2PM STOCKS VOL. 106 NO. 35 Uaila Hilizen 2PM STOCKS TUCSON, ARIZONA, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 10, 1976 Â· 36 FA(;ES 15 CENTS Supplies endangered Drought holds threat of higher food prices By United Press Inlernalional A winter drought could bring disaster to much of America, endangering the nation's food supplies and bringing higher prices. The drought is threatening disaster to grain farmers in the Great Plains, the vast area that stretches from Minnesota and the Dakotas down along the Rockies into New Mexico and Texas. In California, the nation's largest food-producing state, the disaster is at hand. Farmers already have reported losses of $310.5 million -- and the cost is still climbing. The dry spetl began last fall, and there has been lower than usual snowfall this winter. It is driving prices up. In Washington, Donald Paarlberg, the Agriculture Department's chief economist, said it would be at least another month before an assessment could be made. Paarlberg said fall-planted crops such as winter wheat "got off to a poor start" but "can make a substantial recovery" if there is moisture in the spring. Californians fear the worst. In the usually fertile San Joaquin Valley, grain crops have refused to come up and cattie have been sent to markets underweight for lack of range grass. "We won't even get the seed up," said grain grower Richard Hewitson, who farms 1,600 acres without any backup irrigation system. "W,e have been forced to resort to feeding our cattle with hay at $95 to $100 a ton, plus liquid supplements," said Coalinga cattleman Darrell Zwang. "And we are shipping cattle to slaughter at 500 pounds rather than the normal 700 pounds, losing money on that end, too." Things aren't that bad in the Great Plains, although much of Texas hasn't had a good rain since before Halloween. The drought in some areas of Texas, agriculture officials said, "verges on disaster." In the Panhandle, dry north winds have blown soil from around stunted winter wheat. In the south, ranchers are hauling water and hay much as in California. Wheat farmers in the western two-thirds of Kansas said the potential for crop loss is severe. In Kansas, Oklahoma, east- em Colorado and New MexU co, farmers are reporting dry conditions. Oklahoma, where the wheat crop is described in poor to fair condition, received some moisture in recent days. But John Cochrane of the crop and livestock reporting service said, "With this cold weather it really isn't helping much at all. "We can't take much more wind or dry weather or we'll be in bad, bad trouble," said Erwin Witte of the Colorado Agriculture Department. "I'm pessimistic about irrigated crops, too, especially the hay. There isn't any snowpack in the mountains." Farmer John Hadley said the situation was critical in the Clovis area of New Mexico. Inside Riding dream train 31 Pima Community College basketball player Paco Mendivil is riding a train to his dreams. Freedom, not sex . . . 13 Authors Nena and George O'Neill say their philosophy on "open marriage" emphasizes personal freedom, growth and equality -- but not "open sex," Recycling gains . . . . 1 9 You won'l get rich by saving your newspapers for recycling, but it is more profitable now than it used to be. William Acton 20 Bridge 36 Citizen Charlie 22 Classified 22-28 Comics 29 Ted Craig 13 Crossword Puzzle 29 Deaths 22 Editorial Page 20 Financial News 34 Focus 13-18 Jumble 29 Ann Landers 21 Regis McAuley 31 Movie Schedule 18 Jim Murray 33 Public Records 4 Sports 31-33 Herbert Stein 19 TV-Radio Schedule .17 Weather 9 Your Stars 14 Arizona ranchers welcome big rains Rain's felicitous For cattle, But northern homes Fight a battle. --Bo Vine Rain-swollen streams in Northern Arizona played havoc with some residents in Sedona and Camp Verde yesterday, but they are filling water reservoirs and bringing much-needed moisture to Arizona ranchers. The precipitation has made a good start toward improving range and stock tank conditions for ranchers in Southern Arizona, said Richard W. Enz of the U.S. Soil Conservation Service in Phoenix. Heavy rainfall in Yavapai and Mohave counties was welcomed by ranchers who had been considering hauling water to cattle because of a prolonged drought. Williams received 2.72 inches of rain yesterday, while Flagstaff had 2,24. Dozens of other communities from Show Rain Scoreboard Airport UA Yesterday .23 trace Year to date .55 .54 Normal to date .