Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on April 17, 1976 · Page 4
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Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 4

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Saturday, April 17, 1976
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J^orfljtoest Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest Is The First Conr.ern Ot This Newspaper Alden H. Kpencer, Publisher and General Manager Floyd Carl Jr., Manatring Editor 4 · SATURDAY, APRIL 17, 1976 The Busing Issue Money Pavec/ The Way For Dates The turbulent sixties will be remembered, along with much else, as a decade of niass demonstrations in support of equal rights for blacks. Some of the protests were peaceful, while others were violent. Taken together, they provided the major impetus for passage of the landmark civil rights laws that the marchers had demanded. '· With that legislation on the" federal sta- -'.tute books, and with American involvement ' in the Vietnam War rapidly diminishing, it ? appeared that the era of mass demonstra- · lions was drawing to a close. Then, on April ;;20, 1971, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the ."use of busing as a means of erasing vestiges *of stale-imposed racial segregation in public !. schools. A new racial issue was born. Now, five years later, the busing issue « has lost none of its capacity to stir passions '.among blacks and whites alike. As if to un- ^derscore the point, two major busing rallies Jand inarches are scheduled to take place on ":. April 24. Organizers of a pro-busing demon- ^.stration in Boston are aiming for a turnout "-"of about 5,000 persons. Sponsors of an anti- '', busing protest in Washington, D.C., are hop- I ing for as many as 50,000 participants-- ·fc 15,000 from Louisville, Ky., alone. ·J Boston and Louisville are the two major '', centers of the busing controversy today. In '-. both cities, court-ordered busing plans have Ycreated great social turmoil lhal has led on ; occasion to violence. On March 5, for ext ample, a black man was attacked in Boston's '.- City Hall Plaza by several members of a ." group of white high school students who : - were demonstrating against busing. The vic- ·· tim was .Theodore C. Landsmark, executive ·^director of the Boston Contractors Associa- '. tion. He was treated for a broken nose and ' ; facial cuts. Mayor Kevin H. White denounced the as. sanll as "an affront to common decency" and said "violence will not be permitted in this city." James M. Kelly,.president of the Bost- on'High Home and School Association, an anli-busing group, described the incident as "unfortunate and ugly," adding: "While we do not approve of what happened, we will not desert those involved. Legal and moral support will be provided for them.". ' IT is ironic, in many ways, that Boston should become a major battle-ground of the busing issue. In the 19th century, the city was a center of abolitionist sentiment. Some of its leading citizens took part in civil rights demonstrations in the South during the 1960s. A group of demonstrators arrested and jailed in Si. Aiigusfine, Fla., in 1984 included Mrs. Malcolm Peabody, mother of Massachu. setts Gov. Endicott Peabody; Mrs. Donald J. Campbell, wife of the dean of the Episcopal Theological Seminary at Cambridge, Mass.; and Prof. J. Lawrence Bui-holder of the-Harvard Divinity School. Persons such as Mrs. Peabody, Mrs. Campbell,' and Burholder were held in lower esteem in the South at that time than were '·· black civil rights leaders themselves. Out-of- sfate whiles were condemned as "outside \agilators" who helped to inflame an otherwise manageable situation. Advocates of busing are often held in equally low regard today on their home turf. Well-to-do liberals, it is charged, can afford to live in comfortable suburbs that are beyond the reach of court-ordered busing plans affecting only the inner city. H is a controversy that wUl not be settled soon or easily, as the two April 24 demonstrations attest. . . . By JACK ANDERSON Wllh Los Whllteu'i WASHINGTON - T h e l a t e Howard Hughes, once one of Hollywood's most publicized p 1 H y b o y s , consorted with women of rare hcauty and international reputation. Yet he was really a cautious lover,' .secretly shy. who conducted elaborate surveillance of his women before 'making romantic advances. The Incredible details have been .hidden for a quarter of a century behind Ihe : light screen he drew around himself. . V\'e ' have partially unmasked Ihe irich recluse as pact ol a large: investigation into his tangled