HVMBOLDT STANDARD Monday, April 9, 1962, P. JlumbolOt Established 1373 Published by THE EUREKA NEWSPAPERS, INC. DON O'KANE, President and Genera] Manager Second Class postage paid at Eureka, California. Yearly, $21 . . Monthly. $1.75 . . Mail rates, Zones 1 and 2, $1.75 per month Zones 3 and 4, 52,00 .. All other, $2.25 ,. Daily, ten cents per cop FULL UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL WlltE SEKVICB PU LISIIED FROM 328 E STREET, EUREKA, CALIFORNIA, EVE1 EVENING EXCEPT SUNDAY, TELEPHONE Illl.I^lDE 2-171 The, Slumlord's Editorial Policy: Unswerving support oj the principles oj democracy; in federal, slate and community government; Preservation and advancement oj the opportunities /or pursuit of private enterprise in Co/i/ornia arid the Redwood Empire; Unbiased reporting oj the news; Preservation oj the principles oj jree speech and a free press; Support oj all movements jor the betterment, the beautijication and the general development of Eurefca a?id other cities and towns oj Humboldt county. Electronic Dowsing Water witching -- otherwise known as dowsing, switching, water smelling and peach-tree toting -- has attracted a steady following since it was first used prominently by the Germans in .the fifteenth century to search for gold. In recent years, the trend has been away from metal searches and into the realm of water location. Skeptics credit the availability of water in most places, if one digs deeply enough, for its popularity among witchers today, but it cannot be denied that sufficient successes seem to have been achieved by this quaint method to insure its perpetuation. Science has now entered the water witching business with its own and more complicated apparatus. The traditional water witcher generally uses nothing more than a forked stick. It may be from an elm, cherry, peach, willow, apple, plum, pear, poison oak or maple tree. Or if no sticks are available a pair of scissors, a crow-bar or even a plastic rod will do. Hydrologists, who might be termed the atomic age answer to water witching, have devised a system of electrical testing to discover underground water supplies. Arid sections of the United States, Canada and Mexico have benefited from this new science, and it should provide valuable aid to helping to meet the growing demand for water in the future. Through four electrodes placed in the ground, hydrologists are able to send electric current into the earth and measure the relative moisture by the ease and swiftness of the current flow. Whether do-it-yourself water searchers will adapt their methods to this scientific principle is doubtful, but just as the medical profession has learned much of value from primitive treatments by witch doctors, so too there may be an area of mutual interest between science and folklore in the ancient and unique art of water witching. * -A- V-r Safety Warnings Needed For some unexplained reason, after years of what seemed like futile pleading by public safety organizations, the American motorist has caught the safety bug. At least as far as scat belts are concerned. During 1961, more than 1.5 million seat belts were sold. Most of them went with new cars, but there was a liberal sprinkling of drivers who brought their older cars into garages to have bells installed. This was a tremendous increase over any prior year, but it was just the beginning. Major belt makers reveal an amazing increase over last year's sales. At least part of this remarkable growth can be credited to the auto manufacturers who are including anchorage holes in their new models. Three or four years ago, attempts by auto makers to include safety devices on their products at a necessarily increased cost were rebuffed by the public. It is pleasing to note that the reaction to available safety precautions by the motorist has now erupted into enthusiastic acceptance. Perhaps the constant reminder of a seat belt will bring back to the driver the good highway manners he lost while addicted to horsepowerilis. lt Can Be Cold Sir William Mabane, chief of the British Travel and Holiday Association, blames the novels of Charles Dickens for the impression many foreigners have of British weather. He warns prospective visitors against taking the novelist's references to it too literally. "It may be variable," says Sir William, "but it is rarely, if ever, too hot or too cold. I am convinced it is nothing like as bad as it is painted . . ." Most tourists and others who have been there agree that English weather can be beautiful, despite London's "pea-sou pers" and the mists on the Kent marshes which make some of Dickens' most telling descriptions. But some have been there when -Well, let's face it, Sir William, England is a lovely country, but it can be cold -- cold as the Dickens! Editorials *** Features *** Comments PEACE CORPS NATIONAL WHIRLIGIG * * * * * * * * * * News Behind the News WASHINGTOIv-President Kenedy's statement in a magazine rticle that the United States light have to strike the first low in a war to save the free orld from Communist conquest lould occasion no surprise or lock--except, perhaps, in the remliu. Recommendations for this kind strategy -- "preemptive war" the technical term -- have been ontained for several years in the eports of the appropriate Con- Â·essional committees -- Armed ervices and the Appropriations ubcommittee handling military inds. It was agreed to by former resident Eisenhower, although e' never publicized the fact. Since these proposals appeared nly In committee reports, not in dual bills, they were not blnd- g and they were generally neg- lected by the press. But they ex pressed the considered belief o Capitol Hill's best experts afte they had been briefed by top of ficers from the Pentagon. They testified that, under modern con ditions of warfare, the Unitec States cannot afford another disaster such as Pearl Harbor because it would be many thousanc .imes as calamitous. HIT-BACK STRATEGY DOUBT- SD -- Despite their admiration 'or Defense McNamara's administrative ability. Capitol Hill is lighly skeptical of his assurances that we could sustain a surprise luclear attack on our industrial complexes, our military centers, our transportation system, and still be able to fight back to eventual victory. Equally important with our Foreign News Commentary By PHIL NEWSOM, UPI Foreign Editor 4V" "Some of the host performances you'll ever see arc in the 'THANK YOU' speeches . '. .!" Apparently confident that his Igcria problems were well on e way to solution, French Pres ent Charles de Gaulle this week rned to other things. Among them was a trip to urin, Italy, for a one-day meet g with Italian Premier Amin re Fanfani. High on the agenda was De aulle's conception of Die "Eu pe des patries" Europe of fa- erlands by which the six West uropean nations now bound to- ther in the Common Market also e gradually to achieve political ity. So far, agreement among the six the extent to which politicai ity shall be carried has been nsidcrably less than that al ady achieved in the economic eld. At the core of the difficulty lies e Gaulle's conception of what actly he means by a Europe fatherlands. France's partners in the six. cst Germany, B e l g i u m , The etherlands, Luxembourg and ly, openly have suspected Uiat lile DC Gaulle speaks of unity he actually means to weaken the structure thiil was supposed to result in a United States of Europe. Foreign ministers of the six will meet in Paris April 17. DC Gaulle's trip to Turin, therefore, was an attempt to sell Italy on his Ideas in advance. One source of suspicion is De Gaulle's nnnounced reluctance to surrender any degree of French sovereignty. Another is n fcnr that DC Gaulle is moving to weaken the already established authority by which the Common Market, the coal mid sled and the communities are administered. A Community Court of Justice ins I ho authority to enforce its rulings ngnlnst member governments as well as individuals and private enterprises. These rulings usually deal with competitive in justices between one country or another. There have been suggestions that De Gaulle believes a greatei voice should be restored to the individual governments. Among the six there also is a fear that De Gaulle's reluctance o meet his NATO commitments and his insistence upon developing his own nuclear striking force eventually will mean a weakening di of NATO with a consequent reduction of U. S. participation in European defense. What De Gaulle apparently believes is that as economic unity becomes a reality among independent nations, a common policy on foreign affairs will develop as a natural part of evolution. Therefore surrender of sovereignty becomes unnecessary.' Q's and A's Q -- Where does the moon get its light? A -- Moonlight is really only secondhand sunlight. Rays from he sun travel to the moon and ire reflected back 'to earth. Q -- Who was the youngest lope? A -- Pope Benedict IX, who was elected in 1033 at an age variously given as 18 or 20 years. Q -- For what is the National }ook Awnrd given? A -- For distinguished work in liction, nonficlion and poetry. Now You Know By United Press InU-rnntlonal Tho Palnce of tho Governors in Sanlii Ke, N. M., is the oldest niblic building in the United Slates. It was built in 1010. ability to survive and still defeai the enemy would be the condition of our European