L. A. C. SAYS Crucial test near on inflation curbs By L. A. COLLINS Sr. THERE ARE increasing signs that the Nixon administration is going to take drastic actions to curb the inflation trends which are so evident in the economy. How to do this without bringing about a recession is the major problem. If the curbs are too severe they can bring about serious unemployment at a time when the violence in many of our cities is ai dangerous levels. But if something is not done the inflation -- by its own results -- will bring about a more serious recession than a managed economy would create. This is the tenor of a U.S. News special study on the problem. It is headed "Inflation curb -- job cut -where the blow will fall." It goes on to point out thai cost of living increased 4.2 per cent last year, up from 3.5 the preceding y e a r and the average of about 2 per cent for the first few years of the 1960s. Tne fear is that the spiral will continue to increase to a. point when it may be 10 per cent or more a year. THE ARTICLE says the Nixon plan is to attempt to hold the average annual increase to 2.5 per cent. This would mean holding wage and price increases to a guideline formula. It would be opposed by unions where demands fur increases are li per cent or more. If it can be held to the 2.5 per cent oasis it is estimated unemployment would increase by about 800,000 for the period of readjustment. Who would be hurt most is the big question. The survey estimates the teen-agers and Negro population would bear the brunt to the greatest degree. It would boost the unemployment rate to about 4.5 per cent of the work force compared with about 3.8 per cent at present. An idea of the seriousness of the situation to teen-agers is shown by the charts showing a 12 per cent unemployment projection for teenage whites and a 20 per cent ratio for black male teen-agers. Compared with 1968 this indicates the percentage increase of unemployment for nomvhites is double that for whites, by a larger percentage than for the black. The overall increase would be about 10 per cent. It is not a very happy conclusion for the young people seeking jobs during the summer school vacations. It is equally disturbing to those who graduate without a specific skill who will be seeking permanent jobs. When you take the total figures of unemployment for 1968 you find about 2.8 million total out of a. work force of about 75 million. If the projections of increased unemployment under an anti-inflation formula work out this will increase to 3.6 million. This is not a dangerous increase in total. But the tragedy is that the rate of unemployment for non-whites is double that for whites. With our present turmoil in cities and on campuses by blacks we will almost certainly find this turmoil increased. IF INFLATION is cm in half it will save consumers large amounts of money in their purchases. It will give confidence in the value of the dollar which is lacking now. But ii can mean increased taxes for welfare programs because the unemployed will be taken care of by such programs. It is doubtful this would ease the racial tensions because idleness contributes to violence such as we find in all the large cities. It may not have the serious consequences predicted by the U.S. News survey. But it is evident that something must be done to curb the inflation trend. If it is not curbed we will have a period of rising prices and wages which will result in much more serious trouble and a recession. That has been the history of every recession or depression we have had. It is Mr. Nixon's prime economic problem. MEDICINE AND YOU By BEN ZINSER Medical-Science Editor A TABLET FORM of a new potent pain-killing drug is now available for general prescription. The drug is pentazocine, traden- amed Talwin. The agent has already been available for some time as an injectable preparation. Talwin is nonnarcotic and is indicated fur Ihe relief of acute or chronic conditions or to cope with pain following surgery or dental procedures. A spokesman for the manufacturer says that Talwin is as potent as morphine. Research with Ihe drug has been reported several limes in this column. Go-ahead for marketing has been given by the U. S Food and Drug Administration. THE ARMY HAS developed a vaccine that shows promise in the control uf epidemic meningitis, a disease that sometimes plagues recruit camps in the armed services. In studies at Fort Dix, vaccinated groups showed a markedly lower rate as carriers of the causative germs. The meningitis vaccine was developed at Walter Reed Army Institute of Research. The vaccine is made from purified ingredients of the causative bacteria, Neisseria meningitidis. NEW HOPE FOR victims of Parkinson's disease (shaking palsy): Animal experiments indicate that a drug may beef up the effect of L- dopa, the new marvel drug for Parkinson's. L-dopa itself, now undergoing I rials in human patients, is said to be a major breakthrough in the treatment of the disorder. Parkinson- ism is marked by tremors and muscular rigidity and as it progresses can become disabling. Now, a drug known by the code number Ro-4-4602 appears able to markedly increase the effectiveness of L-dopa when the two compounds are injected at the same time. The combination approach has not yet been tested in humans. A tycoon and his people A FRIEND OF MINE, who is head of a large industrial firm, apologized