Independent from Long Beach, California on March 19, 1976 · Page 10
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Independent from Long Beach, California · Page 10

Long Beach, California
Issue Date:
Friday, March 19, 1976
Page 10
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cam.. Fru, mrth it, ii7 INDEPENDENT (AM) PRESS-TELEGRAM |?M-A-1 French hit U.S. 'intervention' in their By MICHAEL GOLDSMITH Associated Press . F r e n c h P r e m i e r Jacques C h i r a c blasted what he termed "uncalled f o r " American intervention in French internal affairs Thursday while U.S. A m b a s s a d o r K e n n e t h Hush met with Socialist l e a d e r Francois M i t l e r and, reportedly for the third lime in 18 months. · M i t t e r a n d a t t a c k e d · what he said were President Ford's "particularly unwarranted r e m a r k s " about French domestic politics. Warnings f r o m Ford, Secretary of Sta'te Henry A. Kissinger and Americ a n d i p l o m a t s t h a t Communist participation in a future French left- wing coalition government w o u l d be viewed with d i s f a v o r in Washington h a v e led to an uproar among French politicians. I n P a r i s , P r e m i e r Chirac t a l k e d to correspondents shortly before Mitterrand and four of his top aides went to lunch at H u s h ' s e m b a s s y resi- dence, C h i r a c said he found it "shocking" that the S o c i a l i s t l e a d e r s should turn down repeated invitations from President Valery Giscard d'Estaing but accept one from Rush "only a few days after the uncalled for intervention by t h e American authorities in the internal affairs of our country.' 1 E m e r g i n g f r o m h i s luncheon with Rush, M i t - terrand b r u s h e d aside C h i r a c ' s complaint, de- claring, "Mr. Chirac is not Uie depository of the honor of France." But Mitterrand said he, too, "found an opportunity to point out and condemn" F o r d ' s " p a r t i c u l a r l y unwarranted remarks on the internal political situation in France." The Socialist-Communist alliance scored signifi- c a n t a d v a n c e s in departmental ( r e g i o n a l ) council elections Sunday, polling more than 51 per cent of the total vote and seizing control of 15 of the 62 regional councils previously held by government coalition parlies. E a r l i e r t h i s m o n t h , Rush canceled an official v i s i t to M a r s e i l l e , France's second largest city, after. Marseille's Socialist mayor complained publicly that an American diplomat had expressed Washington's concern over t h e Socialist P a r l y ' s alliance w i t h t h e Commu- nists. T h e n e x t N a t i o n a l Assembly elections are scheduled In 1978. A recent public opinion poll indicated thai if the elections w e r e held n o w , t h e Socialist-Communist alliance would obtain 54 per cent of the popular vote and sweep away the current conservative majority in the National Assembly. "I think the leaders of . foreign countries, particularly the United States, realize that a government of the united left is becoming more and more likely in France," Mitterrand told r e p o r t e r s ns he emerged from Rush's residence on fashionable Rue Faubourg St. llonorc. "We French Socialists arc patriots first of all, and we consider that we are masters in our own house. The Americans will have to adapt themselves lo this fact." He said it was third time in 18 mnnjhs that he has lunched with the U.S. ambassador., Up ,has also been a guest at iho Soviet, Italian and Cuban embassies. Mitterrand and a U.S. E m b a s s y spokesman de- c l i n e d to c o m m e n t on what was discussed at the luncheon. The American spokesman s a i d arrange- m e n t s f o r the meeting were made long before the furor erupted over alleged American Interference. Moscow, Western Communists fight over ideology By THOMAS KENT MOSCOW (AP) -- After months of trying to play down its differences with Western E u r o p e ' s independent-minded Communist parties, the Kremlin is now publicly denouncing their ideas of moderate, "national" communism as heresy to the ideals of Marx and Lenin. In a major speech Wednesday night, chief Soviet ideologist Mikhail A. Suslov spoke of the Westerners in almost the same terms the Soviets have used for their chief ideological rival, Maoist China. The Soviets have now told both groups that Moscow's understanding of Communist ideology is the right one and that the Soviet Union will not meet them halfway on practical and theoretical questions. A leading Kremlin spokesman, Yuri Zhukov, had declared in his regular television program last Saturday night that talk of a full split between Moscow and the Western parties -- particularly the French and Italian Communists -- was