Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on April 18, 1976 · Page 12
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Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 12

Fayetteville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Sunday, April 18, 1976
Page 12
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B · Northwest Arkansas TIMES, Sunday, April 18, 1976 : And A Sense Of Being Short-Changed Masses Have A Grudge Against Government By JOHN IIAKUOUK A I* LVnvsfc-aturo. Writer ' . The American middle class, ·'.-in the 42 per cent ot the tax: pavers who shell out 54 per ' cent of the taxes, comes into this election year with a grudge * against government and vi ' sense of being short-changed. Thev'vc obeyed the rules. ; struggling up the ladder in the ' traditional American way, only * to see their life-styles eroded f bv inflation, soaring taxes and * recession, * Pay i ng for U govc rn m ent ' whose "regulations and pro- i " grams pervade the fabric of the '· nation's lite is costly, and the ··; burden falls on the middle class ·v because, as one economist puts .'"il. "That's where the money ^s." .;;« Populist erics to the contrary, Klhe burden will remain there. ;£· There just aren't enough rich to * . r soak. Two-tenths o[ one per '; cent of the tax returns filed in '- ."1973 reported incomes of $100,- ·J^HOO or more. ',',;' Which doesn't ease the plight ·j^'or tht middle class, but rather X" .sets it in concrete. The middle, ^f* class pays the bill, and ttio bil ^.vgets bigger while the dollar ^ '.'-^ets smaller. Jy-' Studios show that a man who y% m ado $ 15,000 in 1966 needed ;~ .$25.700 just to stay even with ; --taxes and inflation by 1975. The · " t a x p a y e r who made 5-0,000 in \ 1966 needed $36,000 to keep i pace nine vears later. WIDESPREAD DISTRUST Swollen by ' the economic ex ; p anston o E two decades, th ; middle, class of the mid-705 i : frustrated by the present - uneasy about the future. It ' traditional confidence and op : timism has yielded to wide ; -spread distrust of governmen ; and business. ' Poll after poll plots th liddle class malaise -- a sense f running hard to stay in laee. a feeling of being over- axed and umierserved. A Tax Foundation s t u d y hows tlrtit a man making $30,00 in 1966 would need §56,700 v 1975 to maintain the same iirc'hasing power, His federal axes would have tripled, his late and local taxes more than uadruplcd. In u new study, statistician Mward Steinberg of the Bucan of Economic Analysis ap- lied the cost of living rise to ctual gains in income as in* icatcd by Social Security con- tributions'for 1969 and 1973. He found that the more a per- on earned in 1969, (he smaller he clftmcc that his income ould keep up with inflation. And tlie older he was In 1969, he less likely his income kept up with prices. Of 30-year-olds making $15,000 or more in 1969. -38 per cent just managed to keep up .with nfJation or fell behind. Of 50- vear-olds in the same 19G9 pay ·angp, more than half Iiac merely kept pace or fallen be bind, CLASS ATTITUDES "A lol of these people have been doublC'Crossed," says so clologist Louis Masotti o Northwestern University, who uns studied middle class trejids and attitudes. "They f allow ec all the precepts of the gooc Anicricun life. They worker hard, they did all the things they were supposed to do, an' none of the rewards they es pccted seem to be cominf down." In absolute terms, the middl class lias greatly expanded i the generation following Worl War II, The median income ha risen steadily and is now nefc §13,000. PAT'S ANTIQUES 1506 Johnson Rd., Springdale Phone 751-6703 · Rop« Beds · Baskets · Woodenware · Kitchen Cupboards · Pie Safes · Meal and Flour Bins · Jelly Cupboards · Stoneware · Quilts 9 Meat Blocks · Copper · Enamelware · Churns ~*fr~« his home upkeep, his taxes, his utility bills, his installment debt, his car or cars, there urc many more fixed expenses, more places for the money to This hypothetical middle ex- class homeowner needed salary increases totaling sonic ?4,60Q in Tour years just to hold his ' TOUGH OBSTACLES For young people seeking to follow the middle class path. ;he obstacles to home owners tup seem all hut insurmountable -- high mortgage interest rales, high taxes, liigli maintcmmce casts, and especially high pricey. Ttie median price of an existing home sold in October 1966 was $15.290. In October 1975, it was $35,380. New home prices have gone up almost 50 per _ .cent in the last 10 years, and gly dependent society down;builders are now talking vibout By 1370, 57 per cent of Amerin families made $12,000 or ore. Almost 3D per cent made twccn $15.000 nnd $20,000. And from Americans in the ·odder range of $10,000 lo $35,0 comes three-quarters