The Daily Free Press from Carbondale, Illinois on February 18, 1920 · Page 1
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The Daily Free Press from Carbondale, Illinois · Page 1

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Carbondale, Illinois
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Wednesday, February 18, 1920
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Carbondale—"Athens of;;!IB^ypt." CARBONDALE, . IS,. 1920. $: C J: NUMBER 09. State Farmer's Institute And r Domestic Science Department Opens At Norml IJniversity Ill A crystal clear day, like that of spring, broke with dawn this morning, , (- hundreds of .farmers from alK sections of the great State 1 of Illinois who were extended the hand of welcome by Carbondale to Attend the .Twenty-filth "Annual Session of the Illinois Farmers' Institute which opened , .loir the-'three days' session at the Normal Auditqriuiq here -this morning. Trains from all directions during the day brought visiting farmers into the ^-portals of our city. Early indications point to one of the most successful and interesting -farmers' institutes ever held in Illinois. And never before have the terinere of America been looked to as "the hope of the nation's ills as they are tojjay. The cry for increased production is'to the farmer, the tiller of the soil the backbone of the country. To this conies an- added Inspiration that inois is one of the greatest farming sections in the world. The Illinois farmers are as, important a number of citizens as' may be found in the -world. . Mayer Welcomes Institute.- . ' . - 0 The twenty-fifth annual sessipn of the Institute opened in the Normal Auditorium at nine- o'clock with aau address of greeting by Mayor Frank C. : Krysher. It was-an-especially fitting and happy opening of a great meeting. Mayor Krysehr's eloquent, Ibrief , address sounded the keynote and emphasized the importance of the meet- •icg. Among other -things Hie said: "You bring a great blessing to South: -em Illinois in bringing us this meet- ;-ing. You are here to give as well as -to gaiiTknowledge, li we -could' eliminate our mistakes for one year or ./even 'a half year, think of the hungry •which might be fed thereby! The possibilities of-this great state have only 1 been 'touched. When we understand I 'the science of agriculture and the j .kindred sciences and begin to practice ; e know thereby eliminating the • element'of. chance, few youths of in-; •telligence wall desire to leave the farm. Here in Southern Illinois we are just -awakening to our possibilities." an active part in the Hopkins memorial. '. • . ' . •Dr. J. G. Mosier, of 'the University of Illinois, conies as -near filling the place of Dr. Hopkins at the University, it is .said, as any. man there.Dr. Mosier has takeu up the vast work started by Dr. Hopkins. He is carrying out as near a's possible experiments in thirty states which were begun by Dr; Hopkins. Dr. Mosie.r is seen as a man who approaches 'nearest the. worth .of. Dr. .Hopkins at- the University and the most successful in carrying oat the noted agriculturists plans and perpetuating his fdeas. Dr. Mosier not only feels the personal loss of Dr. Hopkins, but is algfe in an intimate position to- see what his school and nation has lost. Brother Leo, incharge of the experiment farm in the agricultural depart- men at Notre Dame University, is one of the country's foremost disciple^ oE Dr. Hopkins He is continuing the ideas and practices fathered by Dr. Hopkins. Brother Leo is one of the leading agricultural university men in the middle west. . Kinderhook.- . "Insect Pests"—-Dr. S. A. Forbes, State Entomologist, Urbana. j ' ' "Crop- Diseases"—Prof. F. L. Stevens, University of Illinois. . . Joint Evening Session, Seven-fifteen. Music—S. I. N. U.'Orchestra,' 30 minutes. Address—H. W. Shryock, President S. I. N. U. Vocal solo—William Hays. Address, "Present Food Conditions" -—Jane Addjams, Head Resident, Hull House, Chicago. Violin solo—Halph Swain. Service of Science.—Prof. A. W. Nolan, State Supervisor Vocational Agricultural Educaltion. It is expected to have a. governor or a U. S. senator on this program but the announcement, of the name is withheld. Dr. Hopkins w as with When He .