Jfortpwit tit N. East AT*.. Fwe*eÂ»IHt, AifcMtat ttTtl FktMttMttt PibttokeJ wry ttttnUm MM* Su4*y Foinded JIM 14. UN Second Class Postage Paid at Fayetteville. Arkansas MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the' use for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper and also the local news published herein. AH rights of republication of special dispatches herein are also reserved. SUBSCRIPTION RATES Per Week (by carrier) 45c Mail rates in Washington, Bcnton, Madison counties Ark. and Adair County, Okla. 3 months $5.00 6 months J8.50 1 YEAR i $16.00 City Box Section $18.00 Mail in counties other than above: 3 months .' W.OO Â« months $10.50 1 YEAR $20-00 4 Â· Wednesday, April 16, 1969 Chain of Responsibility Gen. David M. Shoup, commandant of the U. S. Marine Corps prior to his retirement in 1963, has some interesting things to say in a recent article--"The New American Militarism" -- appearing in the April issue of Atlantic Magazine. "In Vietnam during 1965," the General writes, "the four services were racing to build up combat strength in that hapless country. This effort was . . . motivated in part by the same old inter-service rivalry to demonstrate respective importance and combat effectiveness . .. "The punitive air strikes immediately following the Tonkin Gulf incident in late 1964 revealed the readiness of naval forces to bomb North Vietnam . . . So by early 1965, the Navy carrier people and the Air Force initiated a contest of comparable strikes, sorties, tonnages dropped, 'Killed by Air' claims, and target grabbing which continued up to the 1068 bombing pause . . . "Much of the reporting on air action has consisted of misleading data or propoganda to serve Air Force and Navy purposes. In fact, it became increasingly apparent that the U. S. bombing effort in both North and South Vietnam has been one of the most wasteful and expensive hoaxes ever to be put over on Ihe American people. Tactical and close ail- support of ground operations is essential, but air power use in general has to a large degree Â· been a contest for the operations planners, 'fine experience' for young pilots, and opportunity for career officers." General Shoup's judgment on military operations and objectives in Vietnam is harsh, but we can presume the general knows whereof he speaks. What he is saying is that our military services have been playing competitive games with each other in the pursuit of questionable combat objectives in Vietnam. This is a serious charge, not only as it relates to the sorry situation in Vietnam, but al.-.o to our whole smear of "defense" operations including such "incidents" as the Pueblo and last week's EC-121. The unsettling business of the E(M21,shot from the air by North Korean MIGs with a loss of 31 American lives, is all the more so in view of the inescapable suspicion that it likely was avoidable under closer civilian watch on the Pentagon. Whle solons on the order of South Carolina's twin terrors, Rep. L. Mendel Rivers and Sen. Strom Thurmond, were shouting l a s t week for instant retaliation (up to the inc l u d i n g The ?,omb), President Nixon, thank- f u l l y , was going slow; and at least one member of ("rjiijn-ess. Mike Mansfield, Democratic leader of the Senate, was focusing attention not on the North Koreans or American oversea 1 pres-tige, but on an American military apparatus that got the KC-121 in so difficult a place to begin with. Man.'fielrl wondered, for one thing, if the PrrÂ·-Â·jd'ir.t was personally aware of the EC- 121's mission, and of its provocative nature. (Kv-rv indication is that he wasn't.) Signifi- r a r . t i v , President Johnson hadn't been atl- Â·.Â·/! --pacifically of the Pueblo's flirtation ".Â·:Â·. fate, either. Tiy; = S'T.a'or M a n s f i e l d , it seems lo us, h;;-- i-f,latid the crux of t h i s North Korean rrhf.er when he questions the wisdom of al- lov-'ir.g generals and admirals to make their ov.:. rlnci-ion.- on m a i l e r s that properly belong in the civilian control of the President .Â·Â·rvl his f.'abine!. Peaceful Purpose The powerful nnrl verbal ile a l o m was first, harnessed, you'll recall, u n d e r pressure nf war. Kor a considerable period after its potentials wwe first, unlocked its development occurred along m i l i t a r y lines. Thus, when scientists were f i n a l l y alilc to apply their mi- rlear expertise toward peaceful purposes the event was widely hailed as a milestone in h u m a n progress. We I'etl a little Hint way about television, We noticed in the newspaper t h e other flay where Â» Philadelphia fire chief, monitoring a major blaze via three remote tv cameras, was able lo direct his TO,WS to a ipiick and effective extinguishing of the conflagration. Using tv for "peaceful" purposes such as fire fighting 1 could eventually, we suppose, makt the medium worth all the trouble. Nixon's 'Surplus' A Mirage By CLAYTON FRITCHEY WASHINGTON -- "We arÂ« proposing the largest budget surplus in II years," says President Nixon, "and the fourth