THE CarBbndale—"Athens of Egypt." * Farmer America's Greatest Moderating Force in FollowinK is tbe fall texfc of U 8.' Senator Medit) McOormick's address before the Illinois farmers' Institute here l»it evening: Among the great powers of the world, the- United States alone, in the true.sense of the term, is still an agricultural'.nation. If immigration and -development make great "powers of the two largest South American Republics, and if Russia comes back', they will all be great agricultural countries. Then for the life of our generation and the one to_ follow, at least, the •United States will be the only great Power which is at once agricultural and industrial; and whose own production of foodstuffs and of manufactures, if wisely developed,' will make her dependent of all;the world, should the necessity, -for that independence ever be thrust upon her.. Consider a little what ,this -kneahs. Ouy- (population "will continue to grow. Our manufacturing outputvand the population . engaged in manufacture and commerce, must continue to grow in like, or even greater, ypropoirtion, to supply the wants of our own improving civilization, and..tp fill those channels of trade open by the agency of great war. It will-be necessary, through the long years, correspondingly to increase our total output pf ; foods.tufis, and with-.. • Booster Sentiments. * "Egypt, Egypt, Oh My!" * ''You had to work to get us to * come, you will have to work to * keep us away." * . • •'•' -.*-.* » * "Why- go"'to Florida,- Come to * Southern!Illinois." . . * ,*-.*.* * "Your hospitality has the true * ring. It's genuine." * --.,-* *• * • * . "Are these fine apples grown in * Egypt? Sure." * ''••*#*. * - "I have been to many Illinois * Farmers' Institutes but i have nev- * er seen one to equal this in inter* est. There is no loitering in the * corridors. AN are present at the •* sessions with eyes and ears wide * open." * ;'EgyptJs the LHy ,ofthe •* sissippi Valley.-" * > ' , * * * •• Mis- Loyalty! Loyalty! Your true qualityjs grasped in Egypt You uul ;'f. : * hel P us to- steer the Egyptain increase- in the '* Sni P free of-.shoals and we are power.'. 1 ;• employed, j * Hearing, the goal -of the great progress. Carbondale says:. Come back again, everybody. a corresponding amount": oCvinan ...... There may be fluctuations in' this tendency, 'but those fluctuations apart, it is certain, as inevitable, as that we are gathered : here tonight—it is .vital to the very existence of the' • United States and to-the presei-vation of those ideals hoth of family and of free representative government which we think upon America. ; Doubtless, others-ft-ho have address- __ , , r ed you, ladies" and .gentlemen, have j of -the increasing beauty and comfort j talked of the' great contribution which ' of our, farmsteads, although here I fields_and orchards; 'I speak not only MEMORIAL DAY FOR FOflMEfl SERVICE MEN OF THE WORLD WAR Sunday,"Feb. 22nd, 1920, has. been get apart as National Memorial Day to be observed in honof of .former, service men -in the ^orld War. Memorial services will be held' in the- TJniversity Auditorium Sunday ''inorning at 11 o'clock to which all the people are invited. An impressive program has been arranged including a patriotic WASHINGTON • D C Peb 20-— address by President H..W. Shryock of.' Rear AQmira ii R. a Peary, discoverer the formal University.' A special tea, o£ nor t h pole; died at his home here tare of the program will be the pre- , today ilom perni cious ana e m ia. sentmg of Memorials from the French - . Government to relative's.of the heroes ADMIRAL PEARY, NORTH POLE DISCOVERER AND ARCTIC EXPLORER, DIES World's Famous Expedition * Leader Into Polar Region Dies at Washington, D. C. Home Today—Finder; of Pole in 1909. Rear Auinii-ai Peary vastne leading who gave'their lives in the great strug- gle.for Liberty. All church services will be abandoned, for that inorning so that i all .the people 1 may he a-ble.'.