Tucson Daily Citizen from Tucson, Arizona on March 10, 1966 · Page 8
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Tucson Daily Citizen from Tucson, Arizona · Page 8

Tucson, Arizona
Issue Date:
Thursday, March 10, 1966
Page 8
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PA«f I T U C S O N D A I L Y CITIZEN he Thing About Brazil Is That There THURSDAY. MARCH 10, Ht* j. n* T* i \JL it BU MMMfk, the Sa-TtaMt' fritter Prfoe-win- ·fcf editorial cwtooofct, likes to lee he hintetf. Lut year ke Mk Us iketefc p«d ud camera to Viet Nam, *nd was the ssly sewsaiaa es tise KC* wko Plefln was attacked. Tta year, Swth Anerica captured his interest Here, in words, drawings and photos, is us distinctive view ·fBraitt. ByBEJLMAULDIN RIO DE JANEIRO--The first thine a visitor learns about Brazil is that be can't see much of it We are so used to being the colossus of the North that we forget there is a colossus of the South. Brazil has very nearly the same acreage as the United States, and is a lot harder to get around in. The moon has Seen better mapped than a large part of the interior of the most important country in South America. Roughly speaking, there are our Brazils--the metropolitan southeast, the arid and hungry northeast, the Amazon valley, and the central highlands. A undent traveler with limited e picks one part and stays with ft. If I had two or three months to spend I think I would like to go to the rentier country in the high- ands, where things are in about he same stage of development, and with about the same potential, as the United States Storms, Floods Hit U. S. Hard 25 Disasters Last Year By Science Service WASHINGTON -- Hurricanes, floods, droughts and tornadoes caused more disasters throughout me United States in the last two years than ever before recorded. , As the new year progresses, ipring floods are anticipated, the Northeast drought has been eased but little, the tornado season approaches and the hurricane season is due later in the year. · Scientists and researchers continue enlarging their facilities for anticipating the disaster, sending out Darning forecasts and attempting to control these forces of nature. LAST YEAR, 1865, 25 disasters were declared emergencies under the Federal Disaster Act, according to the Office of Emergency P1 a n n i n g in the executive office of President Lyndon B. Johnson. The same number were declared the preceding year, 1964. Hurricane Betsy, which crossed Florida last September, then struck Louisiana and Mississippi, was the worst single disaster of last year. When final cost figures are assembled, this disaster may prove more costly than the Alaska earthquake and the Christmas floods of 1964 along flie Pacific Coast, the emergency board estimates. Betsy may prove 'to'be-,the costliest storm in history for the insurance companies--a final toll of a billion dollars. Fortunately, because of the system of advance warnings, the hurricane did not take many lives. BIGGEST SINGLE U.S. calamities in the last two years, besides Betsy, include: The Alaska earthquake on Good Friday,-1964, causing property damage of $400 million and costing 156 lives; the hurricanes of 1964, including Cleo, Dora and Hilda which swept through Florida, Georgia and Louisiana, among the worst storms in 25 years, killing 49 people and causing $500 million damage; the winter floods of Christmas 1964 that flooded California, Oregon and Washington, taking 45.lives and costing $5W million in property losses, and the violent tor nadoes sweeping through th Midwest on Palm Sunday las year, killing 272 people, injur ing thousands and causing $25 million in property damage. ALLOCATIONS for costs p 1964 now have reached $105 mil lion, and those for 1965 disasters are expected to reach the $10( million mark. A "major disaster" is defined as any flood, drought, fire, hur ricane, earthquake or other catastrophe which in the deter mination of the President is o sufficient severity and magni tude to warrant federal assist ance. This definition was established under the Federal Disas ter Act of 1950. State, local and private agencies have the re- sponsibilitiy for recovery and rehabilitation after these ram pages, but when the demam is too much, the governor can petition for federal help. In the last five years, 105 dis aster declarations have been made naming 41 states and tw territories, to the allocation of $303,853,100. Only nine slates have not asked for federal help during these years: Arizona Connecticut, Maine, Massachu setts, New Hampshire, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, South Carolina and Utah. LB J To Meet With Governors WASHINGTON - UPI - The nation's 50 state governors have been invited to meet with President Johnson at the White House Saturday for a full - dress foreign policy briefing. in announcing the meeting yesterday, the White House said Secretary of State Dean Rusk and