Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on April 19, 1976 · Page 4
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Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 4

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Monday, April 19, 1976
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Screw Loose In US. Space Program Editorial-Opinion Pag« T*« PuMic Interest Is The First Concern O/ This Newspaper Aldea H. Spencer, Publisher and General Manager Floyd Carl Jr., Managing Editor 4 · MONDAY, APRIL 19, 1976 Parole Policy Too many "studies" can become onerous. Often they amount lo little, they can become 'expensive, and the, results questionable. But sometimes they seem not only advisable but even necessary. ' Slate Sen. Eugene "Bud" Canada of Hot '"Springs has suggested one which apparently -is needed; one that can be not only valuable but could be imperative in pushing Arkansas forward in the field of pardons and paroles. ". Senator Canada has proposed a study of the state's pardon and parole laws. '·. He said: '···· "Since the Arkansas prison system is undergoing federally guidelined changes ''and new policies are having to be established -as to confinement and construction, I be- ,'lieve that the entire system and methods of parole policies should be carefully ex- 'amined and studied as well. It would, in my ·"opinion, be unwise and perhaps wasteful, not ·only to the taxpayers and the people, -but in -'·a sense of humane fairness, that while overhauling one segment of our penal system that we would neglect the ever vital parole Isystem." -',,. The senator makes a point. ·: · He would have the study determine: The number of persons on parole from ''the state's prisons. . An analysis of the terms for which pa- "r'olees were sentenced to prison, and an an- alvsis of the amount of the-term that was i.served when the inmate was paroled. : The extent to which circuit judges, -' sheriffs and other local officials and leaders -have been consulted, and the extent in which "the opinions of these officials have been :-.weighed by the Pardons and Paroles Board ;Vin granting paroles. The number of paroles that are revoked, 'with a categorization of the reason for such * revocation. . . ·the number of parole supervisors that Art Bu.chwa.ld are available within the Department of Correction, and the workload of each supervisor, in order to analyze whether persons on parole are receiving adequate and proper supervision. ' . .. A review of the policies and regulations of the state Parole Board to determine whether the philosophies under which Ihe Board is operating are in the public inlerest. The rale of crimes being committed by persons while on parole. Such other aspecis of the state parole system which the Council Committee on Charitable, Penal and Correctional Institutions may deem in the public inlerest. There is more, but Ihese are the principal proposals suggested. It seems eminently fitting lhal the sen- alor's ideas should be made public at this time. Indeed, the pardons and paroles are an important part of the correctional system in Arkansas, as- in all stales. And for a long lime there have been reasons Cor recognizing that this subject needs some at- Sonie paroles can be in favor of the persons receiving them, bul not in the best interests of the public at large. And tliere have been instances of far too little attention being paid to informing officials and leaders in communities which might he affected adversely by the return of some who have been sentenced to prison. Such a study as proposed might show little or no change is imperative, that the methods now followed are the best that can be expected under the circumstances now existing. On the other hand, developments ' might point to ways improvements can be made. It could'be that changes would seem indicated, hut because of the expense could not be put into operation right away. At least there could be goals. . . ,. , The senator's chosen subject is timely and well worth serious thought. 