-. ", . ' E.' bavenport. Dean, ' ' i College of Agriculture University of 111. "Urbana". .Dean. Eugene Davenport-of the Ag" ricultural College of Illinois Univer- siity, .is one of the leading agriculture men in the United States. He is a big factor in the University of Illinois and in no small way is responsible for the leadership of agricultural • colleges which the /State University holds. Dean. Davenport has a broad vision of agricultural, conditions of the United States, -also, of the world. Dur-i ••-•'ing the war he was actively'identified j - .with the Government with farming j and food problems. With a thorough -knowledge of agriculture as a back j\ ground and broad and scientific un- i \JersfcandiTig of the earth's productive bean! Davenport ranks as an authority OIL his subject. His ciation with .the late. Dr. Cyril /Hopkins at the University of Illinois rfakes it unusually fitting that he take Wednesday, February TS, 1920. State Normal School Auditorium. Morning Session, Nine O'clock. Hon. Frank S. Haynes, I residing. Vocal solo—Mrs. O. Graf. Ilnvocation^—Rev. MaeFarlane. Greeting —• Hon. Frank Krysher, Mayor of Carbondale. Dr. Hopkins Memorial Session: Dean Davenport, University of Illinois. ; ' Frank I. Mann, Gilman. Ralph Allen, Delavan. Brother Leo, Notre Dame University. Prof.'J. G. Mosier, University of Illinois. -. . Dr. George Bonyoueos, Michigan Agricultural College.. ; ,- Afternoon Session, .One-Thirty. • .Vocal solo-—Miss .Mary Matthews. Symposium, "Experience with Lime- .stone and Phosphate'-'—J.'R.' Midyett,' Ewing; Robert; Clanahan, Golconda, John F. Walker,' Sheller; Robert Endicott. Villa Ridge; H. C. McCarrel, DOMESTIC SCIENCE SESSION OPENS The Domestic" Science Department of the' State Farmers' Institute opened at ••ike' Normal Hali at 8 o'clock "tins morning. The meeting opened by singing 'America. This was followed by an invocation by Rev. J. W.'Merrill.. Tlien came a welcom^i talk in th'e form of greeting by Mrs. H. G. Easterly. She told of the privilege which Carbondale re.sarded having the "state domestic science department of the institute :hold its .meeting here. Mrs. J; Y. Shamel of Gibson! City, .president,- made an excellent address in regard to the work and the importance of ;t'he domestic science department of,the institute. - The president's address was followed by ara address, "Woman, the Homemaker," by Dean. Davenport. HOUSEHOLD SCIENCE PROGRAM. Wednesday, ^February 78, 1920. Normal Hall. Morning Session, Nine O'clock. "America," Solo—Miss Hazel Moore. Invocation—-Rev. Merrill. • Mrs. J. Y. Shamel, Presiding. Greeting—Mrs. H. G. Easterly, Car- bbndale. - • President's Address—Mrs. . 1. Y. Shamel,. Gibson City. '. . "Woman—the Homemaker"—rDr Eugene Davenport, Urbana. Afternoon Session, One-Thirty. "Community Sing." • -Vocal sohfe-William-Hays. . "The Kitchen as a:: Workshop"— Mrs. Lillian B- Phelps, Golconda. Discussion—Led by Mrs. .H. M. Dunlap, Savoy. "The Pressure Cooker" (Demonstration)—Mrs. G. W. Meyer, Bdwards- Died iri'Zenith»of Activity in Shadow of Gibraltar on Mission to Greece. No'man is in better position perhaps, to kudw the real worth of Dr. Hoplidps,,than Dr. George Bouyoucos, a native^ Greek disciple of Dr. Hopkins j ideas and personal companion' to Dr.,.Hopkins .in .his fatal trip to Greece in :ih'e 'interest of the ' world's agri- culturtTanm Greece. Dr. Bouyoucos formerly held a rare, relationship with Dr. Hopkins..^ His words, at the,memorial- session" this Corning were of the highest tribute to Dr.. Hopkins, known as the^-orld's leading agricultural scientist/ • - .-'FUIJ J Text of Address. Dr. Bouyoucos in his speech this morning said;, Friends: It is with.a;heavy heart that I ap- TRIBUTE TODAY Reviews •ijfe. of Famed Scientist in World of'Agri- J.Y.L IP'S ClOTHINGUS! Nl of Soil" —Died Thought of Service ariinf Never of Self. "It is fitting that the Illinois Farmers' Institute should be" the first to honor in a formal way the memory of Dr. Cyril G. Hopkins," declared. Dean Eugene DavenportSef the Illinois College, of Agriculture, and intimately associated with-Dr., Hopkins at .the University of 'Illinois,- ,'n the opening ad- dress.of the Hopkins Memorial session •program .at. ithe opening'of the .11.11 nois Farmers' Institute here this morning.