Independent from Long Beach, California on March 19, 1976 · Page 1
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Independent from Long Beach, California · Page 1

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Long Beach, California
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Friday, March 19, 1976
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State health chief for decriminalizing heroin Prom Our Stale Bureau SACRAMENTO -- State Health Director Jerome Lackner said Thursday that heroin should be decriminalized nationally so its illegal commerce would not be profitable. "The only way to solve the heroin problem is to take the profit out of it," said Lackner. "The only way to lake the profit out is to give it away," he added. "Let people line up and get it. Nothing moves in this country without a profit." ile also said he believes it would be belter for government clinics to give addicts heroin rather t h a n methadone, because methadone may be more permanently addictive. Lackner said his comments were personal and did not reflect the viewpoint either of the Brown administration or the Health Department, and Gov. Brown quickly made it/clear he did not agree with the physician He appointed a year ago. "My views on this subject are fairly well known and were most recently expressed In the signing of the Bobbins mandatory prison sentence bill for heroin dealers," Brown said, referring to legislation carried by Sen. Alan Bobbins, D-Van Nuys. "I believe the criminal sanction should be maintained against the use or possession of heroin." Early Thursday, Lackner had appeared before the Assembly Ways and Means subcommittee on health and welfare. Lackner said, "I would like to speak f r a n k l y to the committee. S u b s t a n c e abuse is the major health problem in America, and I doubt that until we change the orientation of health agencies we will solve the problem. "If our attitude toward heroin abuse is to wait until people become addicted, then try to cure them, we will always have addicts and we will always have the problem. "We will always be dealing with It at the wrong end when we should concentrate on trying to prevent addiction from happening in the first place."The medical profession has generally shunned addicts, he said, then he referred to his own practice in San Jose before he went to work for the state. He said he became "proficient at treating heroin addicts because we h a v e m a n y j u n k i e s in San Jose." "Speaking personally, not for t h e administration and not tor the department, I feel the use of heroin should be decriminalized," he said. "Not legalized. Selling and profiting should still be a crime, but not possession and use." He said t h a t the traditional law- enforcement-medical approach toward treating the heroin abuse problem had failed, and suggested that it might be more valuable "to have the Harvard School o( Business look at the heroin problem as the business it is, and devise a way to eliminate the problem." One way, he said, would be to provide heroin maintenance programs for addicts, rather than methadone maintenance programs, and also to make legally dispensed heroin c o m p e t i t i v e w i t h s t r e e t heroin. "Methadone is just as much a narcotic as heroin and is just as addictive," he told the subcommittee. "But when someone who makes a profit from selling heroin loses a customer to a methadone program, he simply goes out and finds another customer." While melhadone was legally acceptable, Lackner said, it is easier for a heroin user to become a non-user than it is for a methadone addict to give up drugs completely. A heroin user, he said, "is easier to detoxify. It is easier to get him clean" than a methadone addict. But, he acknowledged, he did not expect to see heroin decriminalized. "If I had authority '. decriminalize heroin in California," he said, "1 wouldn't do it, because then we'd have junkies from the other 49 states coming here." The step could only be taken nationally, Lackner said. Callaway fights ouster --Story on Page A-8 INDEPENDENT WEATHER Fair with gusly winds. High near 62, low near 52. Complete weather on Page C-17. 66 Pages LONG BEACH, CALIFORNIA, FRIDAY, MARCH 19, 1976 HE S1161 - Classified No. HE 2-5959 ( ^£~ »* Vol. 35, No. 160 Home Delivered Doily and Sunday -- $4.00 Per Monlh Cuba spy tied to 'plot * on Ford, Reagan Verdict next: Patty 6 a bandit or a survvor By LINDA DEUTSCH SAN FRANCISCO (AP) - Patricia Hearst's prosecutor portrayed her Thursday as a liar who should be convicted of bank robbery, white the lawyer defending the young heiress implored her jury to view her participation In the crime as a matter of survival. F. Lee Bailey, in a surprisingly brief dosing argument for the defense in the eight-week trial, told the jury: "This is not a ease about'bank robbery ... It is a case about dying or surviving. That is all that Patricia Campbell Hearst thought about." ^ BAILEY'S final statement, the one he said could win or los« the case, followed an often dramatic two-hour presentation by U.S. Ally. James L. Browning Jr. The prosecutor urged the panel to reject Miss Hearst's "entire testimony as not credible" and pronounce her the willing revolutionary she proclaimed herself to be while in the company of the Symbionesc Liberation Army. She was, Browning said, the "rebel in search of a cause" described by govern- ment psychiatrists. Dismissing her story as. "incredible," he said she took part in the robbery wilh "verve" and without coercion. In a final response before court was recessed, Browning told jurors: "I'm sorry Patricia Hearst was kid- naped. I'm sorry anyone was kidnaped ... but can you assume that she was a kidnap victim for the next 