'Ethnic Purity' In The Big City By JACK ANDKUSON : . . . With Lcs Whillcu WASHINGTON -- America's only remaining spuco specimen- . lar, the 11.2 billion space shut- lie, might literally come apart al the scams. For the runs, screws tind threaded studs llius; hold it together may be innate. . This isn'l Ihc scare lalk of economizers who waqt to scuttle the shuttle; rather, it is the grave opinion of engineers whose jobs depend on the project. . Their warnings are supported, moreover, by actual films ol screw failures on launch pad.;. Like the chissic fable of the battle that : was lost for want of a nail, there is real danger thai a future spaceship cou'd : be losl for want of a screw. As early as April 1073, lliere were secrel discussions al Iho N ti I i o n a 1 Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) aboul Hie 'menace of slibslaml- ard screws^ 'The report of one meeting' tells of official tears that the weak fasteners inigil result in loose joints which could cause the · equipment, lo pull apart at launch or in'sjAice. THE PROBLEM, officials suggested, was that Hie manufacturing standards were loo low.Dut any change in standards would require the nut-and-bolt factories to retool at tremendous-cost. The Industry, therefore, has been lobbying against chancing the standards. A method of testing individual screw and nut threads v:as developed by Johnson Gage, a Bloomficld, Conn., firm, which The Washington Merry-Go-Round use! ississin, E«« sent NASA its assessment of the problem In · July 19«. 1" blunt language, the firm warned NASA conlidentially thai the standards tor the s|Aicc shuttle faslcncrs ."provide for. a loophole that allows-(NASA to ) accept outright junk. Computer tests ot Ilio screw threads, meanwhile, revealed lhal millions worth of faulty threads had reached Rockwell Intcrn'.itional, the principll space shuttle contractor, as a result of the low standards. It ' - was feared some of the interior, screws had found their way into the space shuttle equipment.. · The ' minutes of -a meeting ill Rockwell's Canoga Park, O.ilif facility, show that the. c o m p a n y engineers Awere worried about the fasteners. "The standards as currently written," slated the minutes, "are weak and ineffectual." ALTHOUGH Rockwell's own fasteners were generally excellent, the. company bought fasteners from outside suppliers and could not control "the qiml- ilv of 6.0M vendors m 4( stales," the minutes added. A rocket similar to those used for the space shuttle was filmed by high-speed cameras around the launch pad. The precision films showed parts of the pan actually coming apwrl because the fasteners didn't hold. Still, the aerospace industry toughl to keep the faulty standards rather than spend the esti- mated $120 million it would cost to retool. Johnson Gage experts, meanwhile, have warned We Pentagon lhal the military has no m e a n s , "to detect or reject OU ij.'der'the'present method o! lesling threads. Ihc militaiy may wind up with "everything . from Tiffany's jewelry to garbage " according to one memo. The military K in danger, wro.e Johnson Gage, ol bccommj a "dumping g r o u n d - f o r the more than ample supply of deviant threads." . OTHER INDUSTRIES sre also alarmed over loose screws. Detroit's Big Three automakers, tor example, hava taken the first steps to improve the safely ot screws, itvy were spurred into action by a study,, which showed 1.200 automobilf: crashes in a single state ted been ttuiscd by loose threads. Nevertheless, the American National Standards Institute., an industry-dominated group, tia; managed to block every move for tighter standards. . Footnote: Spokesmen . Wi NASA "and Rockwell alike insist the fasteners now in use are more thXin adequate, - m e Senate Antitrust subcommittee, however, is investigating. CIA INFORMANT: The Central Intelligence Agency, as we have reported in the past, knew more than it told the Warren Commission -about the .Ms President John F. Kennedy: Oswald. . We have no* seen » CIA memo which reveals that two people linked with Oswald vcre CIA informants. One was Clay Shaw, the hapless vie im' of Now Orleans District Alter' ney-Jim Garrison's probe of t.» Kennedy assassination. ' The other was Dr. Carles Bringuier. « fiery ami Gas J r o Cuban refugee, who debated, Oswald in New Orleans m, ' August 1963 three monls befor« the assassination The secret memo, written by former CIA sccui'ty director. Howard Oshorn on Mw 1. Iw'. slatM the CIA had past contact "with only two figures narnftl in the (Garrison) inquiry Clay L Shttw- and Carlos Bringunr In both cases (he contact »al limited to Domestic Contac. Services activities Garrison charged Shaw with conspiring to murder President Kennedy, but Shaw was com plctclv acquitted, thus ail- crediting Garrison's bizarra investigation Shaw's friend* claim his dcttlh resulted from the strain of defending himsell Footnote Reached in New Orleans, Dr Bringuier told us that as far as he remembered. his only contact with the CIA had to do w i t h a relative who came to (he United States from Germany. But the docto- did not rule oul the possibility that h e ' h u t l been contacted through some CIA front (C) United Feature Inc. : " WASHINGTON-Former Gov. .