Independent from Long Beach, California on January 21, 1975 · Page 18
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Independent from Long Beach, California · Page 18

Long Beach, California
Issue Date:
Tuesday, January 21, 1975
Page 18
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Oil nations insist the $ pric e is right L«IMM* INDEPENDENT (AM) 1 By SEYMOUR TOPPING /'New York Times News Service /'· NEW YORK -The oil producing countries intend to adamantly resist pressure for a reduction in tut price of oil during their forthcoming talks with the industrialized consumer nations. This was stressed in interviews w i t h government o f f i c i a l s and diplomats during a tour of Saud Arabia, Kuwait and Iran, the chief oil producers of the Middle East. These producers are ready to enter into new financial recycling arrangements that will lessen the shock of the four-fold increase in oil p r i c e s on the international monetary system. They are also amenable to readjusting the terms of trade and cooperative measures to counter world inflation. BUT THERE IS common determination for economic and political reasons to hold the line on prices at the conference of producer and · consumer' nations. At their December meeting in Martinique, President Ford and President Giscard d'Eslaing of France proposed such a meeting, possibly with preliminary talks in March, after the consumer countries had undertaken conservation m e a s u r e s and consulted on a joint strategy. Among the three major Middle East oil producers; Saudi Arabia takes the most sympathetic attitude toward the problems of the United States, Western Europe and Japan. Attitudes among the three differ somewhat according to inler- n a l political pressures and ultimately in terms of the size of each country's oil reserves. Saudi Arabia can afford greater largesse 'with the world's largest reserves estimated at 173.3 billion barrels while Kuwait with 72.7 billion and Iran with BO billion are more jealous of their oil revenue. In general, however, all fear that national oil reserves might be depleted before development and investment programs provide adequately for longterm economic security. Some experts estimate that at 1973 production levels, the oil of Arab producers and Iran would be exhausted within 45 years, although new reserves may yet be found, particularly in Saudi Arabia and Iraq. . IDEOLOGICALLY, there is a strong feeling in Iran, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait, all former colonies, that they have been exploited in the past by the industrialized countries which sold them highpriced products while taking cheap oil. After listening to speeches in international forums for years about the need to close the gap between the rich and poor nations, the oil producers say they have found the way and that is through oil revenues. Politically, the three governments are under strong political pressures, internally and abroad, to maintain the price of oil and even increase it if world inflation remains unabated. Saudi Arabia and Kuwait are also being pressed within the organization of petroleum exporters (OPEC) to keep the price up by such members as Iran, .Venezuela, Nigeria, Algeria and' Indonesia. These countries, w i t h limited reserves, have committed the bulk of Medicine and you By BEN ZINSER Medical-Science Editor A 15-minute procedure using a laser beam is being employed as a new way to t r e a t emergency glaucoma cases. Glaucoma is an eye disease that can lead to blindness if not controlled. Dr. 'Robert K. Abraham of Encino says the method involves use of a laser beam to pierce the iris and re-establish circulation of eye liquid which has built up pressure. In such circumstances blindness can result in 24 hours if the attack is severe. Dr. Abraham, in a report to-a recent meeting of the American Academy of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology, says he and his associate, Dr. George L. Miller, have had 100 per cent success in treating 22 eyes to date. In the new procedure, no incision is made in the eye, so no stitches are involved. Also, the laser procedure can be done on an outpatient basis, sparing the patient three to five days of hospitalization. The laser is a concentrated beam of light. In this procedure, it pierces the iris, colored portion of the eye. This widens the escape angle of the eye and permits fluid to drain out at a more normal rate. It also prevents recurrence of a c u t e attacks of glaucoma, a disorder marked by pressure inside the eye. · · · A new tranquilizing drug has been found effective in the treatment of the irritable bowel syndrome. The irritable bowel syndrome, also known as spastic colon, is a disorder on of the large intestine characterized by abdominal pain and constipation or diarrhea, or alternating bouts of each. The new drug is mepiprazole. Researchers at the University of Goteborg, Sweden, say the drug significantly decreased symptoms when given for four weeks to a group of 19 patients." A r e p o r t ; on the Swedish research appears in Medical World News, a newsmagazine for doctors. A new study shows that 66 per cent of victims of early heart attacks had elevated levels of blood fats. A check on the children of these patients showed that 29 per cent also had high levels. T h e r e f o r e , r e s e a r c h e r s at University of Colorado M e d i c a l Center, Denver, recommend that all children of early heart-attack victims (persons under 50) should be screened for elevated blood fats. The thought is that these young- spers may benefit f r o m early health counseling. Details of the study and an editorial on the problem appear in the Journal of the American Medical Association. A new study refutes the belief that severe asthma is more common among children from an upper economic background. Doctors at the University of Aberdeen, Scotland, studied 20 severe cases in which an excessive