of the a t i o n ' s consumer nd it u res. When they feel biiil, the na- »n feels bad. And locMy, says otologist Masotti. "they are cling they have hcen deprived their just rewards for having vested in the system -- and ey may very well take it out the system." Masotti says that 'Because e middEc class maluise "* transferred to government, e government will in t u r n ithdraw benefits from the tow- class, the kind of advanced cifare socialism we've been "I think wo have an increas- ere that is goitrg to be trou- csomc . . . or could become olcnl." FAILED TO ACHIEVE The genesis of the middle ass discontent is tlftit they are chicvers, nnd m recant years ey have failed to achieve. One professional who lives in 'ashinglon's suburban Fairfax ountv summed it up for himelf: "What's better o f f ? We ved f r o m paycheck to pay- lieek five yeUrs ago, we live rotn paycheck to paycheck ow. So the paycheck's bigger, aroke at the end of the week. Ve can't do any more now t h a n ; e did five years ago.- ." Last October, the University f Michigan's Survey Research Center found that only five per cnt of Americans thought gov- rnnient was doing a good job n economic "policy, a 'figure bat is very nearly a statistical ;ro. In another poll last year the SRC found that 42 per cent of Americans felt they were worse off than a year before and 32 per eent considered themselves vorse off than five years be ore. Both figures were 10 per ventage points higher than d u r ng the 1958 recession, the las nadir of any size affecting thi nation. "The middle class feels it i iiider terrific pressure," say .iRC's Jay Schmic desk amp dean of economic attitude sur veyors. "This is in sharp con trast to the explosive spread o affluence in the Sixties. I'r talking about the people wh were coming to have a lot o money to spend on second cars iecond houses, boats. . . "Most particularly in the last two years these people are being hurt by inflation, by unemployment- But more than that, in the last five years when the growth of real income was just enormously l e s s than it was during Ehe super decade ot the Sixties." Of course, the recession has hit evervonc. But for the subur- iio [rills" homes to cut costs, New home sales'are dramati- illy down and. beginning 974, the sales of existing omes also fell, because ol ghL credit, climbing interest lies and shrinking mortgage touey. For the fumily already conceri in the suburbs, the rise n home values is a gain. As cal money, however, it is 11 jsory. A 32-year-old city employe i! iie Los Angeles suburbs bough new home for his fami! 40.000 two years ag' vortli $70,000 today. "Isn't " that ridiculous?" he isks. "I suppose the difference vould be money gained if we could sell it. take the moncj nd move to some place tik inake Navel. Wyo. But if verc to move to a larger horn 1 n lliis area, I'd have to buy a an inflated price, arid that' lardly money gtiined." 1 mily foi o. It I "I have nboul.$20D a month n Installment debt, besides the lorlgage." says a 3G-ycar-oid ales man who lives with his -ife nnd two children in Chiago's suburban Holfman Es- ales, "That's a problem. It ulcs out the chance of buying ny thing we can do without." I'UEL HILLS HISK Doubled or triplet) Enel hills re widely resented. A 83-year- Id teacher who lives with his vife and two children in a l)cn- ·er suburb (the family income s $21,000, including the $3,000 she makes as a sales c l e r k ) ays, "We paid about $20 a nonth for electricity and gas our years ugo. Now even with he a'ir conditioning off as often is we can in summer and the hcrmostal at 68 degrees during vinler, and wearing sweaters, t's now as much as $Gfl some nonths and probably averages ··50 year round." Tlie car too. 11 helped create he suburbs, .where man middle class families now own ,wo aulos. Indispensable to sub- irban life where there's htlle public transportation, tlic cai las turned albatross. In 1967 ederal ligures show, it cost 11 cents a mile to drive a stand ard sedan. By 1074. it was up U 16 cents and climbing with ns ing gasoline and insurance costs. Eighty-nine percent of subur banites own at least one car. More even than private home and car, education character izcs the middle class standards "Education . .'