Independent from Long Beach, California on April 3, 1963 · Page 10
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Independent from Long Beach, California · Page 10

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Long Beach, California
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Wednesday, April 3, 1963
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Page 10
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P«?« A-10-1NDEP ENDENT L«f* IMdk CM* 'Docs That Look Better Now?' EDITORIAL fc Byrd's Fine-Tootli Comb ; i THE STANDARD RETORT of budget- 'V makers to their critics is that the I ^critics offer complaints without con- Si-. Crete proposals. V» One man to whom that retort does ·/' not apply is Sen. Harry F. Byrd, the Virginia Democrat, who serves as the ·?·" fiscal conscience of government in ! ..Democratic as well as Republican ad; ministrations, and who, like so many i other consciences, is respected much ! and heeded seldom. ' ' Sea Byrd has just issued a criticism = "--and some concrete proposals. i * * * J . . THE SENATOR NOTES that if i " Congress docs not cut the President's . . i budget, federal agencies will be au[ thorized to spend the incomprehensible ; total of $195.1 billion in public money, j including $1075 billion in requested 1 new appropriations and other obliga- | tional authority, and $57.2 billion in | "unspent balances carried over from ! - prior years. 1 Sen. Byrd has examined and evalu- ! ated the 800 budget accounts from i which expenditures would be made in ; fiscal 1964. He concludes: j "I. The President's budget requests \ ~ for $1075 billion in new appropriation and other spending authority could and ', should be reduced by "at least $12 I billion -- '« "2. The President estimated that · S9S.S billion actually would be spent ; in fiscal year 1954 from both the old ; '· balances and the new funds. This csti- i mate could and should be reduced by ! at least $7.1 billion with actual expenditures held to not more than $91.7 I billion." ' . Sen. Byrd adds that despite much ·; official dismay regarding the over( -stockpiling of so-called strategic and | · critical materials, the $14 billion ex- i : cess has not been reduced. He esti- ' · mates that substantial sales of stock" · pile excesses could bring the federal j · budget into virtual balance--without ! tax reduction--if expenditures were ! i-held to the $91.7 billion figure. ' What are some of the specific areas i where reductions could be made in the ! effort to achieve that balance? The Senator's priority item for the ax is foreign aid. This week Mr. Ken,' nedy cut $420 million from his foreign iJLaid request, but Sen. Byrd considers 1 that a mere drop in the bucket He sug- gests reducing 1964 budget requests for $5.4 billion to at least $13 billion. This would leave $11 billion in new authorizations and $21.3 billion in balances. Current expenditures will bring the US. foreign aid total since 1945 to $110 billion. "This nation has played Santa t Claus, banker, and policeman for the free world for 17 years," says Sen. Byrd. There is no doubt about the fact that this foreign aid has contributed to our continuing deficits,- the great increase in our debt, the high cost of our interest, and the need for high taxes. How long will it continue? There will always be those who will · take the money." '* ' __ ' Foreign aid, of course, is no partisan question. The flow of American dollars to foreign lands continued in strength throughout the Eisenhower administration. However, it's time Congress did some drastic overhauling in ' a program whose results do not always justify the cost THE SENATOR RAN his fine-tooth comb through federal payrolls and concluded that civilian payroll costs could and should be reduced by at least $15 billion. He found federal operations shot through with waste and inefficiency. Thus, quoting the Comptroller General: "-- Repair and maintenance of noncombat vehicles in the Department of Defense is costing $66 million a year more than it should . . . because of inefficiency in maintenance operations " Such an item, relatively small, can be multiplied over and over again in similar cases of waste. * * * IN HIS USUAL thorough manner the Senator from Virginia has itemized and documented his criticisms and his remedies. A case so well presented deserves more than the standard reply from budget-makers who consider themselves immunized against criticism by the very complexity and size of their own figures. The Senator is saying, and offering proof, that spending can be cut drastically and the budget balanced without impairment of governmental services. A persuasive refutation of that proposition remains to be madeJ STRICTLY PERSONAL _ State Politics ofLow Calibre . zzx * ff. By SYDNEY J. HARRIS DREW PEARSON Guatemala Junta a Blow to Alliance for Progress The Gregory Touch ; -DICK GREGORY, the Negro comedian, 5 · was manhandled by police during a I · voter registration march in