Itoona nntvrot, INMt Jfuum* **, IWO-IOOS (JrtW Av*.. Allot**, Pa tt&ftttL «, sbKf rresKJem •L JU JOHNSTON itafl>ag Edltot tttf* SUBSCRIPTION HATBS: v cents « monthly) .... 60 cents MAIL. SUBSCRIPTION RATES: 0m ttwrth tin aavanct) .-, .so 8tt swath* (In advance) J3.50 OW year (In tdvance) . J7.00 TELEPHONES: Sell Phone 7171. Th« Alteon* Mirror Is a member 01 the Audit Bureau of Circulation and the Amer- leatt Newspaper Publishers' Association and Pennsylvania Newspaper Publishers' Association. The Altoona Mirror assumes no financial responsibility for typographical errors In advertisements, out will reprint that part of an advertisement In which the typographical error occurs. Advertisers will please notify the management Immediately ef any error which may occur. Entered as second class matter at Altoona postofflce. AVERAGE DAILY PAID CIRCULATION DURING APRIL,. 29,279 ttafty Hire homes, their heads are wrtwclotis of their responsibility to the state as well as to Heaven. They are veritable havens. it twist be admitted that occasionally rash and reckless children come out of homes which seem to be about as near perfection as anything earthlS' can be expected to prove. Nevertheless, there are the exceptions which prove the rule. Generally speaking the children who come out of a wisely ordered home prove a credit to their parents and an honor to the state. And the parent who does his best in the important business of child training hns the consciousness that he has done all that was possible. There is a growing impression that the state should keep a keen eye on the homes of the land. The theory that the freedom of the individual and his liberty to do as he pleases are paramount, is a vicious one. It is responsible for nine tenths of the crime and poverty and incompetence existing in the world. Society has a right to protect itself against the incompetent and the dull- witted. It should take charge of the unfortunate to such an extent as to make It impossible for future descendants of such persons to come into the world. It should begin the •work of reform at the proper place. Common sense and past experience suggest this truth. Mary Arthur Mcfitroy THE SAUNTERER A FINE CONCERT HIE WRONG KIND SATURDAY, MAY 31, 1930. A THOUGHT FOR TODAY. He that grlveth unto the poor shall not lack: but he that hldeth his eyes shall . have many a curse.—Proverbs 28:27. M Y POOR ARE MY' best patients. God pays for them.—Boer- haave. THE FIRST STEP. U NDER THE PROVISIONS OP an act of assembly passed at the last session of the legislature the sixty-seven counties of the state •were divided into ten districts for the purpose of establishing workhouses and Industrial farms in each district. Mrs. E. Grace McCauley, secretary of the state welfare department, haa appointed County Commissioner Gor- •uch to represent Blair county on the committee which will function in the Eighth district, composed of Blair and surrounding counties. The need for a workhouse and an industrial farm near home is apparent to anyone who follows with a reasonable degree of closeness the Blair county court proceedings. Incarceration in the Hollidaysburg jail is no punishment for many of the men who appear as defendants before Judge Patterson. Some of them at least look upon their terms much In the same light as law-abiding citizens look upon a vacation. All they do there is eat, sleep and loaf. And in not a few cases the accommodations at the jail are as good, if not better, than the prisoners -would find at home. Judge Patterson has realized the situation, probably more than anyone else, and has occasionally sent defendants -who appeared before him to the Allegheny county workhouse. The men who have served a term \n that institution have no desire to undergo a second imprisonment there. The discipline is rigid and - there is always plenty of work to keep the inmates busy. One of the important reasons for *the establishment of a workhouse is that it would provide profitable employment for the inmates instead of maintaining them in idleness, as is necessarily the case in a county Jail. They would be allowed a certain compensation for their work and all the money over and above the cost of their keep would go to the dependents temporarily without a breadwinner. Another advantage is to be found in the fact that there IE less of an incentive to continue the idleness habituated in a jail. Also, there are fewer contacts with the class of criminals that are try- Ing to make a career of crime attractive. It should not be supposed that we are going to establish a workhouse and an industrial farm within the next few months It will take considerable time to acquire a site, prepare plans for buildings, let contracts, etc. But it ia good to know that a step has been taken in the right direction. POPULAR GOVERNMENT. M ANY EULOGIES have been delivered in praise of popular government. Government of the people by the people for the people was the ideal toward which our Revolutionary ancestors aspired and for which many of them sacrificed their lives. In their day this was practically unknown in the old world. The