VOL. 91 NO. 104 TUCSON. ARIZONA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, MAY I, 1963 MAin 2-5855 10 CENTS -- 5 2 PAGES FAULTY Senate Licks GOP Public Works Slash WASHINGTON -- UPI -President Kennedy won a legislative skirmish today when the Senate beat down a Republican - led economy move aimed at his slepped-up public works program. The vote was 60 to 2G. Rejected was a proposal to cut $200 million from a $450 million appropriation for the program. The move was led by Sen. Leverett SaltonstaJl, R-Mass., and had the strong support of Senate Republican leader Everett M. Dirksen, III. Republican ranks did not hold absolutely firm, however, and Sen. John Sherman Cooper, R-Ky., spoke in favor of the program as a weapon against unemployment. The President also got support from some southern Democrats who often oppose h i m . The effect was to cement the $450 million item into a pending $1.5 billion catchall money bill. Senate approval of the House-passed b i l l was expected later today or tomorrow. The Senate approved by voice votes two amendments by Democratic whip Hubert H. H u m p h r e y , Minn., which would add more than $1.5 m i l l i o n to the bill. One would restore $1.5 million to the Health, Education and Welfare Department for the educational television program. The other would add $65,000 as this country's contribution to the United Nations' project for an international peace corps. The Senate then refused to write into the bill a ban against use of the funds for programs involving segregation or racial discrimination. By a vote of 47 to 38, the Senate killed an amendment by Sen. Jacob K. Javits, R- N.Y., which would have withheld funds for a new rural housing-for-the-elderly p r o gram u n d e r t h e Farmers Home Administration, if discrimination showed. s.' DELTA QUEEN STEAMS TO VICTORY --AP Wirephoto The Belle of Louisville is left far behind today as the Delta Queen from Cincinnati (right) opens up big lead to win by about 2i/ 2 miles a steamboat race on Ohio River at Louisville. The Belle had trouble w i t h its boiler but finished the Kentucky Derby festival race about 30 minutes behind the Delta Queen. MEDAL OF HONOR WINNER Ousted Marine Captain Won't Attend White House Reception WASHINGTON -- UPI -- A Marine captain ousted from the corps for the shooting and secret burial of a suspected Cuban spy has decided against attending a White House reception for Medal of Honor winners for fear his presence would embarrass the P r e s i d e n t , it was announced today. The White House said, however, he would always be welcome there. Capt. A r t h u r J. Jackson of San Jose, Calif., said in a telegram to President Kennedy that his presence at the White House "at this time might possibly be an embarrassment to you." The telegram was released today by Pierre Salinger, White House press secretary. Jackson previously had accepted the invitation to the reception tomorrow evening along with nearly 250 other Medal of Honor winners. About 45 others previously declined invitations. "We respect his decision," Salinger said. "Capt. Jackson and his wife will always be w e l c o m e a t t h e W h i t e House." Jackson told Kennedy, "I have the highest regard for you and your office and sincerely hope you'll understand why we must decline your kindness." The telegram ended "with deep regret. Arthur J. Jackson." Jackson and three other Marine officers were reported to have been forced out of the service for their alleged part in the Castro spy incident in September, 1961, at Guantanamo Bay Naval Station in Cuba. Jackson's telegram was sent from Campbell, Calif., yesterday and arrived at the White House at 8:05 p.m. Until the White House announced this morning that it had received the telegram, it had been understood that Jackson was coming. He had planned to fly here aboard a Military Air Transport Service plane. Jackson, 38, is the father of five children. Jackson won the Medal of Honor for bravery during ret a k i n g of the island of Peleliu from the Japanese durinÂ« World War II. Lawman Under Gun For Urging Use Of Same By ACE BUSHNELL A sheriff's captain who has come up with the idea of offering marksmanship medals to citizens who shoot criminals today was the target of verbal blasts from his superiors. Both Sheriff Waldon V. Burr and C o u n t y Atty. Norman E. Green criticized Sheriff's Capt. James E. McDonald for encouraging people to take the law into their own hands. McDonald, who today insisted "I'm not really a bloodthirsty guy," earlier had announced proudly that he's given away five of his own medals in the past