The Daily Free Press from Carbondale, Illinois on February 20, 1920 · Page 3
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The Daily Free Press from Carbondale, Illinois · Page 3

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Carbondale, Illinois
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Friday, February 20, 1920
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THE DAILY FREE PRESS Inches -r-or 60 inches of waste. That's exactly what you are deciding, one way or the other, in your selection of, wagons for future use. The : days of many wheel heights, odd track "widths and various box sizes are— or mighty soon will be—only a memory of- times that will never return. A wagon that will not follow the-, automobile rut's oh ah ordinary country road is out of 7 track, because-each varying wagon width has to make its own track by pushing over the rut cf whatever ha£ gone before. Thatmeans rut-climbing, extra strain on axles and wheels, greater demands on horses, and shorter-lived wagons. It typifies Waste"• —with a : capital "W". - You know, and we know, that today the automobile makes the track oh practically every dirt road in the country. That track is 56.inches wide. Old-style wide track wagons do not fit these roads; neither do narrow track. But "auto" track wagons do. ~ This 56-inch wagon eliminates rut-climbing, saves axles and wheels, pulls easier for the team, rides smoother and gives longer Wagon service. And so the "auto" track wagon spells Saving —with a capital "S". < "Auto track roads and "auto" track wagons are here today and here to stay. It is a safe prediction .that all leading wagon manufacturers will build only "auto" track wagons in the near future—we find that most of them are doing it now. Leaders iri the field of "auto" track wagon manufacture are Studebaker—wagon specialists since 1852. ° Come; in and, talk over with us the Studebaker "Auto" Track Wagon and learn more' about'its many advantages over the old-style wagon. HO.HALL&CO. Carbondale, Illinois ..'r.~-~ Dealers in Coal, Feeds and Seeds 1 Mi tlo TIME TO BE WISE s; I wrlte-verses now ana then .-:ut Jblunt and flaccia Is my pen, "I No longer talked o« by young men . ; - As rather clever; _4l? the la -st quarter are rny eyes, ;Tou see it In. their form, and size; ••!• It not time then to be wise? " Or now or never. ;IWrest that ever sprang {rom Ev«I ,When Time allows the short reprieve. Ju»t look at me! -would you believe 'Twas once a lover? il cannot clear the five-bar gate; -But, trying first its timber's state, Climb stiffly -up, take breath, and wait To trundle over. Through sallopade I cannot swing >The entangling- blooms of Beauty's spring! 1 cannot say the tender thing, . ._ Be't true or _false, And am -beginning to opine Tho»e »lrls : are only half divine Whose waists '. you '.wicked boys entwine In ciddy waltz. 'fear "that arm t jtbby'e '. tkat shoulder; witli Tthem -.wiaer;. graver, older. Sedater, and no -harm I? colder, ;.. :. And- panting. less. .: .,-.,-• J Ai>! people v,'ere ; not ; half so : wild :Jn former days wh^nj starchly mild. .Upon her high-heeled Esiex smiled The brave Queen 'Bess; .. ' —Walter Savage Lander. Arabian Inventor Said to Have Been First to : Devise !. Ajrplane and Make/Flight Ben Farnas, an Arabian in£ .Tcntor; it Is said; was tie-first human V .being to invent and fly an airplane. He , died as a, result of his first flighMn the" :year 783 A."p., during the reign of the Caliph Haronn al Raschid, history V records. Abbas is supposed to have' con;' ; ceived the idea of effecting "mechan- "Mcal flight as a means of approaching the heavens and aiding astronomical ; observations, from historical docu- ; raents still In existence In Bagdad. : ; : WIth the consent and assistance of-the ij.rCnliph he set.to work to construct a ^machine in tlie likeness of a bird, with ,Sa clockwork motor to actuate the pcrj-wlngs. . . !i;.-In:the presence of a great multitude P-.Abbas actually effected a flight which plasted several seconds, but In landing -.'