Allies after a nuclear barrage that would de stroy them first. We will neet their forward bases to bring the 'ull weight of our atomic strength against such a Vast area as Russia and possibly China at the same time. SUPPOSE RUSSIA MOVES7- !n elaborating on the basis of a pcemptive war, a recognized military expert of the top rank outlined the premises for such an mprecedented event in American listory: Suppose, he said, that photographic satellites, U- planes anc other authentic sources of information revealed that tile Russians were mobolizing for war on a large scale, with Europe as .he obvious target. Evidence of such preparations vould be the shifting and assem- ilage of troops at strategic cen- ers, the transportation and storage of supplies, the relocation oi lads a n d other facilities for aunching bomb and rockets. The Dei stationing of Russia's powerful submarine force would be another piece of evidence of war- ike intent. These are not fanciful or imaginary ponderings. They describe the situation which, in our military experts' opinion, woulc exist, if Nikita Khrushchev or some successor should decide hat Russia was strong enough to Icfeat the United States and its Vcslern Allies. DIPLOMATS AWARDED - The need for a peemptive war would ie all the more pressing if Red China should go into action too. The United States cannot fight on wo such distant fronts with con- 'entional forces alone, or after Is strongholds in the Far East, ike Pearl Harbor, have been bat- ered. President Kennedy's willingness to divulge this plan, which s actually an ultimatum in ad 'ance, anil especially, in such an iffhand manner, has caused con- iderable amazement in diplo- iiatic and Congressional circles. There is speculation as to vhcthcr he first notified the prin- ipal members of NATO Â·- Bri- ain, France, West Germany, the Low Countries -- for it is on their crritory that the war would be ought at the start. It would be heir cities mid countrysides that vould be ravaged even more [ricvously than in World Wars I ind II because of nuclear dc (ruction. Regardless of immediate, con- oquenccs, our young President ms voiced the most dm'ing, put- ip-or-shul-up challenge l o the Communists in the Kremlin since ilnlin broke i v o r y wartime ilodgc ho gnvo to Franklin D. toosovcll, Winston Churchill find larry S. Truman. WALTER WINCHELL ON BROADWAY Candlelight For Two: Elizabeth White (an editor at "Glamour") and Wall Streetcr Chas. Cluck. Coachman pals say they Go-to- Pres's May 5th. . .Princess Ga- brlelle (of Lichtenstein) and Hamilton Vreeland at the St. Regis Oak Room. . .Ex-song pet Jeri Blanchard (now in the gift biz) at Gibson's with Peter Cawley, printing biggie . . .Shelley Wta- ters and "Iguana" director F, Corsaro (olddd fwenz) at the Dubonnet. . .Laurence Harvey anc Joan Collins at The Little Club- confirming what - the - man asked colyums ago: "Where docs life, was born under the sign of it leave rich Joan Cohn?". . .Joan Fontaine and New Yorker spook toonist Chas. Addams at Le Cha teau Richelieu. . .Carol Bruce'B constant caresscort, M a r s h a l Shacker of H'wood, at Ruby Foo's . . .Tony Pastor's boy, Guy, anc Hedy LaMarr at Chateau Madrii trading big white fibs. Clap Hands! Jeff Low's biscuit of "Won't You Return". . .Diahann Carroll and Richard Kiley's opening duet ("Sweetest Sounds") Arbuthnut: "They are disappointed playwrights, former sports writers. They are the Butchers of Broadway. They are the aisle- sitters, the play tasters, the arbiters, the hired theatergoers. They are too old, too jaded, too bored, too drunk--." You forgot actress Kim Stanley ; via Capitol's "No Strings" albeaut . . .Virginia Kellogg's paperback who called them Fatheads! pippin, "Verboten," jublished by Avon. . .By all means, buy Mel- 0-Disc's records for tots anc grownups. Darling, simply darling. Sounds-in-the-Night: At Tomaldo's: "I'm a newspaperman, dearie, I never reveal a Souse" . . .At Punjab: "Actress? The la: stage she was on went thru Indian country!". . .At Lymey's: "Old? She was once 'Miss HorseCar- riage!' ". . .At the Chi-Chi: "Don't invite him and ANYBODY to (hi same party". . .At Grecian Palace: "Chin up, chum. Keep a stiff upper-plate". . .At Le Cafe Arnold: "He's so minty the U. S. Treasury has^im watched!". At Roosevelt Raceway: "Give Nazi Ratunwell enough rope and you'll have another Eichmann" . .At Reuben's: "The strike musta been tough on the bus- drivers. They had nobody to scowl at but their wives. Confucius: Broadway's a Ball When You Learn How to Bounce. Charlton Heston's line is submit- .ed to people who rap-the-press and Saturn. when they're hissed insteada tissed, to wit: "I've been as often led for as against!" He means t all comes out even. . .Mickey tooney has invested what loot he ms left in a new ciggic. . .Italy stong star Katyna Ranieri flew in o chief The Boys Town of Italy Ball at the Waldorf. Triffic talent .Overheard at Atlantic City's Barclay: "I never approved of Sammy's marriage to Mai Britt ,Vin Elliots (Circle of Sports) are Tot Way again. They have 4 of each. . .Marjorie Delia Rocca, alumna of Washington Irving High a Bklyn gal) has been design- ng $100 cravats since 1960 for "amed tie-firm Charvet, 125 years old. Marj is 19. You're welcome, Feature editors!. . .Newsweek's current issue gave us the old Cut:ad in its Farewell To Paar special. . .