-to attend I the services at the Auditorium. -. The i exercises will be held under the auspices of the locoal Post of the American Ijegion and-all service men are requested to attend a meeting .at the Armory tonight at 7 :-30 for the purpose of perfecting arrangements for the services .Sunday morning. Further details, including program.will appear . tomorrow. SIAYER-8F DETECTIVE EXECUTED TODAY Dies on Gallows For Killing Detective , Burke—Faced 7 Death- to Last. Special to Free Press: CHICAGO, Feb. 20.—Jack O'Brien, arctic explorer of the wprld.Leaving on expedition from Btach. in 1908, he .returned in 1909, several months later, on which exploration he and his crew discovered th'e north pole. In 1910 he published a book, "The Discovery of the 'Noi-th Pole.".: ' Admiral Peary was born in Cressou', Pa.,inl856.Gratuatedfrom Boudin College in 1S7J arid was civil engineer for a canal company after his giraduation. His first .expedition to 't'he north regions was organized in 1891. This was followed by three other expeditions, 1893, 1898 and 1902. He published books on each expedition. Following his trip in 1002 he left 5n one in 1907 again.. Admiral Peary received his financial support from Morris J«ssup and the Peary Arctic Club. In 1910 when he returned from the discovery •.of." the pole, he published the book "The Disco very- -.of the North .Pole." Later he was president of 'the American Geographical Society. At» the time he discoveredjthe pole Dr. Cook-claim- Slayer of Detective Richard Burke, ed the honor for the same, feat but was hanged here today. ' I Peary:, was given official credit. Illinois is making to the art and to the science of -'modern, husbandry.. In a modern society -like our there is an original 'cause for .every -great event It was, not by magic or. by mere .hard - laibor alone, that the farms on our prairies produced-" the war crops. It is, not for nothing that in the; richest of the farming states, our agricultural look for a great advance; I speak only of highway construction, better railroad transportation, and better control of markets. I have in mind the part wuich the farmer is going to play in the social, the intellectual and the political life of America. He is be- comdng a modern business man and j scientific producer. -. Improved corn- leaders have.sougbt with'unequal en- munication is bringing Mm into more j ergy to .preach - the. gospel of. lime, intimate contact with the dwellers in' T anc _i !,„*;, nT1J q 'wttot-'inn T-heiv. is .n the cities both large and small, to their' «"»." c NOTED SPEAKERS FEATURE FARMERS INSTITUTE-JANE ADAMS AND M'CQRMIGK BOOSTERS SEE SOIJTHERN ; ILUNOIS MECGA OF MANY I BECKONING OTPORtTJNITIES The finai:;session of the Illinjiiet Farmers 1 Institute wiilcR has been in: sion here, for the: last three days" was brought-to 4 clMe this; afternoon,'b£ of the-mtost enthufiiastic drives-for greater-Southern lUtaoiB. than.nasever-l. launched, ^ anyhmeeting,of;such: an ; important'nature. - CariJoudal* Burin places closed; for tjbis feature :of the'institute...''•'..- '''•'. '"" i '•:''-.' Activ^i .lypgresBiyerand.i^e^wiike boosters of^ jsouthern'mnoiss froma various occupations 'and professions, Joined hands .this .afternoon:1n showing : '~ .Southern Illinois in her -real .light of opportunity and wOTth^JBgypt'was.sho'trn. j •:to have inpre. resources;;nridter development and thos^.of/latent'possibUities--:. than'any.other section bJlthe state. Business meni'. lawyers,- editors, ministers^ : •bankers,farmers and otliersInone voice acclaimed; Egypt the; 3^ of oppor- ; ; •trinity.-. Slie has her ; -vast beds of "coal, her orchards/^ good -asi; any where' ina " the world, her good farmjland, and that which,can toei fertilized to either, raise- 1 strawberries or alfalfa. She has her industrial interests, mamifacturies- and J. sourcps of other things . which giveher happiness; and : -prqsperity. Bontb.