for being late to dinner. "I just couldn't get away from the office," he said. "It seems I never can get away from the office very long." I asked him what was so important and compelling there -- a merger, a new product development, some technical foul-up along the SYDNEY HARRIS line? He scowled, and then grinned "It's people," he said. "Ninety per cent of it is people." "I thought you had some good people," I said. "They've certainly made a fine record the last few years." "Of course, they're good people," he answered. "They're good in their jobs. But the problems don't relate to the jobs as such -- they relate to the emotional life of the people, to their fears and their angers, their stubbornness and their childishness. "That's why," he went on, "good executives and subordinates are so hard to find. Most of them are excellent technicians -- they know their fields inside out -- but their emotional growth is about one-tenth of their intellectual growth." "Why should this be so?" I asked. "In my opinion," he said, "because it takes a certain kind of neurosis to succeed in most fields, and business is no exception. The well- balanced man tends to stay where he is, content with his lot -- while the driven man climbs up the ladder, and he imagines he's part of the solution when he's really just as much part of the problem. "My toughest job," he went on, "has little to do with our products or our sales. H has to do with a dozen or so men who often behave like children in a sandpile -- envious of one another, grasping their pails to their chests, reaching for someone else's toy, and dead set in their own ways. And some are frightfully self-destructive. "Many of them are fearful and insecure, no matter how much success they've already had. You have to keep letting them know you love them and admire them and respect them. Their status is terribly important, all the symbols of corporate eminence are invested with an almost religious meaning to them, and so are the rituals of the business -once they've done something right, they want to keep repeating the same process, whfether or not it's relevant to what's happening now. "That's why I'm late for dinner," he sighed. "Not because I'm a big business tycoon -- but because I'm a cross between a Nanny and Viennese psychiatrist, with a little bit of top-sergeant thrown in!" INDEPENDENT (AM) PRESS-TELEGRAM (PM)--6-3 long asacti. Calif., Wtd., Feb. H. I74t GEORGE ItOBESON Hiccup into the microphone, please 1KÂ» tj NEA, l "... And this is our SUPER'modtl . . . f o r SERIOUS loggers Nixon should have few illusions on Europe unity New York Times Service LONDON' -- Richard M. Nixon had scarcely set foot on continental soil when he was assured by King Baudouin that he had landed in "a Europe which, despite the differences accumulated by history, is advancing on the road to unity." Nixon then proceeded to London where he was immediately told by Prime Minister Wilson that the Rus- TOM WICKER sian invasion of Czechoslovakia had shown Europe the need for ''a unity in political as in economic terms which will reject narrow, inward- looking attitudes." IN FACT, the President and his jet fleet had dropped down through gloomy British skies to a London whose politicians were talking of little but the latest -- and fieriest -dispute with General de Gaulle; and just across the channel lay a continent that, in any number of "narrow, inward-looking" ways, mocked Baudouin's brave words. The angry dispute between Paris and London over what De Gaulle did, or did not, say to Christopher Soames, the British ambassador to France, and over whether the British did, or did not, overreact has at least restored this useful if grim perspective. Whatever Nixon might have done to produce a new atmosphere of European unity not only will not now be done; but it can be more clearly seen that it would have been illusory anyway. How large Nixon's private hopes might have been is hard to tell. Before entering the American-Soviet arms talks made virtually obligatory by (lie nonproliferation treaty, it was obviously useful at least to observe all the forms of consultation with the European allies. It was just as useful to soothe European sen- siblities that had been scarred by Lyndon Johnson's focus on Asia. BEYOND these forms, it was believed in the White House that the Johnson and Kennedy administrations had not done all they might have to keep the peace with General De Gaulle; and since the general had been at pains to make clear that he thought well of Nixon, there was some real hope in Washington for building a much stronger relationship with the French president. That hope may still flicker, since Nixon can try to take the line in Paris this weekend that the Soames affair is a European matter into which lie does not wish to intrude. This will require an extremely straight face, De Gaulle having suggested -- at least in the British version -- that the Common Market ought to evolve into a loose free- trade association, with an "inner political ring" of France, Britain, West Germany and Italy -- and that NATO and the United States should thus disappear from Europe. BUT more is in question than the substance of this proposal -- which, interestingly enough, obviously aroused considerable interest in the House of Commons, when Michael Stewart, the foreign secretary, answered questions on the British