(Dammit!) Item: "Jackie's a better ad for us overseas than our money." Yeah, and we got her back! From Show Biz Illustrated: "Dear Editor: I was amused, but not amazed by Jack's ungracious reaction to your Gold Owl Award. When the time comes for Paar to approach the Pearly Gates, 1 can just imagine the dialog. St. Peter: 'You wero not perfect, but you may enter'. . .Paar: 'If you don't think I was perfect, I don't want to come in!' -- J. Fred Johnson, Glen Burnie, Maryland." 0, you're just jealous. Item: "Mae West, whose interest in men has dominated her Leo." Nachelly! Critic Brooks' Atkinson's interview with Mr. Arbuthnut: "What are dramatic critics?". .Mr. Art Buchwald's scioosiv: "The chances of President Kennedy seeing someone picket the White House or reading a picket sign is minimal." The Big Show - Oaf means 'slight." Jeeee! "Strasburg, France: The European Commission on Human Rights rejected the appeal of Use Koch, the former 'witch' ol Buchenwald's concentration camp. She is serving life imprisonmenl 'or her part in atrocities in the Nazi camp. She was conviclec i 1952." Convicted instead of gassed. TODAY'S BEST FROM EUROPE HOLLAND Jan van Wessum Â«V-j- "And this one is specially made for flying fish," The Washington Window By Lyle C. Wilson A l m a n a c By United Press International Today is Monday, April 9, the 99th day of the year with 266 to follow in 1962. The moon is approaching its jrst quarter. The morning stars are Jupiter The evening star is Venus. On this day in history: In 1865, Gen. Robert E. Lee ;urrendered the army of Northern Virginia to General U.S. Grant at Appomattox Court House, Va. In 1940, Germany launched a 'blitzkrieg" invasion of both Denmark and Norway. In 1942, after more than three months of heroic resistance, the American and Filipino forces on -- she's too tall for him!". . .The Bataan in. the Philippines were overwhelmed by a Japanese army en times their number. In 1953, the New York State Grand Lodge, Knights of Pythias, )ecame the first major fraternal rganization in the U.S. to ban racial or religious restrictions in ts membership qualifications. A thought for the day: English author Samuel Johnson said: "I vould rather be attacked than unnoticed. For the worst thing you can do to an author is to be si- ent as to his works." CHUCKLES in the News MUSCATINE, Iowa (UPI)--Jeweler Ed Hotka, 74, expects to )lay sparkling golf this summer. Hotka said he has installed a diamond on top of the head of his gold plated putter to provide sighting target. JYVAESKYLA, Finland (UPI)-A driving instructor was giving old and won't be joining anything lesson Thursday when his car was hit by a station wagon driven by a full grown collie. The dog's owner explained that he collie apparently had disengaged the station wagon's gears vhile it was parked on a slight hill. PEORIA, III. (UPI) - Reputed Chicago hoodlum Gerald Covelli ad some trouble testifying for lie government Friday in the vhisky hijacking trial of four of u's onetime friends. I told the-FBI so many lies low what 1 told them," Covelli, lie prosecution's star witness, aid. LISKEARD, England (UPl)-An 2-ycnr-old mnn apologized in ourt Friday for the absence of is wife on charges of neglecting heir four children, age 8, 6, 4 nd l. The mnn, whoso nnme was not oleascd, snld his wife was still the hospital nftcr the birth of heir fifth clu'ld. HELLESDON, England (UPD- When John Burkill wrote to the army for the booklet "Join the Modern Army," a recruiting ser- geat came to his home here to sign him up. The sergeant retreated in embarrassment when John's mother told him her son was only 9 years WASHINGTON (UPD-The hint that President Kennedy may propose a reduction in income tax rales got lost in a dispute about next year's Treasury deficit. This bait of future tax cuts was placed before the Senate Finance Committee which is considering 'resident Kennedy's tax revision bill. Congressional experts forecast a 1963 fiscal year deficit of $4 to $5 billion, depending on the