-Jimmy Carter introduced a · phrase into the campaign which may haunt him right up until nomination day in New York '- Citv. To most people ' ethnic '.purity" meant keeping their "neighborhoods ; the way they . a r e . · While ethnic purity may be · something new in politics, any · kid raised in a large city knows . about it from the age of six : and many grown-ups still carry the nightmares of it to this day, ' - - A city like New York, for example, had its Irish Italian, . .Spani5h.. black .and Jewish ' n e i g h b o r h o o d s a n d these ' .territories, for most kids, were :as well guarded as any Iron : JCurtain country. . '~', TO PASS through another s i ethnic neighborhood w a s * ""dangerous, foolhardy thing that i'eould lead to anything'from a % bloody nose to physical torture. ',"·· This is how il went for many · kids in my day and tor all I -" know is still going on in various "· ethnic communities ol our ·'. nation. ·V-. "Hey. creep, what are ^you 'doing in our neighborhood?" ·"'· "I was just passing through- on my way to the movie theater on I4th St." · "That's a likely story. You was coming into our neighborhood to spy on us, weren't y° u '" , ., , "No, 1 swear I wasn t. I ' didn't look to the right or to ' the left. 1 have no idea what '. the neighborhood looks like. ' Honest." "HOW COME you don't go · to the movie theater in your . own neighborhood?" ' "I seen the picture Ihere- · three limes. John Garlield is playing in a new movie at the · Loew's. I'll be out c! here m Ihree hours." "How would you like it il one of us went to movie in your neighborhood?" "It wouldn't matter to me at all. Honest. .lust last week I saw one of your .people in a . movie in our neighborhood ana it didn't bother me. I hardly noticed him.". "Well, it it didn't bother y o u . how come you noticed him in the first place?" "He smelled from garlic and 1 was sitting in front of him. "YOU DON'T like people who smell from garlic?" "! didn't say lhat. I just said T-ttnelled the garlic and I knew he was f r o m this neighborhood." .. "And I suppose you lold all Ihe people in your neighborhood there was a guy in your theater smelling from garlic."".: . "I didn't have to. They could all smell the garlic, too." "So what did you do?'. "We didn't do anything;; except move away from him. "You didn't tell him he shouldn't be in your neighborhood?" , , "I didn't. Maybe somebody -'-'else 1 did. I ' can't'. remember. Look, we have nothing against you people. It's Ihe Irish kids we don't want in our neighborhood, but your people are welcome any time." ' _ · · "THAT'S A B U N C H of baloney, you creep. We're going ·to have lo teach you a lesson. "Listen. 1 just remembered. I don't really want to see the John Garfield movie. Blindfold me and I'll be oul of here before you know il." "We're not going to let you go back to your own neighborhood without something to remember us hy. If we let one guy walk through everybody will think they can come into oul territory to go to a movie "That's a problem and I respect you for it. I shall inform the kids in my neighborhood that if (hey want to go to a movie in your neighborhood (hey will have to ask permission first." "Not so fast, Put up your fists."" . , . ·'Really, I don't want to fight. You've made a very strong case for not wanting strangers in your neighborhood and 1m very glad you .explained it to P O W ' l l ! ! "Let that be a lesson to you, knothead. The next time it will be more than your nose." So when Jimmy Carter raiser! the question of "ethnic purity it wasn't just black vs. white. He struck a chord in every ethnic city kid who ever made the mistake of wandering into somebody else's ethnically pure TIMES They'll-Do It Every Time . . . . ME AH A THINS.'. THE 6AWES I V/OM OLX3UTA 8E V.ORTH (O,(XX) THE pivtusttvyiTH A BAP EA5WEP RUU AVEKASE JS OTHER POINTS 60 I LOST A AKV/6AMES, BUT THE PITCHER WHOSE WIM LO5E CECORP \6 NOT 6O HOT SAYS gOT I 60T THE BEST EARHEP 10 YEARS AGO Theme of the 1366 Northwest Arkansas Poultry Fcslivsl lo he held at Springdale May 7 will be "Feathers In Our Caps . The proposed "demonstration cities" federal program will he discussed at Monday's meeting of Ihe Board of Directors. An administration appeal to the 51) states to stem in- f l a t i o n a r y pressures h y deferring unnecessary spending for construction projects is b r i n g i n g little favorable reaction. 