largest in history -- a surplus of $5.8 billion dollars for f i s c a l 1970." In comparing his new budget with those of the 1950s, however, the President has used a different system of accounting than prevailed in that era. If the 1970 Nixon budget were calculated by the method used 18 years ago, there would not he a surplus of $5.8 billion next year, as claimed, but a deficit of $4 billion or even more. This conclusion is based on figures developed by Sen. John Williams (R., Dela.) the noted Republican fiscal expert, and Sen. Gordon Allott (r.. Colo.) Chairman of the Republican Policy Committee, in a critical analysis of the 19G9-70 budgets prepared by Lyndon Johnson. U s i n g the same "unified" method of bookkeeping as Nixon has employed, Johnson, also arrived at a surplus, although smaller than his successor's. This was called "a farce" by Sen. Williams. But if it is t h e that Johnson's surplus is a myth, as charged by Williams and Allott, then it is also true that Nixon's is. In a study called "The Phony Budget Surplus," published in Ripon, a Republican political publication. Sen. Allott notes that Johnson in 1967-68 started composing the federal budget on the so-called "unified" basis rather than on the "consolidated cash" method previously in use. This, he says, has made possible the artificial surpluses. Since the 1967-68 change. Allott says, "receipts from taxes rind expenditures for government s p e n d i n g have been lumped together with trust fund receipts and expenditures." Prior to 1967, income and outgo were kept separate. "After all," the Senator declares, "no matter what accounting system is used, social security receipts cannot, by law, be used to pay the daily bills of government." Trust funds, of course, represent taxes paid by the empoycr. the employee, the highway user. They represent many other accounts which the government a d m i n i s t e r s a s "trustee." That's why, as Allott notes, "the law requires trust kinds be invested only in US bonds. They can never he commingled with other government money." Now. Allntt asks, how much of Johnson's budget totals are turst fund accounts, and how much are regular receipts and expenditures? S r n. Williams answers that trust fund receipts in fiscal I!)70 will he $58 billion, but that turst fund dispursc- mcnts will only be about S48 b i l lion leaving a trust fund surplus of roughly $10 billion. Subtract that sum, which, as Allott says, "the government can't use to buy either guns or butter." and Johnson is left with a large deficit (possibly as high as $9.5 billion) instead of the $3. billion surplus he estimated. Applying the same logic to the Nixon budget, for it, too. is based on a similar trust fund surplus, would mean that the new administration will also end up with a sizable deficit instead of its estimated $5.8 billion surplus. If there were really going to be a surplus this year and another in 1970. Sen. Williams dryly points out. "they would not need an increase in the nation al debt limit--quite the contrary, we could drop the ceiling on the national debt. But the fact they are asking for an increase in the national debt, at the same time they project the surpluses, merely shows these projected surpluses as a complete farce." It will be interesting to see the reaction of VV'il- H a m s and Allott to Nixon's adopting the methods they find so misleading in Johnson. --(C) 1969, Newsday, Inc. Flying Blind Billy Graham My Answer A serious personal problem is on my mind constantly. My desire is to solve it Cod's way but it seems impossible. Can you holn me? O.I''. First of all. you know t h a t God knows about it. Also. He is crincered that you shall find Ihe right answer. Finally, He w i l l help you find it. The problem reserves itself into two things: your willingness to surrender your own w i l l and desires lo God. then, to accept and act on His leading. You do the f i r s t by coming to Him in the N a m e of Christ, asking Him to fnrgivc your sins and lo Rive you a heart completely surrendered to Him. Then you pray .spccilically that God will give you clear leading as lo the solu- t i o n of yinir problem. This leading may come as you pray: or it may Conic as you read your Hihle; or. Gnd may send someone to you who, under the loading of Ills Spirit, will direct you in the thing you should do. This all may sound theoretical ami mechanical, bill actual- Iv it is just I n k i n g f',nd at His Word and expecting Him to honor t h a t Word. In Proverbs :;:.' r, we f i n d these w o r d s: "Trust in the Lord with all t h i n e heart, ,-md lean not lo Ihino own understanding; in nil t h y ways acknowledge Him nnd He shall direct thy pnths." Honor God liy iHTi'pling nnd acting (in His Word and lie w i l l surely honor vmir f a i t h . Behihcf Every Secretary; There's A Worried Wife By A*Y BVCHWALD WASHINGTON - The idea of having Cabinet wives attend President Nixon's Cabinet meetings may have several virtues, but it also has its'drawbacks. Even if nothing happened at