$ 1.09 Last year to date .. '35 .61 Low to Kingman had more than an inch. Flagstaff has had more than five inches in February. Five Sedona-area residents Supervisors impose immediate job freeze By THOMAS P. LEE Citizen Stall Writer The County Board of Supervisors has imposed an immediate freeze on hiring to avoid layoffs next fiscal year among the county's 3,600 workers and to hold the line on taxes. The long-range effect of the board's decision yesterday -coupled with recent efforts at reducing the work force through attrition -- means an estimated $3.2 million will be whittled off the county's payroll budget for the 1976-77 fiscal year. The decision was unanimous, although Supervisors Conrad Joyner and E. S. "Bud" Walker were, absent. Joyner said later, however, that he supported the move. County officials hope the hiring freeze will eliminate the need for a tax increase next year -- an election year. Supervisors' Chairman Joseph A. Castillo said indications are that the county's overall assessed valuation may grow by only 3 to 5 per cent, compared with previous years' increases averaging 5 to 8 per cent. "With the mines in the county in bad shape and unemployment running high, we just don't see the steadily growing tax base lying ahead of us," Castillo said. "With a situation like this, we chose to reduce services rather than increase taxes." The county expects to lose as many as 300 employes by June 30 through attrition, and the reductions -- based on a median county salary of $762 per month plus fringe benefits -- could reduce the personnel budget by about $3.2 million. Registration urged Turn in handguns? f No,' says panel WASHINGTON (UPf) -- The House Judiciary Committee today killed legislation that would have imposed a nationwide ban on all handguns except for those owned by police and certified gun clubs. The committee, by a 25-8 vote, defeated an amendment by Rep. John Conyers, D-Mich., which would have banned the manufacture, sale, importation and ownership of all handguns, requiring citizens who now have handguns to turn them in for their fair market value. The committee, working on legislation to tighten existing gun control laws, also killed an amendment that would have let handgun owners keep existing firearms, while banning the future manufacture, importation and resale of all handguns. That amendment, offered by Rep. Martin Russo, D-I11., was defeated 22 to 10. Rep. Robert McClory, R-IU., said during debate on the amendments, "I don't know if we want to deprive law-abiding, citizens of their rights to keep handguns. "We should require that a person should be a responsible individual before he acquires a handgun," he said, "and it should be registered. That's the direction we should be moving in." But Conyers and Russo both argued that crimes of violence and accidental shooting had reached such alarming proportions in America that stringent measures were needed. Russo asked those who opposed the amendment to "talk to the 10-year-old boy who's shot his sister, because he thought the gun was a toy." Traditionally, salaries have accounted for 40 to 47 per cent of the county's budget. In the current fiscal year, $41 million of the $87 million budget goes into employe paychecks. Nevertheless, the county budget is expected to run into debt in at least two departments by June 30. Projected debts include about $400,000 in the Sheriff's Department and $80,000 in the county attorney's office. Castillo noted, however, that the contingency fund has enough money budgeted to cover those overruns. In another move to cut costs next year, the board ordered finance officials to put into effect plans to begin a so- called "zero base" budgeting system. The plan means that the directors of the county's 30 departments -- plus the Board of Supervisors -- will be required to go into more complex details when budgets are planned each year. The county's current budget philosophy operates under the premise that most traditional programs will be carried on for the next year. However, the new system requires department directors to list all of their programs -new and old -- in order of importance. The costs for each program plus the number of employes for each are included in a "decision package," according to finance director Peter A. Larsen, who made the proposal. Board members are to begin reviewing the 1976-77 budget June 4. had to be rescued and 50 others left their homes as normally quiet Oak Creek overflowed and swirled toward homesites. Creek waters began receding late yesterday, but were expected to rise again today. Yavapai County deputies used heavy equipment to protect homes east of Camp Verde from the Verde River. Porch sections of several mobile homes broke loose When rainwater undermined their foundations. Some parts of Tucson got nearly half an inch of rain yesterday, and the likelihood of more precipitation here is 40 per cent through tonight. However, the low-pressure system off the California coast is finally shifting inland. Skies here should begin clearing from the west late tonight. The chance of rain tomorrow is pegged at only 10 per cent. The Speedway-Kolb Road area received .47 of an inch yesterday. Rain gauges recorded..35 at N. Wilmot Road and E. 5th St., .23 at the airport, but only .05 at River and Oracle roads and only a trace at the University of Arizona. Livestock specialist Albert M. Lane of the Cooperative Extension Service here said Arizona ranchers have been suffering from more critical years of below-normal