tinancial-mllitary : ClA tics. · We discovered, astonishingly, lhal In the MOs and '50s ·· he turned his social life into a multimillion-dollar operation. Ho . w o u 1 d . go after a woman with Ihe same methods he might seek to lake over a . corporalion. At leasl 100 women who struck his fancy were brought unrV?r electronic and physical surveillance. Among them were some of the world's · most plamorous s women, including Elizabeth Taylor, Sophia Loral, Ava Gardner and Janet Leigh. The billionaire hired a private d e l e c t i v e nanvsd Gerald Chouinard to spy .on t h e lovelies. Because Hughes was hard of hearing, lie coulrtu'1 gel Chouinard's name straight So (he detective finally adopted the name Mike Cotirad. The Washington .Merry-Go-Round Vaughan At Large FamoUs Firsts Fairly Obscure By BILL VAUGHAN * I am one who personally ' remembers when India Ed- "·wards, at the Democratic con- -verilion in Philadelphia.in 1948, · waved a pound ol round steak above her head, proclaiming -that it. had cost S1.10 while the J same chunk of meat would have cost 46 cents only two years before. That is my contribution , - to National Political Convention .'firsts. The first convention speech made by a woman was in 1876, when Sara Andrews Spcnce ^addressed the Republicans at Cincinnati on the subject of something far-oul, such as "iving women the vole. · Miss or Mrs. Andrews did not, however, flourish a round- sleak while speaking. So I think I can make clear claim to having been present at Ihe lirsl steak whirl by a woman of the national convention of either party. The stuff about conventions ahead of my lime I am getting from a paperback called "Famous First Facts and Records" by Joseph N a t h a n Kane. · The first political conventions were held in 1848, in case you are interested. The first to be broadcast on radio was IMi; the first on (clevision in 1340. All this is fascinating, of ·course, but it leaves out a lot of (irsts lhat I would like to know about. FOR EXAMPLE, who was the first delegate to demand that Ihe delegation be polled? 'I don't know, hut Ihe practice was rather sparse until the TV camera got on and everybody wanted to be polled so they could wave at Ihe folks back home. When was the first balloon released at a n a t i o n a l convention? Again, I plead lack ol research to give a definitive 'answer. A lot would depend, I suppose, on when the balloon was invented. ·; It is possible, although hard - f o r the modern mind to grasp, that we nominated presidents without balloons. I don't recall .any in connection with even so recenl a figure "as Abraham Lincoln. ' The first pigeon to be released at a national convention may have been accidental. The first mass ; overflight remembered by many of us v.'as again in 1948, when Ihey saluled Ihe nominalion of Harry Truman and every other larget In sight. Scholarship is needed to track down the first perpetrator o! a n o m i n a t i n g speech using 'a' man who." As you all know Ihis is a coy device lo prevent Ihe audience from guessing who is being nominalcd until t h e peroration of the speech. The theory is if you get up . and say. "I think Sam Sausage would be a swell nominee," well you set off all the hoop vs. la, and the resl of your remarks are never heard. So you cleverly conceal (he name of the person you have in mind by calling him "the man who." Everybody knows who you mean but at least they rcslrain Iheir well-rehearsed spontaneous jubilation uhlil you are Ihrough. COME TO THINK of il. I h i s year we may have a convention first. What nominating orator would dare sexism? The ringing phrase will he. "the person Next in importance to Ihe question of w h e n [he balloon first made Us appearance at national conventions Is .when Ihe plastic "straw" hat was. introduced. Somehow 1 connect il with the early Kennedy conventions, bul I could be wrong. It has always been a question of some 'philosophic consequence 10 me as lo what t h e man who invented Ihe plaslic Ixialcr thought he was doing. Did anybody ask him lo do it for a nalional convention, or did he jusl mess around vvilh Ihe machines in Ihe factory and a million of these things came out and he had no idea what in ihe world whal to do with lliem unlil M s ' w i f e , pointed oul that there were a couple of political conventions coming up? Even (hen. he might have asked, "What are they supposed to do with them, use them as collection plates?" "No, . wear them on Iheir heads.." "Who's going to, vote for a man whose supporters . are. running around with plastic collection plates on their heads." ' There are just an awful lot of convention firsts