10-A Jtnlty jNcfo* Friday Morning. September 22. 1978 Jack Anderson LURIE'S OPINION Mowing Of Standards Launched MAKING A WISH Viewpoints Commentary, Editorials Henry J. Taylor Victor Hugo: Poetry, Politics PARIS - I went to the grave of the amazing Victor Hugo, buried in the Pantheon near Voltaire and Rousseau. In 1878 Hugo was stricken by cerebral congestion. But he lingered on seven years. Hugo lived at 6 Place de Voges and died in Paris May 22, 1885, age 83. He was the greatest poet of his century and author, as well, of "Les Miserables," among other significant novels. From the Arc de Triomphe to the Pantheon, a million mourners marched behind the casket. In 1821 Hugo began his famous relationship with kind, talented actress Juliette Drouet who held her estatic face and painted nails to the flaming ap-' plause of the Paris stage. , Juliette abandoned the'' stage. At first Hugo intended to redeem Juliette but, ultimately, she redeemed him. Their relationship lasted half a century. Juliette died two years before Hugo. As his estimate of life without Juliette, Hugo's last request was that his body be placed in a pauper's coffin. Hugo looked like one of Alexander Dumas' "Three Musketeers," dynamic and muscular. Auguste Rodin cast him as emerging from a rock. But under this facade he was a cautious man, not unlike his father. Born at Besancon (Feb. 26, 1802), Hugo was the third son of Napoleonic General Joseph Leopold Hugo. But Napoleon had few good men around him. His father was like General Dumas, the father of QUOTE/UNQUOTE What people are saying... "We wish the friendly Ethiopian people and their leaders new accomplishments in attaining noble aims ... along the lines of socialist orientation." — Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev, pledging rapport to the government of Ethiopia in a message to the strife-torn East African nation. "The fans have been a great help with their thoughts, but it's been a very tough year for me." — Vernon Presley, father of the late singer Elvis Presley, speaking at the unveiling in Las Vegas, Nev., of a 405-pound bronze statue of his son. "It's like being co-pilot to a Kamikaze flyer." — Dale Tyler, wife of Mississippi State coach Bob Tyler, describing the role of ipoase to a major college football coach. "He fought a long battle to try to get over the wounds of the war — not the physical wounds. He had his ups and downs." — William Woodward, discussing the apparent suicide of his brother James, 31, a member of one of America's leading turf families. The Vietnam vet died in a plunge from his Manhatten hotel suite. "You just put all the juice you got into it." — Kevin Mlnear, an 18- year-old cattle fanner from Charleston, W. Va., describing how he won the West Virginia Tobacco Spitting Contest. the novelist, a veritable one-man army but not a good general. Hugo was an infant prodigy. At two, his mother took him to Paris and Paris was the birthplace of soul. By 14, Hugo wrote "I wish to be Chateaubriand or nothing." And at 15 he received the great Academic Francaise's Honorable Mention. Spasms of dogged perseverance overtook Hugo. He began to write with the intensity and self-confidence that one day climaxed in "Les Miser- ables." He became a royalist at che court of King Charles X. The king made Hugo the Vicompte Victor Marie Hugo, Chevalier of the Legion d'Honneur. But at a favoring moment Hugo broke with the court by writing an explosive time- bomb entitled "Ode a la Colonne." "Ode la Colonne" was opportunistic, but it opened the floodgates of French romanticism to Dumas, Alfred de Vigny and George Sand and established Hugo's reputation as a lyrical poet. He enjoyed 15 years of success. In 1814 the Academie Francaise recognized Hugo's literary achievements by electing him a member and in 1845 he was nominated to the Chamber of Peers. In 1845, age 43, Hugo entered his political period. He transferred an interest in politics into an obsession. "Male" is the word from Old French meaning to overpower. dalucaton ,Batl|j FOUNDED IN 1 S4fi TEXAS' OLDEST NEWSPAPER Dedicated to the Growth end Progress of Gatoston and GeJveston County MANAGEMENT TEAM LESOAUGHTRY ...................... Editor end Publisher BRAD MESSER ........................... Managng Editor WADE J. PARKER ....................... Business Manager RONALD B.SCHULTZ ............. Retail Advertising Manager DAVID LYONS ................ Classified Advertising Manager SLLYTUMA .......................... QroJation Maneoer ROBERT LEYVA ........................ Mail Room Foreman DALE THOMPSON ..................... Production Manager BILL COCHRANE ................. Composing Room Foreman CECIL DILL .......................... Press Room Foreman Piijfched every morning by Gslveston Newspapers. Inc., 8522 Teichman Rd,. P.O. Box 628. Geh/eston. Texas 77553. Second Class Postage Paid at Galveston. Texas. United Press International is entitled exclusively to the use or repubfcation of 8l the local news of spontaneous origin printed in this newspaper. SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY CARRIER, $4.25 per month, BY MAIL, $54.00 per year in U.S., SI08.00 outside U.S. Readers are ancoureged to submit their statements or opinions on local matters for publication on this page. Latters to the editor, •too era always welcome. PHONE 744-M11 Hugo became the Great French Male. His aggressiveness grew insufferable. On the night of December 14, 1851, patient Juliette rescued him during a particularly stormy escapade. Disguised as a lorry- man, she hauled him off to Brussels. The two remained there a year. But, foreseeing expulsion, they took refuge on the Isle of Jersey. Three years later, the couple was expelled. The couple moved to the neighboring Isle of Guernsey, Hugo reveling in his martyrdom. The couple stayed there 17 years. And on the Isle of Guernsey Hugo completed his unfinished "Les Miserables" at the age of 60. Returning to Paris Hugo re-entered the political jungle. He was a great hero, second only to Napoleon. King Louis Napoleon had been outlawed a year earlier. But the magic name, however, swept everything. To Hugo's bitter disappointment, Louis Napoleon was chosen president of France. Thereafter, Hugo - with vast success - clung to his authorship. Surely he never wrote more still- fresh, lovely verses than "Les Quatre Vents de 1'Esprit." Hugo wrote it in his 80th year. He lived for many years on the Avenue d'Eylan. On Hugo's 80th birthday the city of Paris changed the name of the Avenue d'Ey- lan to the Avenue Victor Hugo. The name remains to this day. Copyright, 197« United Feature Syndicate, Inc. WASHINGTON - The average homeowner mowing his lawn on a weekend afternoon probably doesn't realize he is pushing a piece of dangerous machinery. Power lawn mowers cause more than 150,000 injuries a year. Most of these are nasty accidents in which a person's fingers or toes are cut off by the blade of the power motor. For years, the Consumer Product Safety Commission has been tinkering with a proposed safety standard that would make lawn mowers safer to operate. Now that the agency is about to approve the new standard, the industry has launched a last-ditch lobbying effort to knock it out. The commission wants manufacturers to design their lawn mowers so the blade will automatically stop when a person lets go of the machine. The government officials also want to protect users against being hit by small flying objects propelled through the motor. These injuries have cost an estimated $350 million a year in hospital costs and lost salaries. But insiders say the manufacturers have refused to concede that a mandatory standard is needed. "The industry has just been totally uncooperative," grumbled one commission staffer. Now the Outdoor Power Equipment Institute is trying to convince Congress to pull the plug on the safety commission's efforts. The trade grouo urged its members in a confidential dispatch "to contact ... your elected representative and senator in Washington, expressing your opposition to a mandatory safety standard that will be profoundly damaging to the interest of the industry." The commission is "irresponsible," says the letter. "It is essential that we seek the assistance of senators and congressmen who represent OPEI members to ask them to intervene on our behalf ... To assist you in your personal lobbying effort, I am attaching a list of key congressmen plus their phone numbers and addresses." The letter even included a sample list of questions to pose to the legislators. Meanwhile, one manu- facturer, the Toro Company, has hired a former chairman of the safety commission, Richard Simpson, to advise the firm on the safety of its lawn mowers and other products. A Toro spokesman told us that Simpson is "uniquely qualified" to handle the safety issue, but is not lobbying directly before the commission. Footnote: An Ol'EI spokesman said the tfroup opposes the new .standard "because it tells the manufacturer what device he has to put on hi.s machine. It stifles innovation and will be more costly to consumers." He also contended the new rules will increase the cost of each lawn mower by more than $30, and that there are cheaper ways to make the nachines safer. School Junket: Several weeks ago, the school superintendents from all 50 states flew to South Padre Island, off the coast of Texas, for a conference on education. They met with U.S. Education Commissioner Ernest Boyer, pondered weighty issues with academic experts, and spent eight days in the sun and surf. The taxpayers, not surprisingly, picked up the $126,000 tab for the convention, which