common people had no rights which the kings and nobles of the planet felt called upon to respect. Our fathers created a new world. During the period following our Revolutionary war popular government gradually took possession of divers lands. The World war practically made an end of absolute monarchy. It fell into disrepute when its chief representative, the German emperor, fled before the victorious allies. Europe is ruled by kings no' longer. The few persons who still wear that title are merely figureheads where they are • not servants of the people. And yet it would be useless and disingenuous to deny that a feeling of unrest is growing in practically every part of the world. The existence of dictatorships in Italy and Spain is the result of a growing popular dissatisfaction with the workings of representative government. Parliaments and congresses are be* coming more and more inefficient. They are great consumers of time. They do not bring things to pass. They grow less useful, apparently, 33 the years pass. Do you believe the nations are on the verge of a new and radical change? Is it probable that other lands are seriously thinking of imitating the example of Italy and Spain? Is one-man government more effective than the system of representative government in vogue in the United States? What do you think of the situation and of the possibilities of the future? DELICATE BUT IMI'OKTANT. W E FEEL, SURE THAT practically every sensible citizen ol the United States realizes that the home is the most powerful instrumentality lor the formation of character of which the human race ba» knowledge. It is permitted to work its own peculiar will upon the children that are boru into it. So long u.a it keeps to itself, outwardly respecting the law, it is seldom iu- terferred with by the state. "A roan'* home i» his castle," we arc told, and to that statement we render reaped and obedience. The state euactu laws which n expects everybody to obey. It create* »choulB for the Instruction and iruining of the young. The church ionics to the assistance of the state- in tlic important work of making taw-abiding • itiseoB. .But all au- tiiurity i>U)p» on the outside ol the home so long as )i» inmates sei--n> l« pay i 01-i-ent sort of resptcl to ||)f yule* lit *utlioiiiv. W* have ENDS NOTABLE SERVICE. I NSOFAR .AS ACTIVE service is concerned, today marks the termination of the railroad career of J. K. Johnston, for a quarter of a century the superintendent of the Tyrone division and during the past year assistant general superintendent of the Eastern Pennsylvania division. Mr. Johnston is not only a most capable railroad man, but also throughout the many years of his residence in Blair county he has been noted for his public spirit, his interest and active support of every project designed to promote the welfare of Jhe community where he resided. He was not only an efficient railroad official and public spirited citizen, but he was likewise the kind of an executive under whom it was A pleasure to work. In proof of this statement it may be stated that during the strike of shopmen some years ago, not a single man on the Tyrone division left his work. This was due to the personal esteem in which the men held their superintendent as well as to their loyalty to the company. Mr. Johnston always met those who served under him as man to man. He occupied no imaginary pedestal above them, but worked with them on a plane of equality and mutual understanding. It is a source of gratification to note that in his retirement, made compulsory by reason of his having attained the age of 70, Mr. Johnston will continue to make his home in Tyrone, where it may be assured that he will continue his interest and efforts for the upbuild- ing of the community and for the welfare of the people along the same linei; as in the past. May he live for many years to enjoy in the fullest measure the leisure he has earned in his long and faithful service ! M RS. MARY ARTHUR McELROY •was mistress of the White House from 1881 to 1886, while her brother, Chester A. Arthur, was president of the' United States. General Arthur's wife, Ellen Lewis Herndon Arthur, died in January, 1880. She was a southerner, with all^ all the vivacity and brightness of the south, united to a nature .that possessed unusual depth and sensibility. As mistress of the White House, had she lived, she would have added Increased lustre to one of the most successful social administrations in the country's history. She wa* born at Culpepper, Va. Her father was William Lewis Herndon and he was one of the heroes of the American navy, who immortalized himself on an occasion where supreme renunciation of self was not required of him by a strict performance of duty. In 1857 he was In command of the Central America, which was lost at sea with 350 persons. The women and children he had saved and others he was trying to save when the vessel was engulfed and he went down with it. Miss Herndon was married to Mr. Arthur two years after this occurrence; The daughter of a hero, she was worthy to bear his name. She was a cultivated woman, with a