- -iern Illinois offere. tf fleld; for the ambitious, the|possibillties : are'many dnd ate- here for development.. She is/young-'li'.the sense of''opportunity as .any place-, in America. All joined; for a greater Southern 'Illinois: '• .' .. The following was the .program, all in scoring.talks in Southern niinois. '•'. Vice President Prof. J. P. Gilbert, presiding.' Music/ r . like the "Canaanites" '-of old weredriven: by famine., to- go' down into- Egypt for corn,", and heJembelishes the ;.thought,.:\with references to Cairo"and,Vto.; the '/productivity' : b£ the alluvial isoif^ofi" our river hot-"' ' "-*' 1 '-' • •*' This:r-paTt : *bf"*the "state : has not- • always- been/.ac.cepted by the folks upstate .it'.'itsl.'irue value. And thatV •fact -is--due'-primarily ,to -the lack. 1 , of proper "salesmanship on -the parf of .the Egyptians, themselves. We~ have not; "sold" .-Egypt to the out—' side world; .. • • In a word we Egyptians must* study- the wonderful resources of pur part of :'the ' state and become, so thoroughly imbued with its greatness • that.. w«,- will proceed" to - r,-,™;,, C e .-,the man on the '.-io'utside- Arthur C. Pagei Chicago. \ • Following-Is the full text of Editor 5 C F. M. Rolens' talk ; of the Murphysboro . ^ Independent, one of the speakers of'. E^ptl-hasT wUiihr'itT'boun the session. . phos-phat'e and rotation. There is.-a \profound reason, an economic, cause, lor the existence in Illinois- of the fctreat packing industry and that of the manufacture of agricultural imple- ' ments. The coming together "ol this Convention, the organization of the Illinois Agricultural Association, of the- Illinois ' Commercial Association, of the Illinois Holsiein-Frlesian Association," all prove the. common reaiiza r tion that husbandry, the oldest calling of civilized man, has become a mod- !ern business. No man dare foretell how great may be its future.- A very "old friend of my mother's used to tell cow in his .youth he attended the fortnightly meeting of a literary .society of •which he and my grandfather were members, and before which, one evening, jny grandfather- made himself ri- dicntous by reading a paper to prove ithatitiy the year 1900 there, would be ilOOjJpOO people living in Chicago. The .other, day-I came upon a report which -' held my attention as a dairyman, and breeder of Holsteins. Last year the mutual .advantage, to he better under- SEgfi of Appalling Food Conditions of Europe- Thursday Busiest Day of Institute. standing by. their different and their common problems. Thus, the old isolation being broken down, the farmer must for his o'wn. sake and for that of the-whole, country,assume the re sponsibility for -which, he is so singularly fitted- and to~-\v'liich his duty as an American citizen^calls him.- As the Declaration of Independence- had it,' "-Man is entitled to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness." That implies something, more than a mere material existence, something more than unhindered material prosperity. It implies not only the' scientific cultivation of the soil, but the' intelligent and appreciative cultivation of that civilization of ,which xhe churches of Garbondale-and the University of Illinois are "both symbols and instruments. ' ' * * • ( * ^ * - * * ~- Consider, my fellow-citizens, that under the government bequeathed to us by .our-fathers, Hhe United States has the busiest day of filled from nine Thursday was the institute . o'clock in the morning until five in the afternoon with important conferences Two sessions were helid in the fpre- noon and 3 in the afternoon. The three afternoon meetings were devoted, one to the interests of dairying, another to horticulture and the third to household arts. The enrollment during the day was considerably increased by teach : ers from Jackson; Williamson and Union counties. . • . When:the Institute re-convened for the evening session a very. pleasing surprise was in store Eor the audi- export of, condensed milk from the I become the greatest of democracies; | ence. Miss Jane Addams, of Hull - _ • United States aggregated three-quarters/of a billion pounds, valued at a, hundred and -twenty-five million