is held every summer in places like San Diego and New Hampshire, In addition to travel and hotel expenses, each school chief was paid $100 a day in "consulting fees." The federal contract to run the conference, meanwhile, was awarded without competitive bidding to the school superintendents' own fraternity, the Council of Chief State SchooJ Officers. Its budget included $40,000 in consulting fees for its own members; $7,500 for a director; $10,000 for other outside consultants; $6,000 for fiscal management; and $4,500 for staff assistants and materials. The budget attempted to justify the program as being "specifically oriented to the needs of the Chiefs ... the major portion of time is devoted to interaction among the Chiefs." A spokesman in the Office of Education told us the conference is necessary to "update the chiefs professionally and keep them intellectually alert." He said the consulting fees are justified because "they are obligated to do research, to read up on a topic and discuss it with expert speakers. I have never seen them goofing off at these things as you might expect." The spokesman added thai the school chiefs' group "is best qualified to handle this for us." To complete the cozy arrangements, incidentally, one of Commissioner Boyer's top assistants is about to become executive director of the school chiefs' organization. British Roost: British intelligence officers during World War II helped boost Yugoslav dictator Josip Broz Tito into power by deliberately portraying his rivals as German collabo- Looking Backward rators, according to newly declassified British documents. Tito became safely ensconced in Belgrade when the Allies abandoned his main adversary, non-communist Gen. Draza Mihailovich, because of his alleged lack of aggression against the Nazis. In truth, the documents reveal, Mihailovich inflicted heavy casualties against the Nazis. But British intelligence officers who sympathized with Tito and the communist cause kept this information from their superiors. The Tito-Mihailovich rivalry is examined in detail in an upcoming book entitled "Patriot or Traitor: The Case of General Mihailovich." Write Us! Readers are encouraged to write the Galveslon Daily News concerning any topic, preferably of a local nature. Letters should not exceed 300 words in length. Opinions, letters which respond lo an issue in an enlightening way, should not exceed 500 words and must be signed. Address letters to P. 0. Box 628, Galveston, 77553. Attgle & Walters Fair Share Given Ky Martha Angle and Robert Walters BOSTON (NEA) - Citizens in this city's Roxbury section have battled successfully for more mass transit service. East Boston residents are pressing for improved police protection. In Dorchester, the people want better banking facilities. , Throughout Massachusetts, community-based citizens organizations are exercising their newfound power and influence. In Fall River, for instance, residents recently won a campaign for prompt reconstruction of a fire-razed neighborhood school. After a Revere youngster was killed by a passing commuter train, an outraged community demanded — and got — full fencing on both sides of the track. In Worcester's Grafton Hill section, residents won their struggle for demolition of an abandoned building that was a neighborhood eyesore. All of those local groups share a common affiliation: They are chapters of Massachusetts Fair Share, one of the country's most successful and sophisticated practitioners of community organizing. Most of Fair Share's 20,000 dues-paying member families are headed by a low-income or blue-collar wage- earner whose annual salary is in the $10,000-to-$14,000 range. Few had any record of prior participation in civic or political affairs. Many had been ah'entated from local, state and federal politicians and bureaucrats perceived as unresponsive to their needs. They were afflicted with what Michael Ansara, Fair Share's staff director, describes as "a paralyzing sense of powerlessness." "Every member we organize comes with a whole lot of work" says Ansara, a talented, articulate 31-year-old. "It's nol as if we're riding the crest of a great wave." Further complicating the organizing task is the ethnic diversity of membership that ironically also is one of Fair Share's great strengths. The Dorchester chapter is heavily Irish, the Roxbury unit is dominated by blacks and the East Boston affiliate is predominantly Italian. Portuguese-Americans are heavily represented in the Fall River chapter, with numerous French-Canadians in Ixnvell and Spanish-speaking citizens in Jamaica Plain. To avoid unwanted philosophical clashes, Fair Share members have agreed to disagree on two highly emotional subjects — school busing and abortion — by purposely avoiding any organizational position