50 YEARS AGO Fayelteville entrants In the County School literary and music coslcsls held Friday placed in two of the Ihrce events for high schools and in four of the live events for grade Miss Elhcl Griffin, known as the blind evangelist, has been speaking nightly at the Cily Mission on the square. Extension workers throughout Arkansas have been urged by the College of Agriculture to assist in observing Forestry Week Ihis year. 100 YEARS AGO' Railroad work goes on as rapidly as possible, even lo work on S-mdays. The contractors seem delermincd lo get done on lime and deserve credit for their energy. Grading on the railroad between lown and I-oc's Creek Is about compete. 11 IT SEEMS MA'AM/ WE'RE RUNNING Press Freedom Under Renewed Attack By W. DALB NELSON WASHINGTON (AP) -- Late in Ihe afternoon last Oct. 21. Judge A. Ronald Rutf .ol Ihe county court o! Lincoln County. Neb picked up a telephone and dialed his local newspaper. Ruff lold a reporter at he North Platte Telegraph lliat there would be a session in his court that evening'.in .which he though! Ihc: press would oe interested. , He was right- . . That telephone call started a chain of events which will culminate today in fte first full- dress hearing the Supreme Court has ever held on Ihe power of judges lo curlail news coverage o f . pending criminal "NO!' only the North Plate Telegraph hut big and small newspapers throughout the country and the major broadcasting networks have asked the court to nip what they see as a growing threat to freedom _ of the press. Al issue is whether that right cmllicls with' another constitutional guarantee -- mo right to a fair Irial -- and wnat should he done about the con- f l i c t if there is one. On Saturday night, Oct. 18 -three days before R u f l s telephone c a l l . -- ' S i x persons were shot to death in a two bedroom house at the edge o! the prairie town of Sutherland. Neb., population SW. , The victims were Henry Kellie. 66, a semi-retired farm laborer; his wife. Marie Kcllie. 57. a cool; at a nursing home; n granddaughter. Florence Kclhe, 10; a son. David Kcllie, 32; his sen. Daniel, 5; and his daughter, Dcanna. 7. The next morning police arrested Krwln Charles Simanls. 29. a divorced, unemployed laborer \vhn lived in a hasemcnl aparlment in his sisler's home next door to the Kcllies. Me was charged with first-degree murder. A preliminary hearing -- to determine whether there was enough evidence lo put Simanls on t r i a l -- was scheduled in R u f f ' s court nt!) a.m. Ocl, 22. The proceedings in his court Hie night before were lo consider a motion by County Allorney Millon H. Larson for a restrictive order lo guard against ' a reasonable likelihood of prejudicial news." Public Defender Leonard P. Vyhnnleh. appoinlcd by Ruff lo represent Simanls, joined in Ine motion. He also asfced that Iho hearing be closed to the press and (he public. R u f ( denied the motion lo close Ihe hearing but issued the restrictive order. Newsmen would be permitted to attend and take noies but could not report the testimony. In making this decision, Ruff said he considered among other t h i n g s newspaper articles w'liich said lhat Simants had reportedly made a statement to authorities about the deaths and lhat he had been described by Sutherland residents as a troublemaker! Among testimony at the next day's hearing which wcnl imrc- porlcd in compliance with R u l f ' s order was the following: -Dr. Miles Foster, t h c . p a - lliologisl- wbo examined Ihc victims, lestificd that he found evidence of sexual assault against the 10-year-old granddaughter, whom (lie Kellies had adopted after her mother was killed in a traffic accident. -James Robert Doggs, 13- year-old nephew of Simants, testified lhat Simants lold him: "I shot the Kellies." --Lincoln Counly Sheriff Gordon Glister tcslified that Sim- anls made Iwo slalemcnts to him following his arrest and ne recorded the second statement. R u l t said such information should he kept from potential jurors so that Ihose who were selected to sit in the trial could arrive al a verdict, impartially. "When the two rights come in conflict, the , right of a free press must be subordinated to the right of due process," · he At the conclusion of the hearing Simanls was bound over tor trial in District Court. Mcamyhlo Nebraska news media representatives sought lo overturn Ruff's order. Ori .Ocl. 27, Dislrict Judge Hugh Stuart of North Platte, who would preside over Simanls' trial, vacated R u f f ' s order but issued a new one in its place. Thai order barred the reporting of technical tcslimony by · Ihe physician, any reference lo a confession by Simanls, reference lo the stalemcnl