rainfall -- and rain at the wrong time -- than in any five-year period since World V/ar II. The Santa Cataiina Mountains had no snow at the end of January, according to surveys by the Soil Conservation Service. Normally, the Catalinas get snow equivalent to 4.6 inches of rain in January. Tucson temperatures will fall about 10 degrees tomorrow with the clearing skies. The extremes yesterday were 71 and 50 degrees. Full weather report page 9 Citizen Photo by P. Last day of an era The U.S. Selective Service office here conducted its last day of business today after more than 30 years of operation. The federal government is closing all local draft board offices in the nation and will maintain only five regional offices. Tucson records will be stored and the local operation moved to San Francisco regional offices. Violently hated by some, draft office musters out The U.S. Selective Service office, target of demonstrators during the Vietnam War and bombed by protesters six years ago, conducted its last day of business here today. The closing of the office in the Federal Building at 301 W. Congress St. is part of a phaseout of all local draft offices throughout the nation. The Phoenix office -- the last of 14 in Arizona -will cease operations Monday. The closures were dictated by the end of registration of young men for military conscription. Registration had continued despite the end of the draft in 1973. The Tucson office was the site of three demonstrations in 1970 and 1971 when it was located at N. 6th Ave. and Alameda St. Violence occurred the night of Feb. 23, 1970, when a bomb blew out windows, overturned desks, left a crater in the front sidewalk and caused $670 damage. The office was empty. On May 5, hundreds of University of Arizona students, who had occupied Old Main for 13 hours, marched to the draft offices and demonstrated against America's involvement in Southeast Asia. Some of the derhonstrators later broke into the Armed Services Recruiting Center a block away and vandalized it. After returning to campus, a few of the demonstrators burned a U.S. flag. Sixteen persons were arrested in the dem- onstrations led by the Southeast Asia Moratorium Committee. A week later, 10 protesters demonstrated at the draft office again and passed anti-war leaflets to draftees headed for Phoenix. Two demonstrators tried to block the federal bus carrying the inductees. On March 24 the following year, 200 Mexican- American youths and some parents staged a Chicano Moratorium at the site. They carried signs claiming "9,000 Chicanos Dead in Vietnam." The shutdowns, and layoffs this month of all but 100 of the system's 2,000 employes nationwide, were forced by a drastic cut in the agency's budget this year -- from $28 million requested to $6.8 million approved by Congress. The local office has three employes, including supervisor Julia Lopez. Four years ago, there were 15 employes. Although Congress ended the draft more than two years ago, registration of 18-year-old men had continued until last April. A national registration day had been planned for next month, but that also was erased by the budget cuts. Edwin R. Jones, Arizona Selective Service director, said the state office will remain open until September to carry out President Ford's amnesty program for draft evaders. Once sentenced to die Two killers out on job furloughs PHOENIX (AP) -- Two Arizona State Prison inmates who were sentenced to death for murder more than 12 years ago have been on work furloughs since July 1975. The Department of Corrections said yesterday one is employed by a state agency at a salary grade that ranges between $1,178 and $1,600 monthly -- $14,136 to $19,200 a year -- the other works in the building trade with a private contractor at $8.50 an hour ($17,680 a year on a 40-hour-week basis). But the man now is on unemployment pending the start of a new contract by his employer. The corrections department a^ked that the men's names not be revealed. "If we're going to allow them to succeed we've got to give them some degree of protection," said Ed Ailken, chief of the unit's parole division. Aitken said employers of the men are aware of their back- grounds, but their coworkers and those they deal with on a business basis are not. Prior to their placement on their present status, the two inmates were in halfway houses for about 23 months. One worked for another state agency during that time and the other attended a university. Arizona law provides for work furloughs, and Aitken said the State Board of Pardons and Paroles recommended that the inmates be allowed to participate. Death sentences for the two were reduced to life imprisonment in 1972 after the U.S. Supreme Court wiped out the death penalty. The two men have applied several times for commutation of their sentence, but Robert Araza, chairman of the State Board of Pardons and Paroles, said the board has denied the applications.
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