year to Tucsonians who successfully fought off attacks by burglars or robbers. "IF A CRIMINAL knew that every t i m e he tried to rob someone, burglarize a home or commit a rape that he was risking getting killed, then he might not be so anxious to commit that crime," the captain argued. Less inclined to feel Tucson should return to its wild west days, Burr said, "This persona] policy of giving away medals was not endorsed by me. In fact, I didn't know they were being given away. It came as a DOCTORS DISCUSS DISEASE Florence Area Highest In Valley Fever Infection By DOMINIC CROLLA Citizen Staff Writer NOGALES, Ariz. -- Three scientists yesterday revealed three h i t h e r t o u n k n o w n facts about valley fever, a sometimes fatal disease which has symptoms that resemble at least a dozen other sicknesses. Fact 1--The Florence area is the most infective valley fever region in the world, said Dr. Keith T. Maddy, who conducted a special study of the disease in Arizona for the U. S. Public Health Service. Fact 2--Previously healthy braceros often pick up the disease while working in the United States and return to Mexico with It, said Dr. Juan Ramon Blancarte, chief of the d e p a r t m e n t of epidemiology for the Mexican government. Fact 3--Sterilization of soil is being considered to control the fungus which, in t u r n , releases air-borne spores that cause the disease, said Dr. Michael F. Furcolow, chief of the Public Health Service communicable disease s t a t i o n in Kansas City. The information was made known d u r i n g s c i e n t i f i c discussion of t h e disease, known professionally as coccidiotdo- mycosis. at. the 21st a n n u a l meeting here of the United States-Mexico Border Public Health Association. About 500 doctors, scientists and public h e a l t h officials are a t t e n d i n g the four-day gathering w h i c h started yesterday. Mnddy was assigned by the Public Health Service from 1955 to 1959 to make studies of valley fever in Arizona at the request of the Arizona Department of H e a l t h . "We were concerned about showing the geographic distribution of the valley fever organism," he said. Thousands of persons, particularly school children and college students, were skin-tested. But the data compiled from this was confusing because many of the people tested had moved to the state from the Midwest where t h e r e is a Continued Page 2 complete surprise. I can't believe Capt. McDonald means i exactly what he's been quoted as saying." YET, MCDONALD, regarded as a weapons expert and a crack shot, allowed himself to be quoted exactly as saying, "I got to thinking that these people deserved some sort of recognition for taking the risk of challenging a criminal, so I decided to get rid of some of these old medals I have around the house." Asked to comment, Green said, "It's my feeling t h a t i t ' s one thing for persons being held up or robbed to protect themselves, but it's a n o t h e r thing to place themselves in danqer of being killed by resisting a c r i m i n a l who's armed or has the means of seriously i n j u r i n g or k i l l i n g them." ' T h e c o u n t y a t t o r n e y warned, "1 wish to caution the people of this c o m m u n i t y not to i n t e r p r e t Capt, McDonald's comments as m e a n - ing t h a t they can go on t h e i r o w n h u n t i n g r r i m i n n l s w i ' h the idea of c o l l e c t i n g a reward or t h e receiving of a private medal. 1 am sure t h i s was not the i n t e n t i o n of the captain and I'm surf t h a t he would be the first to c a u t i o n c i t i z e n s against t a k i n g t h e law i n t o their own hands and usurping the police powers in t h i s community." MCDONALD, WHO hns a c c u m u l a t e d more t h a n 200 shooting medals in his career, said he was prepared to give all of them awny if the public would do its part. Burr, who has not had a chance to talk with his cap- t a i n about the marksmanship matter, said, "We want all the help we can get from the public, but, as far as taking the law into their own hands, definitely not." The sheriff pointed out that it\s "too easy to hit an innocent bystander or get oneself harmed." He asked, "Is what you might lose worth another's life? Or the risk of your own?" GREEN ADDED, "Many cases have been known in the past where one member of the family has killed another member t h i n k i n g that a prowler was present in their own home, because of an itchy trigger finger." McDonald had cited a re- rent cast where a prowlei broke into a woman's home while she was asleep. She awoke, grabbed a pistol from a