musical gift so rare as to distinguish her. She frequently sang in public. She had a beautiful voice and with her lovely manners, she captivated audiences and made them feel a twofold interest in her. She died suddenly just as her husband was emerging into national prominence and the White House only a little more than a year off. > Upon the death of Mrs. Arthur, General Arthur entrusted the care of their little daughter to his youngest sister, Mrs. McElroy, who was the wife of John E. McElroy of Albany, N. Y., and when he -assumed the presidency upon the death of President Garfield, he invited her to be the White House mistress. Her career as lady of the White House was a brilliant one, her natural liking for society making the duties of entertaining easy and agreeable. The Arthurs were children of Rev. William Arthur, a Baptist clergyman. The Arthur administration was an era of splendid entertainments and generous and even lavish hospitality in the executive mansion. The state ' dinners were on a scale of magnificence not surpassed at any previous time and the formal receptions were made unique by the great number of, ladles invited to assist at them. Mrs. McElroy called about her the young ladies of Washington, and ' at every reception there were large numbers of them assisting her. She was extremely popular with all the young people. Her own daughter and the president's young daughter, Nellie Arthur, were happy participators in the household festivities. Private entertainments were numerous and over all Mrs. McElroy presided with easy grace, that made her many friends. Social life was never gayer in the executive mansion than during her time there. She introduced the custom of having tea after the public reception, to which several hundred guests were, as a rule, invited, and these gatherings were held in the corridor on the second floor, fitted up as a drawing room, and in the library adjoining. Small refreshment tables were placed in the hall and tea was served to the music, of an orchestra from the marine band. These informal entertainments were greatly enjoyed, not only by the peqMe of Washington, but by strangers^who were in the city for brief visits. Hospitality was in this way shown to very many who could not have enjoyed it otherwise. No question of her social status ever arose to embarrass Mrs. McElroy or the president, as has been the case with Vice President Curtis and his sister, Mrs. Gann. She won wide popularity in social circles, and no lady of the White House ever spent the time there more agreeably than did this devoted sister of President Arthur. Their sister, Mrs. Haynsworth, was often with them at the White House. When her reign at the executive mansion ended on March 4, 1885, Mrs. McElroy left Washington regretted by a host of git Is who followed her to.J;he depot and crowded her flower-laden car to say goodbye and express their devotion to her. Miss Rose Cleveland, her successor, sent her a basket of beautiful flowers, with a letter of kind wishes and the press recorded her departure with cordial recognition of her social popularity in Washington. The president's daughter, Nellie, was subsequently married to Charles Pinkerton. » W EARING A DECIDED!/? serious Ifaoe, the Octogfenarlah remarked that we are plrobabfy do' ing a little too much boasting aWd too • little effective wbrk for the preservation of a high moral tone among the inhabitants of our country. Comparisons are odious, as he ' admitted, but he could not get away from the reflection that the situation in the republic is such as to demand reflection and a serums' . effort to bring to pass a moral reformation. We have a great many prisons in our country. With comparatively few exceptions, they are overcrowded. We are likewise'conscious of the oniinous and discreditable fact that the criminal class is growing in numbers and audacity with each passing year. /- By GBAofe K. EfllMOHT. PUrt On*. "Music wwfKes away ffbin the Sotil the dust of everyday life." I T HAS NEVER BfiEN MY pleasure to sit through a whole evening of music which 1 have enjoyed more than 1 enjoyed the outstanding concert given on Tuesday evening at the Senior High school by the Altoona Works choir, In collaboration with the famous Red Arrow quartet of Pittsburgh; known as the good will ambassadors of the Pennsylvania railroad. 1 am sure all lovers of genunle music were gratified at the large attendance at Tuesday evening's con- It is generally asserted and widely believed that the -criminal who Is able to command the services of influential citizens may continue his offenses against law with comparative safety so long as he is able to Altoona Works choir is making a name for Itself, and to hear one of Its nicely varied programs Is 'a real treat; and I believe they outshone themselves on their latest local appearance. _,, . . < large, auditorium was filled by live safety so long as ne is aoie 10 , <F ne large auditorium was nucu «j secure the right kind of influence^, the time the program began with mul« min-Vif trt \\a n nntlimnv linnTI * 1 Kaknttfttl- RAlp.ntionS DV the This ought to" be a