the meetings, I would still hate to be a Cabinet officer when I got home that night. "Well." the Cabinet officer's wife says, "you hardly opened your trap during the entire meet inc." "But, d e a r , the President didn't call on me." "And why. may I ask. didn t the President call on you? Your department is as important as anybody else's. 1 was so embarrassed with you just s i t t i n g there having nothing to say." "It so happens that some days I do all the talking. Unfortunately, you were there on the wrong day." "A likely story. I'm not sure the President even knows what you do. The least he could have done is let you read a report or something. If you don't have any pride, I do." "You're overreacting. Several of the Cabinet officers didn't have anything to say either. There's only so much time in a Cabinet meeting, and we have to discuss what the President is interested in." "Did you see the smug look on Mrs. Laird's face when her husband was explaining the Soviets' first-strike potential? And did you see Mrs. Rogers react when her husband said he didn't believe the Soviets would use it? I .just had to sit there like a dummy." "I think you've got the idea of these Cabinet meetings all wrong. The President invited the wives so they will get more interested in their husbands' .lobs. I should have thought, you would be intrigued with that." "T would have, if T had found out what you did. As far as I The Washington Merry-Go-Round Eye For An Eye... Book For A Book By DREW PEARSON JACK ANDERSON (C), 1969, By Bcll-McClure Syn. DREW PEARSON AND JACK ANDERSON S A Y : MAN BLOCKED EDUCATION BILL: HE WAS IRKED OVER DESEGREGATION OF SCHOOLS IN HIS DISTRICT: NIXON STAGES DIPLOMATIC RE- SUFFLE WASHINGTON -- Inside reason why 79-year-old Rep. Bil Colmcr of Pasacagoula, Miss., has been blocking the aid-to- cducation Bill can now be revealed. Colmer, as chairman of the House Rules Committee, has the power of "seniority" -- w h i c h some people call "senility"--to set on bills he doesn't like. Before Easter he went down to Mississippi and refused to call a meeting of his Rules Committee to give the okay to the Federal Aid-to-Education Bill, w h i c h efficient Chairman Carl Perkins'of Kentucky had carefully whipped into shape as the first piece ot House legislation. The leaders of Congress, including Speaker McCormack and Rep. Carl Albert of Oklahoma, got on the long distance telephone to beg Colmer to come back to his job in Washington. He refused. So the education bil was stymied. Colmer didn't say anything about it when he was rebuffing Democratic leaders on the telephone, but the inside fact is that the Department of Halth, Education, and Welfare has cut off funds for the school district in Colmer's h o m e town, Pasaca- goula, for failure to observe federal desegregation r u l e s. Pascagoula schools got around $175.000 last year. This year, however, all but $18,000 h a s been held hack clue to Pascagoula's failure to desegregate. Rep. Colmer is furious. For approximately 15 years he has been Retting federal money for the schools in his district while they thumbed their noses at the Supreme Court. This yÂ«Â«r. for the first time, they haven't got away with it. Actually Pascagoula schools have been operating separate school systems for white and negro students for years. A 1 1 during the war and since, both Pascagnula and Gulfport. which are in Colmer's district, have been potting impacted federal funds for their schools because of the nearby Keesler Air Force Base. Nevertheless, they have not desegrated. PROTRACTED SCHOOK HASSLE There have been repeated negotiations b e t w e e n the federal and local officials to bring Pascagoula's schools into line .The great majority of Southern school districts, according to Leon Pannetta, director of HEW's Office of Civil Rights, have complied with the 1 a w. But the last HEW examiner's report, dated April 12. 1968. and signed by Creagh Evins, the hearing examiner, stated in part: "The (Pascagoula) school district consists of 12 schools, 10 of which have been legally and traditionally white in respect to pupils and faculty. Two schools, the Carver High School and the Fair Elementary School, have been and continue to be negro. "The evidence further reveals that there is an inequality of educational opportunity between the Carver High School (negro) and its white counterpart, the Pascagoula H i g h School. This is manifested in programs of instruction, extant facilities and in qualification of teachers." However, because Bill Colmer occupied a powerful position on the House Rules Committee, the federal government did not want to tangle with him. He has continued to get federal funds for his Mississippi district. This year, however, when HEW belatedly held up t h e funds, Colmrr retaliated by holding up the education bill authorizing funds for primary and high schools for the entire United States. Such is t h e power of committee chairmen in the House of Representatives. NIXON'S DIPLOMATIC SHUFFLE The Nixon Administration