..his machine was wrecked, and the In- p.ventor was hurled headlong against a L^:trce.' : and killed instantly. The secret I" of the construction of the first airplane "died:with.the-inventor. The Caliph al .TRaachld- offered huge -inducements to p;«ther"eminent scientists to pursue th'e «tudy of arlatlon, but none was found wia (Dfflclent genius to repeat the plo- n««r flyer's exploit LOUSY HOGS CONSUME •MUCH VALUABLE"FEED Pork-Producing Abilities of Animals- Is Lessened. Experiments Recently Conducted by Bureau of Animal Industry Prove That Blood-Sucking Par^ites Are Expensive. (Prepared by. the United States Department of Agriculture.) Lice on hogs are extremely expensive. The..fact was proved in .experiment's Veceritly! concluded! by the bureau of .animal .industry. .it,"wa's shown .that lousy hogs not only consume more food and miike less, meat but Hint they are rmeasy. or restless, a condition Hint doubtless ''.'lessens, the pork-producing abilities.oftheanimals. When :not eating, 'the lice-ridden swine'spent most of. 'their time' rubbing themselves or running around. ' • • ' -. Three experiments, each extending three months or more and Ivrith from 20 to 30 hogs as subjects, were con ducted.. In: one experiment it cost exactly $3 n' hundred pounds of pork more to'feet)• the lings', with lice than- il 'did to t'ee'd' the clean, animals. ' In another, it cost $1.50 more, and In tlie third. ?2.04 : ra'5re. The specialists who ••(iniHii'led the experiments reached the conclusion that the main reason why hogs with lice consume more protein feed is due to the fact Hint the lice such the hlfiml from the nniinnls, and the latter must use more feed to replace i heir losses. Bin the lice-ridden hogs fannot innlce up for the blood sucked by their parasites. • For Instance, at the beginning of one experiment. 13 lings with iioe weighed a total of 1.107 pounds, ,-inrl 15 Jioffs without lice v.-eiglied- 1.025 pounds. 'At the end of the experiment the lousy hogs weighed 2.872 pgunds, an(j the cle/in hogs ivelplied 3,i50 pounds, although Hie total feed consumed- h.v the clean hogs weighed <inly 20R pounds more than that eaten by the animals with lice. Tiie department of agriculture will he ftlad to supply farmers with publications that tell how to free their hogs of lice. GRAIN CARS WERE "PLUGGED" Unscrupulous Shippers Detected In Practice of Placing Inferior Corn on Eottom. Heavy loading:, of grain, due to shortage of: cars, offers a temptation to the unscrupulous shipper to "plug" .his load by ^placing'inferior grain : on t"he Bottom oT tlie load to escape detection, according to reports received by the bureau of markets, United States department, of agriculture. When the car is henvTly loaded it is sometimes difficult for- grain inspectors to reach the, bottom of the car with the ordinary grain trier. Federal grain supervision offices, report a few recent discoveries of this practice. In one case a car of corn which'the-Inspector had graded No. 2 mixed was found to have about 1% feet of musty, heat-damaged corn on the bottom of the c'ar. The supervision grade-was No. 6 mixed on account of musty odor, 2.2 per cent heat damaged and 11 per cent total damaged-.. . In another Instance about !%'• feet of very musty wheat was found on the bottom of a car of wheat which otherwise graded No. 1, free from smut. While this practice is by no means common. Inspectors have lieen warned to be careful to get representative samples and to be especially particu^ lar when sampling heavily loaded cars.. HUGH FRAYNE TIMBER NEEDED BY FARMER Profitable to Utilize Home Resources, Providing Woodlot Has Been _ Properly Cared For. The foremost purpose of fann woodlands Is to supply firewood, posts, rails, poles and rough building lumber for the maintenance and improvement of the"farm. Often some, timber Is needed at once for building or repairs, and procuring It from town or nearby farms means delay and unnecessary expense. In such instances forestry specialists of the -United States department of agriculture point out, It Is profitable to utilize the h6me t resources, providing the farm woodland has been properly. cured for and its 'wealth has not bP"n wasted. Many Places Are Named for Ornithologist and Artist John. James Audubon, famed ornithologist and artist, will not be forgotten so long as New York lives. In the upper section of the city there is a floe-street named-after him; there is Audubon park, Audubon theater, ea hundred or so Audubon restaurants; a telephone exchange !s Audubon^and the old Audubon mansion at One Hundred and Fifty-fifth streets and Riverside drive still stand!!. 