calumny upon the man who is believed capable of commanding the services of in* fluential friends, and in certain instances it is. Yet there seems to be entirely too much_ truth in the sneering suggestion-6f the Cynic that influence is more powerful in our country than justice. The Sauhterer does not wish to credit such an as- ine time »-"*= i" v o" . ° . ... several beautiful' selections by the Works chorus orchestra, with W. «. Whippo as pianist and director. Mr. Whippo was pianist .for the choir numbers throughout the evening and his style of playing is especially pleasing. No show, no ftourisTies, no contortions—just , real music, quietly and perfectly render- does not wisn 10 creaii SUCH an as- e ^, with exquisite shadlngs of ex' sertlon, but he finds much evidence pression woven into the pattern 01 to support it. « melody. The light touch .of master . playing that produces a rhythmic In the interest of national well- being the people .of the United States should turn over a new leaf. They should resolve to select for their officials men or women who are impervious tn influence. Public sentiment and judicial dignity should join hands in promoting rigid impartiality among public servants. Our laws should never encourage cruelty, but they should be enforced with absolute impartiality. At the same time our prisons should be. made habitable—even homelike—and their inmates treated with humanity. They should be schools, under competent supervision, and their "graduates should be provided with opportunities for self-support. .flow of beauty. The'"first number given by the Works choir was "It's Morning, and in its stirring theme the audience was wakened to a realization of the volume and power of the combined voices. This selection was followed by the airy grace of "Sylvia,"»a sentimental number. The famous Red Arrow quartet was then introduced by their director Frank Wels, who preceded the introduction by a fine tribute to the Altoona Works choir, and assured us that Altoonans could mighty well be proud of such a splendid organization, whose fame is steadily spreading over the east as one of the leading musical organizations. The Red Arrow quartet, all of them True patriotism does not spend employes of thej Pennsy, and each very much time in mouthing swell- of them being still V eta l n ^,_-° n _.;., ing words. It devotes its serious attention to the remedying of defects in our system of government and in our daily association with each other. It is eager to extend-practical helpfulness to the unfortunate and even to the violator of human and divine law. There is much room for improvement so far as our relations to the criminal or the incompetent or the helpless are concerned. Most of us profess to believe in the Christian religion. But how few of us ever come within hailing distance of the conduct of its Founder! Even our best efforts are short of His noble example. Booth Tarkington says men's shirts will have disappeared in fifty years. Which means that eventually there will be no more jokes about lust collar buttons. MIRRORGRAMS Belter Jobs seek th<i man. Behind the clouds the sun is al- •Aays rihining. It i.s no indication tiiat you are bu.sy.tu nay that you haven't time. Every man has a right to tell his .-.ervicua in the market that pays the liigUest price. You should welcome opportunities for service instead of grumbling and jjruwllog About them. WHAT OTHERS SAY Will History Repeat? The French government is protesting informally to Mussolini against the speech he made at Leghorn in which he did some tall talking about the destiny of Italy and the impossibility of any nation stopping it. ' It II Duce will take the pains to read some collection of the German Kaiser's speeches made before the war he will flnd a good many statements of the same sort. And Germany was a much greater military power than Italy.—Johnstown Tribune. • • • Getting Too Speedy. If this new speed record business keeps up, when we are on our way to the office some of these mornings we shall be meeting ourselves coming back, day's work all done 'n' everything.—Christian Science Monitor. ** * * Seasonable Signs. Corn on the cob is being received in the eastern markets. The home- frown strawberries will cause the real excitement, however.—Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 23 YEARS AGO TOD AY from the Mirror files. . E. M. McKee of Altoona was elected president of the Power Electric company of Canton, O. Henry P. Black of 1313 Sixth avenue, a machinist, retired from the Pennsylvania railroad service. The Twentieth Century Brick company plant at Eighth avenue and Twenty-ninth street was seized by the sheriff. Blair County Pomona Grange passed a resolution asking the legislature to enact a law requiring all large wagons to be lilted with broad tires. City Solicitor Thomas C. Hare filed an opinion that the city would be required to pay for the round corners which would replace square corners at intersections. Deaths in the county included Elizabeth Buckreis, aged 73, S07 Second avenue; Jane, wife of Mercer Gray, ai<ed 63, Gaysport, and Mary, wife of Levi Riling, aged 