INDEPENDENT PBESS-TELEGRW International imbalance of error 604 Pine Avenue. 90844 Telephone 435-1161 ; ; Hermon H. Ridd'er --1952-1969 Daniel H. Ridder -- Editor and Publisher Samuel C Cameron -- General Manager Miies E S'^ws -- Executive iditoi Larry Allison -- Managing Editor Don Ohl -- Ediior Editorial Page Bert Resnik--Assistant Managing Editor L.A. Collins Sr.--Editorial Columnist Don Nutter, Advertising Director E. H. Lowdermilk, Circulation Director Milton A. lomas, Production Monager B-2 LONG BEACH, CALIFORNIA, TUESDAY, JANUARY 21, 1975 Editorials An encouraging word . As we all know, reporters do nol usually interview anyone until the interviewee has written a book. , T h a t r u l e of journalism -- toether with the fact that he has been at Cambridge University -explains why Archibald Cox has hardly been heard of since the day President Nixon caught him working overtime on Saturday and had him fired for setting a bad example to other government employes. BREAKING ALL the rules of our craft, however, the New Yorker m a g a z i n e r e c e n t l y sent someone to Cambridge to chat with Mr. Cox. What Cox said -after he had offered sherry and discussed his reading (Trollope) and his bicycling ("the way to get around in Cambridge") -- struck us as both sensible and uplifting, and we thought we'd pass it along. For one thing, Cox said: "For all the rather cynical acceptance of a degree of corruption in the big municipalities and in some county courthouses, I don't think corruption is characteristic of public life in America. I really don't, if you take the country as a whole. . . . No politician ever would have supposed that he could put the bite on corporations as baldly and as broadly as that. . . . The men responsible for Watergate were not politicians. The real politicians -- Sam Ervin and others -- were on the other side of the fence. The Haldemans, the Ehrlichmans, the Mitchells were strangers in politics. President Nixon, too, in many ways." That's an encouraging w o r d about politicians. The most encouraging w o r d Mr. Cox had, though, was about the rest of us. "Here," he said, "was a President re-elected the year before by an overwhelming majority. He announces he's going to disobey the law. And scarcely more than 24 hours later he's been forced to right-about-face -- and really not by the leadership. I think it was really by the people. They did a great deal better than their leaders in lots of ways. . . . I think the response of the American people is proof that they still remain a highly moral, idealistic people. I think it does remain to be seen just how that feeling will be focused. What one hopes is that someone will'come along with the ability to crystallize it, to rekindle our faith in ourselves." MR. COX HAD ONE MORE encouraging word. In response to the inevitable q u e s t i o n a b o u t whether he plans to write a book about Watergate, he said: "No, I don't. I h a v e been asked, of course, but I really shan't. My friends think it shocking that I won't do it, but if I'm going to write something, I have to want to write it. For some reason, I just don't have any want to write about Watergate." So unless the New Yorker pursues its unorthodox journalism, we will get no further opinions from Mr. Cox on Watergate. But the opinions elicited on t h a t chilly afternoon in Cambridge can do something, we think, to help us all 'rekindle our faith in ourselves. Defining detente i A reader in Paramount has sent us a clipping of a United Press International story with a few complaints. The story reported that Secretary of State Kissinger said he expected the "major blow" of Soviet rejection of the U.S.-Soviet trade agreement to "have little effect on detente." L a t e r , the story reported Kissinger's comment that communications from Moscow indicated no "disruption of detente." Our reader says he has been unable to find anyone who knows what a detente is. "WHEN I FIRST ran into it," he writes, "I thought it was something like a dent in a Chevrolet fender. But now it seems to be a strong object of some kind, since a major blow would have little effect on it. Later on, it seems to be a glass loving cup, and a major blow might disrupt it." Could it be, he wondered, that "detente is what happens to Arabs when they fold their tents and steal away?" This is a case where a word that is in no one's everyday vocabulary becomes a part of a news- p a p e r ' s vocabulary s i m p l y because public officials begin using it. The same thing happened with charisma. Politicians borrowed the word from sociologists and said John Kennedy had it. Pretty soon, we were all using the word. Similarly, when Henry Kissinger advised us that the U.S. invasion of Cambodia was an "incursion," the press happily adopted that word, just as if in the circumstances it m e a n t something different from "invasion." "Charisma," if you're not up on your theology, started life meaning a divine gift, as for prophecy or healing. In the political world, it means the quality of -- well, of being like John Kennedy. D e t e n t e is F r e n c h , and it means a relaxation of tension. It is a word that, if we are lucky, will be with us for awhile. We might as well get used to it, and to hope even that it can happen -- without anyone's having to fold tents -- in the Middle East. An uncertain enterprise . Next time you have trouble with an American magazine publisher, be glad you are not dealing with one in India. That is .more or less the message in a note at the end of a. catalogue sent by a New York company that sells subscriptions to Indian publications. "We are only a Subscription Agency," the note begins, sadly but iirmiy. "We are trying our best. . . . However, there are many things which are beyond our control. For example: I I C - - -- . - i t f - Â« ~ , T n r l J r , i.