dollars—forty times as much as was exported in ,1914, while in 1910 the experts were so small that.it is unrecorded in the government .statistics. While production has increased very notably in certain areas, I do not believe that the increase in the production of milk for the United States .during the last decade has exceeded" twenty -per cent I remember that.upon one occasion, -when I stood with my friend, Colonel Watson French, admiring his herd, he -told me that the average cow in Holland produced twice as much as the average cow in the United States, arid that he purposed in-so-far as one man .could, to bring the American cow 4o the Dutch level. My friends, : during the next ten .years, if associations like this present • : -nere, and others such as those to which I have .referred, fulfill their mission, 1 we shall see such 'a development in fanning as none of us ten years ago i^ad darod imagine. We'shall see an . expansion "within ten years greater. f^ian that of the thirty years before. I ' ,4m not certain that the word:"expan- Ejion" (implies my whole meaning. I' sSlealc "not only of the improvement of \the: science" and of the art of agri- «nl«iire; I speak not only of the improvement in the quality of our live clockVand'of the productivity of our . , that in .wealth and power it .is first in House, Chicago, -whose failure to ap- the world. The State of Illinois, in _. , , . ,• riches and in. population, is greater I P ear on Wednesday everting so ..sorely than any but one of those dominions- of the British Empires which . are endowed with votes like independent states in' the League of Nations. s So miraculous has • b^ten the ^ ordered growth, the peaceful evolution of this Republic, that men forget at times that its greatness and its growth are chiefly due not to the exploitation of a virgin continent, nor to, the quick cleverness" or sudden inventions of eager men, not to the astonishing qualities of this single generation, "but chiefly to an incomparable tradition, a ripe experience o'f two centuries on this American continent"alone.. Then, j generations beyond, reaching back to the dim beginnings of free, government in the old Northlands iOf Europe from which our-seed is sprung. Those who would glibly overturn the system which- the generations have worked out would do well to pause before they would abandon' our society, iin- •perfect though it bei for the government of one class'or another. * * ? * * * . There are orderly processes through whi-ch government may be changed; A"•. Cottstitiitional. Convention noyr is assembled at Springfield. The Con- disappointed the waiting audience, was introduced for the first address. of the evening. Miss Addaiins arrived in the city just ^twenty-four hours later than she was expecte'd, due-to a misunderstanding as to her ! "place .on the 'program. ^ • ." Although the time.,allotted her on last evening's program was limited to a half hour ,she made, the best possible use of her time, .going immediately to the heart of her message ami closing, promptly without, intruding upon the time o£ the other speakers. It was a message from the starving children of Europe which every American ought to hear. No 1 person co.uld listen unmoved to this '. story of appalling conditions in war-torn Europe. The starvation and despair very gen^ eral throughout Europe beggars description. On the subject; "Present Food Conditions,", Miss Addams recounted experiences and observations' from her recent service as a member CtbDCUll'lCU Ctl. hjlfl £UV,UC1U.