night stand and shot the suspect in a leg. That action merited a medal, McDonald said. According to the captain, t h a t incident not only resulted in t h e arrest of a criminal suspect but served as a l i k e l y d e t e r r e n t effect on future c r i m i n a l a c t i v i t y . "I didn't really moan people should be out to bag criminals," he added today. "I'm really interested in urging citizen cooperation. If t h e y cooperate w i t h us the way they have and can, then crime doesn't have a chance bc- C;UISP the criminals arc hopelessly outnumbered." Bosses They BECAUSE OF FIDEL U.S. Diplomats Boycott Soviet May Day Event By United Press International United States d i p l o m a t s boycotted Russia's a n n u a l May Day celebrations for the first time today because of Fidel Castro's presence as guest of honor. The bearded Cuban premier shared the spotlight with Premier Nikita Khrushchev atop Lenin's tomb to watch an hours-long m i l i t a r y Care Of W A S H I N G T O N -- U P I -- A former Arizona H i g h w a y Department employe testified today that he had been told not to report tests r e v e a l i n g use of unsatisfactory m a t e r i a l s in the construction of an i n t e r s t a t e highway between Y u m a and Gila Bend. Lyman Moore, now an em- ploye of the California Division of Highways, told the House federal aid highways investigating subcommi 11 e e that his superiors had told him they would "take care of it" when he told them of these 'failing tests." MOORE IDENTIFIED his superiors as Sidney Fisher, resident engineer on the Sentinel and Aztec projects, and David Green, in charge of a testing laboratory on the projects. Testimony by Moore and another witness, Richard C. McDaniel, presented a picture of green and inexperi- e n c e d personnel working w i t h o u t adequate supervision to assure that construction of Interstate Highway 8 met required federal standards. McDaniel testified that he and other employes of the contractor often had proceeded with work without having it checked by state inspectors. He said the packing down of fill for the roadway and around drainage pipes was often done without adequate inspection because no inspector showed up. Moore, a youthful ex-Marine, said he had been hired to carry out compaction tests of fill m a t e r i a l in 1961 even though he had no experience. ASKED WHO taught him to make the tests, Moore replied: "Well, I really didn't learn." He said he watched his predecessor, who bad been fired, carry out two tests before he began making tests on the roadbed materials. "1 really didn't have any confidence in my results," he said. He said he had told Fisher about f a i l i n g tests but that the resident engineer had told him he would "take care of it." Later, he said Green told him not to report f a i l i n g tests to the state c e n t r a l laboratory. .Jerry Budwig, area engineer for the U.S. Bureau of Public Roads, was called upon to t e s t i f y that reports of such tests by the state were relied upon to determine that federal standards were being met. SINCE LEAVING the A r i - zona job, Moore has gone to work in a C a l i f o r n i a highway materials laboratorv at San Continued Page 2 o o o Ashton Co. Reports No Criticism Harold A s h t o n , president of the Ashton Co. Inc., said today t h a t if fhere were any deficiencies in his company's road work, no one ever not i f i e d him. His firm performed work on portions of the i n t e r s t a t e highway now f i g u r i n g in R l a t n i k House subcommittee hearings in Washington. He said a ve.ry thorough inv e s t i g a t i o n of the records on his jobs had been made by highway o f f i c i a l s . Ashton reported using consistent procedures on highway work, procedures s t i l l in vise today. His f i r m c u r r e n t l y is c o n s t r u c t i n g t h e Freeway i n t e r c h a n g e w i t h t h e Nogalcs interstate highway. May Day Bright, Gav CJ %} It's so springy-Fresh leaves and flowers; 1 could sit and sniff For hours and hours. --Weatherwise Tucson's fine spring weather continues, accentuated by spectacular displays of cactus in blossom, especially west of the Tucson Mountains. The weatherman says today's h i g h - in-the-80s temperatures w i l l b e with us again tomorrow when the mercury is expected to get up to 88, two degrees warmer than yesterday's top. Last night's low was 55 and tonight's coolest will be about 56. At 2 p.m. today, it was 85 in the shade with 9 per cent humidity. Full Waather Report, Page 52 and civilian parade through Red Square past tens of thousands of cheering Russians. SOVIET DEFENSE Minis- er Marshal Rodion Malinovsky took up Castro's cause and charged thai U. S.