a concoction of the capitalist news media. BOTH the French and Italian Communists are publicly committed to pursuing their own brands of Marxism-Leninism as well as to parliamentary means of achieving power. The formula appears to be paying ANALYSIS off with regional electoral victories in both NATO countries, and U.S. officials, apprehensive aboul the way the tide might turn, have warned that any Communist participation in national government will cool relations with Washington. Whether the split between the Kremlin and the Italian and French parties is complete or not, Moscow's relations with the Western parties appear lo be at their lowest public ebb ever. A lop Czechoslovak Communist official, J o s e f K e m p n y , s o u n d e d a s i m i l a r w a r n i n g a g a i n s t independent-minded parties last weekend in a speech in northern Bohemia, suggesting the entire East Bloc may be involved in the campaign. Romania, however, has been pursuing Its own independent foreign policy for some time. SUSLOV, 73, did not mention Western parties by name. But Western Communists Thursday took the . speech as aimed squarely at them. Georges Marchais, leader of the French Communist Party, slated publicly, however, that the French party had a clear position of recognizing its international responsibilities, and "the remarks of Mikhail Suslov do not apply lo us." "Everything opportunists present as some regional or national versions of Marxism have nothing in common with revolutionary theory and do harm lo the cause of the working class," Suslov told a meeting of the Soviet Academy of Sciences. Suslov's assertion cuts against a series of recent statements by French and Italian Communist Party leaders who have called for respect for the autonomy of each Communist Party and recognition of national differences. GASTON Plissonnier, second secretary of t h e French Communist Party, stressed in his speech to the 25th Soviet party congress Feb. 23 that his party wants "socialism in French colors." Italian party leader Enrico Berlinguer told the congress that Socialist society should "guarantee the respect of all individual and collective freedoms, of religious freedom and freedom in the fields of culture, arts and sciences." Both the French and the Italians say Ihey support a muldpa_rty future Socialist slate, while the Soviets consider the Communist Party alone sufficient lo represent their citizens. The real barb in Suslov's speech -- the reference lo" "regional" and "national" Marxism -- was carried Wednesday night by Ihe government newspaper Izvestia and the official news agency Tass. But it was deleted from the speech in Thursday morning's Pravda, the Communist Party daily. THERE WAS speculation -- but no way to confirm -- thai the deletion signaled a difference of opinion among Kremlin leaders or at least an attempt to soften the tone of Suslov's remarks. The theoretical points he raised may seem small In outside observers. But to Communists theoretical disputes can be even more vicious than practical ones because they involve the basic philosphy the Communist parties dsc lo justify their actions. Berlinguer held 1'i hours of talks with Suslov and Soviet Communist Party Leader Leonid I. Brezhnev when he was in Moscow, and an Italian source said the talks were "molto franco" -- f r a n k but probably healed. In a communique, however, the two sides agreed to respect e a c h other's autonomy -- a point Rome's Communist-owned Paesc Sera newspaper noted Thursday in commenting on Sustov's critical speech. THE MOST immediate effect of Suslov's blast at the Westerners could be a further delay in the long- postponed all European Communist conference. First proposed in October 1971, and initially scheduled lo take place by mid-1975, the congress has been put off regularly as various parties try to work out a basic document to approve at the meeting. Questions of the autonomy of Communist parties and whether the Soviet party should be given special world status reportedly have played a major role in the disputes over the conference document. The Italians. French, Spanish and British are believed to have given the hardliners the most trouble. Hulfy Thunder Road 20" Bike 59.99 Features moto cross styling. Knobby dirt tires, black framo. chromo lenders. The Treasury's 20" Hi-Riser 43.99 Boys' or girls' models. Dolh with coaster brako, black rotloclwo podals. SAVE 40% Non Patents 1.99 NOW 1.19 Patent Roses 3.99 NOW 2.39 All American 5.99 NOW 3.59 Located in our Garden Shop INDOOR HOUSE PLANTS 3.88 Choose from a variety of indoor house plants. Coleus, Wandering Jews/ Spider Plants, Piggybacks, Picus Decora and Pothos. 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