he made to his nephew or similar statements lo other members of his family, or Ihe idcnlity of any victim or viclims of sexual assault. ' The news media sought a stay from Supreme Court Justice Harry A. Blackmun. who has authority lo issue such lem- porary orders in cases from Ihe federal judicial circuit which includes Nebraska. On Nov 20 Blackmun modified Sluarl's order lo permit re- ami Ihc identity of the viclims, porting the medical testimony because lhat would not. point Ihc finger at any i n d i v i d u a l , hut retain Iho bar against reporlinU the statements made bzy Sim- ants. He added that courts should be free lo bar publication of , olher facts "strongly implicative" of the accused. On Dec. I Ihe Nebraska Supreme Court upheld Stuart's order with subslanlially' Ihe same . modificalions made by Blackmun. ' II said such an order would guard againsl twin dangers: that an innocent man would he convicted, or lhat the conviction of a guilty man would be reversed on appeal because of prejudicial publicity. The order remained in effect until Jan. 8. when a jury was seated for Simanls' trial, sun- ants was convicted and has been sentenced lo death in me electric chair. The case reaches the nation's highest court at a time when judicial restraints on the press are becoming increasingly common; Althoup.li Ihc courl has "never dealt specifically with Ihe issue now before it, it has made pronouncements on the general silbjecl of prior reslramts againsl publication. In a l a n d m a r k case in 1931, Ihe courl struck down efforts to prevent the publication of racist m a t e r i a l ' b u t said prior restraints might he permissible against "publication ol the sailing dates of transports of Ihe number or localion of troops." In 1971, the court ruled fi-3 thai the government was not entitled lo a court order preventing Uic New York Times and Washington Post from publishing a classified study of U.S. policy in the Vielnam war. In that and other cases, the court has said lhat authorities "bear a heavy burden" in seeking lo justify such restraints or thai Ihe restraints have a strong "presumption" running against (hem. The Nebraska Supreme Court and other courts in similar cases have interpreted this Ian. guage lo mean lhat there must be some circumstances in which prior restraints are permissible. News organizations strongly resist Ihis interpolation, saying it would put judges in the position of "deciding, paragraph hy paragraph, what could appear and what could not appear in Ihe.daily press. Until Ihe Supreme Court rules on Ihe nuestion. the Reporters' Commitlee for Freedom of (he Press has said, "No one in Ihe news media, in th« bar or on the bench Urimvt i what Ihe law is. ; ; j A ruling is expecled by June. From The Readers Viewpoint Sophistry ·:·:'·' To the Editor: . .- .' Like most of the cruder pra* ttoners ot sophistry" when challenged and exposed, unabl* or unwilling to ' respond · .with factual data or rational excuses, nicbard McCliire (What Logic? Sunday April 11), rcsorls to! camouflaged "counter attack, hoping to undermine"by Kbelous, character assassination efforts, what cannot b* otherwise refuted. Thus, while purporting:: to "reply" to mine of 11 Apiril (Simplistic Vfews), Richard McCIure dodges : any direcl response whatever, to. several specific instances in - threes ;6f his recent letters, of deceit,\dis- I o r I i o n -s , , misstaternjBTits, inaccurracies. and superficial!lies, Instead, McClure introduces atheist- Madalyn Murray ( 0 ' H a r e ? ) . , and'absolutist. confrontationisl, A l e x a n d ' e r Solzhenitsyn, unsuhfty implying that Fritch^y and Thomas are godless, unpatriotic, communi^ tic, perhaps traitorous, antagonists of all such paraxon* of virtue as McClure, Solzhentt syn and all .other, true-believing. anti commnisl, lovers of Christ and opponents 'of-Salan! It is no "disgrace, but rather a compliment, to be placed, in the company of P'ritchey and O'Har/5 -- hnlh philosopher- scholars of great courage, perception, and wide repute, at least in cwilrast Eo such demagogic, shallow hypocrite's, ;as McClure seems to represent. Their absurb, vacuous, dema- gpgii^ry of conventional wisdom makes thorn CQimter-producliw. (except U their own kind), exposing as they do such bias, blind bigotry, and absencft t . of principle. Still; they must not he allowed, to get away with il, thus encouraging their 5yco_- phants and keeping up th« meaningless fare* of irrational argument in Ibis valued space.. Reuben R, Tnoma* Faycltcville - , ,

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