77, Eldorado. He taught his immediate followers —and through them all Christians to the end of time—that unselfish service to others was the true test of greatness. He aimed to establish a church that 'sho.uld delight to carry into effect the principles of human brotherhood. He recognized no dis-, Unctions of earthly greatness. He found in the despised and the rejected heirs of the kingdom and the promoters of genuine greatness—the spirit of unselfish service. He was especially fond of children anel manifested that fondness upon every possible occasion. Those children he gathered to Himself in Jerusalem, to the horror of his 'straight-laced followers were probably far from attractive. Once upon a time a poorly^-clad, timid woman 'entered one of a certain city's churches and slipped quietly into one of the pews, all of which were absolutely free. Presently a very great lady came sailing in and entered the/ tame pew. It chanced to be the one usually occupied by this lady and one or two other members of her family. Glancing haughtily at its timid occupant the great lady waved her hand and exclaimed: "This is my pew!" The very much frightened woman arose and found another seat. Do you believe that proud and arrogant woman represented In any way the Founder of the Christian religion? Haughtiness and selfishness and arrogance have no place in His religion. The Founder of the Christian religion was the concrete realization of humility in the service of our race. Yet he was no weakling. There were occasions when he concealed his humility under the majestic appearance of tremendous authority and condemnation of hypocrisy and cruelty. But he surely meant that the church which he brought to the knowledge of men should " be his earthly representative in the business of serving the human family. It Ut L11C111 MC»"6 «««-• -— . Pennsy payrolls in his original position, has become so popular that they are how devoting all of their time to their public appearance In song, the Pennsy realizing that music is a wonderful expression of good will, and hence the title of ambassadors of good will. These men, each of them possessed with a pleasing personality, in addition to the gift of song, are in demand everywhere as radio artists, and their appearance at the ' local broadcasting station marked the / sixty-second station over which they have hung in the. United States and Canada. In their first number, "A Sea Tale, an arrangement of Rachmaninoff's prelude in C Minor, the entire audience was won to the power of their perfectly-blended voices, in a saga that carried with it, interwoven, the wistful dreams of home and family, the rage of pounding waves and roar of the storms, Mrs. Helen Weiss, accompanist, giving just the right depth of undertone of piafto notes. Their second number was "The Night March" and here again one" could visualize the theme of the song in the steady, rhythmic tramp of marching feet, as men seemed to swing along, endlessly, in line, to the chanted song. And then our own Works choir again, in the billowing rise and fall of "Shenandoah," a number that gave one the line accord of director and singers, as there was instant and harmonious response to Mr. Lindaman's artistic direction; Mr. Lindaman giving one the impression of an artist's delicate yet sure touch of color on canvas, to bring out its great beauty. The charm of the last sustained note of this song was a real thrill. Then they gave us the majesty and sweep of Beethoven's "Hymn of Creatipn"; and after that, to everyone's delight, and by special request, that ever lovely old favorite, "The Bells of St. Mary's," which this choir surely knows how to sing, to bring out all the delicate beauty of a lovers' idyl, near a little old Church by the seaside; the ringing, pealing, chiming of the bells echoing inagical- ly through the chorus. ' And then two bass solos by F. W. Schoeller of the Red Arrow quartet, in which the audience had a real treat. When you think of a bass voice you picture the singer as a man of huge physique; but Mr. Schoeller is rather slight and boyish looking, so his perfectly-ranged voice, striking its amazing depth of occasional note, was most surprising, both numbers being sung in line musical form—an old drinking song, and then "The Big Bass Viol," wherein the low REFLECTIONS By THE REFEREE r-piHREE COMMUNISTS, arrested i at Martin's Ferry, O., last summer, were held up to their red contemporaries all over the nation as "martyrs" after a judge sentenced them to five years in prison and fined them $5,000 apiece. Their sentences helped other Communist agitators very materially. They gave them something to talk about; enabled them to declare that the Communists in this country are being "persecuted." Now, however, these Communistic props have been knocked out. The Ohio court of appeals has reversed the conviction of the Martin's Ferry trio. The judge who wrote the opinion did not pass on the constitutionality of the law under which the Communists were sentenced; he simply remarked that the inflammatory handbills they distributed were just plain silly and inconsequential. This