- ... .- V --V, '". • ... .. . -."'.. '. Dr; Davenport \deliv.ered a very informal address explaining the matters pear before you today to speak to you which he deemed of most importance about Dr Hopkins' work 'in Greece be- would, be jplaced: on .proceedings ;of cause I know, very well-how pleased and happy he would have been to describe to you himself this work and to point out to you the lessons to be drawn from jt. - Dr. Hopkins often, spoke to me <ubout your organization with-affection, admiration arid-pride. I recall last : 'j}Jar..at. the time..o£.your^ annual meeting . he .received -a telegram from you and it'gave him great pleasure, encouragement and inspiration. . Probably all of you know why Dr. Hopkins went to Greece. He went to that country at the special request of the American Red Cross and the War Department in response to urgent appeal's from the Greek Government for a soil expert to help Greece produce more food to feed her starving people. Greece is essentially an- agricultural country, hep prosperity mainly depending upon her agricultural' products,' but h,er land has been allowed, to be- : proceedings ; t'of the. Memorial Association under the name of Dr. Hopkins and the state. Limited time did .not permit him to set forth the details . of. Dr. Hopkins' life. In a very, informal,, talk he. told.'of Dr.' Hopkms as-an indiviafial-and- as' he knew him intimately and of their relations at the University. Dr. Hopkins came to the U. of I. as.a.chemist of the experiment station and first won fame- by corn 'breeding experiments. -"If was the firsii time in.the world anyone had ever'ottered chemical composition of a seed,'', declared. Dean Davenport. After earning.his doctorate at Cornell U. he went to Germany for furth- Entered Store basing Ladder and Climbing Through Windbw on Second Mbof: —Changed Clothesr"','.'.;m?'. Store, Leaving Old Duds. The. Jobnson-Vancil-Taylor. stone was burglarized of about $700. wort*.-, of men's clothing, last liight, co»«jist?-. ing of suits of clothes, shirty shoee. ".-. and other •men's wearing apparel!..' Nothing from .the ladies'^ department was .reported missing this, morning.. The .rubbers 1 took suit "cases and tra-r- eling bags : to which they packeil the: • . stolen goods'.and escaped. . Their »Jd." clothes '•• were found 'in the store, Indt" eating they changed clothes and left^ dressed up. .<_;• • , •/. The burglars entered'"" tuv'(. store.', through a window on -the second story. A ladder was used -to gain-''entrance at the window, the ladder toeing taken from the rear»of -Entsminger's confee- tionery : and used for.the .purpose.. ; come so infertile and unproductive j er st " d y of the' problem., of carbon- that it. produces only a fraction -of the 1 " .'hydrates. Wihile in Germany he was , food that is required to feed her ; 'population. Greece rose very high i» many things, in art, literature, philosophy, etc., but neglected the fertility of her.land'and-is now suffering acutely for her x .negligence. Dr. Hopkins' mission to Greece, called to return -to the University ol Illinois to head the newly created department of ''agronomy (soils and crops),; ip; the College',fiff' Agriculture. .He was made professor. 'in soil fertility." service -to . Illinois therotore, was • f o study the soils of the country and to work out and encourage the adoption of .methods of agriculture which Taimed to' increase and maintain' the fertility of the soils and thereby,to increase their food pro- i s pu t into- it. .Permancy"ot results duction quickly and permanently. agriculture consisted , in showing the damaging -character of commercial fer tilizers.' Damage that comes ultimately in Baking more out of the. soil than ' vllle. —(Continued to Page 2.) Before I;giye you an account of Dr. Hopkins'- work I consider it advisable to present to you- a brief description of the soils of Greece. " ' '' ' Greece is a mountainous ' country, more than half-of the area being rock mountains. The agricultural land is. situated'in coastal and.ihland'plains, valleys; basins and mountains. The plains and ivalleys are not very large in size. Probably about;one-third.of the. whole agricultural land is located in the hills and mountain, slopes/Great mountains more thia.ii, 1 two thousand feet high, very steep aim rocky, are being farmed. • ; .: ' .. The.rock'outcrop of Greece consists almost entirely .of pure limestone, testing abr.