- J..UG VJUU- . ,. . . _. . _ ... stitution ; of:-theltoitea-.States isilnot of the American Food Commission, perfect:, for nothing' human is .perfect. ] America's obligation to meet the • (Continued on Page 2.) dire need of Europe and the Near East was emphasized. And it is primarily a humanitarian, consideration. How can the newly freed peoples attain | democracy as long as they'are starv-- ing? How can they solve' the probv. lems of their reconstruction, lacking energy arid ability which food alone can supply? • . Mrs. Judsor. in Most Interesting Address. The second speaker of the evening' was Mrs. Clara Ingram Judson of the'' U. S. Treasury Department. Her subject was "America's Biggest Business." The biggest business of the world she said is home management. This Is literally true when homes • in the aggregate and ^not as isolated' in- stitutioon's are considered. . ' Mrs. Judson advocated the budget system of home finances which she discussed at'length in a most helpful 'way. She suggested that the reason we have not adopted a budget system ini the affairs of our national government may be due to .the fact that we as citizens have not yet learned the J value .of the. family budget. She em- phasteed the importance of giving children a part hi the financial re- 'spon-sibilities of the home, j'thereby giving them . valuable. training by experience.. She also urged the application: of the/principle of profit sharing in the home:. Other practical suggestions by Mrs. Judson included consideration of food, the raw material'of the-home. business plant. - Referring to Miss Addams'. address she pointed out-that mal : nutrition works havoc where food is abundant as well,as where it is. lacking; among the rich as well as. among th'e poort ' She .marde the important distinction between -mere cooking and .feeding. She also emphasized the-need of. establishing a standard 'of co-oper : ation and obedience in 'the home government. • • -'• ' ' -.,; ; • I It was an address fi.lled with practical suggestions and replete .'with concrete illustrartions from her own 1 home lousiness experiences. , ".'..• the greatest ..deposits of- bituminous- A ,. f - . . - ... • • co ?'. In , ^e .world.; the Bi r Mud'dy;- An editorial must always have, a: vein .of -co'al is known - whereve?-" heading. ^ So these" few remarks of good steam coal "is used, but- it" is-«. d'er 6 Like" many. heading. ; bo these few remarks of good steam coal "is used, but- it" is- : mine will be-presented-to .you-un-' "Qt known vr by 'the public that this- der the headline. "Selling -tMyp<-" • ' s a. distinctive:.productive of E^ypt- Like" many, a .text-lor a sermon it'- 1 ' '« mined- by.miners who live in ing wuai-..i nave to say in the guise ™". il;n .. tney .live... .But "it is sold?"of an editorial. ' .-.-.. ;. j from thej; cities, and the consumer ~ A popular fictionist has recently-' "P 68 ,. "P. 4 , know nor care where it said in' a story dealing', with an ' .ccunes 'from."'. -'gi ...' . • . ;American in-Paris: "A •: wonderful ! . 'Egyp.tVis the home of the:'finest' thing, is the.' average,' American"s orclia'rds of the, state. Thousands •> love for his home town. It "is air, of .barrels ,o,f ,apples and :baskets o"f '" very-well": for the outside: world' to ' peaches are shipped-out-of this sec- • sneer, but the trait .is- the base upon j' tlo V every year. While'they-find a which many stur'dy virtues Test, ('.universal.-'•'. market,-r the consum'er-•• upon a ro.ck -foundation.""-- There- docs not know that' they come out fore anything, that may : here be °f Egypt.' W.ho has- not. heard of ' said about Southern Illinois'and'its the famous , Yakima Valley apnies- virtues-may- be accepte'd ,with that of Washington?',; They have'no"befc-- thought -in mind. Thoreau, - the ter. product than '-has Efsypt,. but the -'• JPh'ilosppher-naturalis't,- Svhose writJ .gfowets of that valley ;have soldf in'cfS ' nf , tlip . .V,rtfn*il\r •:=•+!*i«*T.. .' i?Aa.i • Vakinm . tit - f h*»•'•' 'I'»T/\^U- ' :..^A .— L : j- e» did! .-.niai story. age, .tnpugnt;;yery-.littlte of-the man , '"«. 51 " Ilc "on grows tha'ri is -sold W ,w.ho di'd^not ;iove:: his ihome acre. "I tne car load., in. /Egypt every ---year f-Tiriilr- '"'^i-CfiU'I^rt-- 1^. •'*'*-: '-.'krt. 'U-.->^j £~. .nut frnft • a-mMKii"- Af* *!._ T*.J. _* '-'^ £" han; any ':'p_ther. in': the world'!"-'• i w o r l^- -' . ..... . , - • '•_''.