action will do more to slow up ttfe Communists' work 'than the sl;iff- est prison sentences that could have been pronounced. The tragedy of the mother who loses her son in war almost goes beyond the power of words to express. An- Ohio war mother, visiting France with the others who are going overseas to see their sons' graves, aroused the pity of crowds at the Paris railroad terminal. She was in a mental daze. Her mind was blank. She could not tell where she was. Her memory has been lost, and doctors are hoping that the sight of her son's grave will restore it to her. Her condition speaks volumes about the tragedy of *ar. But there is a footnote to the story that tells even more. A French war mother, seeing her, came forward to greet her, noticed her condition and turned away, murmuring, "Why can't I be like that?" What oould express more terribly the suffering that war brings to mothers? was to be the loving servant of the notes were especially mellow and human race, the medium through which Heaven's- choicest blessings should be distributed to the sons and daughters/ of men. Service is the keynote of Christianity. You will perceive that the column has taken on a somewhat serious aspect this afternoon. Whf.ther the special services which marked Memorial Day have turned the Saun- terer's thoughts in the /direction of service to others or whether some other circumstance has directed his mental footsteps he does not know. But it is his conviction that the Christian church should share the humility, the unpretentiousness, the eager desire to do good to the bodies and the souls of men and women and children which marked practically the entire earthly life of its Divine Founder. As he was the servant of all, so should it be, acting through its ministers and lay members. The church is the world's greatest institution. Administered by fal- lable men and women, it i» still the agent of the Heavenly Powers, entitled to the reverent and loving admiration of the whole world. W. H. S. RIPPLING RHYMES REMEMBERS BUDDIES musical, and you almost fancied you heard the actual twang of bass viol strings in the 'zoom, zoom, zoom," of the chorus. "The Canoe Song," by the Works choir, was delicately, feelingly sung —a reverie of an old canoe moored in placid waters after its life of happy days. And then, in contrast, the swelling and dying notes of "Steal Away," a negro spiritual, with all of the melancholy beauty of such songs. Then "Shine Mr. Moon," a negro love song, in a lighter vein, and ending with a delicacy soft as silver moonlight. Then greatly-appreciated music by the Works orchestra which concluded the Jirst half of the program—a program with not one dull moment in its whole length. (To be continued) ONE-Alt&l OIIIVINU UANN'ED. (Pittsburgh Poet-Gazette.) One-arm driving has been made il- legul in New York state. It may be that this law will be enforced somewhat better than that against one- .eyed cars in some other states. A OENTLE JILB. UViJIiumsiJort Bun.) In .Norway mothers spend months in preparation 1'or a daughter'* wedding feast. But then they don't an- lii-ijjale having to .stag^j a wedding wore thau ou.cc for each daughter. QUOTATIONS * • "A capacity for self-pity is one of the last things that any woman surrenders. "—Irvin S. Cobb. '•Our conceptions of truth are constantly changing with man's steadily widening experience."—Rev. John Haynes Holmes. "You don't have to buy a house and nine children to prove you arc in love. A two-year marriage—with renewals possible only at great cost —might have stimulating consequences." —Theodore Dreiser. "Democracy has diminished inequality more than it has improved manners, for it has created a large number of persons who are not sure of their po.silion, and this is the source of vulgarity."•—Dean Inge. ANNIVERSARIES WHITMAN'S milTH. On Muy 31, 1819, Walt Whitman, American poet, was born at West- hills, L. 1. " Following his education in the pub- lio schools of Brooklyn and New York, Whitman learned the printing trade, taught school, and wrote for newspapers and magazines. At the age of 20 he became editor and publisher of a weekly on Long Island, but when it failed he decided to travel on foot. Returning from his wanderings, which took him into Canada, Whitman tried his hand at carpentry, building and selling worldngmen's houses. This occupation gave him the material that made up the llrst collection of his famous "Leaves of Grass." The book amused rather than/ interested at first, but it remained for Emerson to give it its proper estimation. The remainder of Whitman's life was given to the elaboration of this boolt. Although Whitman's poetry glori- iied democracy and the average man, it failed to become popular mainly because it delied literary and other conventions. Whitman has long been* recognized, however, by European and other critics, as one of '.he uutstanding ligures in American literature. SOUK1ETV VALUABLE.' (Christian Science Monitor.) The price of speed In this age ol airplane ami automobile ia sobriety. WHAT MR. HOOVER FACES. (Ohio State Journal.) Since it has been announced that President