part in the affair. De Gaulle's motive in offering such a scheme on the eve of Nixon's tour, whether there is any connection between the two, the failure of the British to consult Nixon either on the issues raised or on how they proposed to respond -- all these are questions bound to haunt the President and his hosts in every country they visit. The smoldering animosities of French-British relations have seldom been so clearly disclosed as in this affair, more bad blood has been stirred between Paris and Bonn and i h c smaller nations of t h e Common Market have been newly offended by De Giuille. This comes on the heels of the French refusal to send a delegate to last week's meeting of the Western European Union -- an act that ultimately left some strain between London and Bonn. So whatever -- if anything -Nixon may secretly have hoped for in coming to Europe so early in his administration, he will be hard put now to get even the minimum goal he stated: "A new spirit of consultation which will result in a new spirit of confidence among our European friends and ourselves." For. as Stewart, put it in the Commons, Nixon certainly cannot now have "the impression that serious differences do not exist when in fact they do." And neither can anyone else. WARNING to drur.k drivers in Lung Beach: lhat old line, "I just lad a coupla beers. Your Honor." is unlikely to go over well with His Honor if you have a had a few more than that. Ihe Long Beach Police Department has a tape-recording system which will reproduce with great accuracy your protest that "This ish .1 unconshtitutonal ar- resht." As a matter of fact, such devices as tape-recordings, 16-mm. movies and videotapes have been upheld as constitutional in California, or so 1 am told by the hapless defense attorneys whose clients have nm up .ipainst them. The first I heard of the Long Beach police tape system was in a Tuesday trial when a lawyer for an accused drunk driver was more than a little chagrined to hear his client's voice, played in the judge's chambers. A couple (if other Sinithl.iml towns use the videotape or movie system, and t h e i r policv d e p a r t m e n t s find they don't have to rely on blood tests nr hreathalixer exams when their suspect is the staggering star of a one-man show. The Long Beach Police Department is :-et up for the same system, but hasn't employed it yet. Apparently, the tape- recordings have been enough so far. About those two other Southland cities: I'm just mean enough today not to tell you their names. Just don't be a drunk driver anyplace, and you're safe. I'M ALL IN FAVOR of year- round, nationwide Daylight Savings Time, as proposed in a House bill introduced Tuesday by Congressman Craig Hosmer. I'm not crazy about sunlight, being a lifelong "night-person," but I know many of my fellow citizens are. I know they look forward to Daylight Saving Time in the spring, and the only disadvantage, I can see for them in Hosmer's proposal is that they would have nothing left to look forward to during the W i l l l l ' l . lliisiiu-i makes some excellent point* in his proposal. National Day- li.slu Saving Time for the whole year would eliminate nationwide contusion and expense in the twice- a-ye.ir readjustment of communication and transportation schedules; it would give more leisure time for families and more playtime for children after school during the fall and winter months. There are other arguments the Congressman puts forth which don't seem necessary, such as a daily saving (in electricity and a possible reduction in the crime rate. 1 am advised by the Southern California Edison Cu. that it costs about a penny an hour for a very t h r i f t y f a m i l y in light a home (such as the J o h n sons in the White House) or about five cents fur a three-bedroom home w i t h all the lights on. A saving of une to five cents a day seems n e g l i - gible. And I am advised by the police t h a t crime is ai a low ebb in the t'ir.it hour of darkness, no mailer when t h a i hour might be. I doubt t h a t Daylight Savings affects a criminal one way or the other. Driving conditions would be better during the evening rush-hours under the new plan. On the other hand, those same conditions during the morning rush-hours might be worsened. I note that the sim would set at 0:55 p.m. today, if the sun were there at all. If the plan were in effect now. we Southlanders could be t r e a t e d In an extra hour of daylight r u i n Columnist! on the opinion WIBÂ« irt chosen to reoreicnl diverse viewpoints and do nol necessarily relied the editorial oostllon ot this newspaper. Saturday! At Santa Anita! The $ 100,000 Santa Margarita Handicap! A handful of races each year make headline sports news across the country. This is one of them. If s a l/i-mile race for fillies and mares four-years-old and up. But only for the country's best. Because this race is by invitation only. And invitations go just to those thoroughbreds who have proven their 'winning ability time after time. Don't miss the action Saturday at Santa Anita in nearby Arcadia. 9 races daily Tuesday through Saturday. Post time: 12:30 Saturdays, 1:00 weekdays. Children under sixteen free with a parent.
What members have found on this page
Get access to Newspapers.com
- The largest online newspaper archive
- 11,200+ newspapers from the 1700s–2000s
- Millions of additional pages added every month