- , , ,, Â· - OCd mail uuni mum 10 t v - i j erratic. V e r y o f t e n periodicals take three to four months to reach North America. "Due to shortages of all sorts Indian publishers raise the subscription rates, sometimes more than once 3 year. Recently some major publishers had to suspend publication of some popular journals. . . . "Some publishers are not very p r o m p t in answering our complaints which we make on behalf O f 1 U l V GENEVA - In the days of Dulles, the original brinksman, a certain stability was granted to a frightened world by implicit acceptance of that new geopolitical concept, a balance of terror. ALTHOUGH the United States was still unchallenged as paramount military power, enough warheads and delivery systems were already possessed by the superstates to insure total human suicide if war escaped control. The balance of terror that continued into the 1970's was based on one logical assumption -- that no nuclear armed nation would make the fatal error of pushing the big button and killing itself in the name of victory. But the era of that somber logic may be vanishing. We are threatened by much doom and little judgment in all quarters. Jordan's King Hussein, warns that the Middle East is heading for "a fresh disaster." Pretoria's official organ fears all southern Africa may "be plunged into a bloody conflict between white and black." The Viet Cong provisional government denounces a U.S. demand that it obey the 1973 Paris Peace Accord, and armed conflict is spreading again in Indochina. THE GREAT Soviet-American detente could prove to have been shipwrecked on the U.S. trade bill clause guaranteeing emigration of Russian Jews. At the same C.L. Sulzberger He* York Timtt Hun Service time, Brezhnev is physically ill and fighting for his political life. This has thrown the Middle East into a tizzy since Brezhnev canceled his proposed trip. Israeli forces are pounding out daily object lessons in Lebanon. Palestinian guerrillas have shot up the plane of one of their best friends, Yugoslavia, on the airport of another, France. Â· The price of oil has now risen almost CHINESE ADOPT NEW CONSTITUTION new? ITEM sixfold and the United States'is warning so often that it might have to occupy some petroleum states that the world speculates Washington "doth protest too much." , , (l _ This skepticism Â« tiuiuiiccc. ~y u.s apparently deliberate toughness of the American view. President Ford and ;his two strong-man ministers, Kissinger and Schlesinger, have gone out of their way to play anagrams in public on the kind of force the United States might have to use in the Middle East. THE NUCLEAR C A R R I E R Enterprise, famed for its Indian Ocean demonstration in 1971, is again on the prowl -- in the same waters. A U.S. naval squadron wiggled around the oily Persian Gulf late last year. The carrier Midway is suddenly at sea amid more unexplained but announced U.S. fleet movement than . in years. This has, nevertheless, produced relatively gentle reactions from quarters that usually 'like kicking U.S. admirals. The Egyptians don't seem put out about American approaches to the Red Sea. Indeed, C a i r o appears touchier about Brezhnev's failure either to come to Egypt or to send arms; and it hints that Moscow organized riots against President Sadat's regime. There has never in Soviet history been an orderly transition from one leader to another. Many people now speculate that Brezhnev is doomed and his ultimate successor remains uncertain. The Moscow bosses are old men with only Shelepin, at 56, equivalent to that Benjamin among the Chinese colleagues of Mad Tse-tung and Chou En-lai, the 40-year-old Wang Hung-wen, Now the elderly Russians are battening down hatches for a storm and several new clouds mounting on the world horizon are related to this fact. IT IS NOT just the industrial West that has suffered from economic recession. Planned Soviet growth of income, manufacturing and agricultural production are 20 per cent below foreseen levels. So, although the United States suffers from Moscow's denunciation of the trade pact, so does the Soviet Union. The U.S.S.R. may hope to be able to compensate by aid from Japan and the common market. It is also more used to pulling in its population's belt when things get difficult. Moreover, the tough group, among those contesting Brezhnev's succession is infuriated by Washington's assumption that it is entitled to make the Soviet