number c a m e from families in which the father was a semi-skilled or unskilled laborer. The children also tended to come from large families. Forty- four per cent of the patients were the second child in the family, reports Pediatric News, a newspaper for pediatricians. their revenues to internal development projects and current budgetary expenses. .Diplomatic sources said that Saudi Arabia, which made a move in June to lower the price, was warned off by Iran which threatened to cutback production by two million barrels a day. The Shah of Iran, Mohammed Riza Pahlevi, was asked in an interview at his Niavaran palace in Tehran if he foresaw any price r e d u c t i o n resulting f r o m the producer-consumer conference. "Definitely not, especially since world inflation has not been checked and will go on for some years," he replied. "The cost of any substitute for oil, such as coal or nuclear energy, is higher than our oil price. We are therefore very reasonable." THE SHAH'S proposal to link the price of oil to an index of industrial products as an inflation hedge has recently been given more serious attention. In Washington and the European capitals, the possibility is being explored that an index might be agreed upon that would lower or at least stabilize the price of oil. Kuwait has taken the lead within OPEC in urging a closer matching of the production level with world demand. But the Kuwaitis apparently have been motivated more by their desire to husband 1 reserves t h a n a desire to hike prices. In the National Assembly of Kuwait, which is a constitutional monarchy, conservation of oil. reserves is the latest issue. There is popular apprehension that Kuwait will decline into a desert waste after its oil is depleted. ONLY A FEW decades ago, the population of Kuwait was clustered in a few fishing villages along the Persian G u l f . Virtually without fresh water, the country depended on the sailing shows which brought water in casks from Iraq. Today, Kuwait is a booming nation, the size of New Jersey, rapidly becoming a fully modem welfare society. Water now is supplied by three desalination plants. The Kuwaiti oil fields now are producing about 2.5 million barrels a day. Under pressure of the conservationists, it has been cut back from the three million barrel level of 1972 and 1973. In Saudi Arabia, government officials display no disposition to make another move for a significant lowering of the price of oil. ONE WELL-INFORMED source said that the Saudis would not propose a substantial reduction unless backed by Iran and at least one other OPEC member which is highly unlikely. The main contribution of the Saudis has been to keep a lid on prices, the source said. The S a u d i government has made it clear that the question of the price of oil is not on the bargaining, table in the confrontation with Israel. Even if there is a settlement, a substantial price reduction would not follow. King Faisal also has warned the United States to expect another cutback in oil deliveries to the West if a new war with Israel erupts. Kuwait and the other Arab oil producers, but not Iran, presumably would follow the Saudi lead. IT IS UNDERSTOOD that the king would order another oil blockade only with extreme reluctance. He is concerned about the danger of economic collapse in Western E u r o p e and the expansion of Communist power t h a t might result. He is also worried about the vulnerability of the huge Saudi bank deposits and investments in the United States and Western Europe. "We feel our responsibility to the whole world," Sheikh Mohammed Ali Aba al-Hail, the finance minister said in an interview in Riyadh, the Saudi capital. "We also know we cannot attain our own development goals without a stable international economic system. "We favor lowering the price of oil but the industrial countries must' help by checking their inflation. We must get a fair price so that we c a n build an alternate source of income that will continue after our oil is depleted. We now produce more oil than we need because of our moral obligation to the world." Golden gleams KINDNESS in women, not their beauteous looks, Shall win my love. -- Shakespeare. "'V A KINDNESS of which one is reminded always seems a reproach. -- Jean Racine. Will Rogers Says.... "The President delivered his prescription to Congress on the 'condition of the country.' It was 12,000 words long. That's how bad a shape we are in. And he hinted to Congress that they was the one that got us that way, but that if they got busy and did something at this session, he hoped to cut our 'Condition' down to maybe 6,000 words by the time he enumerates our trouble again." December 4,1929 Liberation in our schools My 12-year-old "went put" for basketball this winter. This would not be remarkable or noteworthy, except for the fact that my 12-year- old is a girl. And this is the first time that she and her friends have had a chance to form, or join, a basketball team. I suspect that the most important and permanent effect of the new feminist liberation movement will be seen in the schools within a decade. And it will make a significant difference in the academic accomplishments of boys and girls alike-all to the good. IN THE PAST, and up to the present, boys and girls were sup- r i i- u_..~ ..nnorafo "trails " DUKUU I" I I B T V ..-f" Most of these traits were culturally conditioned, although a few (such as aggressiveness) may be biological. The American school was formed around the model of "feminine tr?its."- \Vhat was encouraged in the classroom was passivity, conformity, quietness, neatness, politeness, most of the characteristics commonly associated with "femininity"" ' As a result, in the earliest grades, girls always did better than boys, who tended to be rowdy, restless, inattentive, sloppy in their penmanship, and with a propensity for asking rude and irreverent Sydney Harris questions. Naturally, their marks reflected this intransigent attitude. Then, as they flowed into high school and college the academic rules became reversed. Boys invariably scored higher than girls-because, at the upper levels of education, it is not the qualities of docility and noatncss that are deci- rivis ***** *!T*." ?!""