waiting to be commemorated. The first delegate to complain about his hotel room. The first delegate to be rolled (possibly Ihe same man). The first newspaper correspondent lo pad his expense account. The first convention c h a i r m a n lo order the sergeants at arms lo clear Ihe aisles. AH these are vital firsts. And I know that Mr. Kane, in his book, had other things to worry about, !,,,,. i (hink these matters should be hailed down liefore they blow away on the breezes ' of history. (C) Unilcd Feature Syndicate, Inc. . They'll Do It Every Time , THE IMPOSSIBLE PLAY ON THE FIRST BALL HIT TO HI/A"- For 18 years, " C o n r a il liandled socrcl projects for Hughes, including Ihc. romantic, espionage, T i l « billionaire' f o l l o w e d Ihc surveillance reports" closely. O n c e , lie suggested Conrad could kc.cp a c l o s e r watch on actress Elizabeth Taylor in lier secotid- 'tloor Hollywood npavlincnl liy setting up an observation post on a telephone pole across tlie ANOTHER .TIME, Hughes was eager to date actress Janet Leigh and had her followed wherever she went. The sur- v c i 11 a n c e reports enabled Hughes to surprise tier w i t h opportune visits. H h^p[)Ened KO often, she told us, that she finally, realized It "wasn't a coincidence anymore." Finally, she asked Hughes o u l r i ' g h l w h y h e didn't "just ask me out." Hughes promptly asked a n d she accepted, with Ihe provision lhal her parents go along. The four had a pleasant dinner at Ihe Sportsmen's Lodge. Not until lalcr did she learn about the surveillance when H u fi h e s "showed me the reports." A number of famous actresses had Hughes' watchdogs on Iheir trail, He arrangsd for . Ava Gardner lo be followed to « bullfight in Tia.itiana; Anne Bancroft was tailed for a brief period; Elughes even planted a spy aboard a fishing yacht to observe Jean Peters and her ' husband Stuart Cramer on their honeymoon. Later, the Heiress divorced Cramer and married Hughes, '[lie tall, lean, heavy-lidded billionaire · would also lake a sudden fancy lo an unknown girl whom tie mighl spnl in a car or whow! picture he might see in a magazine. More than once, he ordered his investigators lo Irace the liccilse plates of a car carrying a prct- ly girl. Once, he searched for a girl who appeared In cap and gown on a Life magazine cover. Perhaps Hughes' mosl ext r a v a g a n l romanlic escapade occur; I'd following n M i s s Universe contest. He was captivated by so ninny of Hie . beauties lhat he actually s e t up a special company, calEca Black Gokl Productions, lo arrange dates with hrm for a dozen finalists. 'He kept a photographer on 24-hour call lo photograph the women who slirred his Inlerest. Once, t h e photographer f l e w all the way to Italy to s h o o t pictures . of Sophia . Loren. Hughes always wanled close- ups of Ihe girls without makeup. Then the negative's would be piinlcd unrelouched and would he rushed lo the wailing Hughes. ' : IF HE LIKED what he saw. he might offer the girl a movie contract. Sometimes, he had a carper in mind for tier; other limes! he had more personal designs. HOW TIME. FLIES 10 YEARS AGO A r m y ' Engineers withdrew Friday Iheir approval of a controversial dam on Ihc Buffalo River. President Johnson's first trip 'to Mexico Cily-his first visit to n foreign capital--may have producer! liUle in tho way of measurable results, but it has dnne much for the President. The Arkansas Legislative Council has been asked to study the possibility of university status for Arkansas State College. 50 YEARS AGO Officers are following up clews on the theft of over $400 worth of goods from a boxcar recently. The M o u n t a i n Crest School, sponsored by tlie Washburn -Presbytery, will complete this year out of debt, and have a small balance over. Location and plans lor building the concrete swlming pool in City Park and f u r t h e r p r o p e r l y were discussed Friday. 100 YEARS AGO The country need not he fiiirprised at any lime lo hear lhat articles of impeachment have been prc/crrccl agninst the great olticial broker and n i n - compoop who now disgraces Ihe Presidential chair, Mr, Carnbam reports very few apples killed; also lhat we tiavfr plums, cherries and pears In nearly a full crop. "WE WERETOLP W WERf 'STRICT CONSTRUCTIONISM State Of Affairs Wallace Slips And Fades Away p l By CLAYTON FHITCHEY WASHINGTON -- To paraphrase the lale Gen. Douglas MacArthur, old demagogues don't riie, Ihcy just fade away. The World War II hero was, of course, referring to the eclipse of generals, but he could just as well have been musing on how other meteoric p-jblic figures, such