calif. UPI) - Bruce Card says that if he rustlers who stole the life- ized model of a steer from in ront of his restaurant will return . he won't press charges. In facl he offered a reward of wo"steaks '-- from a real steer. CRAWLEY, England (UPD- ix-year-old Jacqueline was ex- lelled from class Tuesday for leing a "disruptive influence." Jacqueline is the jackdaw pet of pupil. ; A l m a n a c By United Press International Today is Wednesday, April 11. le 101st day of the year with .64 to follow in 1962. The moon is in its first quarter. The morning stars are Jupiter nd Saturn. The evening star is Venus. On this day in history: In 1814, Napoleon decided to bdicate and signed a proclama- on to that effect. In 1899, the United States pro- aimed a treaty of peace with pain, ending the Spanish-Amerian War. In 1951, President Truman re- eved Gen. Douglas MacArthur his commands in the Far East. In 1953, Mrs. Oveta Hobby was worn in as the nation's first sec- etary of the Department of ealth, Education and 'Welfare. A thought for the diajt: Amerian humorist Mark Twain said: Soap and education"' are not as udden as a massacre, but they re more deadly in the long run." SENATOR CAUCUS, by Pete Wyma opr. '12 Btn'l FÂ«Â«hirÂ»l Corp. TM-WorM RigMi Rsvct. . . So you see, Hiram, the Washington Monument slongs to all Americans, and this city slicker couldn't ill it to you!!"
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