19 months? "DONT be misled by the smokescreen that the defense has raised. Judge this case on the merits. Judge this case on the evidence." The scene was thus set for final instructions and presentation of the case to the jury today -- six months to the day after Miss Hearst was arrested in a San Francisco apartment. Bailey, as he had throughout the trial, told the panel that Miss Hearst was forced to lake part in the April 15, 1074, bank robbery in a desperate bid to survive among her terrorist captors -- "a bunch of crazy psychopaths." (Turn to Back Pg. Col. 1) By RONALD KOZ10L Knight News Service ilt: TV rtlrife Trito SAN FRANCISCO-Fcderal agents have received information that a spy for (he Cuban government acted as an adviser for a Bay Area terrorist group and allegedly took part in discussions centering on an assassination plot against President Ford and presidential challenger R o n a l d R e a g a n , tho Chicago Tribune has learned. PATTY HEARST sits in marshal's car outside courthouse in San Francisco after hearing final arguments in her trial Thursday by chief defense attorney F. Lee Bailey, top right, and prosecutor James Browning. -·»· **»** Brown: 'I must finally go East 9 By GIL BAILEY From Our National Bureau S A C U A M E N T O - G o v . Brown recognizes that his presidential campaign will h a v e to go nationwide even though he believes that its central theme will be what he does in Sacramento. "I'm going to have to go e a s t sometime," Brown told the Washington Bureau of The Independent in a telephone interview T h u r s d a y . B r o w n as governor has not left California officially, even skipping the traditional national governors' conferences and presidential i n v i t a - tions B r o w n again signaled his theme that he is a different sort of governor, "disassociated from the disaffection" held by people for Washington. The 37-year-old governor, whose popularity ratings have reached record heights in his native state in part because of his calls for "less" and his austere life style, said he knows he must be considered a serious presidential candidate with nationwide appeal to draw votes in the California primary because Californians in the past have rejected "favorite son" or nonserious candidates. However, Browo has not yet r e a l l y planned his campaign because of the pressures of the job in Sacramento, including appointments and problems with farm labor. "It is not appropriate or necessary fto p l a n the c a m p a i g n ) , " he s a i d . "There is sequential progression of order." In some respects Brown feels that what be is doing in Sacramento fa the campaign. "My first responsibility is to discharge my duties here," he said. "I concept u a l i z e m y e f f o r t (campaign) is what I do (Turn to Back Pg., Col. 3) J u s t i c e D e p a r t m e n t sources said if the allegations arc true --and they still have not been d i s counted--it is the first evidence that an agent for a foreign government has been d i r e c t l y involved wilh a domestic terrorist group on American soil. Details of the Cuban inv o l v e m e n t r e p o r t e d l y were supplied by Gregg Daniel Adornelto, 11, a terrorist-turned-informant, who is now in protective custody. Adornetto was a member of the Emiliano Zapata Unit, a terrorist band which came into existence a year ago am! which took credit for a dozen bombings. ADORNETTO is reported to have told federal agents t h a t the C u b a n adviser was known under the code name of "Andres Gomez."Sources said that Gomez' name was found in a personal notebook kept by the admitted terrorist. Adornetto a l s o picked G o m e z ' p i c t u r e f r o m among a group of several Cubans, sources said. The person whose picture he picked out has been identified by federal agents and Latin American i n t e l l i - gence experts as a member of t h e DG1 (Directorate of G e n e r a l Intelligence), the Cuban spy apparatus. The Central Intelligence Agency was reported to be attempting to l e a r n if "Gomez" could have been in this country during the period in which Adornettn EXCLUSIVE claims to have seen him. The Cuban reportedly fled to Mexico shortly after a police shootoul on Feb. 21 near Lagunitas. This Incident led to the later arrests of Adornetto and six others, who the FBI has ·harged are members of thcZapala unit. A D D I N G f u r t h e r in- t r i g u e was Adornctto's claim that he was told by his underground comrades that "if Gomez dies, his body must be burned and his fingers cut off so he cannot be identified." Adornetto also is reported to have claimed that he had traveled to Cuba wilh (op leaders of the Weather Underground, who have been fugitives since 1970. Members of the Weather U n d e r g r o u n d , responsible for scores of bombings throughout the country, h a v e a i d e d in organizing eight brigades of young Americans who traveled to Cuba to help harvest sugar cane and construct buildings. The W e a t h e r leaders have been welcomed openly by the Castro government since their group began an underground campaign of terror in this country six years ago. AUTHORITIES now lend to believe Adornelto's story that a top leader of the Weather Underground played a major role in the activities of the Zapata unit. Farm board accord By SUSAN SWARD SACKAMENTO (AP) The California Assembly approved a $2.5 million appropriation T h u r s d a y for G o v . Brown's farm labor b o a r d , rejecting charges t h a t t h e board "sold oul to Cesar Chavez." The 5-1-2-1 parly-line vote was exactly the majority needed to send the measure to the Senate. It was a major victory for the Democratic governor, and a major step toward saving the showpiece accomplishment of his 14- month-old administration. The