Union pay for favorable trade by conceding internal liberty. The problem posed, not just to Soviet leaders but to Senator Jackson and Secret a r y Kissinger is this: should it be considered a political error to try and dictate moral terms to other lands? And if it is a political error, would that weaken the American position as a global force? On the other hand, had the courage to insist on such "interference" existed among big powers in the 1930's, might not Adolf Hitler have been thwarted? This is : part of the' entire imbalance of error, and I. don't know the absolute answers myself. Letters to the editor It is small consolation, admittedly, but next time the newspaper lands in the bushes, you might consider that at least it's not the Times of India, four months late. Gender's enough EDITOR: I take exception to the comments of "Agathocles" regarding the title of Ms., in which he states that the titles of Mr., Mrs. and Miss have designated the status of the bearer quite clearly for many years. This is not entirely true, as we all know. It certainly designates the status of women clearly, but not of men. An unmarried man, or a man with six or seven wives, concurrently or consecutively, still is called Mr. His marital status has no bearing on his title. The title of Ms. takes the first and last letters of Miss and Mrs., and is therefore not ambiguous. It positively denotes the gender of the bearer of the name, just as Mr. does, and why not? Mr. is Mister and Mrs. is Mistress, which used to mean "wife" but now means just the opposite. Consequently , we now pronounce an abbreviation which sounds like "Missus" but makes no sense at all. It is evident t h a t "Agathocles" believes that women should be forced to publicly declare their marital status and men need not "because this has been done for many years." This may be considered an excuse for continuing this type of male chauvinism, but certainly no reason. The original Agathocles was a tyrant of ancient Syracuse who lived in the third century B.C. His namesake who lives in Long Beach is just as much behind the times. MS. HARRIET H. SELLERS Long Beach Dedicated congressman EDITOR: Congressman Harold R. Gross, R- lowa, after 26 years of valuable service to the nation, voluntarily retired on Dec. 31 at age 75. His consistent devotion and energetic attempt to reestablish fiscal responsibility in our government 'gained for him widespread national reputation. and the deep respect of his countrymen, the vast majority of whom - the dispossessed majority -- have come to share his views. When Mr. Gross first took office in 1949, our national debt was $252.8 billion, having risen to Ilia! amount from Ihc mere $211.K billion t h a i oxisled when Franklin D. Roosevelt became president in 1933 and Keynesian fiscal irresponsibility became our national policy. Since that time, as of Dec. 31, 197-1, our public debt has reached the staggering sum of $492 billion and we now face what is predicted will become the greatest deficit during 1975 in the history of our country. Of that massive debt which we, the living, have created as a heritage for our children and theirs for future generations to come $271 billion is owed to the general public, $81 billion to the Federal Reserve System and $141.6 billion to the U.S. government, account series, including the Civil Service retirement fund and a hefty,' approximately $60 billion, to the Social Security old-age and survivor insurance trust funds. ' . When Mr. Gross was asked recently why he was retiring, he replied: "I'm leaving because I'm fed up with things. I don't think anything is going to save this country from a crash. I'm glad I'm getting out." On Dec. 20, Congressman William Jennings Bryan Dorn, D-S.C., said'of Mr. Gross: "His perseverance and his dedication to principle are a standard that could well be emulated in the years to come. There is no way to calculate the number of unwise expenditures the nation has been spared as a result of his keen eye and his attention to every parliamentary detail," and concluded: "Without H. R. Gross the House of Representatives will truly never be the same." Because of what has happened to us during the span of congressional service' of Mr. Gross in the gigantic rise of our national debt, and faced with both a depression and serious inflation at this time, one can fully understand Mr. Gross' feeling that we face the possibility of a crash. We can only hope that his deep concern will not prove prophetic and there will be assumed in the Congress the kind of fiscal responsibility which was the hallmark of Mr. Gross 1 service in Congress. PAUL CHIERA Silver Spring, Md. John Dean's book EDITOR: John Dean plans to write a book -- not for money, of course, but to help us avoid his mistakes. While I believe there are still a great number who do not require Mr. Dean's guidance, I am sure the media will act in the public interest by reviewing the book when it arrives. FRANK D. W1EDEMAN Long Beach 'S A b Â© 1374 by NU. Inc "Hello there, Dick and Liz. I'm glad to see you're back together again!"
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