'In this au-. cient dwelling remains the artist's studio and the laundry in which was Installed, by his friend Morse the telegraphic instrument by which was transmitted the first long-distance message to Philadelphia. Naturalist Picks- Beaver . >-Frcm Among? All Others as Most Intefligent'Anjmar We re.nd rcfuch Jabp,ut;,5glmnl, sagacity arid . -.llrerii ' '.Is'*' a'. : ..cpfivnvul;'.:,«iu«ry::.. "Which is- •th'e'-'.mbs.tjflnj^fli^ent \-.apl-- mal?" ' This" query, .'^frltes ; ':Enymo!bGi L. ; .Dltmars. in.. Boys';: . ; ;tii:e r :. most, 'fre-.. 1 quently relates to' th.e! 'results ^'iri^ Strain-. irig~ anl-mafs'-to". do, surprising. .tlilngs or to . do '-the ; "smart" vtliings- .that ' ._ \vjlth; the .human .and the artificial coiji- suVprijsirig.'traft.s t Sni;ianimals, but such have IIttie,,t<^;jo::\vliiti!ShlKstoi - y- >Vhen the, wjlterM§ ..usc.ed^wfiihe considers . "the most .lntelHg^nt; ; aniniai' he : has np.j hesltiltlo.n in ; ;;ans\viBring; although the i subject designated".' may"' saus;ey-much-j surprise."-' .'.-...•-'•;.-.'--•;-,.' 'v : . '.-'•'.'• • j :i5esplte .-the'.'aiJoptlpn.^oit.i.iffie'; horse! '"' . 1 i dociiity and affection'' of;: the ' dog,'- ; tht '• .marvelous: feats> accomplished.'; bj trained :: seajjpjis ...and .other Mnarked. Demonstrations, of 'jntelligence among the '...larger.' .animals, ^tKe writer lls"rih-? wayering in his ^decl'sion,' land tlils comes a£tor~;years^ ; pf observation' and deduction. : ffe ''picks.;: the beaver -as the star : of 'ahlmal sagacity.' And. the choice comes from an order of mammals .not usually. .credited with a high degree, of intelligence.' .., This' is the ; order of rodents, or gnawihg. animals.- It contains an immense number of: spe-' cies, the greater number of small size land scattered -over all parts of the. I world. To this order belongs the : rats' and mice, the • squirrel-, . porcupine, irabbit and .marmots:- The prairie "dog" •'Is. a member of. this .. order. : and' a 'fajr rival -.of the beaver -in. soiving problems of Ingenious. construction. . . • All the- rodents 'are "characteristic. In haying strangely' developed Incisor ; teeth — those immediately- at the front .of both the upper and, lower jaw. 'These teeth,.:.' proportionately .larger ;and longer than with other animals, ]are continually growing.-, and • their -edges -meet in a fashion.- .to -become ; much sharpened • during- .constant .use illke a double -set of rapidly moving chisels. Thus the. -.rat- -gnaws .holes •through' wood .and plaster, the::squii;reT gnaws througlrthe shells plf. the- hard.-^ est nuts ' and" the porcupiue— much to 'tlie chagrin of the. camp'er-^ohisels out a 'generous hole in one's; camera -in solving the nature of the interior. ••• .-•:• : - .. . .. .,•• , -• : That Citizens.: Take Interest In Horti" -, ; culture,ls Always an Awe* .to . itiire: the 'peotrle i«re. encouraged makeVtlieir ihdines- attractive v \nn<i .(I'. •resui't Is'a beautiful .city ',; reniavts. ib>- 'New York'" .-nine's. -.-A-'. newspaper ojv that. kind-. js-ra valuably asset to Kiiyy community. .. .: >-.-.;;.: .;-.-.;:'-'.• ':••-. ' .•••. -In the Allentown' (Pa.) Leaden, a re: port is giyeri;,of-..the^bulb plantii'K i» ''the- city •' parks; wherie^nexf : 's]jiijn.g J here? 'will be eleven. tulipVbe(Js,;whicU-li«voo .just '-been: planted withr thousands o£ bulbs. ••• i: .-•' -.'•: ;V~".' !•-. . i Charles Ziegenfus, . a ,le,adin§ busi^ nessvinnn.