final shape of the new measure. Treasury Secretary Douglas Dillon said the budget for '63 would balance. Dillon also said the Administra- ion hoped to submit to Congress aler another tax reform package -including substantial readjustment, of income tax rates--if the current bill becomes law. Taxpayers will applaud this hint if rate reductions. The smartest of Uiem would applaud louder and longer, however, if Dillon had said the Administration would keep tax rales at present levels, undertake to reduce extravagant non-defense spending and use Uie iroceeds to reduce the national debt. Tho national debt ol nearly $300 lillion dollars is disgraceful. It is i weak spot in the economy and urther weakens the United Stales ly contributing to the inflationary otting of the dollar. The dollar s worth'about 43 cents in com- larison to its 1940 purchasing lower. If the White House and Congressional politicians continue to com- iel the government to live beyond ts means, the debt will grow. The dollar will wither further and Ihe United States will be far past the loint of no return. The disturbing act in all of this is that the na- ional defense can be no greater ban the U.S. economy. Weakening the U.S. economy is ust as effective a method of dis- irmament as weakening armed services. This is why government economy and debt reduction arc more desirable than a reduction n tax rates. National defense pending could be increased, if necessary, while over-all government spending is being reduced. Resolute Presidential and Congressional action could accom- ilish that. There are mighty few 'Otes in an economy policy, however. So there is mighty little chance that President Kennedy or Congress will undertake it. Comparing n a t i o n a l defense except the Boy Scouts for several years. MUSKEGO, Wis. (UPI)-Tavern keeper Charles McGuire and 10 patrons dived for cover Tuesday when a wheel from Jonathan Lcmke's car smashed through his plate glass window. Nobody was injured but Mc- uire said "the house had to buy several rounds--some of the peo- ile were pretty shook up." ST. LOUIS, Mo. (UPI) - Dr. ibout this case I don't remember Daniel D. Klaff announced Tuesday a "survey by stereo" pro;ram at Jewish Hospital where lapc recorded music will be piped into operating rooms for patients .mtler local or spinal anasthesia. Klaff said one teen-ager has requested rock 'n' roll during his operation. IPSWICH, England (UPD- Thloves who stole a big haul of dresses from n fashion shop better have fnl girlfriends. Tho dresses nil wore size 411. Comparing non-defense, spending 'or the same period, the increase Â» per cent, from $24 to $40 billion. Ask your Congressman to explain that when he seeks your vole. George Champion is chairman of the board of the Chase Man- lattan Bank. His observations in recent speech included some eye-popping statistics. For examrte: Since 1955 personal income .ax payments to the Treasury lave grown from $30 billion to about $43 billion with no hike in tax rates. The personal income ;ax take since 1950 has increased jy $25 billion, notwithstanding a :ax reduction in the first Eisen- lower Administration. Revenue i n c r e a s e s without ligher rates when there is more jersonal Income to tax: Champion jelieves tax rates could be cut 10 per cent in the sixties and cave $30 billion available for debt reduction, but not unless govern- 1 ment extravagance is curbed. All of this is dull stuff. Your stake in it. is merely the future of yourself, your kids and-their lids. Nothing really. ;ame item as projected for fiscal .963, there is a 30 per cent increase, from $41 to $53 billion. Quotes From The News NORFOLK, Va.-Col. William . Capehart, explaining the purpose behind a drumming-out ce.remony: "It's not done to humiliate a man. It is done to try to impress upon the other people a bad conduct discharge is a pretty serious thing." HONOLULU-Dr. Milton Eisen- lower, predicting the downfall of r idel Castro: "Eventually the people and the military will rise and strike him down." BIRMINGHAM, Ala. -- Mayor Artliur Hanes, defending the city's dropping of support to a county ood program in an attempt to Uiwart a Negro boycott of local vhite merchants: "This is a demonstration to the Negro community who their true riends and benefactors are." WASHDJGTON-Sen. Roman L. ipending in fiscal 1955 with the Hruska, R-Neb., taking a dim iew of the U.N. bond purchase lill passed by the Senate: "(A) specious compromise." SENATOR CAUCUS, by Pete Wymci Cojir.'42 GÂ«n'l FuslurotCorp. TM-WorW RiqMl Rlvd. 'It's a teaching machine made strictly for fathers who icljp their youngsters with homework! I"
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