Greenwood, ' Mist, this week. ' The policeman probably didn't · know he was dealing with one of his ; betters. Gregory happens to be one of ; --the funniest and best-paid stand-up i comics in the business today. i And he's having a healthy effect | Gregory skirts nothing. In fact, his j principal theme is race relations, and WASHINGTON -- Eleven days after he stepped off his plzne from visiting the presidents of Central America, JFK faced the second biggest test of his Alliance for Progress -- t h e military ousting of President Miguel Ydi- goras Fuentes of G u a t e- i mala. The f i r s t ' big test was PEARSON the ousting of the newly ' elected President V i c t o r Raul Haya De La Torre of Peru by a similar miEtary junta. This one, Kennedy Huffed-- which is the direct reason why h« has trouble in Guatemala today. . For. just as one bad turn deserves another, the military of Guatemala have fol- he ends up showing his audience how lowed the military of Peru. ridiculous prejudice really is. ' TM e Guatemalan . I" -ecent night dub performance «J^ £ he underscored the logical tncompati- ^^ fr £ ^ democrat ic bility between the treatment accorded ejections, yet still continued American Negroes as a group and the to get do'llars from a forgh-- treatment given an' outstanding indi- ing Kennedy administration; vidual Negro: "Where else in the world can you be a member of the nation's ' worst- housed, worst-treated people and cam $100,000 a year telling about it?" i colonels \ DORIS FLEESON Washington Crime Wave Indicts Seniority System WASHINGTON -- T h i s city's own fairyland -- the . cherry trees in fun bloom around the Tidal Basin--a .expected to draw the customary crowds of tourists _next weekend despite the well-publicized crime w a v e here. It is to be hoped t h a t their portion ^will be pure ""enjoyment. Probably t h e visitors simply don't and can't believe that their own capital city, so fair in the aspects they see, constitutes their government's most disgrace"Tul failure to govern. It is the story of a city trapped by institutional practices · which have rendered it almost completely helpless to help itself. Washington is at the heart of "the struggle for 'status pui»uei in over the world by minorities, the Negro especially. It raises all ihe banners for equaHty and directs the struggle politically and judicially. It» parties are committed to the " jri»wpie of equality, and so L . are its presidents. rV YET THE CTTY today is being treated in effect as a pawn in the racial straggle without regard for the welfare of its people or its symbolic status as the seat of government of the leader of the free world. The men of goodwill are being d e f e a t e d by an obscure committee of the House of Representatives charged with handling the affairs of the District of Columbia. Its chairman and four ranking Democrats are southern conservatives, and they have the assistance of some half dozen others. They have not met the challenges, admittedly great and difficult, of the transformation of Washington from a small, southern-style city into a metropolitan area. That it has also become a mecca for Negro migration from the South is the complicating emotional factor. · · · · THE MIGRANTS h a v e problems, too--chiefly jobs. for their unemployment rate is high. District officials are cailing for training schools and job opportunities for them, but the response so ·i far from House District Committee members is their customary negativism. It is, of course, the flashes of violence and murder which fflumme the situation here. AH American cities outside the South have similar problems and are meeting them more or less welt Washington's unique torment is that it can't seem to find a way to leap over the moss-grown wall which time and seniority have erected in the House. » · · · OTHER CITIES have full- fledged governments, responsible to their voters, to work on their problems. District officials are appointed, not elected. The emphasis here, too, is on national and international affairs. The President is only temporarily a Washingtonian and so are most of his aides. It is curious that the House, a moderate group en the whole, should so Jong have consented to the packing of the District commit- tei by members so indifferent to the city's needs. It is again a failure of the system by which the all-important standing committees are named. so they figure they can do likewise. In each case, the issues are almost identical. In Peru -- Haya De La Torre, after many years in exile, won a free, though hotly contested, election as president of Peru. He was strongly a n t i - Communist, but a left-of-center, new- dealish reformer. Afraid of his reforms, the army used Sherman tanks to smash the gates of the o u t g o i n g pro-American President Prado, and sent him into exile. Haya was blocked from taking office. FOR A BRIEF period, the K e n n e d y administration hesitated. Then, d e s p i t e previous Kennedy protests