has decided to drop all American ambassadors abroad, with one or two exceptions. However, it has a peculiar way of doing it. One method is anonymous phone calls. Covey Oliver, former ambassador a Colombia, now a Deputy Director of the W o r l d Hank, began getting anonymous phone calls asking whether he was resigning. At a cocktail party someone came up and told him frankly he wanted Oliver's job. .lack Vaughn, head of t h e Peace Corps and a Republican, was asked to reamin on Jan. 17. But on Marc his Vaughn was An eastern judge once ruled it was O.K. for a man to swear in his own home whenever he fell like it. An old family cuss- torn? Hatlos They'll Do It Every Time DAMPER OPEN THE DAMPER could tell, to* only contribution you made to the Cabinet meeting was to spill Â« pitcher ot water when the Secretary of thÂ« Treasury gave his report." "Dearest, it was an accident. Bob Finch spilled his water and you didn't see Mrs. Finch get "I only got mad when I realized that no one had even noticed you did it. That's now much attention they were paying to you." _ "You're oversensitive. Kvery- onc in that room knows the job I'm doing." "Then why was Mrs. Nixon staring at me as if she didn t know who I was?" "She knew who you were. You were sitting next to me, weren't you?" "But maybe she didn't know who you were." "Good gravy. I didn t realize you took everything to heart. The whole point of the exercise wasn't to show each other how bright we were. We were con- dueling the nation's business." "You could have said something about inflation." "I could have said something about the ABM or the Middle East or the Poverty program. But what good would it have done?" , . "It would at least h a v e let Mrs. A g e w know who you " ""''frankly thbuglitjhe meeting went pretty well." "Well, you can say what you want to. 'but I'm not going to attend another one of t h o s e 'bring-your-wife-to-the -Cabinet- meeting' sessions until I'm assured that you will ask for the floor." "To do what?" "To ask the President for a fresh pitcher of water, if nothing dse '" _(C) 1969, The Washington Post Co. abruptly told his replacement would be named that week. Nixon has selected s o m e excellent new ambassadors, including ex-Sen. Ken Keating of New York as envoy to India, ex-Gov. Val Peterson of Nebraska as ambassador to Finland, and Robert Hill, former popular envoy to Mexico, as ambassador to Spain. However, he has also picked some lulus, particularly Walter Ennenberg. publisher of the Philadelphia Inquirer, vvose fortune came from the horse racing-gambling world. Some Latin American eyebrows have also been lifted regarding John Lodge, former governor of Connecticut, as the n e w ambassador to the Pan American Union. Lodge served as envoy to Spain where he he- came very palsy-walsy w i t h dictator Franco, no friend of Latin America. L a t i n diplomatic concern intensified after Nixon poured cold water on the alliance for progress this week. Lodge is no expert on underdeveloped countries, and the diplomats hope he will shift and become ambassador to Argentina now that his Aunt Matilda Freling- huysen, to whom he was greatly attached, died last week. Lodge was remaining in the U n i t e d States to be near her. Among the envoys who will be retained ar Sargent Shriver, ambassador to Paris, brother- in-law of the Kennedys, and Ellsworth Bunker, ambassador to Saigon. Roger Tubby, ambassador to Geneva, is an old Truman man who gets along with Nixon. He's done an A-l job in Geneva, but the career ciplomats are gunning for him. William Ritt Says You're Telling Me! Thanks to all those Western scries on television, s a y s Grandpappy Jenkins, today's youngster s e e s far more horses than bis daddy did when he was a boy! Nationalism No Joke In Restless Europe By YORICK BLUMENFELD (Editorial Research Reports) (Editor's Note: In response lo nationalist-led demands for greater regional autonomy, F r e n c h President C h a r l e s de Gaulle has scheduled an April 27 national referendum on a p l a n to decentralize the French government.) LONDON -- There used to he. a time when the subject of petty nationalism in Western Europe would provoke jokes about postage-stamp states and folklore festivals. No longer. When Scotland Yard recently arrested nine men for membership in the "Free Wales Army." nobody laughed. The prosecution accused the men of threatening to use violence on or before the investiture of Prince Charles as Prince of Wales on July 1, and of conspiring to achieve Welsh independency by foreceful overthrow of the existing government. Nationalist movements also are flourishing in F r a n c e . Spain, Belgium, and even Switzerland. Youthful demonstrators brandishing flags and shout ing "Free JURA!" broke into a joint session of the Swiss Parliament in Berne last winter to present their demands. They wanted a separate status for French-speaking Jurassians in the northwest corner of that traditionally multilingual state. Because these small ling- guistic, cultural, or