-lias; pTahtedsrJore. jtlinn ;C.OOfti . tulip bu'lb'sv Last svti'ns;iWs~slwy*^otl~~. tulips was worth. going miles' 'tVseeP' • and next-' yrar -fherbeds .jvil.l.vbe ;;>nres- gorgpous than ever.' Mr.. Ziegenfus hast- piti'nted-.' Hi Is. season, the. rarest.. »n<B most':'l>«iutiful: varieties .obtainable. . . ..;R...7. OGniz, president -ot.the NntlonaE bank, Mas -mnde :eStensjve:.buU> ;.p!nn£;r ings. So also has 1 Col; Young -.and Mr'sl - :Kbciy." '-•'•' ' .-' ' ' • : ..' _•'.-. . . -.-- • ."•.: ... JJdwa.nl. A.. .KrisUnan, who lias won}. ; •many, prixufv'. with'-- ttis" tlalillr.'s. -win? .plant- more than 4,000- tubers ' cm-lsj; next-spring. . Flower lovers, who .motor tlirouijn* Alleui'oivn . will ifiiid'. the fillip hoite a> sight worth seeing -and in the nuiiiihD; the <l»Iil!a !;e':'.s of .Mr. krislinan willl" make a. wonderful 'show, . • • . . ...The efforts of. George Roth, pub-t-_ Hsh'er of (he header, .to. lua'Ue his town;.. j,a .sliwv plru-e: lire approcia_tcil by !hei-- r.citjzei].s, as -slio\vn '.by. their co-opeia--- ti.on. •'.-' .-•• . . . '.- •••",.... ' ." Mother's- Cook-Book Hugh Frayne of the.war Industries board .will be one of the chief speakers at. tlie sixth national foreign- trade convention, which _opens in Chicago April 24. He will discuss "The Interests of Labor in Foreign .Trade." SAYINGS OF WISE MEN A.'cool mouth and warm feet live long.-—George" Herbert. From hearing comes wisdom, from speaking, repentance. The modern-child has .as llt'tle belief in the fairy .tales his mother tells him as she.herself, has in the "ones his "father tells her."- • .. • ' Wise gr unwise, who doubts for a moment that contentment Is the cause of. happiness? . ... •The Frenchman sings well when liis throat Is moistened.— Portuguese Proverb. To Remove Varhis'h Stain. To remove varnish stains on cloth, first wet the spqta with,alcohol two or three-times,-then,rub with a clean clotfc. If; the "color Is Injured, sponge afterward with chloroform to restore it, unless-the coler !» bine, in which csso Vinegar should be used Instead." • To work, to lieip anti to bj2 helped, to learn sympalliy llirou^h 'suffGrinff, . to learn faitli by perplexity., . to reach truth though wonder; beiiold! this is what it Is to prosper; this'. Is what it is to live.— PhliliDs. Brooks. , ' : . Food for : the Family. • To. give the children variety. the- following, will- be found 'wholesome, with milk, for the supper dish: 4-t. . __^ ' Pulled Bread. Take.- a loaf of freshly baked bre/id within, an hour- after It'ls baited. Tear off the crust, pull the bread into strips, iisitfg two- forks: -Piit^into. a buttered baking dish anil bake a golden brown in. a quick oven. Irish Stew. Cut three pounds of mutton into inch cubes, season with salt and pepper, dredge \y.ith. flour and fry in fat until well browned. / Cover with boiling water rfnd simmer until the meat Is tender. One-half hour .before serving add one cupful each of potatoes, car- Eftts, turnips, cut in dlce,_ one-half cupful of onion. Cook until the vegetables are tender, adding boiling water if necessary. Serve^-wlth dumplings. '- Salmon With Rice. Line 'a buttered mold with .cold cooked rice, : flll the center with creamed salmon, cover, with more rice, put the cover on the mold and steam half an hour or more. Serve with cream seasoned with lemon juice or curry or minced parsley. • ••' • ..- Baked C Bean*. •'. . ..-••.'•' Soak pyer, night one pint .of small. beans ; tlie next ,-mprning ; .draln, cover ; the beansV:iwitli .boiling water, cook islowly until the' •_sKins ; CcraclSr. Brain, .:put them into a. bean 'pot, sprinkle the :top with two tab'lespbohfuls of chopped' onion, pour over, a: pint of .strained -tomatoes and sprinkle with one- tear spoonful of salt, .cover, the pan:, and bake slowly four. -hours, adding, more tomatoes as -those are 'absorbed by the beans. Fifteen . minutes before •serving^add a tablespqonful .of sweet chicken* fat or beef -fat, 'remove the lid and brow.n." • ' .PEC'AfT'TflEES ;-ALONG.-RG'ADS» Georgia - Landowners' .'. Association?. Agrees to Furnish Them, if Proper. •'-. - Cp.rc Is-Guaranteed. ' .. -Th(i.aivi - n.;if!n of" (lie doyiarliiie"1 off! .flgrlcultiire ofiiciiils huS been atrracteSt' by-tlie offer-of the'Geoi-gia Lamli.wn-r ers- iissoc'i.'ilidi) to'furnish pecan iveesf*-. for jilniit \\\f cm both sides of orur nillej- of pernijiiieiii luird surface road in ther- firsi ;coujv,.v in' _liic- stale that agrees*: -to lake -'iiiro of the trees. 