40 Â· Northww* Arkanvat Â»imtÂ», Ihurs., (Â·eb. 'At, IV* Â· . FAYBTTIVILLK, AÂ»KAHÂ»*1 ' Secrecy Cloak Spreads Censorship Makes News Reporting Difficult Â·NEW YORK '(AP) --. Censorship, harassment of reporters ipd "a spreading cloak or so- fcrecy" made news reporting |npve difficult,in 1972 than any time since World War II, according to Wes Gallagher, president of The Associated Press, iiid today. -' control of the news in Jnany areas by the U.S. govern nicnt, coupled with attacks on (he press,.were .echoed abroad by. Increasing censorship in foreign states, Gallagher said in Jus annual' report to AP mem- 'Â· "Three of these slates were plosely associated with the United States -- South Viet- fiarn, South Korea and the Philippines. But Latin America, too, came under increasing dictatorial control with resulting censorship and secrecy." irGallagher said lhat in the United States pressure on the .press came from "government, politicians, self-appointee Â·watchdog groups and assorted commentators who kept up a Barrage of often partisan criti- *cism. ;: "In one form or another, the :din was bound to erode further the public's raith in the media." '- .Gallagher noted the Supreme Court's decision rejecting news Omen's First Amendment rights :fS withhold sources from gram .juries. : Abroad, he said, there wen Â·tough censorship measures hi imilitary regimes in Brazil 'Peru and Argentina. .7 "Chile, while avowing pres freedom, monitored correspont Â·enls 1 outgoing copy and occa S i o n a 11'y threatened vagu .^sanctions' against AP corre 'Sjxmdents whose factual rtis ^patches irritated the regime, tne said. cGrant Approved '"WASHINGTON (AP) -- Th 'fice of Sen. J,W. Fulbrigh i-Ark.. said Wednesday Â·Â·Jgrant of $34,295 had been ^proved for use by Dr. Lav ^ence E. Scheving of the Un iHfersity of Arkansas Medic 'School for studies in a chron jmological approach to ca cjsnemotnerapy. Â·Â« !VThe grant was approved h ^the National Cancer Institute 'the Department of Health, Ed Ration and Welfare. Gallagher said there was; jervasive censorship"'in the lilippines. "There was no censorship in letnam, but newsmen's move- ents in the field became more rcumscribcd as the American resence, and logistics support, ancd," Gallagher said. Despite the problems, he aid, The AP wrote a notable ecord in reporting a year of Vanishing news -- the U.S. ection. President Nixon's.trip China, the Vietnam negotia- ons, .the massacre of Israeli :hlctes at the Olympic Games, le last Apollo trip to the moon, id the shooting of Gov. corge C. Wallace. "Neither in Latin America or elsewhere," said The AP resident, "did AP submit to ny -censorship at the source nd it continued to report the cws fully and objectively lough governmental efforts a ews control -made sources ant nformalion less accessible an he reporter's job more diffi ult." Censorship efforts in man. larts of the world, Gallaghe aid, made it all the more nee ^ssary to get behind officia larriers through news enter irise and investigative report ng. EXAMPLES He cited as examples AP spc cial correspondent Peter Ar nett's trip to Hanoi to interview \merican prisoners of war, th Washington special assignmen cam's report linking the Wa tcrgate break-in to the Com mittce for Re-election of th President, and .lean Heller expose of n government-run e perimcnt with black syphil ratienls that resulted in a num her of deaths. Gallagher said AP's coverap of the presidential campaie and election was faster an more accurate than ever. H said channeling all cop through a special desk in Was ington provided better bae grounding and coherence, ni the use of computerized cop processing provided vote tahl "virtually without error something unheard of in t! days of manual punching." Pictures by AP's Horst Fa, and Michel Laurent of a puhl execution by bayonet in Ban ladesh won a Pulitzer Prize 1972 -- the sixth Pulitzer f photography by AP staffers e last eight years. ' BIGGEST CHALLENGE The A P sports -department et its biggest challenge in his ry in 1572, the report said aling with such stories as the ympics and the first basebal ayers strike, while expanding e sports wire by four hours to 24-hour circuit, and furthe }mpulerizing the processing o ports copy. In the technical field, Galla her said, the extension o athode ray tube editing of ma trunk wires reduced error nd increased the number o ords transmitted, accom anied by a one-third reductio n the New York teletype oper ting stalf. Since the first com uters were introduced in 1970 he AP has eliminated 150 Tele ype operating positions, Galla her said. Forensic: Students Enter Competition Members of the Inter- lollegiate Forensics Squad at department of speech will enter heir first competition of the pring semester and their first debate competition of the academic year Friday and iaturday in the Magnolia Tournament at Mississippi State ollege for Women in Columbus, i Mrs. Mary Ingalls, instructor n the UA speech department Â·md co-ordinator of speech activities, and Bob Haley, assis- ,ant debate coach, said University students will participate in debate, persuasive speaking, impromptu speaking, oral interpretation of prose and of poetry. Students participating include Rita Kirk, Sharon Fitzgerald, Tammi Reed and Randall Oxford, all of Fayetteville. Killed In Fire LITTLE ROCK (AP) -James W. Cater. 69. of Little Rock died this morning when fire swept through his duplex apartment in the east end of Little Rock. Authorities said the fire apparently broke out about 2:30 a.m. and that flames were roaring through the roof when they arrived. Cause of the fire was undetermined. Project: NEW HORIZONS for KNOWLEDGE OFFICIAL ASSOCIATED PRESS Here is an indispensable reference tool for every home, classroom, or office. THE OFFICIAL ASSOCIATED PRESS ALMANAC has the authority of the world's largest news-gathering organization behind it. It contains up-to-the- minute facts on sports; politics (all 1972 election results are included), the arts, history--and virtually every other field of human knowledge. Nearly 1,000 pages in a large 6 by 9Vi-inch format, The AP Almanac is one of the least expensive one-volume reference books available today. You can obtain your copy for only $1.50 plus 25 cents postage through this newspaper. AP ALMANAC Fcryelteville Northwest Arkansas Times P.O. Box G22 Teaneck, New Jersey 07666 Enclosed is $ Send me copies of AP Aimanac. State... .. . Zip. $1.75 per book Includes postage and handling. | Make checks payable to The Associated Press I Friday and Saturday Only . . .Saturday Only, February 7th *^:.J Your Choice CHOICE EVERGREENS enhance the beauty of your home each 18 to 24 Inch Uprights includes: Purple Wisteria Hydrangea Nikko Blue Arborvitae 12 to 15 Inch Spreaders includes: Pfitzer Junipers Euyomus (Little Jewels) Charge It on your Sears Charge! Fruit Trees Your Choice Includes; Apple, Peach and Pear Trees Enjoy growing your own Delicious Tree-Ripened Fruit. Available in your choice of 4 ft. to 5 ft. size trees. Flowering ^y Shrubs Your Choice 1 29 INCLUDES: Forsynthia, Sweet Mock Orange,, Red Althea, Weigla Vanecheki. 12" to 24". Tickets for the Hariem Globetrotters Basketball Game to be held Monday, March 5th at Barnhill Fieldhouse arc available at Sears Cashier. Sears Northwest Arkansas Plaza Highway 71 North Between Springdale and Fayetteville LAWPST AND GARDEN SHOP Call 521-6000 Peat Moss 50 Pound Bag 99'
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