Hoover will tour the West on his vacation we bet no less than seventy-five Chambers of Commerce out there have put in orders for 10- gallon hats to present him. THAT BOD^OF YOURS By JAS. W. BAKTON, M. D. P ERHAPS AS A YOUNGSTER you disliked fat meats and your parents may have coaxed or threatened In their efforts to get you to. eat some of the fat. Now a little fat is good for everybody as it not only supplies heat and energy to the body b'ut it acts as a protector to the organs and tissues of the body. AH you know your organs are made up almost' entirely of lean meat, and It lias been found that eating a little fat prevents them wearing away too rapidly when you work or exercise. I spoke some weeks ago about examining Strangler Lewis, the ex- world's champion heavyweight wrestler, and how he kept himself at about 250 pounds whilst his best wrestling weight for an important match was 235 pounds. His reason was that the extra fat was a good protection for his muscles, prevented them getting too much wear, as he was wrestling exhibition matches four times a week. Now although eating fat is not the way fat is stored In the body, nevertheless eating fat permits more of the starchy food to be stored as fats. If then you are endeavoring to put on a little extra weight, eating fats will thus be of help. However some of our thin folks, endeavoring to put on weight Jind that fut does not agree with them, the stomach seems to act up, and they feel miserable. Research men now tell us that the reason for this is that eating fats lessens the amount of digestive juice manufactured in the stomach. They found that whether the patient ate fat by mouth or had it poured down a tube into the stomach, the fat actually lessened the amount of stomach juice. And where the patient does not like fat it was found that the digestive juice was decreased even more. However, butter is a fat, and where the patient was fond of butter the digestive juice was not decreased so much. Now what is the lesson? That where a youngster dislikes fat it is unwise to try und force him to eat it. Giving him butter he likes, cream or ice cream, might be an effective way of_ getting some fats into him. And for others, particularly those who have a weak stomach, it would be well for them not to eat too much fat at meal times as the fat lessens the amount of digestive juice in the .stomarh and thus the meal might not get sufficient juice to properly digest, it. Slipping Towns. By WALT MASON. T HE CENSUS SHOWS the country town Is losing out and slipping down. No population growth is there, inhabitants are growing rare. Ten years ago old Gumbo Gap could show more people on Its map than can be counted there toddy—a score or more have moved away. Now empty houses line the street, the desolation seems complete; the few sad people who remain are old and full of grief and pain; they sit beside the village pound and make the stagnant air resound with tales of brighter, better days, when Gumbo Gap was full of jays, resolved to make the town so great 'twould be the biggest in the state. The greater cities still expand, with signs of growth on every hand. They build skyscrapers here and there, and pile new glories everywhere, and people come on every trian to mingle In the stress and strain, to rent apartments three or foue, and never know the folks next door; to ride to work In crowded cars, acquiring bruises, sprains and scars; to toll along the crowded street without a chance to rest their feet, to trot with strangers to and fro, and never see a face they know, to hear the tumult and the roar that keep them nervous evermore. Perchance one sighs, "I was a sap for ever leaving Gumbo Gap. There ceaseless haste did not prevail ;• a mari could sit down by the jail and tell old yarns and Juicy cracks he*d gathered from the almanacs; and there were benches 'neath the trees where weary men could sit at ease; so calm and quiet was the night that slumber was a keen delight, and all the people were my friends, I knew their errands and their ends; but here, where legions congregate, I do not know a single skate." (Copyright, 1930, George M. Adams.) IN HUMOROUS VEIN "D'you x ever run across a fellow named Jenkins?" "I never stop to find out their names."—Hummel, Hamburg. i , ,Cashier—"Before I can cash this check you will have to be identified." Lady—"O, certainly, my friend here will identify me." Cashier—"But I don't know her, either." Lady—"Well, how BlUy of me I forgot to Introduce you."—Capper's Weekly. Girl_"I maintain that love-making is just the same as it always was." Her Sweetheart—"How do you kno^y?" Girl—"I've Just been reading nbout a Greek maiden who sat and listened to a lyre all the evening."