religious minorities feel increasingly isolated and frustrated within the larger nation-state units, they have resorted to extremes of violence. The Basques of Northern Spain, for example, h a v e been responding to the Spanish government's heavy - handed suppression of their independence movement with a r s o n and assassination. One Basque guerrilla leader even envisioned a n independent Basque s t a t e along Cuban lines: "A thorn in the capitalist flank of Europe." Nationalist unrest behind the Iron Curtain has the. Kremlin worried. Danger signals are reported to he coming from populous areas like the Ukraine as well as from the Baltic Republics, which the Soviet Union annexed during World War II. Some observers believe that in the next several decades nationality problems w i l l become politically more important within the Soviet Union than the racial issue has become in the United States. Although the "chosen people" idea and the "promised land' 1 concept originated with the ancient Hebrews, nationalism is generally regarded as a European invention. In its c a r l y stages, nationalism was the creation of freedom-loving intellectuals, such as Jean Jacques Rousseau, who saw elevation of the status of the nation as a way to destroy the old feudal structure. However, by the 19lh century nationalism became the standard of the middle class, and by the 20th century it was converted into a mass mn\e- menl. National self - determination, preached by Woodrow Wilson, found expression in the map of Europe as redrawn at Paris in llllfl. When the old Aiistrn-Hnn- garian empire was broken up into such nation-states as Aur- lira, Chechoslovakia, and Ynptn- uluvua. the n a t i o n a l minorities soon discovered that it was worse to live under a nationalist slate than to he one p e o p l e among many in n multinational empire. Some of the temporary solution 1 ! adopted after World War 1 eventually gave way to a morn sinister form of nationalism AS practiced by Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler. Hitler's "will to power" placed excessive emphasis upon the interests of the nation at the expense of individual moral and ethical values. But his defeat did little to diminish the attraction of nationalism for Europeans. Quite the contrary, nationalism found new Charles de Gualle. It was Gen. de Gualle who by his "Free Quebec" speech in 19S7 sparked the B r e t o n s of France to demand a "Free Brittany." Two years of rioting by Breton farmers (protesting the low level o[ agricultural prices set in Paris), plus the sporadic acts of terrorism committed by the Liberation F r o n t of Brittany, helped persuade De Gaulle to call for a referendum April 27 on the decentralization of France. If approved, this plebiscite will divide France into 21 economic regions each with its own semielected assembly. But such devolution of centralized authority is hardly likely to satisfy the Breton outer fringe of students and intellectuals who dream o f . a distanct Brittany embedded in a federal Europe. Some S c o t s and Welsh are also dreaming ahnilt creating independent states, with seats in the United N a t i o n s but with close ties to England. Gwynfor Evans, a W e l s h Nationalist 11.P.. believes that a parliament for Wales could do a far better job of governing Wales than the Parliament located in Westminster. Mrs. Winifred Ewing. Scottish Nationalist M.P., persistently argues that Denmark, with a population smaller than S c o t land's, thrives as a nation. And she points to Scandinavia as a model of modern national cooperation. The Welsh and the Scottish nationalists hope to be well on their way toward independence by the time of the next general election in Britain. The Scottish National Parly is working to capture 37 of the 71 seats at stake in their region. And the Wales Plaid Cymni passed the 40.000 membership mark in September HlfiB -making it a political force that the Labor government, as well as the Tory opposition, must take into account. Britain's political parties arc beginning an active courtship of nationalist votes. But m a n y Englishmen contend that, as far as Wales, Scotland, and England arc concerned, there is far more strength in unity than in outer-fringe separatism. Bennett Cerf Try And Stop Me Anybody who thinks Ihe state of Kansas wasn't a tough,rootin' lootin 1 hunk of territory might glance at. this item copied verbatim from official records by the Kansas Historical Society: "Sunday, October 23, 1870. on Chapman Creek, Andrew Me- Connel shot and killed John Shea. Warrants for the arrest of McCnnnol and an accomplice named Miles were given to Marshal Smith to serve. McDonnell, informed that he was under arrest, promptly shot and killed Marshal Smith. The murderers stole horses and galloped o f f . hut returned Inter with an axe and severed Smith's Iwiid from his body. For these crimes Me- Council und Smith, when finally apprehended, served fourteen years in the penitentiary."
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