'iliis 1st ' somewhat; in line with, the .-eforesta-f tion Biiii good.,.roads movements IE}; the southern-estates recently started. \ : "It. is :hoped,"; says. F. H. Abbott^:, manager, "of the Georgia'association, in|a .communication received here, "tiatt this suggestion will result' in , border^Ing every mile of permanent highwajj" in Georgia with-trees that will be use^j-- ful as well as ornamental.'- I belteve!t~ that the example of. the first counter- will quickly be followed by. other coun^ L ties, and see no reason why a sirailarr plan should not be adopted in.otherr states. The ' trees for" bordering the •• Georgia roads will be furnished tho-- assoclaHon'by' J. H. 1 Wright of Cairo.. G.a., one of the largest pecan growers; in the South and "a member of thef. board of control of the organization... | '. When Pruning-Trees. ' '• Shade trees may be pruned any tim»~ between the fall of the leaves anrk£^ early spring before growth heginsstc" Boxelder and maple trees are apt t<^- "bleed" jf. pruned after the .last otjf February. " h Do not leave long stubs but cut close ; above nsid.e",. branch when pruning! .large limbs. .Try to avoid leaving upright forks or crotches which are np! : to 'Split apart r-and ;lnjure or ruin the tree .later., . Long, slender branches*,. -should -be'-shorteiied, If- retained, 1 so n»-V- to encourage greater stiffness arrff re- •• .-slstance.-tp wind.-and the weight of wd LV, snow. Of 'course, the naturp.l charac-- 1 ^ feristics of the tree should be;taken'' into account In pruning and noattompl •: be made to. greatly alter the natural/ form of the tree. Evergreens are Sel4 doin 'pruned b'ut appear best whefif :permlttcd..to retain their lower branch, es close to the. ground. — B. O. Loag-- year, Colorado. .Agricultural College; "' .Port Collins',. Oolo. ' _., '..,'• • . First Indian Sign; Made by ' •-•; Man Nanted- Ghichester ; A man named.. Chiches'te'r was .-first -to introduce" wooden .figures as. tobacconists' signs in America..-. .This was in the mi'ddle of the nineteenth- cen- 'tury. .Most -of .these v Indian figures were carved o'ut of white pine, from paper' pntterns. The instruments 'ranged from the ax to the chisel and finer wood carving tools. Regular I artists', had.: their, little.- shops where 1 ) these figures were madte-'and old fig-' ures repaired and repainted. • Lens Industry Revived. . A revival of the 'lenis • Industry Is anticipated in Sheffleld, England,- nnd the exhibits in thlr line range from the smallest telescope to a lens with t diameter of nine Inchei: •'.;.'--. -. .':."••,.":- Resolve to 'Set" Out a Tree. " i' A tree, if properly tended and pro4' tected, will liye for many years. .Ii will even outlast some man-made monuments. What can- be more inspirina: than the thought that a century hence that tree planted yesterday will be • noted by the ; American petonle visiting Oiis city,', bearing Its appropriate tablet?. If in every, city in this country such a tree were planted now, genera- • tions to .come; numbering millions •• npoh .millions, would note, "observe and ; appreciate tlie sentiment. And mean- . while, the tree .itself will be a thing ot beauty and afford shade .-and comfort Let there be more tree planting, in tfca name of America's heroes I "- • ...•: ........ -,. . — : ..-?• Beautify the Playgrounds. " • Money spent, in ornamental plantlna- 6f trees and shrubs, about the countrsr school is money, we!!.' spent. The r» suits of the early training the boys> and girls -receive: In practical and or- - namental values oi': planting of s and trees will be sliown In the 'oi .of the children.. L'nte.r on more of nonics of those who remain .in comnranity ; will : . be benefited In bein more beaiitiful piaceg. in which to Hv and -Ihe. rnliie of the real estate wl be -mat«rlnlly;lhcreiise(i '-.: - -

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