Defense Secretary Robert EL McNjunara would participate. Split Personality Brazil's split religious personality is reflected in this idol combining voodoo and Roman Catholic symbolism. was west of the Alleghenies a :entury and a half ago. HAVING ONLY a couple of Weeks, I went to the South- ;ast, which contains Sao Paulo, he biggest city '/and the in- industrial center, and Rio de 'aneiro, the seat of government, 'here are those who will tell you that the government is 600 miles northwest, in the Oz-like monument to way-out architec- ure called Brasilia, but don't et them kid you. Laws might get passed in Brasilia, but they ;et made in Rio. i Sao Paulo makes one think f coffee, but it is not grown n that area any longer. The and is too valuable. There are almost 100,000 factories em- iloying almost 3,000,000 people, and there is not an industrial center in North America that can claim richer pollution in its air. THE BIG THING in Sap aulo is autos. While I was there, Henry Ford II arrived with his bride, waved his wand, and added a Galaxie assembly ine to his complex there. The Volkswagen plant is about to be doubled in capacity, which ·will make it the largest in any country. Volkswagens are by ar the most popular autos in South America. Hitler'went to iell in a bucket, but his little eetle went on to conquer the earth. Brazilian Volkswagens are almost entirely a local pro- luct, being made of Brazilian teel from Brazilian ore, and oiling on Brazilian rubber, of course. THE DIVIDENDS, however, emain strictly German. The ame goes for most other foreign-owned enterprises. A nota- le exception is Willys, which milds a successful passenger car as well as its regular fine of jeeps and wagons. It has made a special effort to sell stock locally, and is about half- owned by Brazilian investor-!. Most of the cars made in Sao Paulo get wrecked in Rio. Brazilians pride Iheiuselves on being different from the rest of Latin America. Their traffic is different, too. Other Latin drivers are merely reckless, negli- ;ent, or vicious, whereas the Jrazilian, especially the Carioca (Rio) variety, loses touch with reality when he gets behind the wheel. Total anarchy exists on Rio streets. The pedestrian has no rights. Red lights are meaningless. And yet the mood seems to be one of gay abandon, not savagery. If, out of desperation, defiance, or ignorance, you walk in front of a speeding Carioca (there is no other kind), chances are he will hit you, but only because he is riot very skillful, not because he wants blood. He will try his best to miss you, if he sees you. There is a certain amount of bluffing between drivers, but it does not become a point of honor as in some other countries. The man who appears likely to suffer the most damage will giveaway -- sometimes top late, of course. Nobody gets tickets. If a miscreant parks his car in such a way as to hopelessly block the street, the cops retaliate by letting the air out of his tires. Brazilian political strife can be something like Rio traffic. In the recent revolution which unseated Joao Goulart, there was a moment when an insurgent army was eyeball-to-eyeball with a government army. The opposing generals calmly studied each other's forces, counted artillery pieces and tanks, observed infantry deployments, decided who would have won, and settled the matter without spilling a drop of blood. (Do noj deduce from this, that they can't fight. In 1944 they-sent an expedir tionary forcejo help us in Italy, where they? proved themselves brave soldiers.) Technically, the present government is a dictatorship. However, even in their dictatorships Brazilians like to be different They don't shoot the losers. The sidewalk bars along Cooacabana beach are speckled with paunchy generals and sunburned polr iticians who are known to be enemies of the government, from both the right and left wings. At a party I met a Goulart supporter who told me he was a bookseller and:a member of the Communist Party. The new government hasn't jugged him or his books, but he was outraged because they had picked up his passport. He likes to travel. The most un-Latin thing about this revolution was its roots. Instead of the extreme right taking over from the extreme left, or vice versa, or extreme right versus ultraright, this seems to have been a case of the stodgy middle class asserting itself. Economically and politically, Goulart had steered the country to about the same predicament in which the United States would probably have found it- self if Henry Wallace and his Progressive Party had won in 1MI. At OM point, a million or to housewives hit the street in protest. The local greenback, the cruziero, was fluctuating so wildly that the women were spending more tune doing arithmetic than cooking. No regime could survive that. The new government was more or less stabilized the cruzeiro at about a. twentieth of a cent. While