against the military, he bowed to the military. Kennedy even cent Jim Loeb. a wnoQy correct and courageous ambassador, i n t o diplomatic exile as a sop to the Peruvian military. Loeb was kicked out of his post and hasn't yet been given another one. The result of the Kennedy kow-tow to military might were duly .noted all over Latin America, especially by the colonels. In G u a t e m a l a -- the colonels read the papers. So, when ex-President Arevalo, a similar social reformer. came back to Guatemala last week to run for president, the colonels followed the pattern of Peru. They used Sherman tanks to kick out pro-American Ydigoras. whose term was about to expire, and set up their own government in order to block Arveala SIGMFICANTLY, b o t h Guatemala and Peru badly need reform. In 1959, President Eisenhower allocated $50,000,000 to Peru for agrarian reform, in order to give landless peons small plots of land. But as of today, April, 1963, none of this money has been used. · Kennedy followed Ike by pushing land reform, but got nowhere with the Peruvian aristocracy. Likewise, in Guatemala, Ydigoras, whfle a pro-American flag-waver, has done nothing for landless peons despite offers of cooperation from the U.SA. ' These reforms are the essence of the Kennedy Alliance for Progress, and an Latin A m e r i c a win be watching to see whether the colonels of Guatemala, having thumbed their noses at the Alliance--though using American tanks and equipment to do so--will now get the begnign blessing of the Kennedy administration. NOT ALL the junkets of Adam Clayton Powell, the Nx 1 "Harlem globetrotter," have yet come to light. This column can report the details of another taken by his former assistant, John H. Young. III, to Sooth America to report on the "art* and Strictly Business "I do not have a Napoleonic complex, Josephine-- er, MIsj BeUsT cultural life" of that continent. Young drew a salary of $10,000 a year as a "consultant" to the House Education and Labor Committee of which the congressman from Hariem is chairman. But last year Young was rarely seen in Washington. During one of his absences. Young spent an average of $2050 a day for hotel rooms, plus $HL52 a day for meals, plus $12 a day for "miscellaneous expenses," while touring Latin America. That's a total of $49.« a day. When he got back, Young turned in a report that amazed congressmen. He took op the taxpayers' money and the taxpayers* time with a report which stated, "there's not a single professional cellist... nor a competent viola player . . . in all of Jamaica." Young reported on a "semi-subsidized c h o r a l group" in Venezuela and a "puppet company staffed by 12 girl puppeteer volunteers'* in the same country. About the only thing he didn't get around to investigating was the cumber of piccolo players in Brazil. The whole bill cost the taxpayers $1,783.12. WHEN IT COMES to demanding economy,- Rep. Glenn Cunningham, the conservative Republican from Omaha. Neb, is one of the shrillest demanders on Capitol HiH- He has demanded a balanced budget, a consistent debt ceiling, a cut in Kennedy extravagance. However, when it comes to Fort Omaha, that old Indian fort which protected settlers in the days of the p r a i r i e schooner, that's something else again. In this case, the congressman from Omaha isn't interested in economy. On the contrary, he demands that F o r t Omaha remain. Secretary of Defense McNamara, who is trying to carry out both the President's and the Republican desire to save money, had d e c i d e d to close Fort Omaha. After years of honorable service under the Army, it was transferred to the Navy in 1947. Since then, it has become increasingly unimportant. After an. most of the Indians are gone--or else on reservations--and there is little rrason for a fort at Omaha. It operates a couple of recruiting centers, a veterinary food inspection service, a naval reserve office, and the 57Sth Air Force Reserve Recovery Group. AH of these could be closed down or =sved, with saving to the taxpayers. · However, the congressman from Omaha, like so many others when their ox is gored, !»« been sending vigorous protests to the Defense Department -- to be less economical. . - - . - ^ ,. ·. *·«-··: · While I was visiting in the East recently, I spfel a day with a friend of mine who hid first returned from, a two-day trip to his state capital He is a business roan, and was involved in some proposed legislation fo»-his "This trip did one thing for me," he remarked ruefully at lunch, "It mads me «Mnk- twice about the slogan Jof ·state's rights' that sounds so appealing to .those 4 qf t us who are alarmed about federal power." ·«^TM» re a» T i« "What do you mean by that?" I asked. £ "It was the first time I'd had a glimpse J of a statehouse in action," he explained. "It wis appalling and depressing--and I'm sure that my state isn't any different, or any worse, than most." "Depressing in what way?" 1 wanted to know. "IN EVERY WAY," he said. "In the 'calibre of men we have sent to the state HARR1S_ legislature. In the atmosphere'of intrigue and dealsjmd moral shabbiness. In the cheapness and seediness of. the whole political situation there, in both parties." ^ "Didn't you find any positive aspects?" I inquirlfi^, "Of course," he said, "there are a few men there of character and intelligence; I don't mean to inake a bljnfcct indictment. But the general level was so low,' the'seU- serving was so obvious, the ignorance and greed;and provincialism so overpowering, that I left before I;reaHy should have." . · " , ( '£'.',; ,' "And that experience soured you on state s rights?" I asked. ' . i^l.'