•'.. • ,. ,'. : This, section- of Illinois, has been | The fields-.ol'-wheat that riocn ir nown .for a century as "Egypt."; golden harvest in Egypt'each yearan: and .varied are the tale, a feed th t - - ' story. most . cepted, by. the ' ' •n.iiunii..,iui « •-cin.uijr as ^gjpi. ,s"-"c" Harvest in jigypt each vearMany: and .varied are. the tales, as .feed the teeming millions- yet- this.' to ; .the-origin of the'apt>elati6n..,The : is. not nationally;,known as a wheat •sfnrv mrioi- ™iri»i,r a^^a^fo^ K,,. *!,.". growing country., The fields'' of 7 Kansas grojv-noVfiner sraih yet the- ' .Kansas hard wheat ;is known.-' to-' •jthe world: ,., Kansas., has sold-.'its- wheat fields, to the public.mind The loam v of .our river • bottoms . residents of this section thus' 'fayorr ed' has.to:.do., with' 'the, era; 'in the 'early.- days; ,,when .nortnern ^Illinois famishe'd -for. corn. • - In. oxcarts, and' oil/ horseback ; the pilgrimage was' wii/ iiwio^w«yi^. .^.LMU p«K J Jindyc vy«ia j-iic juciiTi •< oj .our. river ' uol'toins made .by theXsturdy. pioneers 'of-, where\each,year thousands of--acres'- the-: toclay^ famous "corn belt"', into of growing..; corn...waves -its' tasles'• .Southern Illinois for; porn, for the i-in the summer breeze produces;" ~ SoutheriK. part ;.qf the, state -was.j'other, thousands-..of. bushels '• of ttiK " blessed : with ;.gle'nty:.'-.. Who; it was .yellow, grain 'that'., goes into the- thatX first..' .coined: .the expression marts of . th'e .world yet Eo-ytit "Egypt" as it appliea';to ;Squthern notwithstanding-' its early .reconToir Illinois is/, no.t knowri.-.'.but I- have -nofn— i<: n^t f ~ . —:j-i_. iJ nis way -has. chills and fever,, and- that ^ he is in, town to get some.-?' quinine and something for- snaKe? bite.'' - t • Then he adds as an afterthought: -Southern niinois^Advantages and Op-' up-s^e^^n'hereS^o^ portunities arid How .Best to Improve The editor gets' an inspiration andi Them^-A 'Greater Egypt—A Greater - tlie ^ next •issue, of .the'..-Bugle, comes; Illinois," by. Alitorney Otis F, Glenn,! °_ U l.?"* h ',*^? lul ?? 'about the great. Murphysboro.' ' Following is the program: Otis Glenn, Murphysboro..'••'. Senator W. A. 'Spence, Metropolis. C. J.^Thomas, Miurphxs.bt Ferdinand Kohl, Centralia, ^E; B.-Jackson, Marion." .. NTH: Lesley, "Sparta." '•' ':.' ', '" Hon. L. L. Enimerspn; Mt. Vernon. .'Fred Rolens/Murphyslborb. A.\,T., Spivey,'-East ^SL Louis. . Harry Taylor, Harris^urg. • Hon. F.'G. Blair, Springfield;. Rev. J. W. Cummins; Marion. ' . -, .• O ."•" V"* 'J 1 . -l^ViUL-U \. cqrij—is ; not so • w.idely known- as'' a corn producing-: section as 'is the •Mark -soil ,qf. the,, north,..known-as- the:; lan qiis ;corn-. belt. ' ~ •I misrht my-own-'.: idea as:, to" the,-calling of 1-he.. rnan..who .g'avj/ the"-'n'.injc that ha : 5 coine /down, ifirQugh.."tlie-intei'- veiiing.. years • with-.-..'.mjngled.-- ( honor; -. • i misfnt. go. on'.indefinitely pointin" arid ; . contempt, for , ..unfortunately' • out :"Nature's'-" bles'sine-s 'on- Eeyijt some-fqlks' have.'remembered'..Egypt i'hut. I.have .sai'd all'that is'necessary. " of ..-the .plagues and not the Egypt,-.'! believe to. .stress .'the- point I .wish" , of/.plenty.--;'•'.... >"•;,'.•.,' " .,".'-/ hio .make.: '"•.'.•• - ' .' ' In ; fancy. I, see': aiy.-: editor of'.••a--! ,It is .;up'--to *all of AIS -in" Egypt' country ;weekly,.in Southern Illinois -to "sell! 1 this fair land to the out-- m""those- years'!- of.' plenty,: j as^-^'her 1 side ...world. V:.- - ' - ' ... ' .greets fa! .friend 'from th'e;fields, vltl :As in :othej: lines: pf-endeavor/WH , 1S ;,! ; . h 5,- L S re ? t in,g?-that..eyery.body 'ex-I.must, keep: the" product ,up to a-:high'\ pects .pfrom: ari,Leditqr v or. .his '"report-j'stariSajd' in: order': to: merit the're- " >rs.:' 'WHit do-y.on"Jkn'ow; \Bill.'^ "....'.'•' j' ; suits that Vwill;: 'cbriie. from "goo* . - : Bill ':says:..'fheY.dtiesn'tC. taqw a^y,- salesmanship.' 1 .'.^-y,! ".'••• '. " thing,""'except''-.th'at 1 'every:;brie^dq»fn^ : .--.--' (Continued-':toi;Pi»g« 2.) ,:.-" .
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