visiting a favela, one of Rio's hillside shantytowns, I found a faded, weather- beaten 10-cruzeiro note pinned to the outside of a shack. They have a highly developed sense of political satire in Brazil. Here Is a slum full of very poor people, and nobody bothers to take the banknote of fthe wall. The dictator himself is a most reluctant dragon. His name is Castelo Branco, which m e a n s White Castle. He is a mild-mannered army officer with a pleasantly homely head which rides low between his shoulders. He has no visible neck, and it has been said that he has to wash it with dental floss. He has heard this joke and thinks it is funny. Traditionally, every dictator has his picture hung in every public place in his domain. Not Castelo Branco ."If you had my face would you want it hanging everywhere?" he asks. Now that things have quieted down. Castelo Branco intends to go home. He is afraid people might think he wants to be a conventional dictator. His supporters are afraid that if he does go home that's what they'll get in his place. With its fantastic resources and ancient, Iberian heritage, Brazil is like one of its own great jungle trees: green and growing like mad on one side, and mossy and stagnant on the other. The majority of Brazil's established wealthy have yet to learn that a well-paid worker becomes a consumer. Out of 00,000,000 Brazilians, 20,000,000 probably ought to pay taxes and 2,000,000 do. N o t many of these pay as much as they should, either. It has been said that there is really nothing wrong with Latin America that a few thousand hard-nos.ed internal revenue agents' couldn't cure. One of the most encouragr ing stories I heard about the Castelo Branco regime was that recently they decided to make an example of a tax-dodger, and actually jailed a banker for failing to file a personal return. A banker, mind you, and a pro- Castelo Branco banker, at that. When you begin to grasp the size and resources of the country and the quality of the people, you realize that this could be one of the world's truly great powers. Of course, travelers have been "discovering" Brazil this way for generations. The impetus will have to come from within, not from enthusiastic foreigners. Whatever the Brazilians decide to do with themselves,, I hope they manage to keep their warmth, humor, tolerance and friendliness. Just the friendliness alone means a lot to a forlorn gringo traveling south of the border in these times. *· s yy'f.tt -M' V ·j^HV ' y ' f x - t r f " " *#{*·· JWT? ? x s :,' ^S-V^Ms President Kids Himself "If you had my face would you want it hanging everywhere?" Underground Garage Proposed ROME -- (I) -- After months of investigation into Rome's chaotic traffic, the city's urban study commission recommended today an underground parking garage for 3,000 cars be dug beneath the huge white monument to the unknown soldier. The big landmark on the Piazza Venezia also is known as the Altar of the Nation. Visiting statesmen place wreaths there. TTie proposal could touch off heated argument CLOSING OUT ENTIRE STOCK OF DR. POSNER'S « M QQ CHILDREN'S SHOES "fl VALUES TO $12.98 "^ Polly's COLLEGE BOOTERY OPEN SUNDAY 11 A.M. TO 3 P.M. 929 E. 3rd St. Near U. of A. Entrance Shantytown Nestles on Hillside Above Rio I MVWM IF mMmtmir MW n«M EMIT Tl tWJl Newest Design Diamond Bridal Sets A. V '-rat gold bridal sej with»10 diamonds, Vi cUtl. : B. Sc. ire diamond with matching 14-kqrat gold bqnd....L..$i25.00 C 12 diamond bridal set, % ct. (tl. wt.), 14-karat gold.TM.._..$l 99.00 D, Full carat (tl. wt) bridal set, 10 diamonds, 14-karaf gold......$4!».00 . Beautiful Matched Diamond Trios A. Exquisite matched 14-karat gold trio has 5 diamonds.....!..! 79.50 B. 13 sparkling diamonds in this matched 14-karat gold frk)....$137JO C Beautiful.matched.trio has 9 diamonds set in 18-karat gold $350.00 Diamond Rings to Seal Your Love A\ Matched T4-karot gold rings have 3 diamonds each__«^.$ 57.50 ea. B. Matched 14-karat gold bands have 4 diamonds each..-.--$100.00ea. C % carat diamond solitaire set in lovely 14karqt gold. ..$150.00 D. % carat diamond solitaire set in beautiful 14-karat gold~ ..$295.00 Handsome Diamond Rings for Men A. Handsome 1 diamond horseshoe ring set in 14-karat gold. ..$ 59.00 B. Star sapphire ring with 2 diamonds set in 14-karat gold... ..$137JO C Good looking 8 diamond initial ring set in 14-karat gold.. .$ 79.95 D, Classic 9 diamond cluster ring, 1 ct. (tl. wt.), 14-korat gold $299.00 mmmck... BRIGHT AS TOMORROW and ENDURING AS TIME JUST SAY "CHARGE IT" USE OUR CONVENIENT PAYMENT PLAN Send Mail Orders to: Daniel's Jewelry Co. (Mail Order Division), 21 £, Congress, Tucson, Arizona, or Phone 624-5583 A WYISIOH OF CORDON JtWElRY COM.- JTOR8 COAST 10 COAST D ANIEL'S ^^ eualit etveJers · EL CON CENTER-ON THE MALL · 21 E. CONGRESS ST., Downtown · SOUTHGATE SHOPPING CENTER

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