*!'P_ f!!r!'!*i*i!* V. ana drive. The boys were unjustly penalized in the early grades for falling to conform to an essentially "feminine" environment and then the girls were later penalized for fail- Robeson " Another restaurant goes to the dogs E V E R Y M O R N I N G , at precisely 10 a.m., Glenn Nelson opens the kitchen at Harold's Club, a popular restaurant and bar at Tenth Street and Long Bead: Boulevard. E v e r y morning, at precisely 10:15 a.m., a dog arrives at the locked screen door that separates the kitchen from the Tenth Street sidewalk. Two dogs will show up, sooner or later. Sometimes they arrive together, sometimes one of them is a few minutes late. They arrive twice a day, for breakfast and a very early supper. The supper is early because Glenn Xclson leaves at 4 p.m., and the dogs know it and manage to arrive before he goes off shift. lie saves prime rib bones for them. They are meaty, bones, a doggy delicacy; Such cuisine is not enjoyed by most dogs, twice a day* ! noticed the dogs a couple of weeks ago. I observed that both were male, one was a dachshund, that the other was a very furry- r u s t y mongrel somewhat larger than t h e stubby-legged German, and I observed further that they never fought over the bones Nelson gave them on the days they arrived together. They arc unusually polite dogs, for males, and they don't go for the throat if one is sc'rved a bone before the other -- on the rare occasions when they arrive at the same time. On most days, the dachshund prefers to dine at 11 a.m., just 30 minutes behind the rangy red mongrel. T h i s d a i l y ritual b e g a n in September, Chef (Nelson says. He tells me that the dogs take their meat down the street, that they eat toward the east. Both wear collars and license tags, but Nelson seems to be the only guy around who can pet them. And no wonder. BUT IT BROUGHT a little tear to my usually cynical eye when I recalled a somewhat similar scene ' about four years ago, before Joe Bevins bought the place called Harold's. It was owned by Ernie Steffin at the time,and I watched a classic romance develop and die, outside the kitchen door. A little black mongrel would arrive every d a y , just a trifle before noon, and wait patiently at the door u n t i l a cook named Pete would toss nut a meaty bone. That went on for lour or live days until the pooch wised up to the good thing he had going. Recreating a scene from Walt Disney's "Lady and the Tramp," the mongrel picked up an elegantly clipped French poodle, and took her to lunch. He brought her to the kitchen door of Harold's Club, where the chefs doubled the rations and-.set out two bowls of water -- a pink bowl for the lady and a blue bowl, for the gent. These two'-- the boy from t h e , streets and the girl from a high; b o r n heritage, arrived together every day. She would trot a few inches behind her escort's nose -at his side, to be sure, but allowing for his male superiority. After all, he was the street-wise guy who had an "in" with the restaurant, and could be served immediately. ; After a lap at the waterbowls, the loving couple would take their meals to the southwest corner of the restaurant's parking lot, a secluded spot shaded by an old apartment house, but out of public view. The perfect spot for intimate dining and growling "sweet nothings" in the ear. IT WAS BEAUTIFUL to see., and it lasted for nearly two weeks, which is a pretty good record by canine standards and not too bad for modern humans. , But, as it is with so many touching love-stories, there was a tragic and mystifying ending. The black mongrel was hit by a car one day, while on.his way down Tenth Street to pick up his love for lunch. (He came from the west side of Long Beach Boulevard,, and she lived someplace on the east). His leg was broken in the accident. It mended quickly, but when he arrived at the kitchen door once again, he was alone. Thelma, a pragmatic waitress-in-chief at the restaurant, a s s u m e s t h a t t h e French poodle's f a m i l y m o v e d away with her. But I have always believed that the mongrel's injury and subse-. quent absence prompted the ritzy poodle to seek other male companionship with a dog who took her to lunch someplace else. As Hamlet said of his mother, "Oh, frailty, thy name is woman!" I didn't want you to think that Sydney Harris is the only columnist who knows all that classical stuff. Anyway, I trust that the two male dogs who visit the kitchen d o o r don't have anything going other than a chow-line. Even in today's permissive society, I don't t h i n k I could tolerate it. ing to. recognize that the traits so highly prized and praised in the early grades were a detriment to s c h o l a s t i c advancement in the upper grades. Tims, both sexes have been hard done by in the male chauvinistic atmosphere of the average school. Too many boys dropped out because the school was tailored to the conventional "feminine" stereotype; and then too many girls failed to fulfill their early promise because what was instilled in them at a young age proved a handicap in college. THE ARTS are not for girls, nor spoils for boys. Men have the same esthetic sense as women, and women have the same need for physical activity as men. Much of what we think are "biological" differences are merely cultural distinctions imposed f r o m without, GRAND w»«w|!f«^ 2606 E, CJRSOH ±» «1'TM Does Your FAMILY Need More ROOM Enclosed Patios as low as EXPtNO NOW! 1974 PRICES STILL IN EFFECT! If wa UKK FUMCINGJMUBLE MINUFICTORER TO YOU! FREE DECORATOR SERVICE GIANT 9 FT. BY 20 FT. 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