.. J "It certainly made me ponder the question. After all, government isn't an abstraction. It's run by men--ana the men in Washington, whichever party is in power, are',bf a distinctly higher calibre. Some of the bills proposed, and actually got to the point of passage, are incredible. Let me teH you about a few"of them." - . · . « · ! I LISTENED to his doleful tale, and was at!* to reciprocate by telling him that my glorious state of Illinois had recently approved a bill that would outlaw flying the United Nations flag on public building in the state.. A harmless piece of mischief, but highly indicative of the sort of bigoted stupidity that passes for "patriotisnT-ta so many state legislatures. , .'.i ""·' · It may be true that the states must guard against federal encroachments of their rights; but then I large question raises itself: i fte if not statehouse politicians? Town Meeting Let's Not Limit Man's Ambition EDITOR: Probably the most ridiculous letters you have received were those written by. the individuals favoring a Emit on individual wealth. Do these people realize the implication of t h e i r comments? the amount of wealth they could acquire? ' We would have no low. priced model . cars,. no banking industry! no low p r i c e d aluminum works, no DuPont chemical research. .. : ":'; In all society there must be a few people who have a lot of wealth because these are the people who create and back bur industries. They provide payrolls for thousands'of workers fcy placing a ceiling on . . the wealth one can earn, "^.consumer products Jor you are simultaneously TMnions of people. In sooal- - ist nations there are'limits on wealth," and these.,nations are decayed, stagnant of without proper defense from enemy attack.;The capitalist nations are ·vi- brant, virile, and full of life. If we are to have'true freedom and are to survive; we must not tax success or limit ambitions. If w ; £_do placing a ceiling on one's a m b i t i o n s , initiative and hard work. You are restricting man's capacity to produce and to aim for higher goals. After all, money is only the result of certain energy expended towards a certain goal. What if Morgan,'Ford, Kaiser, DuPont and Rockefeller had been limited in LANGUAGES in the NEWS f^S'i, I «»4 l.fci Oiarlf* 1. Question j from readers: I was recently given an antique white china cop with the foTIovriag inscrip- tkn on it, which I have not been able to translate Til Vinar, mint. Is it Latin?-S. E. Sherad, Quincy, Mass. It is Norwegian, meaning To friends, remember." Does 'Brooklyn* mean anything; -- Carol Friedman, New York Gty. Yes. It was named in 1645 for a Dutch town in The Netherlands, caued Breuck- elea, which, in Dutch, means "marsh land." The US. "marih land" has simplified its spelling to 'Brooklyn*. Why do the Russians refer to their spacemen ai "cosmonauts", whereas we nse the word "astronaut*?-- Znleme Nunzarro, Stamford, Coax. Both terms are derived from Greek. "Cosmonaut", meaning "sailor in the Universe", wtme "astronaut" means "sailor to the stars". The Russian word for "cosmonaut" is kosmonaft. A copy o/ the Berlitz "Diner"* Dictionary" \rUJ be to anyone submitting a question used in "Languages in the News." 'l we win never again have an Andrew Carnegie, who from a penniless immigrant-became a successful tycoon; · GIL PATRICK 1100 E. Ocean Blvd. Thanks Paper -" T j: for Its Help f t ' EDITOR: ; .' . Due to-your efforts, we have received many contributions to the fund currently being collected on behalf of the hospitalized students from our campus and "the drama teacher recently* injured in the automobile accident On behalf of these people, please accept'our sincere appreciation for the time and effort taken by you in particular, and your entire ttaff at the Long Beach Press-Telegram and Independent. Mr. Seaman has indicated to me that the coverage by your paper has been excellent, and we want you to know that we certainfy appreciate your concern and interest at this time. - * ' Please feel assured tSat the individuals for whose benefit you wrote the story win be made aware of your participation in their behalf. LEONARD F. DALTON Principal , -"- ' Westminster High School L\DE1'E\DFAT J £f£ . LCTT OKa Jr.ZZ~mni tfmwuwr t-.t-tmrnt 1r i«j CMmn*

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