-jt 98 per cent calcium car(Continued' to Page 4.) in soil fertility was his great objective He believed that every .farm must be permanently improved -and some way m.ust be found ,by. which a little more is added to the soil than is taken away He recognized . the .: need of a state w.ide soil survey—an almost impossi bleytask, his thought being .that" no farmer's land can be improved uriti it is known what is wrong with "it. The greatest service to Illinois was that, of adopting. Dr. .'Hopkins' .-soi survey, aa a result of which there are now more jthan. forty .experiment fields scattered .o'ver ,the state. '.-.-Dr. Hopkins found' that, the worst I aspect of problems 'in' s5& is 'in South The Normal idpchestra under its capable conductor; Prof. Glenn C. Bainnm, has won for itself the last few -years, an enviable reputation -in Southern Illinois as a musical organization. Southern Illinois Normal Orchestra. • It ranks first with the rest of the Nor- , : '. mal schools. The orchestra regards It a privilege to play for the institute, and likewise the'farmers'find, in Ike Normal orchestra's part in the suoceo* •of the affair no small importance. It shows the music. department of the school in an excellent light.., Good music is very desirable for a convention of this nature. ~" - ern 'Illinois; ; It;was not SifficuJt to .^e-f cure land 'for '^experimentation. Dr. Hopkins bought land at his own ex- ense '.to carry on these experiments; His_great -idea -was service. Serve thW . individual' ttirough'sefving "th'e .statoT ~" His one and only -failing — he never'- thought of himself, " 'At the time "of his death he was 'Just 'beginning, a world-wide study of soit fertility, .-a -.continuation of which- is the object of .the' Hopkins JVIeniorial Association'. '•:'•• "We have had living and' walking among us one of the rarest characters: the . •world has produced," concluded Dean Davenport. ,- ..'•_* . Prof. J. G. . MOsier -of ini.noi*,UnJ- ' versity, a man who ranks' well in. im- - portamce to the University io that of Dr. Hopkins, likewise spoke in • intt- mate words of .the great agriculturist. His address was interesting aivd full ' of praise for D'r. Hopkins. Frank I. Mann, of Oilman and Ralph Allen of- Delavan, also appeared on the program at the memorial session, payiuig higfi. . tribute to "Dr. Hopkins. Brother Leo of Notre Dame Unixar- sity .made an interesting'. talk on the ; . . "life and usefulness of Dr. 'Hopkins; 'He- lauded Dr. Hqpkins. in the highest. . terms. - . ' . - an Memorial Association. Hopkins Memorial Associad'onv: -.. v., v ,^a : ridzation i . the,object-iof w-hicli. is to'\!\petuate'.-and. extend 'tliei doctrine -'anj:*practice of a Profitable, and" Perm'a'ne/\ agriculture as '..demon': strated ai.d taught liy Doctor Cyril!. G. Hopkins, late Professor qf-S^pil-Pejvj; tility at the University of 1 Illinois, uffdVJ to .conduct investigation^ in 'soil fei;-' 1 trlify,-has -been launched-by.-the liji-*\ nois 'Farmers' Institute'. at -its twenty-fifth, annual state meeting now in ses- . sion at Caa-bondaie;- The Memorial Asr sociation has. been incorporated under the laws of the State of Illinois, receiving its charter as a -legally organized! corporation from- the office ,oC Secretary of State Emmerson, under date- of February 16,1920. . The-b/ficers'of the Hopkins Memoit ial Association are: • . Pre'sidenf, Ralph Allem/ of Delevan-. Vice Presiflenti A. N. Abbott, of Morrison. Secretary, H. E Young, of Springfield. 'Treasurer, Chas. A. Ewing, Decatur. The headquarters office of .the-Association has been established at Spring^" field, Jim charge of the''Secretary. • The following well known and ^prominent^ farmers of .the .state .compose the Board O f Directors, of the corpora tion and -will have direct aontrol andr management of the organization: Halph Allen, .Delevan; Frank iJ Mann, Giknan; Dean Eugene Dtiven- ; (Continued on Page 2.) \

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