as George Wallace, also rapidly decline once the spotlight shifts elsewhere. In the case of Wallace, though, the results of the recent presidential primaries suggest lhat the public had begun to tire of Wallace even before the media started to lose interest In him, for unlii a few weeks ago the media still Ireated him as a towering figure, just as it had for the last decade or so. During lhal long slretc'', Wallace. like Sen. Joe McCarthy before h i m , thrived on his ability lo fascinate Ihe press and generate u n e n d i n g piihlicity. Bight up lo the primaries, this c o n t i n u o u s atlenlion Ictl m a n y to believe that he would capture more delegates Ihan any of Ihe other contenders. fint now, in the wake of Wallace's surprise defcal in the Florida and North Caroljna elections, he is already being treated like a has-been, which he apparently is. By May of. 1972, when he was shol down campaigning in Maryland, he already had won 377 delegates (as against merely 10) so far Ihis year) and was leading all the other Democratic contenders in popular votes. In 1072 he won four primaries In a row. This year he ha» yet to win any. Even In Ihe Deep South. FOUR YEARS ago he was an impressive first in the Maryl a n d - p r i m a r y , even a f t e r being almost killed, but his hopes lor another victory in t h a i state, where lie was an early favorite, have dwindled so sharply lhat Ills' Maryland campaign headquarters has been shut d o w n in advance of Hie May 18 primary there. The collapse of (he candidate who usc.il to Icrrori?^ the nation- a l Democratic Party h a s naturally inspired post-mortems among the pros, most of whom credil or blame Jimmy Carlcr and television's focus on the Wallace wheelchair for what has happened. But it is not the \vhole story. Looking back, it can now he seen thai long before Ihe governor began appearing on Ihc campaign trail Ihis year there were signs of slippage, which seemed lo escape public notice, but not the sharp eyes of olhcr Southern politicians, especially Ihc new crop of moderates, to whom he looked increasingly shopworn. Precisely a year ago ( A p r i l IB, 1975) I had occasion to nole that "much of Ihe anli-Wallacc feeling among leaders of llie Ncw South is still below the s u r f a c e / b u t Gov. William Waller of Mississippi won a lot of quiet approbation from other Southern politicians .when he publicly dismissed Wallace's presidential ambitions RS not to be taken seriously." That was at a time when Northern Democrats were stijl so impressed by him lhat presidential candidates like Sen. Henry Jackson were ready to accept him on (he 1976 ticket. Waller, however, bljntly said that in Mississippi Wallace was. "not considered lo be a viable candidate .because of his disability, or physical infirmity." .ANOTHER Southern governor fjiiietly (old the press more than a year ago, "I jusl happen lo know Ihe guy can work only Iwo or three hours a day. I have never been able to accommodate fantasy and facts in politics," Also, on a Irlp to New York early last year, Jimmy Carlcr, a former governor of Georgia, told the press, "11 is inconceivable lhat Wallace will be on Ihe licket." Carter thought he would make "a good Southern alternative to Wallace." U turns out thai he was right en bolh counts, but few believed him at the time. Wallace countered his Southern critics by Inyiling many prominent journalists lo Alabama, and impressing them with carefully staged shows of vigor. He also impressed ths media by.his success in raising a $3 million c a m p a i g n chest. Finally, unlike his previous races, he laid his plans for 1976 so carefully that ho had qualified delegate slales nationwide by the lime he officially announced his candidacy last Nov. ,12. ' So il is little wonder that his candidacy vyas taken very seriously unlil Carlcr derailed il by healing Wallace in a Southern stale (Florida) where lite Alabaman had won every county in 1972. Whal Is lefl for Wallace? A Ihird-parly run? On .Jan. 24 before the Florida primary, he said, /'It's so remote t h a t you can just say for all practical purposes il's ruled out," (C) Los Angeles Time* Sho would he flown lo Hollywood with her f a m i l y , her belongings a n d ' s o m e t i m e s .her furniture. While walling lo meet Hughes, she would be rushed through a round of acllng, singing and. dancing lessons and beituly appointments. Each woman hud a chauffeur- driven car lo whisk her around Hollywood and to escort her lo lavish d i n n e r s al Ihe best night spots. All Ihe while, Conrad and his investigators would check oul the women carefully. They were usually