—Tlverton Gazette. MAKING PROGRESS. (Wllllamsport Sun.) The westernization of the Orient is proceeding at such a pace that China breaks into the news with a prison mutiny, with all the modern American details, such as smuggled arms and disarming of guards. PROTECTION. (Sioux City Tribune.) No doubt the owners and operators of Illicit domestic stills will fully appreciate any business protection accruing from restrictions against Canadian imports. ABE MARTIN ThKs iri the .sriihi.n o' .he- year v. hi;u we have to h-ain all over again whether the three-leaf or five-leaf ivy is poison. When times git shaky the poor an' those in ordinary cir- cumstunceri live right along an 1 let loose o' ther earnin's. It's the .sltinllints with barrels o' money who close up like armadillos an' smoke nickel cigars. (Copyright, Jolia *'. ijilk Co.> By BBUCE CATTON. . I F YOU'RE' INCLINED to think that the American legion is simply a social organization In'Which former army men get together to talk -«> / \ f over old times, hold conventions and dabble In politics, It might open your. '. eyes to look Into the things a bit and examine some of the jobs that the legion undertakes on the side. , In the village of Otter Lake, Mich,, the Michigan department of the, legion is quietly and faithfully going ahead with a task that never gets a great deal of publicity but that prp' vides, all by itself, a thoroughgoing answer to all of the brltlca of; the, legion. ••_ At Otter Lake the Michigan Leglpn- alres have built a moflern hospital and a group of cottages, on a 97-acre tract of land In pleasant, rolling country. ,.„,.„ This institution they call the "Children's Billet." It is home for some 80 children, who otherwise would be having a pretty tough time of It in this world. . : Some of these children are orphans —children whose fathers, war veterans, and mothers are dead. Others are the children of veterans who have run into tough luck, Perhaps the father was left a cripple by the war. Perhaps he has contracted tuberculosis or some other disease that has ended his career as a breadwinner. The mother, in some cases, is dead; in other cases, the father is dead and the mother Is left Vlth children she cannot support. ..',,. The Michigan Leglonalres maK« It their business to look out for «UCh _ children. When they find, them they 41 bring them to Otter Lake. There^ *J the youngsters are given homes. The dreary, soul-killing air of the ordl- : nary "orphan 7 asylum" Is missing:. Instead the children are made to ' feel that they arc loved. They have good, home-like rooms- to sleep In. They have good food, expert medical attention, broa^d fields where they can play and scamper about and build f up their bodies. If one or both parents are alive the legion does what it can to make it possible for a normal home life to be resumed. Where the father ,or mother in entitled to a pension the legion sees to it that the pension Is paid. If hospitalizatton is needed, it is obtained. If it is a job that Is needed, the legion does Its best to supply one. Wherever It Is possible things are arranged so that the,Chll- dren's stay at Otter Lake can be short. But where both parents are'dead, or the home for any other reason is hopelessly unaltered -r then the • legion sets Itself to give the-. Children a break throughout childhood. The Otter Lake Billet is an ihaplr- ^ ing place to visit. It la an inspiring place to read about. It la one of the finest things that any organization in America is doing. You,might just keep it in mind the next time you lire tempted to think that the legion is just another social or political organization. THE WATERMELON. (Detroit News.) Contrary to general opinion, .science- sometimes: is benevolent. Now take the case of the watermelon. There was a fruit with a host of friends. The ripening of the watermelon served to reconcile humanity to the chill arrival of fall. When all Nature sijemed to be going t back on us; when the aweet promises V of spring and the glorious reallza, Jl- tions of summer met disillusionment r^i in the frosts of autumn, the watermelon wan our compensation. One thing only the watermelon was thought to lack. It was beauteous. Artist, particularly those with com-^/ missions from the seed catalogue publishers, have studied Its lovely geometric proportions and Its voluptuous coloring. Painted with one, huge slice cut out and laid beside it on the platter, its somber green, its inner lining of white, its luscious red contrasting dellclously wlth^the rich mahogany tones of its ripened seeds, were as satisfying to the painter as its full-flavored sweetness was to the epicure. But still It was supposed to fall 4| short of the ideal. For even Its best w tnivuds never gave it credit as a source of much nourishment, Mostly sugar and water," they «aid. ' And now comes along the Department of Agriculture and declare it is chock full of vitaraine A. .That alone would have saved it. Any fruit that comes with • a vltamine can get by with the dietitians. But, hold. The watermelon has vitamine B, also, and C and G. What a fruit I Please pass the watermelon. CURRENTJCOMMENTS On his arrival In Washington, Secretary Stlmson, as head of the delegation to London, was accorded the senatorial salute of twenty-one questions.—Detroit News. Tiie fans are beginning to Jt«t back from the Kentucky derby ville. Those who bet on Gallant SOX rode home in IMIImans, while the backers of Tanr 'V and Crack adu came home as Rgauuke Timea.
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