-led imperialists are c o n t i n u i n g a policy of aggression against uba and supporting "piratic actions" against Castro's regime. Delivering the main speech Vom the reviewing stand, Malinovsky accused the enemies of Cuba of "grossly violating t h e e l e m e n t a r y norms of i n t e r n a t i o n a l law." "The imperialist circles of the United States lead this Drovocative policy," Russia's top military leader said. IN EAST BERLIN, the Communist East Germans paraded Soviet rockets and goose-stepping troops in a display that defied four- power agreements demilitarizing the divided city. existence policy and Mao tse-Tung's hardline. THE RED CHINESE held massive celebrations and pledged that the Chinese people will do their best to strengthen "friendship and unity" with Russia. But the Peking Reds showed their contempt for Khrushchev by displaying a huge portrait of the late Josef Stalin alongside those of other saints of communism. Stalin has been downgraded and discredited by Khrushchev. Similar observances were held in Belgrade, Warsaw and other capitals of the Communist world. In Stuttgart, Germany, May Day demonstrators protesting the recent execution of Spanish Communist Leader Julian Grimau Garcia clashed with Spanish workers. Police restored order after 20 minutes of fighting. IN HAVANA, AN artillery salvo launched a four-hour military parade with an estimated that "the Soviet zone regin^ . enemv of nese }omed m an enemy or , nnn _ _ i i i a c , ,.,, _, Qr . still remains freedom." the uie On the other side of the Communists' anti - refugee wall, West Berliners attended a rally in which they pledged to continue protecting their freedom. West Berlin Mayor Willy Brandt said the Russian backdown in Cuba has taken the pressure off the city but a new Communist threat might crop up at any time. A carnival atmosphere existed in Peking, capital of Red China and rival of Moscow for leadership in the ideological struggle bet w e e n Khrushchev's co- AP Wirephoio SAY CHKKSE, COMUADK Just like any other c a m e r a - h a p p y tourist, C u b a n P r i m e M i n i s t e r Fidel C a s t r o gets down on his knee to take pictures d i n i n g a v i s i t at the c o u n t r y home of Soviet Premier N i k i t a K h r u s h c h e v on the o u t s k i r t s of Moscow. C a s t r o and m e m b e r s of his p a r t y were a m o n g guests e n i . e r t a i n o ' l t h e r e by K h r u s h c h e v and his .vifc. 140,000 marchers, as Castro substituted The three Western military commandants promptly de- --i- nounced the East German as tne main attraction for his parade, saying that it showed brother Fidel. clearly to the whole world Mor e.than six million Japa- 1,000 rallies to mark the day, with the biggest in Tokyo. More than 650,000 persons gathered at the Meiji shrine in the Japanese capital in a festive mood, but there was an anti-American flavor to the session as boisterous students marched and workers' banners denounced proposed visits to Japan by United States nuclear submarines. Yugoslavia put on a 3 ! ^hour parade in Belgrade that featured American - made tanks and planes, but nothing Russian. Machinists And Boeing In Accord SEATTLE, Wash.-- UPI -A nationwide strike called by the International Association of Machinists against the Boeing Co. was settled tentatively today, just 14 hours before the first phase of the strike action was to have hit at Cape Canaveral. The agreement still must be r a t i f i e d by the union membership. A Boeing company spokesman, Lowell P. Mickelwait, said, "We have just been advised of the union's position and await f u r t h e r develop- m e n t s w i t h great and sincere interest." Details of the settlement were not announced immediately. Red Chinese Ship Said Torpedoed TOKYO --UPI-- The Japanese m a r i t i m e agency said today it had been advised that a Communist Chinese freighter was torpedoed and sunk in the Yellow Sea between Korea and China. The vessel reported sunk was the ll,-1,T2-ron f r e i g h t e r Leap Forward, which was en route from Tsingtao, China, to the port of Moji, on Japan's .southernmost island of Kyushu. A spokesman for the m a r i time agency said a Japanese fishing boat had radioed t h a t it picked up 50 members of t h e Chinese ship's crew. The .Iitp:inesr, boat's cap- t a i n q u o t e d the Chinese .1.1 say ing the I,c;ip Forward had been hit by three torpridoon. N'o other d e t a i l s of the rep o r t e d s i n k i n g wore available.
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