Stale Agricultural Labor Relations Board. which oversees f a r m worker elections, has been in limbo since Feb. 6, w h e n Republicans and rural Democrats cut off cxtni funds needed to continue board operations. At issue was the opponents' contention that the board and Brown have favored Chavez' U n i t e d Farm Workers union over Ihe rival Teamsters and grower interests. They d e m a n d e d changes in Ihe law before they would vote for (he funds required to resume Ihe secret-ballot f a r m labor organizing elections authorized by B r o w n ' s farm labor law of 1975. Chavez has won the majority of the -WO elections supervised by the board between Sept. I and Feb. R, when funds under the law ran out. Democratic leaders of the Assembly imposed strict party discipline in Ihe form of n formal caucus position in order to extract the votes of the rural Democrats who had earlier sided with Republicans to block the funds. A s s e m b l y m a n Bob C l i n e . R - N o r t h r i d g e . charged that the board "has consistently sold out to Cesar Chavez." It is "a biased. Chavez-oriented, (Turn to Pg. A-10, Col. 6) Panama Canal strike backs up 100 ships CRISTOBAL. Panama Canal Zone (AP) - More than 100 ships were backed up at the Panama Canal on Thursday as a U.S. employe sickoul resulted in the most expensive traffic jam in the canal's 62-year history. Only six ships inched through the canal on Wednesday. Normal traffic is about 10 ships a day. By early Thursday 101 ships had joined logjams at both ends of Ihe canal and 70 more were expected by the weekend. The last strike at (he canal tied up 118 ships for several days in August 1973. About 700 striking American employes arc hoping (he costs of the traffic jam -- an average $8,000 a day in operating costs for each ship -- will bring pressure on Congress to slop proposed pay scale changes and other economy moves aimed at reducing a JH-million deficit expected by the Panama Canal Co. (Turn to Back Pg., Col. 8) Sen. Church runs Combined News Services I d a h o Sen. F r a n k Church officially declared himself a candidate for t h e Democratic presidential nomination Thursday, telling a crowd of about 2,500 s t a n d i n g in the muddy streets of the gold- rush ghost town of Idaho City, Idaho, t h a t "it's never too late -- nor are Ihe odds too great -- to try." The 5 1 - y e a r - o l d Church's aspirations for the nomination have been no s e c r e t , but he has delayed entering the primaries because of the Senate investigation of intelligence activities. Church has been the leading figure in that investigation, which has in turn given him a sort of national prominence that he might otherwise not have enjoyed as a senator from the sparsely populated n o r t h western state best known for its potatoes. Church's entry into the s e v e n - m a n Democratic race came as Ronald Rea- gan and George Wallace, each seeking his first primary victory of the presidential campaign, pressed for support from North Carolina voters. Former Georgia Gov. Jimmy Carter also was in N o r t h Carolina, t e l l i n g voters he could defeat Wallace in every Southern (Turn to Pg. A-10, Col. I) L.B. girl in 'coma state 9 20 years dies By MIKE JELF Slalf WrUtr A 15-year-olrl Long Beach girl who suffered brain damage when her hear! slopped beating during a tonsillectomy '20 years ago died Thursday at the age of 35 in a Minneapolis hospital. Her brother said that although Suzanne Payette "never was really in a coma." she was restricted to an invalid, "animal" sort of existence by the mishap on May 31, 1956. Thursday afternoon at 4:30 p.m. she died in her room at Minneapolis General Hospital, surrounded by her parents, her brother, her sister, an aunt and a cousin. The cause of death was listed as pneumonia. "It was a long 20 years," Lyle Pay- ettc.Jr.,31, said. "It was a long, hard battle. She fought for her life up to the very last minute." Newspaper accounts of 1956 described how the girl's heart slopped beating as she lay on Ihe operating table at St. Mary's Hospital, and a surgeon cut open her chest to give her litcsaving heart massage. One doctor described it as a ''one in a million" case. "She took the anesthetic well and all at once stopped breathing," according to a news account. A month after the operation, a r.eu- rologislsaid there was some hcpe for the former Stanford Junior High School student body president. Her mother, on hearing of the slight hope, said, "My prayers have been answered." By November her falhcr said doctors offered no hope. Despite fund-raising drives by friends and strangers and an oul-of-court settlement of $100,000, doctors were unable to repair the damage done to her brain. In the months following the operation, pupils in Seventh Day Advcntist schools throughout S o u t h e r n California sent money, an Air Force base staged a benefit dance and Ihc owner of a gas station donated a day's profits to the Payettes. The Sept. 16, 1957, out-of-court settlement followed filing of a suit against Ihc surgeon and anesthesiologist. The f a m i l y moved lo Minneapolis two years ago, Suzanne's brother said. Services are scheduled for Monday in Werness Brothers' Mortuary in Minneapolis. DIVORCE ruled out for Princess Margaret. Page A-2. · GROWING scandal in care of elderly reported. Page A-15. * VAST OIL FIELD reported in Saudi Arabia. Page A-16. COUNTY MAYOR plan won't be on June ballot. Page B-l. Action I Jne A-3 (1 Amusements .. CT-5 Classified C-17 Comics ti-6 Crossword B-fl Editorial B-2 Financial... C-10,11 · SOUTHLAND EVENTS on Page C-8. Life/Style... A-1.1.14 Obitaaries C-17 Police Beat B-l Shipping C-17 Rporls Cl-7 TeddThomey CB-16 Television C-12

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