. has been and is the hallmark of the American middle class. Going way back into our history, the notion of the 'educMtod man' has been almost synonymous with the middle class," wrote Ben J. Wattenburi;, demographer and census expert. For years, the middle class as evident in the East or Midwest us it is on 1 the West Coast, where mosL anything is decided by submitting it lo the public for a vote. .Ami those people villingly bore the costs. Today, there are signs of ·rowing middle class discontent ver rising taxes and what omc sense as n declining quttl- ty of education. Schools claim about 4a cents turn things down left and right.' ' "Government is goings to have to think small, bccpusa they're not going to give i,L;lhe money to Ihink' big." ;· City Woman Hud In One-Car Accident KaycltcVillc WOIHEIII suF- t i , i v rjniinr a y c t t c V c \vomEi [ cvmy pi-opoi- lax doll r. f , * , j l l f l , o t ev-' , , , , i , . , . , . » ind abo'ul the same bite ?ry dollar in stale and lid to local conmiunilie a one car accident Saturday afternoon ' in the 300 block South West . . . Avenue. In gooil years, school bond is-i Fayctteville^policc Patrolman -lies had a 60 per cent, cliance of approval nationwide. But by 974. tin: laxpnying uublic had urnecl aronml. Of $3.6 billion offered for approval that ycni'. lie voters passed only $1-6 bil- ion, or -15 per cent. In 1075, of 52.2 billion offered, they ap- irovcd only $312 million, or ittle more llian 40 jicr cent. What docs the middle class lo? a . i ! J Harring another great period of economic expansion, "one choice is to adapt," suys sociologist Masotli. "That's Ihe normal American it'spur. i make do with less and muddle through . . . They'll adust Ilien 1 expectations downward. They won't go up Hie mobility ladctei into larger houses. The kids may live with them longer. . . "On the olhcr Irund. the variety of governments offer opportunities to express discontent. Through elections. Particular v I referendum elections. That isn't Call: DON L. M c G U I H E C17 N. College Plmnn 1P2-07RI Mike Mitclielf ktciltiticti the wo man as Miss Cliiii'ltiltc Runkin, 21, ot Roulc 2. Miss liankin was Ircaled and released at Wash- inglnii Regional Medical Center following ttie 1'19 n.m. accident. Miss. Hankin lolc! Mitchell that slie hart just t u r n e d onto M i t c h e l l said Ihal- I n n woman's car left the street and traveled annul 31) feEl in a drainage ditch u n t i l coming; to; rest against a culvert at 308 S. West Avc. * . . _ _ - Avenue. from Prairie Street · arid didn't know what West happened. First 'Cycle CHICAGO (AP) -- Thc.-.first real motorcycle was invented In 1885 by Gottlieb Daimler, n German engineer. He attached a tour-strobe piston cngjiiKvtn a wooden bicycle frame, according to "World Book Encyclopedia." - NEED A - C A L C U L A T O R HOME OR OFFICE ~ TRYMARCHANTJ La/ · CALCULATORS ·TYPEWRITERS · ADDERS · COPIERS SUPPLIES · SCM PORTABLE TYPEWRITERS 200 A DICKSON ST. PH. 521-6545 Loron Combs -- Geno Whito -- Fred laney Sears SEARS DAYS Shop 10 am to 9 ban ''Homeowner making twecn Tom H«nd ricks Vv» Bill Cannon -- Evelyn Hills Shopping Confer -. IT'S THE WEEK OF THE KEDS AT THE SHOE TREE Spring is here and now is the lime to select your new canvas and casual shoes by Keds. The Shoe Tree is you one stop Family Store for Keds. We have sizes (or every one in both narrow medium widths. To Make This Week Fun Look What's On! Going 1. Every day af 12 noon - 3 p.m. and 6 p.m. we will drew for a WINNER of our Pro Ked T-Shirts. 2. Every day at 6 p.m. we will draw for a winner of a pair of KEDS Shoes of the winners choice. 3. We Will give $1.00 per pair trade-in on ony old canvas shoe on your purchase of a now pair of KEDS (Limit one trade-in per pair bought). 4. Free KEDS Flying saucer to everyone. 5. Free Pepsi Cola and Popcorn. 6. On Saturday, April 24, Commander Keds will be af the Shoe Tree from 11:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m.: for the enjoyment of everyone. KEDS WEEK IS FOR THE ENTIRE FAMILY SO COME IN AND JOIN IN THE FUN. Register as often as you liki (o be presenl fo v/in. -- no purchases necessary and you do not have Sale! »2 OFF Cushioned canvas casuals for the whole family rcg. 86.99 YOUR CHOICE 4 W*!t Oisne/P/oduclions KIDS' Winnie-the-Poohs in flag waving colors · Long-wearing cotton duck uppers in red, white and blue · Comfortable cushioned insoles · Rubber toe caps for long wear · Genuine crepe rubber soles · Kids' sizes 5 to 12M, WOMEN'S washable white duck oxfords · Durable cotton duck uppers · Cushioned insole gives great support · Genuine crepe rubber soles · Women's sizes 5 to 10,M MEN'S YOU/1 SYMBOL OF EXCCPirONAL VALUE An lltrn SpecTaltr Salecltrf «i An Oolttiftding 8uy Rugged, washable gym shoes · Heavyweight cotton duck uppers give tought wear · Comfortable one-piece cushioned insole ' '· · Rubber soles for a firm grip - · Men's sizes IVz to 11, 12 in denim blue, ·: black, white and navy · 3 Sale Ends Saturday c l lonoringcArncrica's^Biccn ten nial SHOP AT SEARS AND SAVE Satisfaction Guaranteed or Your Manry Rath Celebrating Our 9f' l 'cAnniversary c Year Northwest Arkansas Plaza Between Fayetfovillc und Springdalo Phone 521-6000

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