on those issues. But there's no dearth of other issues for Fair Share's 30 affiliates spread across the Bay State. At the local level, neighborhood groups are constantly battling municipal officials for improved street lighting, traffic signals, snow removal, recreational facilities and other services. The community units in each city usually are also working concurrently on at least one broader municipal issue. In Springfield, for example, Fair Share affiliates have challenged a $13.1 million rate increase being sought by the local gas company. In Worcester, a citywide campaign humiliated the owners of a hotel, a nursing home and other commercial properties into paying hundreds of thousands of dollars in delinquent real estate taxes. Fair Share also campaigns for social and economic justice on a statewide basis, emerging in recent years as a potent lobbying force in the state capitol on Beacon Hill. One recent effort was instrumental in convincing the state legislature to require auto insurance companies to rebate $55 million to more than 600,000 drivers. On the general election ballot this year is a Fair Share-inspired initiative to provide property tax relief for all Massachusetts home-owners. With an annual budget of almost $600,000 and a staff of 50 organizers, Fair Share stands as a model for aspiring community-based organizations now springing up throughout the country to enhance citizen participation in the political and governmental processes. "Perhaps our most important accomplishment," says Ansara, "is our success in restoring to some citizens the belief that they can control what happens to them." By SALLY REEDY 25 YEARS AGO Sept 22,1953—A function of the Texas and National Grain and Seed Dealers convention here will be a style show at the Galvez swimming pool at 1:15 p.m. Monday. Models will be Mesdames Sam Holland, Sam Servio, Miss Patsy Kelly, Miss Toni Genna, Miss Mary Ann Perich, Miss Norma Rubbright, Mesdames Mary Livingston, Gene Broussard, Kathryn Greeves, Richard Bovio and Maurice Crawford. The clothes are being furnished by the Joseph Schwartz clothiers. Judge Hugh Gibson Jr., of the Probate Court of Galveston, left Saturday morning on a honeymoon trip to New Orleans. Sheriff Frank Biaggne admitted Saturday that he will run for re-election in 1954. Mrs. Raymond Leared has been named the new director of the Oleander School for the Mentally Retarded. The announcement was made by Mrs. A.E. McDonald, publicity chairman. Lovely, blond Frances Moody and the and distinguished Gus Newman of England were the bride and groom of the week in Christie Mitchell's "The Beachcomber" column. Mayor Herbert Y. Cartwright Jr. says he plans to resign as mayor and also as special representative of the Galveston Wharves. His doctor told him that he was under too great a strain. This statement was given to the News Monday. The 88th anniversary of Galveston's National Bank, Texas' oldest national banking Institution, will be observed here Tuesday. It was announced by John M. Winterbotham, president. The anniversary will also see the 45th year of affiliation with the bank of Fred W. Calterai. chairman of the board. 50YEARSAGO Sept. 22, 1928-Galveston had a touch of early fall yesterday when rain totaling 2.85 inches fell in the course of a few hours. Karl Tideman and daughter, Pauline, have returned from Europe. Miss Constance Tideman remained in Paris, where she will continue her art studies, and Frederick Tideman entered Terrell School in Dallas. Seven Galvestonians will sing in the second national radio audition over station KFUL tonight. Last year Libero Micheletti, Galveston, was in the final contest. Prior to the auditions, piano selections will be rendered by Miss Helene Samuels and Herman Silvedell and a violin selection by Genard Tinterow, accompanied by Mrs. R.M. Martin. Local entries are Pat H. Wilson Jr., Miss Rose Marie Keis, Charles G. Jr., Hazel Peterson, Mrs. Consuelo Gonzales Williams, Miss Emma Strong of Texas City and Julius Blackmail. Galvestonians listed in the 1928 edition of Who' Who are, Congressman Clay Stone Briggs, Bishop C.E. Byrne, Rabbi Henry Cohen, Dr. William Keiller, l.H. Kempner, Frank Mcrritt, W.L. Moody Jr., J.E. Pearce, Frank G. Pettibone, Dr. Edward Randall, Octavia Rogan, R. Waverly Smith, John W. Terry, E.L. Wall and Frank A. Williams. When your little invalid refuses to eat the wholesome bread and milk so necessary for recovery, use your cooky cutters to shape little men and women and float these in a bowl of milk. Seventy-one French students are enroute to Texas to make a study of our Gulf ports and included in their tour is the port of Galveston. "I break out like this every time I think about my campaign promise for a national health plan."
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