instructed lo locate any boy friend and g e l rid of them. · When Hughes Bot nround lo il somollmos afler several monlhs had passed, lie would call Ihe girl. S o m e t i m e s he would profess lo bc^ m another city, although he might be just down the corridor. He would promise a visit but would not appear. This would be followed by other calls until Ihe girls' anticipation would "Ac used other little tricks to win over a romantic prospecl. On occasion,-for example,,, ho would buy -,-her a dog and arrange tor Ihe clog lo be stolen. ' Then he would f i n d the riog^and triumphantly return II 10 h/*. But slowly,' Hughes began.,lo shun the women he once pursued. The last decade . of his lite was spent, ironically, as a cclibale. . , ', , Footnote: Our associate .Bob Owens tracked cl o w n Mike Conrad in Thousand Oaks, C a l i f . The detective refused'lo discuss his work for Hughciilit confirmed the incidenls.we hart dtig oul. Conrad also confirmed that Hughes had spent about $2 million to spy on beautiful women. (C) United Feature Synrl. Inc. Capitol Jinx; May Hurt ? New Film ^ By RICHARD I,. WORSNOPj Kdilurini Research Reports The most eagerly a w a i t;C d motion picture of the y e a r ' t o dale is "All the President's Men." IhE film version of IJob Woodward's and Carl B£rn- stein's besl-selling book about the' Watergate scandal. Premiered April ·! at the Kennedy Center in Washington, D.C., "All the President's Men" should pique I h e curiosity, of filmgaors who have rcad~lho book. So tar, it has sold 'more than 2.3 million copies : n llftrd- cover and paperback edition's. A p a r t from the sensational (if familiar) story il has to 'lell, "All the President's Men'; is a political film sel in Washington. The combination docsMiot augur well for its prospects. Films about Washington politics, like films abnut sports, are often poorly received by critics and audiences alike. THERE HAVE been exceptions, of course. One of t h e more popular films of Ihe 1JI303 · was "Mr. Smith Goes to Washington," in which James Stewart played a naive freshman senator who ultimately triumphs over I h e corrupt "Silver Knight" of (he Senate ( C l a u d e Rains). The plot was ullcrly implausible, bul the film's wai mth and idealism are still appealing. "Born Yesterday" is another Washington political picture that was enormously popular. Her/) again. Judy Holliday's Iransformation from dumb blonde lo political sophisticate was nol entirely convincing. But Holiday's Academy Award- winning performance 1 ' was a masterpiece of comic acting. MOHE TYPICALLY, (hough, Washington political films 'are . prctly heavy going or just plain silly. "Advise and Consent." based on the Alan Diary novel of Ihe sani3 name, was a melodrama filled with stereotyped characters, including Charles Laughlon as -a mush-mouthed southern senator who wouldn't .be caught dead wearing anything except a white suit. Then there was "Seven Days in May," also derived f r o m a novel, which' tolri of a m i l i l a r y plol 'to overthrow the government and how il was narrowly aborted. Audiences at Ihe ttma generally fell t h a i . "it can't happen here." bill events of the past dozen years have mado people lake even fictional conspiracies more seriously. Perhaps Ihe all-lime howler o t the Washington f i l m genre was "Stand Up and Cheer," an early 1930s musical fealurig Shirley Temple. Early in this f i l m ' a n actor portraying Franklin D. Roosevelt appoints . Warner Baxter to the newly created cabinet post of Sccre- lary of Amusement; Baxler'.i mission is lo laugh the country oul of Ihc Depression, and this he proceeds to do. At a climactic moment one ol Baxter's aides, played.by James Dunn, hursts into his office and announces'. "I've fiot good news, Mr, Cromwell!! The Depression's over!!" W A S H I N G T O N tends t o stumble on stage, loo, A current exa-mplc is "16110 Pennsylvania Avenue," a musical by Alan Jay Werner and Leonard Bcrn- slcin. The collaboration of 'lh/i lyricisl of "My Kair Lady".and Ihc composer ot "\Vesl Side Story" aroused high expoc- lalions. However. Ihe show received poor notices when it opened in Philadelphia and not much belter ones in Washington, whore tt is now playing and undergoing major rewriting before moving onto Broadway. "Mr. President," an Irving Berlin musical of I9G2, also was panned early and often, and it soon closed despite a large advance sale. None of this is lo suggest lhat "All the Presi- dcnl's Men" will riot be n box- olfice smash. It's just lhat Washington seems la he some- t h i n g of a jinx. ;

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